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**Particle vs. Rigid-Body Mechanics**

What is the difference between particle and rigid-body mechanics? Rigid-body can be of any shape Block Disc/wheel Bar/member Etc. Can determine motion of any single particle (pt) in body particle Rigid-body (continuum of particles)

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**Types of Rigid-Body Motion**

Kinematically speaking… Translation Orientation of AB constant Rotation All particles rotate about fixed axis General Plane Motion (both) Combination of both types of motion B A B A B A B A

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**Kinematics of Translation**

B A y Kinematics Position Velocity Acceleration True for all points in R.B. (follows particle kinematics) rB rA x

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**Rotation about a Fixed Axis – Angular Motion**

Point P travels in circular path (whether “disk” or not) Angular motion Angular position, θ Angular displacement, dθ Angular velocity ω=dθ/dt Angular Acceleration α=dω/dt r Axis of rotation

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**Rotation about a Fixed Axis – Angular Motion**

Point P travels in circular path (whether “disk” or not) Angular motion Angular position, θ Angular displacement, dθ Angular velocity ω=dθ/dt Angular Acceleration α=dω/dt Angular motion Equations r Axis of rotation In solving problems, once know ω & α, we can get velocity and acceleration of any point on body!!! (next slide) (Or can relate the two types of motion if ω & α unknown )

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**Rotation about a Fixed Axis – Motion of Point**

Point P travels in circular path Position of P Defined by r If body rotates some dθ, then displacement is ds = r dθ Velocity (tangent to path) Acceleration (2 components) r an ∆v v a ∆v a an at an v

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Example Problem When the gear rotates 20 revolutions, it achieves an angular velocity of ω = 30 rad/s, starting from rest. Determine its constant angular acceleration and the time required. (F16-1, 3.58 rad/s2, 8.38 s)

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Example Problem The gear A on the drive shaft of the outboard motor has a radius of rA = 0.5 in and the meshed pinion gear B on the propeller shaft has a radius rB = 1.2 in. Determine the angular velocity of the popular in t = 1.5 s, if the drive shaft rotates with an angular acceleration a = (400t3) rad/s2 , where t is in seconds. The propeller is originally at rest and the motor frame does not move.

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BNG 202 – Biomechanics II Lecture 14 – Rigid Body Kinematics Instructor: Sudhir Khetan, Ph.D. Wednesday, May 1, 2013.

BNG 202 – Biomechanics II Lecture 14 – Rigid Body Kinematics Instructor: Sudhir Khetan, Ph.D. Wednesday, May 1, 2013.

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