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**Warm Up Write the equation of each item. 1. FG x = –2 2. EH y = 3**

3. 2(25 –x) = x + 2 4. 3x + 8 = 4x x = 16 x = 8

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**Objectives Identify tangents, secants, and chords.**

Use properties of tangents to solve problems.

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**Vocabulary interior of a circle concentric circles**

exterior of a circle tangent circles chord common tangent secant tangent of a circle point of tangency congruent circles

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**Lines that Intersect Circles**

Interior of a circle- Set of all points inside the circle Exterior of a circle- Set of all points outside the circle

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**Lines that Intersect Circles**

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**Lines that Intersect Circles: Example 1**

Identify each line or segment that intersects L. chords: secant: tangent: diameter: radii: JM and KM JM m KM LK, LJ, and LM

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Check it out! Example 1 Identify each line or segment that intersects P. chords: secant: tangent: diameter: radii: QR and ST ST UV ST PQ, PT, and PS

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**Lines that Intersect Circles**

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**Example 2: Identifying Tangents of Circles**

Find the length of each radius. Identify the point of tangency and write the equation of the tangent line at this point. radius of R: 2 Center is (–2, –2). Point on is (–2,0). Distance between the 2 points is 2. radius of S: 1.5 Center is (–2, 1.5). Point on is (–2,0). Distance between the 2 points is 1.5.

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Example 2 Cont. Find the length of each radius. Identify the point of tangency and write the equation of the tangent line at this point. point of tangency: (–2, 0) Point where the s and tangent line intersect equation of tangent line: y = 0 Horizontal line through (–2,0)

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**Lines that Intersect Circles**

Common tangent- line that is tangent to two circles

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**Lines that Intersect Circles**

Common tangent- line that is tangent to two circles

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**Lines that Intersect Circles**

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**Example 3: Problem Solving Application**

Early in its flight, the Apollo 11 spacecraft orbited Earth at an altitude of 120 miles. What was the distance from the spacecraft to Earth’s horizon rounded to the nearest mile? 1 Understand the Problem The answer will be the length of an imaginary segment from the spacecraft to Earth’s horizon.

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**Example 3 Cont. 2 Make a Plan**

Draw a sketch. Let C be the center of Earth, E be the spacecraft, and H be a point on the horizon. You need to find the length of EH, which is tangent to C at H. By Theorem , EH CH. So ∆CHE is a right triangle.

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**Example 3 Cont. Solve 3 EC = CD + ED Seg. Add. Post.**

Substitute 4000 for CD and 120 for ED. = = 4120 mi Pyth. Thm. EC2 = EH² + CH2 Substitute the given values. 41202 = EH Subtract from both sides. 974,400 = EH2 Take the square root of both sides. 987 mi EH

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Example 3 Cont. Look Back 4 The problem asks for the distance to the nearest mile. Check if your answer is reasonable by using the Pythagorean Theorem. Is 41202? Yes, 16,974,169 16,974,400.

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**Understand the Problem**

Check it out! Example 3 Kilimanjaro, the tallest mountain in Africa, is 19,340 ft tall. What is the distance from the summit of Kilimanjaro to the horizon to the nearest mile? 1 Understand the Problem The answer will be the length of an imaginary segment from the summit of Kilimanjaro to the Earth’s horizon.

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**Check it Out! Ex. 3 Cont. 2 Make a Plan**

Draw a sketch. Let C be the center of Earth, E be the summit of Kilimanjaro, and H be a point on the horizon. You need to find the length of EH, which is tangent to C at H. By Theorem , EH CH. So ∆CHE is a right triangle.

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**Check it Out! Ex. 3 Cont. Solve 3 ED = 19,340 Given Change ft to mi.**

EC = CD + ED Seg. Add. Post. = = mi Substitute 4000 for CD and 3.66 for ED. EC2 = EH2 + CH2 Pyth. Thm. = EH Substitute the given values. 29,293 = EH2 Subtract from both sides. Take the square root of both sides. 171 EH

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**Check it Out! Ex. 3 Cont. Look Back 4**

The problem asks for the distance from the summit of Kilimanjaro to the horizon to the nearest mile. Check if your answer is reasonable by using the Pythagorean Theorem. Is 40042? Yes, 16,029,241 16,032,016.

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**Lines that Intersect Circles**

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**Example 4: Using Properties of Tangents**

HK and HG are tangent to F. Find HG. 2 segments tangent to from same ext. point segments . HK = HG 5a – 32 = 4 + 2a Substitute 5a – 32 for HK and 4 + 2a for HG. 3a – 32 = 4 Subtract 2a from both sides. 3a = 36 Add 32 to both sides. a = 12 Divide both sides by 3. HG = 4 + 2(12) Substitute 12 for a. = 28 Simplify.

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**Check It Out! Example 4a RS and RT are tangent to Q. Find RS.**

2 segments tangent to from same ext. point segments . RS = RT x 4 Substitute for RS and x – 6.3 for RT. x = 4x – 25.2 Multiply both sides by 4. –3x = –25.2 Subtract 4x from both sides. x = 8.4 Divide both sides by –3. Substitute 8.4 for x. = 2.1 Simplify.

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C HAPTER 10 10.1 Circles and Circumference 10.2 Angles and Arcs 10.3 Arcs and Chords 10.4 Inscribed Angles 10.5 Tangents 10.6 Secants, Tangents, and Angle.

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