Presentation on theme: "Sec. 2.1: The Derivative and the Tangent Line"— Presentation transcript:
1 Sec. 2.1: The Derivative and the Tangent Line Goal: To calculate the slope of a curve at a point on the curve. This is the same as calculating the slope of the tangent line to the curve at a point.
2 Slope of a Secant LineNeed: Slope formula between the two points (c, f(c)) and (c + ∆x, f(c + ∆x)). Slope of secant line = (difference quotient)
3 Slope of a Tangent LineBy using the formula for finding the slope of a secant line and letting ∆x approach zero, the resulting slopes approach the slope of the tangent line.
4 Definition of Tangent Line with Slope m If f is defined on an open interval containing c, and if the limit exists, then the line passing through (c, f(c)) with slope m is the tangent line to the graph of f at the point (c, f(c)). The slope of the tangent line is also known as the slope of the curve at x = c.
5 Definition of the Derivative of a Function The derivative of f at x is given by provided the limit exists. The derivative of f at x = c is equivalent to the slope of the tangent line to f at x = c.