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Chapter 4 Orthographic Writing. TOPICS Views selection Orthographic writing steps Alignment of views Tangency and intersections Basic dimensioning.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 4 Orthographic Writing. TOPICS Views selection Orthographic writing steps Alignment of views Tangency and intersections Basic dimensioning."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 4 Orthographic Writing

2 TOPICS Views selection Orthographic writing steps Alignment of views Tangency and intersections Basic dimensioning

3 View Selection

4 VIEW SELECTION STEPS 1. Orient the object to the best position relative to a glass box. 2. Select the front view. 3. Select adjacent views.

5 STEP 1 : Orient the Object The object should be placed in its natural position. NO ! The object should presents its features in actual size and shape in orthographic views. GOOD

6 STEP 2 : Select a Front View The object’s longest dimension should be presented as a width. Inappropriate First choice GOOD Second choice Waste more space

7 Inappropriate The adjacent views that are projected from the selected front view should appear in its natural position. STEP 2 : Select a Front View

8 Choose the view that have the fewest number of hidden lines. GOODInappropriate

9 STEP 3 : Select an Adjacent View GOOD Inappropriate GOOD Choose the view that have the fewest number of hidden lines.

10 Choose the minimum number of views that can represent the major features of the object. STEP 3 : Select an Adjacent View Necessary Hole’s location can be specified on the same view. Difficult to interprete. Easy to understand

11 Choose the views that are suitable to a drawing space. STEP 3 : Select an Adjacent View POOR Not enough space for dimensioning.

12 Choose the views that are suitable to a drawing space. STEP 3 : Select an Adjacent View GOOD

13 Example : View selection Shape description Size description F.V. W D W H  D mislead to… F.V. & T.V. Three views F.V. & R.S.V. H

14 ONE-VIEW DRAWING Flat part having a uniform thickness. Unnecessary These 2 views provide only information about the part thickness ! 1 Thick

15 ONE-VIEW DRAWING Cylindrical-shaped part. Unnecessary Repeat ! Infer from CL Unnecessary

16 TWO-VIEW DRAWING There exists an identical view. Repeat ! Unnecessary

17 The 3 rd view has no significant contours of the object. TWO-VIEW DRAWING Unnecessary

18 TWO-VIEW DRAWING Unnecessary The 3 rd view has no significant contours of the object.

19 Alignment of Views

20 PROJECTION SYSTEMS 1. First angle system 2. Third angle system First Quadrant Third Quadrant - European country - ISO standard - Canada, USA, Japan, Thailand

21 ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTION 1 st angle system 3 rd angle system

22 ORTHOGRAPHIC VIEWS 1 st angle system 3 rd angle system Folding line Folding line Folding line Folding line  

23 ORTHOGRAPHIC VIEWS 1 st angle system 3 rd angle system Front View Right Side View Top View

24 First angle system Third angle system PROJECTION SYMBOLS

25 d 1.7d 2.2d Suggested proportion

26 Orthographic Writing Steps

27 WRITING STEPS 1. Select the necessary views 2. Layout the views. 3. Project the views. 4. Dimension the views.

28 1. SELECT THE NECESSARY VIEWS

29 LAYOUT THE VIEWS A4 25 Choose an appropriate scale 1:1

30 PROJECT THE VIEWS

31 DIMENSION THE VIEWS NOTES 1. Dimensions in millimeters. 2. …. PART NAME x x x x y y y y z

32 TRANSFERING THE DEPTH DIMENSION 1. Direct measurement Starting point 27

33 TRANSFERING THE DEPTH DIMENSION 2. Use miter line 45  Views too close

34 Basic Dimensioning

35 1. Extension lines 2. Dimension lines 3. Leader lines 4. Dimension numbers 5. Local notes COMPONENTS Drill, 2 Holes R16 17

36 Tangencies and Intersections

37 No line is formed when curved surface tangent to a plane surface. No line TANGENT & INTERSECTION Line is formed when curved surface intersects a plane surface. tangent intersect

38 TANGENT & INTERSECTION intersect tangent plane limiting element

39 TANGENT & INTERSECTION intersect No line tangent No line tangent No line

40 QUIZ

41 1. Which should be the natural position of the light bulb ? (20 sec) c) b)a d)

42 A B C D E F 2. Which are the necessary views ? (60 sec) a)A-C-E b)E-B-D c)E-A d)E-C

43 3. Which is in correct first angle projection ? (180 sec) a) b) c)d)

44 4. Which is in correct third angle projection ? (180 sec) a) b) c)d)

45 5. Which is a wrong 3 rd angle orthographic views ? (180 sec) a) b) c)d)


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