Presentation on theme: "ANSI/ISEA 107-2004 Standard for High Visibility Apparel and Headwear ANSI/ISEA 207-2006 Standard for High Visibility Public Safety Vests Presented by."— Presentation transcript:
1 ANSI/ISEA Standard for High Visibility Apparel and Headwear ANSI/ISEA Standard for High Visibility Public Safety VestsPresented byJanice Comer Bradley, CSPTechnical DirectorISEA-International Safety Equipment Association
2 ANSI/ISEA 107-2004 High Visibility Apparel was the first US standard to incorporate performance requirements for day and night time conspicuity garments.Scope: This standard specifies performance requirements for high visibility safety apparel and headwear PPE. For the purpose of this standard, apparel and headwear personal protective equipment (PPE) are referred to throughout as “items”.Published on June 1, 1999, this standard has taken off and been adopted by numerous DOT’s, airlines, airport authorities, utilities, recycling and trash collection companies, road work crews and others who need enhanced visibility to work safer.This standards development project was born out of many user questions about garments that are marked high visibility but provide little more visibility than a white shirt.Users donning this type of ineffective apparel thought that they could be seen at great distances and were highly conspicuous when they were not.OSHA considers Hi Vis apparel to be PPE and it should be evaluated in a hazard analysis like any other PPR.The material performance specifications in the standard represent what studies and visibility research has deemed the superior materials and colors in affording workers conspicuity at distances of feet or more.
3 ANSI/ISEA 107-2004 Establishes requirements: Minimum washing cycles Color and minimum areas for retroreflective and background materials.Minimum washing cyclesCites test methods for materialsStates that retroreflective materials should be placed to ensure overall visibility of the wearerWorkers who must begin work before sunup or whose shift takes them into dusk will be protected using the same garment. They need not worry about their hivis apparel working at night or providing visibility during the day.The trend is that workzone and construction crews are working longer hours.Depending on the area of the country and daylight savings time, more than likely part of a workers normal shift will begin or end in low light conditions.Night work is a requirement for many bids. Workers are performing major highway renovations and new constr. in the dark because roads cannot be closed or re-routed due to congestion
4 ANSI/ISEA 107-2004 Garment Performance Class 1, 2 and 3 Emphasizes that garment selection shall be based on an assessment of the work environmentRecommended designs section enhancedThis std represents garments that are already available and materials that have been used for some garments. It is designed to be the specification for materials and perf. With the freedom for individual design criteria left for employers to determine based on their workers and exposures.We adopted classes of garment based on the hazards that the worker or wearer encounters.
5 Assessing Risk: Variables to Consider Speed of Traffic through the WorkzoneAmount of Traffic through the WorkzoneTime of DayIs the work taking place during the day or night?“Background Clutter” in the WorkzoneAmount of Activity in the WorkzoneOther construction vehicles, etc.Type of Activity the Worker is PerformingWhere is the worker’s attention?Towards on-coming traffic or the task at hand?Location of WorkProximity to traffic and other construction vehicles
6 Garment Selection should focus on Risk Exposure Assessment Task loadNature of the workColor and complexity of the work EnvironmentLighting
7 Overview of Garment Classes Performance Class 3: PC3For use in most severe environmentsOffers the greatest amount of fluorescent and reflective coveragePerformance Class 2: PC2For moderately severe environmentsBalance of fluorescent and reflective materialsPerformance Class 1: PC1For low-risk environmentsLowest levels of fluorescent and reflective materials
8 PC 3 Garments Class 3 ensemble: Class 2 vest, Class E bottom Class 3 one piece:jacketcoattorso covering garment with full orpartial sleeveClass 3: 1.workers are exposed to traffic exceeding 50 mph;2.the pedestrian worker and vehicle operator have high task loads, clearly placing the pedestrian worker in danger; or3.the wearer must be conspicuous through the full range of body motions at a minimum of 390 m (1280 feet), and must be identifiable as a person. roadway construction personnel; utility workers; survey crews; and emergency response personnel.Show outreach brochure and standard.
9 Class 3 ExamplesRoadway construction personnel and flaggers, utility workers, survey crews, and emergency response personnel, vehicle assistanceAnyone who has a high task load and is in close proximity to moving equipment or traffic at high speedsHighest speedWork Occurs at NightWorker’s Attention is Diverted from On-Coming Traffic and Surrounding Environment“Cluttered” Work Zone with High Levels of ActivityWorker must be Visible from All Angles and Identifiable as a PersonWorker has no separation between them and trafficClass 3: 1.workers are exposed to traffic exceeding 50 mph;2.the pedestrian worker and vehicle operator have high task loads, clearly placing the pedestrian worker in danger; or3.the wearer must be conspicuous through the full range of body motions at a minimum of 390 m (1280 feet), and must be identifiable as a person. roadway construction personnel; utility workers; survey crews; and emergency response personnel.Show outreach brochure and standard.
12 Use of Class 2 GarmentsGreater Visibility Needed due to Inclement Weather ConditionsComplex and Cluttered BackgroundsMost Work is Performed during Daytime HoursWorker’s Attention is Diverted from On-Coming Traffic and Surrounding Environment
13 Examples Class 2: forestry operations ship cargo loading operations roadway construction workersutility workerssurvey crewsrailway workersschool crossing guards in trafficClass 2: greater visibility is desired during inclement weather conditions; complex backgrounds are present; employees are performing tasks which divert attention from approaching vehicle traffic; vehicle or moving equipment speeds exceed 25 mph; orwork activities take place in or in near proximity to vehicle traffic.roadway construction workers;utility workers; survey crews;railway workers;school crossing guards;high-volume parking and/or toll gate personnel;airport baggage handlers/ground crew; emergency response personnel;law enforcement personnel; and accident site investigators.
17 Examples Class 2: continued delivery vehicle drivers high-volume parking and/or toll gate personnelairport baggage handlers/ground crewemergency response personnel,law enforcement personneltrash collection and recyclingoperations accident site investigatorsTypically Class 2 garments are a vest only. A class 2 vest can be combined with trousers (pants or shorts) to be a Class 3 ensemble. In this case the two piece garment will have the designation Class E so that users know that there is more than just a vest for the garment to meet class 3 requirements.
19 Use of Class 1 GarmentsWorker’s Attention is Fully on On-Coming Traffic and Surrounding EnvironmentSeparation between the Worker and TrafficNot much competition for worker attentionControlled environment where driver expects to move very slowly
20 Examples Class 1: parking lot attendants, people retrieving shopping carts from parking areas,workers exposed to the hazards of warehouse equipment traffic and roadside “right-of-way” or sidewalk maintenance workerssome delivery vehicle drivers.Class 1: for use in occupational activities which: permit full and undivided attention to approaching traffic; provide ample separation of the pedestrian worker from conflicting vehicle traffic,permit optimum conspicuity in backgrounds that are not complex; and wherevehicle and moving equipment speeds not exceeding 25 mphthose workers directing vehicle operators to parking/service locations;workers retrieving shopping carts from parking areas;those exposed to the hazards of warehouse equipment traffic;roadside “right-of-way” or sidewalk maintenance workers; and delivery vehicle drivers.
21 Development of the 207 standard With the understanding that competing hazards exists for public safety employees that also need high visibility garmentsIn cooperation with the National Traffic Incident Management Coalition (NTIMC), whose members represent the public safety industry
22 Scope Establishes performance requirements: Minimum areas Minimum washing cyclesCites test methods for materialsStates that retroreflective materials should be placed to ensure overall visibility of the wearerTarget Audience: First Responders & Medical FacilitiesGoals of the StandardClassification of Decontamination FixturesTesting: Both Fixed and Portable showersPerformance Criteria: Units that decontaminate 1+people at a time
23 ComplianceMaterialsCertify (background and retroreflective material): To obtain compliance certification documents based on testing from an independent, third-party accredited laboratory to verify performance requirements as specified in this standard.Certify: A conformity assessment evaluation that determines product compliance with the requirements of this standard. The evaluation must be based on product testing to verify performance requirements.
24 ComplianceCertify (finished vest): To provide documentation from either an independent, third-party laboratory or to self-certify through the use of the Compliance Certificate. (Appendix C4)
34 Appendices- Appendix C - Test Report Forms Background Retroreflective Combined performanceCompliance Certificate – finished vestMeet manufacturer’s specificationsAppendix A4. Flushing Fluid Quality for Portable UnitsIdeally potable water should be usedMay be situations where it is not availableAny acceptable and available fluid may be used.