2Dietary SupplementsProducts intended to supplement the diet that contain at least one dietary ingredient to include: Vitamins Minerals Herbs or other botanicals Amino acids and substances such as enzymes, organ tissues, glandulars, and metabolites
3Dietary Supplements These products are taken by mouth. These products are found in many forms to include:TabletsCapsulesSoftgelsGelcapsLiquidsPowdersBars
4Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act 1994 As a result of this act, dietary supplements are no longer regulated as foods and are not subject to pre-market safety evaluations.The product must be labeled as a dietary supplement.Information on the product label must not represent the product as a conventional food or a sole item of a meal or diet.Allows for product labeling claims as long as it does not diagnose, prevent, treat or cure a specific disease.
5Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act 1994 While the statements must be truthful and not misleading, there is not a review/approval process by the FDA.The manufacturer is responsible to ensure the product is safe.Manufacturers/distributors are not required to record, investigate or forward to the FDA any reports of injuries or illnesses that may be related to use of their product.
6General ConcernsWithout regulatory control there is a buyer beware marketDietary supplement advertisements can be misleading and deceptiveClaims of effectiveness may not be credibleThe concentration and quality of active ingredients can differ from product to productDietary supplements may adversely interact with each other as well as prescription medications.Dietary supplements are often utilized as a short cut to optimal nutritional practices.
7Research ConcernsThere is a lack of quality peer reviewed research on human subjects.The high dosages, utilized by athletes, have not been well studied.The long term side effects are not well studied, if at all.Research has not been equally completed on men, women and adolescents.
8Pre-WorkoutsPre-workout supplements are designed to give you nutrients to enhance your workout!Increased blood flow, better mental focus, enhanced muscle pumps and increased energy are just some of the reasons why more people are using pre-workout supplements
10Pre-WorkoutYou want to be focused, driven and energized when you hit the gym.Whenever you hit the gym fatigued or unmotivated - or both - it's harder to push out those reps.Using a Pre-Workout claims:Sharpen mental alertness and focusSkyrocket energy levelsCirculate oxygen flow in the muscle tissuePromote Explosive muscular energyPromote vascular pumps
11Most Pre-workouts contain the following: Active IngredientsMost Pre-workouts contain the following:Caffeine: supports fast metabolism, focus, mental clarity, fat loss, focus and strength.L-Arginine: used to promote nitric oxide, which is a vasodilator. This supports oxygen flow and helps your blood vessels expand within a normal range. L-Arginine may also help you recover faster from your workouts, which means fast results.Beta-Alanine: decreases fatigue during muscular activity, which pushes muscles harder and longer. Beta-Alanine may help maximize protein synthesis and promote muscular endurance and performance during exercise.Other Ingredients: Creatine, other amino acids, carbohydrates, natural herbs, and vitamins or minerals
12Weight loss/Fat Burners Fat loss supplements have been specifically designed to support goals of losing fat.They are designed to…Optimize metabolismDecrease food cravingsSupport energy levelsMaintain lean muscle mass
14Claims:Combined with a healthy diet fat burners can produce many helpful benefits to aid in weight loss.This includesTarget your body fat receptor sites and release stored fatBoost your energy, focus, and concentrationMinimize food cravings
15Most fat burners contain the following: Active IngredientsMost fat burners contain the following:Blend of natural ingredients such as oils, roots and plant extracts, stimulant free fat burners optimize fat burning. Such as green tea extract, L-carnitine, CLA (Conjugated Linoleic Acid), ginger, cayenne and grapefruitStimulants and thermogenics such as Caffeine, Yohimbine, Synephrine and Guarana.
16ProteinBackground:Next to water, protein is the 2nd most rich substance in the human bodyProteins are linked amino acids that occur naturally in foodsExample foods that contain protein include: meats, fish, poultry, milk, soybeansProtein supplementation can include: powders, shakes and bars
18Types of ProteinWhey protein-fast absorbing, support lean muscle, great post-workoutSoy protein- low fat, low cholesterol, and vegetarian sourceHydrolyzed whey- digested and absorbed faster then wheyWhey isolate- low fat, low carb,Egg protein- high quality lactose-free source (toned physique)Micellar casein- slow digesting great before bed
19Protein Potential side effects: High protein intake may displace carbohydrate in the diet possibly affecting performanceIncreased urinary calcium lossContribute to dehydrationDue to the stress on the kidneys, individuals with kidney disease should avoid high protein diets
20CreatineBackground:Naturally occurring compound derived from amino acidsFound in meat and fishCreatine supplementation can include: powder, candy gum, tablets and gel
21CreatineClaims include:Increase lean body massIncrease maximal energy production/performance (short duration high intensity exercises – example sprints)Delayed fatigue in workouts/competitionImproved recovery after workouts/competitionWorks best for low bouts of sprinting/cycling/ or multiple sets of low rep weight lifting
22Creatine Potential side effects: Suspected to be from water weight Increased body weightSuspected to be from water weightGastrointestinal upsetUpset stomachDiarrheaNauseaMuscle cramping and strainsDehydrationPossible kidney effects/overload
23Creatine Research findings: Research is not unanimous; however, creatine appears to be beneficial in short duration high intensity exercise (sprints/football/volleyball)Has not been found to benefit aerobic exercise or oxygen carrying capacity (endurance activities – example 800/1600 meter run)People with low to normal creatine stores respond better with supplementation than those with normal to high stores
24Dietary SupplementsThis presentation highlights only a few of the several dietary supplements available. Remember quality research is lacking on the effectiveness and side effects of dietary supplements. As shown, utilization of dietary supplements is a buyer beware market as you are not guaranteed to get the ingredients that you purchased or you may get ingredients that you do not want.