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C/c++ 4 Yeting Ge. Review Static variables/functions Friend functions/classes Overloading Functions Operators Virtual functions/Overriding.

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Presentation on theme: "C/c++ 4 Yeting Ge. Review Static variables/functions Friend functions/classes Overloading Functions Operators Virtual functions/Overriding."— Presentation transcript:

1 c/c++ 4 Yeting Ge

2 Review Static variables/functions Friend functions/classes Overloading Functions Operators Virtual functions/Overriding

3 Examples of virtual functions By pointers 42.cpp By reference 43.cpp By member function 44.cpp 45.cpp

4 Pure virtual functions & abstract class Pure virtual function A function declared without definition virtual ret_type func_name(arg_list)= 0; Abstract class A class contains one or more pure functions Can not be instantiated Can be used to define pointers

5 Function Templates Generic function for different types. E.g. get the min value of three variables (int, float, char … ) Define function templates 46.cpp Template func_name( … ) Func_name ( … ) something like macro More powerful than macro

6 Using template functions Func_name ( … ) 47.cpp Generic quick sort 47-1.cpp

7 No automatic type conversion in templates int i; long j; template T func(T x, T y) {return x +y;} func(i,j)

8 Class templates Generic classes Define class templates Template Class { … } Template ret_type class_name :: func_name ( … ){ } 48.cpp

9 Class template examples Class_name obj … Array class 49.cpp Linked list 50.cpp

10 overload template functions It is possible to overload a template function. 51.cpp

11 Template specialization An example from 52.cpp template <> class class_name

12 Template value parameters Template can have parameters other than type names 53.cpp

13 Default value for templates paramters template // With a default value. template // A function as parameter. the implementation (definition) of a template class or function must be in the same file as the declaration.

14 Execptions try { // code to be tried throw exception; } catch (type exception) { // code to be executed in case of exception }

15 Examples of exception 54.cpp throw out an object. 55.cpp

16 Uncaught exception Uncaught exceptions will be thrown into outer scope. If no catch, usually program will terminate. Void terminate();

17 I/O system iostream.h cin,cout,cerr,clog iostream,fstream,strstream Flags 57.cpp 58.cpp Overload “ << “ 59.cpp 60.cpp 61.cpp 62.cpp 63.cpp 64.cpp


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