4 MPATMPATUNCLASSIFIEDUNCLASSIFIED Situation Overview n Ongoing Peacekeeping situation escalates to a level that exceeds UNMOG mission and capabilities and causes the collapse of the military observer mission n Chief of Military Observers (CMO) recommends deployment of a UN sanctioned Multinational Force (MNF) to contain the situation. Samagaland and S. Tindoro leaders open dialogue to consider CMO’s recommendation and other actions to resolve crisis and agree on Singapore to lead the MNF n UNSC Resolution 147 sanctions deployment of MNF led by Singapore
5 TE-4 C6 MPATMPATUNCLASSIFIEDUNCLASSIFIED Joint Staff Warning Order Guidance n Separation of Factions n Facilitate HA operations n Repatriate Displaced Personnel (DP) n Restore stable conditions n Transition to Host Nation civil/military authorities n Emergency repairs to critical infrastructure n Support NGOs in HA operations n Others
6 TE-4 C6 MPATMPATUNCLASSIFIEDUNCLASSIFIED COMCTF “GOODWILL” MISSION STATEMENT Coalition Task Force “GOODWILL” will commence deployment of a multinational force no earlier than 28 August 02 (C-Day) for no less than one year, to conduct peacekeeping operations in North and South Tindoro, in accordance with UNSCR 147, in order to create conditions necessary for a more secure and stable environment in North and South Tindoro.
7 TE-4 C6 MPATMPATUNCLASSIFIEDUNCLASSIFIED C6 SPECIFIED TASKS n The CTF HQ is responsible for providing communications supporting forces, as required, to ensure effective command and control. n Secure communication capabilities are required. n Additional Communications capabilities available on request.
8 TE-4 C6 MPATMPATUNCLASSIFIEDUNCLASSIFIED C6 Planning Process }Determine info exchange requirementsDetermine requirements Determine CONOPS & C 2 relations Determine CONOPS & C 2 relations SituationchangeSituationchange Complete C6 planningcycle planningcycle OperationalArchitecture DeterminerequiredcapabilitiesDeterminerequiredcapabilities
9 TE-4 C6 MPATMPATUNCLASSIFIEDUNCLASSIFIED C6 - JPG Relationship C 5 C 1 C 2 C 3 C 4 CTFComp JPG* C2REP C3REP C4REP C1REP C6REP COMPLNOs MEDREP PAREPSJAREP C5REP STAFFCOORDINATION STAFFCTF MissionAnalysis MissionAnalysis PlanningGuidance COADevelopment COADevelopment COAAnalysis COAAnalysis COAComparison COAComparison COASelection OPORDDevelopment EndState CJTF’s Estimate to CINC The Process The Players Medical Medical C 6 PublicAffairs SJA StaffEstimates
10 TE-4 C6 MPATMPATUNCLASSIFIEDUNCLASSIFIED WarningOrders CTF MissionAnalysis PlanningGuidance COADevelopment COAAnalysis COAComparison COASelection OPORDDevelopment EndState COAComparison COAAnalysis COADevelopment C6 Role in CAP StaffEstimates STAFF Miss ion Anal ysis Environment impact on C4 Environment impact on C4 Available C4 assets Available C4 assets Readiness of C4 assets Readiness of C4 assets C4 Status at Execution C4 Status at Execution Interoperability of Coalition Interoperability of Coalition C4 Systems C4 Systems Availability of Comm LNO Availability of Comm LNO assets assets Implied C4 tasks Implied C4 tasks Identify major C4 tasks Identify major C4 tasks Synchronize C4 tasks Synchronize C4 tasks C4 Pro/Con of COA C4 Pro/Con of COA Para 5d to OPORD Para 5d to OPORD Annex K Annex K Requirementsgathering
11 TE-4 C6 MPATMPATUNCLASSIFIEDUNCLASSIFIED Mission Analysis - J6 Role WarningOrdersCJTFMissionAnalysis PlanningGuidance COADevelopment COAAnalysis COASelection OPORDDevelopment EndState COAComparison COAAnalysis COADevelopment StaffEstimatesSTAFF Environmental impactEnvironmental impact Availability of C4 assetsAvailability of C4 assets C4 status at ExecutionC4 status at Execution Coalition Support &Coalition Support & Interoperability Interoperability Implied C4 tasksImplied C4 tasks MissionAnalysis MissionAnalysis COAComparison
12 TE-4 C6 MPATMPATUNCLASSIFIEDUNCLASSIFIED COA Development, Analysis & Comparison Requirementsgathering Major C4 tasks Major C4 tasks Synchronizing tasks Synchronizing tasks C4 pros/cons of COAs C4 pros/cons of COAs COAComparison WarningOrdersCJTFMissionAnalysis PlanningGuidance COADevelopment COAAnalysis COASelection OPORDDevelopment EndState COAComparison COAAnalysis COADevelopment StaffEstimatesSTAFFMissionAnalysis COAComparison COAAnalysis
13 TE-4 C6 MPATMPATUNCLASSIFIEDUNCLASSIFIED C4 Principles Establish liaison early Establish liaison early Leverage limited C4 resources Leverage limited C4 resources Standardize operating principles Standardize operating principles Agree on policy in advance of operations Agree on policy in advance of operations Use interpreters Use interpreters Use common cryptographic systems Use common cryptographic systems
14 TE-4 C6 MPATMPATUNCLASSIFIEDUNCLASSIFIED C6 Planning Considerations C4 = Command, Control, Communications, & Computers C4 = Command, Control, Communications, & Computers Mission requirements Mission requirements Capability and availability of equipment Capability and availability of equipment Facilities, installations, and units needed Facilities, installations, and units needed Host nation support capability Host nation support capability Limiting factors Limiting factors Coalition interoperability Coalition interoperability
15 TE-4 C6 MPATMPATUNCLASSIFIEDUNCLASSIFIED C6 Multinational Planning Considerations Status of existing agreements? Status of existing agreements? Liaison Officers (LNOs) Liaison Officers (LNOs) Linguist requirements Linguist requirements What are the data exchange requirements? What are the data exchange requirements? Devices for automating data exchanges Devices for automating data exchanges Procedures for manual data exchanges Procedures for manual data exchanges Releasability Releasability
16 TE-4 C6 MPATMPATUNCLASSIFIEDUNCLASSIFIED C6 Multinational Planning Considerations Force capabilities Force capabilities Command, Control, Computers, Communications Command, Control, Computers, Communications will there be C4 problems with C2 structure?will there be C4 problems with C2 structure? Logistics - who provides unique support, and to what extent? Logistics - who provides unique support, and to what extent? Level of training the multinational force possesses Level of training the multinational force possesses Will COMSEC impede or enhance operations? Will COMSEC impede or enhance operations?
17 TE-4 C6 MPATMPATUNCLASSIFIEDUNCLASSIFIED C6 Multinational C4 Issues COMSEC is a significant issue COMSEC is a significant issue Increasing HA Ops drive need for unclassified communications Increasing HA Ops drive need for unclassified communications Don’t re-invent the wheel Don’t re-invent the wheel Allied communications instructions / procedures Allied communications instructions / procedures Joint Interoperability Test Command (JITC) support Joint Interoperability Test Command (JITC) support Numerous LESSONS LEARNED sites on-line Numerous LESSONS LEARNED sites on-line Effective IM Plan is critical Effective IM Plan is critical
18 TE-4 C6 MPATMPATUNCLASSIFIEDUNCLASSIFIED Developing the C4 Estimate (The Process) Reviewing C4 situation Reviewing C4 situation Develop concept for C4 support Develop concept for C4 support Participate in COA analysis Participate in COA analysis Analyze concepts for C4 support Analyze concepts for C4 support Compare concepts for C4 support Compare concepts for C4 support Recommend concept of C4 support for CTF operations Recommend concept of C4 support for CTF operations Compare COAs from C4 perspective Compare COAs from C4 perspective Recommending COA from C4 perspective Recommending COA from C4 perspective
20 TE-4 C6 MPATMPATUNCLASSIFIEDUNCLASSIFIED CTF C6 Staff & CAP Phase Relationships CTFPhases Predeployment Planning Deploy - mentEmploy-mentRedeploy-ment Phase I Phase II Phase III Phase IV Phase V Phase VI CrisisActionPlanning SituationDevelop-ment CrisisAssess-mentCOADevelopmentCOASelectionExecutionPlanningExecution EventPerceptionCINC’sAssess-mentCJCS-NCAEvaluation NCA Crisis DecisionCJCSWARNORD JTF Established (optimal time) COAs Developed - Major Forces - Major Forces - Support - Support JS Refines & Presents COAs NCA COA Decision CJCS Plan and/or Alert Order OPORDDevelopedNCAExecuteDirection CJCS Execute OrderExecuteOPORDsReporting High Level Planning Planning High Level Planning Planning Activation Control/Reconfig Monitoring Spectrum Planning & Management Security Planning & Management DetailedPlanningDetailedPlanning C6 Staff Actions Actions C4 Estimate Annex K
21 TE-4 C6 MPATMPATUNCLASSIFIEDUNCLASSIFIED C4 Estimate What is it? When is it due?
22 TE-4 C6 MPATMPATUNCLASSIFIEDUNCLASSIFIED C4 Estimate 1. MISSION 2. SITUATION & CONSIDERATIONS A. Characteristics of area of operations B. Enemy forces C. Friendly forces D. Personnel situation E. Logistics situation F. Assumptions G. Special features H. C4 situation
23 TE-4 C6 MPATMPATUNCLASSIFIEDUNCLASSIFIED C4 Estimate 3. C4 ANALYSIS OF OWN COURSES OF ACTION A. Analyze COAs from C4 aspect B. Analyze COAs from paragraph 2 C. Keep C4 foremost in mind 4. COMPARISON OF OWN COURSES OF ACTION A. List advantages & disadvantages of each COA B. May use a worksheet 5. CONCLUSIONS A. Supportability from C4 aspect B. Which COA can best be supported C. Major C4 deficiencies / recommendations to eliminate or reduce their effects