We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
Published byRiya Bakewell
Modified about 1 year ago
McGraw-Hill/Irwin © 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., All Rights Reserved. C4-1 A Timeline of Labor History up to 1875
McGraw-Hill/Irwin © 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., All Rights Reserved. C4-2 FROM LOCAL TO NATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS 1866-National Labor Union: Lasted only six years Established precedent for labor movement by uniting diverse unions into single federation. Emphasized political activity to bring about legal reform. Campaigned for 8 hour workday, currency & banking reform. Women’s suffrage National labor political party
McGraw-Hill/Irwin © 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., All Rights Reserved. C4-3 A Timeline of Labor History between 1875 and 1925 INSERT BOX 4.3.
McGraw-Hill/Irwin © 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., All Rights Reserved. C4-4 THE GREAT UPRISING OF 1877 The Great Uprising of 1877 is more notable for what it represented than what it accomplished: Strikes clearly reflected pent-up grievances of workers Represented the growing struggle between industrialism, labor and capital Shared concerns of workers Laid the foundation of for future labor-management conflict, not cooperation. Social implications. With use of Federal troops, big business was more likely to confront rather than bargain with labor.
McGraw-Hill/Irwin © 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., All Rights Reserved. C4-5 UPLIFT UNIONISM Knights of Labor: Federation of local assemblies Concern for moral worth, not material wealth Emphasized education and cooperation over conflict Broadly inclusive membership Emphasized the solidarity of all producers-including African- Americans & women Replace capitalism with producer cooperatives Producers-not bankers and absentee owners-own and control End labor conflict by harmonizing interests of capital and labor
McGraw-Hill/Irwin © 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., All Rights Reserved. C4-6 “PURE AND SIMPLE” CRAFT UNIONISM American Federation of Labor (AFL): Response to failure of KoL to address everyday working issues. A federation, not a labor union. Member unions pursued primary labor relations functions, AFL provided support. Endorsed craft unionism. Openly hostile towards unskilled workers-only represented skilled workers. Guided by principle of exclusive jurisdiction.
McGraw-Hill/Irwin © 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., All Rights Reserved. C4-7 WORKERS OF THE WORLD UNITE! Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) U.S. example of revolutionary unionism: Both inclusive and radical Goal was to form “One Big Union” Skilled and unskilled, young and old Native-born and immigrant White and non-white Male and female Radicalism increased employer hostility towards unions
McGraw-Hill/Irwin © 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., All Rights Reserved. C4-8 THE OPEN SHOP MOVEMENT AND WELFARE CAPITALISM The open shop movement was concerted drive by employers and their associations to create and maintain union-free workplaces. Emphasized an ideology of individual freedom Unions were portrayed as violating individual liberties by denying workers the right to choose Equated with “liberty and independence” of the employer’s “natural and constitutional rights” Entailed well-orchestrated collective activity by business
McGraw-Hill/Irwin © 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., All Rights Reserved. C4-9 THE OPEN SHOP MOVEMENT AND WELFARE CAPITALISM Welfare capitalism- more positive approach to employer resistance to unionization: Improving supervisory practices. Offering protective insurance benefits. Implementing orderly hiring practices. Improving physical work environment and safety. Providing employee voice through nonunion employee representation plans (“company unions”).
McGraw-Hill/Irwin © 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., All Rights Reserved. C4-10 A Timeline of Labor History since 1925
McGraw-Hill/Irwin © 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., All Rights Reserved. C4-11 A NEW DEAL FOR WORKERS: LEGAL PROTECTION & INDUSTRIAL UNIONS Passage of Norris-LaGuardia Act in 1932 began new era in U.S. labor-mngt relations (see ch. 5) –“Yellow dog” contracts made unenforceable –Limited use of injunctions in labor disputes
McGraw-Hill/Irwin © 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., All Rights Reserved. C4-12 A NEW DEAL FOR WORKERS: LEGAL PROTECTION & INDUSTRIAL UNIONS In 1933 Congress passed National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA): Encouraged and emboldened workers to form unions. Employers established company unions to avoid independent unionization. In 1934, weakness of NIRA resulted in tremendous strikes where workers clashed with employers who refused to recognize independent unions. Minneapolis Teamsters Strike San Francisco General Strike East Coast Textile Strike
McGraw-Hill/Irwin © 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., All Rights Reserved. C4-13 A NEW DEAL FOR WORKERS: LEGAL PROTECTION & INDUSTRIAL UNIONS NIRA ruled unconstitutional in 1935 Same year, 1935, Congress passed the National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act). Encouraged unionization Enacted legal protections for workers Outlawed company unions Established the National Labor Relations Board By 1935, conflict between craft unionism and industrial unionism lead to the formation of the Committee for Industrial Organization (CIO). By 1941, union membership tripled to about 8.4M, or 23 percent of workers.
McGraw-Hill/Irwin © 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., All Rights Reserved. C4-14 A NEW DEAL FOR WORKERS: LEGAL PROTECTION & INDUSTRIAL UNIONS General Motors Sit-Down Strike (December 1936-February 1937) was watershed event for both organized labor and the CIO. –Workers in Flint, Michigan took over two GM plants. –After the strike spread to other cities and several battles between strikers and police, General Motors finally agreed to recognize the United Auto Workers (UAW). –Industrial unionism further spread to steel and other manufacturing industries. Though not without some intense battles, such as the Memorial Day Massacre during the Little Steel Strike.
McGraw-Hill/Irwin © 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., All Rights Reserved. C4-15 WARTIME AND POSTWAR LABOR RELATIONS 1947-Taft-Hartley Act AFL-CIO merger Landrum-Griffin Act. Private sector union density peaked at around 35 percent. Public sector union membership dramatically increased, beginning in 1960s Air traffic controllers fired during the illegal PATCO strike; replacement workers hired. Number of bitter strikes in the 1980s and 1990s involved management use of permanent replacement workers. Labor practices became more divergent -- some relationships became more adversarial, while others tried to create stronger union-management partnerships.
McGraw-Hill/Irwin © 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., All Rights Reserved. C4-16 WARTIME AND POSTWAR LABOR RELATIONS The labor movement at beginning of 21 st century is struggling, yet has pockets of vibrancy: Globalization continues to undermine labor’s bargaining power. Private sector union density has shrunk to <10 percent. Public sector union density stable at 35+ percent. Dunlop Commission (Clinton Administration) issued recommendations for reducing conflict and improving productivity. General unionism has largely replaced craft unionism and industrial unionism. 2005—disaffiliation of SEIU, Teamsters, UFCW, Unite Here from AFL-CIO (~1/3 of membership), formation of Change to Win Coalition (includes Laborers, UFW, Carpenters)
McGraw-Hill/Irwin © 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., All Rights Reserved. C4-2 CHAPTER FOUR HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT The contemporary U.S. labor relations.
Chapter 6 Collective Responses to Work. History of Collective Labor in the U.S. 1) Craft unions were local and, like guilds, protected wages and working.
Unit 4 Microeconomics: Business and Labor Chapters 9.3 Economics Mr. Biggs.
Organized Labor During the Great Depression Emboldened by the Wagner Act and taking advantage of the mild economic recovery, organized labor made unprecedented.
HFT 2220 Chapter 14 Unions. Federal Labor Laws Regarding Unions Clayton Act (1914) Clayton Act (1914) Norris-Laguardia Act (1932) Norris-Laguardia Act.
Labour History Chapter 4 © 2012 Nelson Education Ltd.
Growth of Labor Unions 8.2 Labor Union —An organization of workers that negotiates with employers for better wages and improved working conditions. Development.
Chapter 11 THE FUTURE OF BUSINESS Gitman & McDaniel 5 th Edition THE FUTURE OF BUSINESS Gitman & McDaniel 5 th Edition Chapter 11 Understanding Labor-Management.
Organization of workers that negotiates with employers for better wages, improved working conditions, and job security.
The Great Strikes. The gap between the rich and the poor was large –9% of the wealthiest people had 75% of the nation’s wealth –Workers resented the lifestyle.
The Labor Union Movement Early Struggles, Early Defeats.
Chapter 9 Section 2 Reforming the New Industrial Order.
NIRA (1933) and Wagner Act (1935) legalized labor unions Union membership grew from 3 million in early 30s to 10 million (25% of workforce) by 1941.
The New Deal I.Background II.Creating the Safety Net A.Relief B.Jobs C.Social insurance III.Union Legitimacy A.Norris-LaGuardia B.NRA C.Anti-Racketeering.
Management vs. Labor “Tools” of Management “Tools” of Labor “scabs” P. R. campaign Pinkertons lockout blacklisting yellow-dog contracts
Labor Unions “We do want more, and when it becomes more, we shall still want more. And we shall never cease to demand more until we have received the results.
Reforming the New Industrial Order Female and Child Laborers In 1900 the average laborer worked 10 hours a day, six days a week for about $1.50 a day.
The Rise of Labor Unions. Rich versus Poor By 1890, the richest 9% of Americans held nearly 75% of the national wealth Many workers began to resent the.
Would You Strike. 1. What was the problem in 1890? 9% of Americans held 75% of the wealth.
TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Organized Labor After 1865.
Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Chapter 13 Section 3 The Organized Labor Movement Assess the problems that workers faced in the late 1800s. Compare.
Chapter 10 Labor Relations and Collective Bargaining Behavioral Objectives When you finish studying this chapter, you should be able to: Describe the.
LEARNING TARGET: I CAN EVALUATE THE DEVELOPMENT OF ORGANIZED LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES AND EXPLAIN WHY UNIONS FORMED. LABOR MOVEMENT.
Chapter Twelve Dealing with Employee- Management Issues and Relationships.
Human Resource Management TENTH EDITON © 2003 Southwestern College Publishing. All rights reserved. PowerPoint Presentation by Charlie Cook Union-Management.
1 Evolution of the Legal Framework for Private-Sector Collective Bargaining n History of the labor movement n Development of Public Policy n The role of.
Chapter 2 Evolution of Labor- Management Relationships.
© Laura Portolese Dias 2011, published by Flat World Knowledge Human Resource Management By Laura Portolese Dias 12-1.
The Rise of Labor Unions. The Rich v. The Poor By 1890, the richest 9% of the of Americans held nearly 75% of the national wealth Many workers began to.
CHAPTER SEVENTEEN Labor Law McGraw-Hill/Irwin © 2004 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., All Rights Reserved Section 7 of the National Labor Relations.
Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved Union-Management Relations Labor union –An organization of workers acting together to negotiate their.
Chapter 9: Labor Section 3. Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 2 Chapter 9, Section 3 Objectives 1.Describe why American workers have formed labor.
The Gilded Age The Organization of Labor Essential Question Essential Question: How did workers & the U.S. government respond to the rapid changes of.
Chapter Eleven Enhancing Union-Management Relations.
Labor Relations © Nancy Brown Johnson, 2000
KECSS Ms. Murren Economics 11/14/11. » Students will read about and verbally explain the advantages and disadvantages of labor unions.
Unit 5: An Industrial America Part III: Workers and Unions.
Detroit – The Labor Movement Despite Detroit’s Image as a Union Town, before 1910, unions in Detroit were unsuccessful and one labor leader was quoted.
The Birth of Unions And the Progressive Era. The American Federation of Labor Different groups of skilled workers (craftsman) had formed small labor unions.
Key Facts About Labor Unions, Labor Laws, and Labor Strikes.
APUSH Labor Union Review. Labor Union Organizations Shoemakers in PA (1790’s) Mechanics Union (1820’s) Molly Maguire's in PA (1860’s) Freemasons.
Reforming the Workplace Mr. Williams 10 th Grade U.S. History.
THE ORGANIZED LABOR MOVEMENT Chapter 9, Section 3.
Create 2 columns: “Wages go up” and “Wages go down” Under each column, include examples (3) to show how the 3 forces (working conditions, discrimination,
Copyright © 2005 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.Schwind 7th Canadian Edition THE UNION-MANAGEMENT RELATIONSHIP Week 5 _________________________.
Business in Action 7e Bovée/Thill. Labor Relations Chapter 12.
Labor Unions and the Economy Target: I can explain the different types of unions and how the government interacts with unions.
© 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.
© 2017 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.