Presentation on theme: "Multimodal cooperation and Academic identification in French as an Academic Language (FAL) 28.9.2007| Fred Dervin & Marjut Johansson"— Presentation transcript:
Multimodal cooperation and Academic identification in French as an Academic Language (FAL) | Fred Dervin & Marjut Johansson University of Turku, Department of French Studies Finland
Outline 1.Introduction 2.Context of the study 3.French as an Academic Language (FAL) and multimodal cooperation 4.Academic identification 5.Analysis
1. Introduction Languages for social cohesion understanding of post/late modern individualized society its complex and hybrid interactions how learners in academic setting can become experts of their field? what kind of teaching and learning in order to guarantee lifelong learning?
Language expertise Linguistic and socio-cultural perspective to expertise (cf. Ericsson – Engeström) Language expert is a social actor who is capable of performing communicative activities in the best appropriate manner with very different others in various socio-cultural contexts and media (Johansson and Dervin forth.)
multi- and plurilingualism multilingual communities multilingual learning settings individual plurilingualism as basis of future professional competences and performances (House & Rehbein 2002, Johansson & Pyykkö 2005) communities of practice
Research questions: How do apprentice-expert students see themselves as learners in this process? How do they focus on the dimensions of individual performance - collaboration?
2. Context of the study Academic setting: Language students in Finnish-speaking University Master in French Studies Principal domains of study Linguistics – applied linguistics Intercultural communication (discursive and enunciative approaches) Anthropology and sociology
Corpus collected at the end of the academic year semi-structured questionnaires Developmental narratives
3. FAL and multimodal cooperation plurilingualism Academic writing Mediated writing Course: over a year Introduction to various fields Academic writing Defense
Working methods face-to-face work: classes teacher-students group discussions teacher feedback and tutoring internet-based writing individual writing on weekly basis peer comments
The latter: ”Disruptive innovation” (Christensen 1997) Alienation + creation of a common space (Kramsch & Thorne, 2002) > impact on academic identification
4. Academic identification Identification = a process (re/de)construction Teach the students some flexibility and adaptation to liquid/solid times (Bauman 2001) >”self-programmed capabilities” (M. Castells 1996) > PROTEOPHILIC COMPETENCE (Dervin 2006 & 2007) Multiple acts of role-taking Role-switching/mixing Cameleonisation
According to Kelchtermans (1993: ) Professional self is molded through: Self-image (describe themselves, emotions) Self-esteem (evaluation of self, self + others) Job-motivation Task perception (define their jobs?) Future perspective (expectations for the future?) = our means of examining academic identification in our students
5. Academic Identification I: dialogic assessment of Selves About the process of writing the thesis (E4): NEVER-ENDING PROCESS: In my own understanding of what has been achieved, the format and contents of my research have often changed during the trip, the end result was something very different from what I expected (E4). ACCOMPANIED WITH STRESS AND UNCERTAINTY: a continuing process accompanied with stress (E4). BUILDS UP SELF-CONFIDENCE: Writing my thesis was before all a process of gaining trust (E4)
Current self vs. previous (E10) FOUND APPRENTICE-EXPERT ”SELF”: One of the most important input was finding my own working habits. (E10) AWARENESS OF EXPERTISE: Last year, I was still a bad writer in French who couldn’t handle academic writing in that language: now, I noticed how much more confident I have become as far as writing (and speaking) are concerned. (E10) MOST IMPORTANT WORK IN STUDENT CAREER (EXPERTISE): My research was the most important piece of work in my study time (E10).
Future self… Lifelong learning In general, independent work. That was important. In my opinion, the type of work that the research involved can be applied to other professional contexts such as the Free-Lance model. (E4) Challenges to solidity I understood that it could never be absolutely finished; I always found mistakes regardless of my constant proofreading. (E10) >> Consequences on future expertise?
6. Academic identification II: selves and others Others as mirrors Self is like the Other OTHER STUDENTS: It was important because I learnt to understand that although we all had different topics, the work allowed convergence between us (E4). Work in the groups was quite good, I saw how others progressed and what sort of problems they had (E5)
Others as ”consultants” Self = seeks advise FROM OTHER STUDENTS: The presence of pther students made it easy to get some help - I could check with them if I wasn’t sure about something (E6). FROM STAFF: Choosing the research questions was very difficult at the beginning, I had no idea where it would lead to. My professor gave me then some very good advice on literature I could use, and from there it was much easier to find my questions. (E5) FROM TUTORS: Their multiple comments were very useful, because they had fresh memories about this kind of work which they had done (E11)
Others as relievers Self = builds up confidence TUTORS: The ”private lessons” with the tutors were one the components of the course which made it easier for the students, I could ask them all sorts of silly questions which I wouldn’t have dared to ask to anybody else (E4) OTHER STUDENTS: The feedback provided by the group (wm and during lessons) was useful. I received good comments from the very beginning, which allowed me not to go to the wrong direction in my research. (E6)
Complemental others Self is reinforced The guidance was absolutely sufficient and the best part of it was that it was provided by many different people. The manifold perspectives fed in by them allowed enriching comments. (E8)
Others as ”intruders” Self ”refuses” others OTHER STUDENTS: I would have appreciated if we hadn’t spent less time going through other students’ work during the lessons but concentrated on our own work (E12)
GUIDES: There was a lot of guidance. On the one hand, it was good, on the other, sometimes it felt a bit too much… but better too much than too little. (E4) The lessons in the IT room were good because the lecturer gave us some feedback on our work but, I believe that writing the thesis would work much better for me at home (where I can use”poor French” when I start writing, without being afraid that somebody sees my text) (E5) I don’t actually understand why the Finnish tutors were also asked to correct the language (E11)
Conflicting Others Self is confused The tutors helped us with French, but the French tutors’ advice was a bit contradictory. You would think that they are able to correct mistakes, but once they had to discuss among themselves the right answer to one my questions and it turned out that I was right. After that, I felt unsure about who I could trust (E7) I recieved good comments from the tutors on my work. I also got some contradictory comments, which made it difficult to choose between alternatives (for instance in the choice of some words to use in the thesis) (E9)
7. Conclusion Academic identification: Unstable/in progress Compare various selves Role of others in the construction of it ”mobilizing a complex of occasional identities in response to shifting contexts” (Stronach et al, 2002: 117) Contributes to the development of proteophilic competence?
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