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Kyle Douglas, James Farber, Steven Flynn, Janie Gu, Vivian Qin, Jenny Shih, Jake Silberg, Anita Wamakima Dr. David Cincotta, Jeremy Tang.

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Presentation on theme: "Kyle Douglas, James Farber, Steven Flynn, Janie Gu, Vivian Qin, Jenny Shih, Jake Silberg, Anita Wamakima Dr. David Cincotta, Jeremy Tang."— Presentation transcript:

1 Kyle Douglas, James Farber, Steven Flynn, Janie Gu, Vivian Qin, Jenny Shih, Jake Silberg, Anita Wamakima Dr. David Cincotta, Jeremy Tang

2 Controlled Release Normally 1 st or 2 nd order 0 th order rare but essential Goal: Use semipermeable membrane to keep rate of release constant

3 Background Began in late 1940’s & 1950’s Applications: –Agriculture –Zoology –Cosmetics –Medicine –Environment

4 Background

5 Membrane: Polymers Series of repeating monomers Diverse properties: –Intermolecular forces –Molecular shape –Crystallinity Use different properties to control release

6 Solubility Parameters Predict solubility of different substances Hansen solubility parameter Equation: R a 2 = 4(δ D1 - δ D2 ) 2 + (δ P1 - δ P2 ) 2 + (δ H1 - δ H2 ) 2

7 Hypothesis Principle of “like likes like” Closer solubility parameters  faster diffusion rate

8 Polymers Tested Polyethylene (C 2 H 4 ) Ethylene-Vinyl Acetate (EVA) Copolymer –Vinyl Acetate (CH 3 COOCH=CH 2 ) 10% 12% –Rest is ethylene (C 2 H 4 )

9 Substances Released 2-PentanolEthyl AcetateHexane Molecular Formula C 5 H 12 OC4H8O2C4H8O2 C 6 H 14 Mass (g/mol) Properties Most polar BP: 119 o C Somewhat polar BP: 77 o C Least polar BP: 69 o C

10 Apparatus

11 Schematic of the Apparatus

12 Apparatus

13 Data

14 First-Order Outlier

15 Rates of Evaporation

16 First-Order Outlier

17 Statistical Analysis ANOVA’s and t-tests indicated significant difference between data sets p < 0.05 MoleculeHexane2-PentanolEthyl Acetate p-value

18 Conclusion Zero-order release was achieved using the mechanism Solubility parameters did not account for numerous other factors

19 Future Studies Mixtures of molecules (i.e. perfume) Other properties of polymers –Size –Explore solubility parameters in-depth Non-volatile substances – different apparatus

20 Acknowledgements Dr. David Cincotta, mentor Jeremy Tang, assistant Sig Sigamani of Celanese Corporation and Stephen Takacs, providing polymers Dr. David Miyamoto, director NJGSS and sponsors, opportunity


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