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High-Speed Air-Breathing Propulsion Technical Committee High-Speed Air-Breathing Propulsion Technical Committee Air-Breathing Propulsion Propulsion & Energy.

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Presentation on theme: "High-Speed Air-Breathing Propulsion Technical Committee High-Speed Air-Breathing Propulsion Technical Committee Air-Breathing Propulsion Propulsion & Energy."— Presentation transcript:

1 High-Speed Air-Breathing Propulsion Technical Committee High-Speed Air-Breathing Propulsion Technical Committee Air-Breathing Propulsion Propulsion & Energy Group Air-Breathing Propulsion Propulsion & Energy Group Prepared by Dora Musielak in 2010 Revision July 2014

2 AIAA High Speed Air Breathing Propulsion (HSABP) Technical Committee The HSABP TC brings together experts in high speed air breathing propulsion, providing the opportunity to exchange research findings, ideas, disseminate knowledge, and network with colleagues from around the globe. We leverage the application of mechanical design, fluid mechanics, thermodynamics, combustion, science and technology of systems that enable supersonic and hypersonic vehicle propulsion, including: ramjets and scramjets; combined cycle systems and Unsteady propulsion devices e.g. pulse detonation engines, rotary detonation engines, and pressure-gain combustion devices. We work to advance high speed air breathing propulsion technology by: Developing and sponsoring technical sessions and other conferences of interest; Coordinating with other AIAA TCs and PCs and other technical societies to organize and promote joint sessions and activities; Facilitating communications and reviews, and by Offering professional courses, and giving awards and recognition for special achievements. We also provide AIAA with authoritative technical opinions and public policy recommendations on subjects related to high speed propulsion technologies. The HSABP TC brings together experts in high speed air breathing propulsion, providing the opportunity to exchange research findings, ideas, disseminate knowledge, and network with colleagues from around the globe. We leverage the application of mechanical design, fluid mechanics, thermodynamics, combustion, science and technology of systems that enable supersonic and hypersonic vehicle propulsion, including: ramjets and scramjets; combined cycle systems and Unsteady propulsion devices e.g. pulse detonation engines, rotary detonation engines, and pressure-gain combustion devices. We work to advance high speed air breathing propulsion technology by: Developing and sponsoring technical sessions and other conferences of interest; Coordinating with other AIAA TCs and PCs and other technical societies to organize and promote joint sessions and activities; Facilitating communications and reviews, and by Offering professional courses, and giving awards and recognition for special achievements. We also provide AIAA with authoritative technical opinions and public policy recommendations on subjects related to high speed propulsion technologies. 2

3 AIAA High Speed Air Breathing Propulsion (HSABP) Technical Committee Members of the AIAA HSABP Technical Committee  Develop and administer over 20 technical conference sessions each year;  Organize and conduct professional development courses and workshops;  Edit books and publish white papers;  Honor technical leadership through technical and best paper awards;  Serve as reviewers for journal papers and books;  Formulate technology assessment packages for the non-technical public;  Develop and judge undergraduate design competitions;  work with K-12 students and their teachers to promote STEM education;  and Do much more to promote and disseminate air breathing propulsion technologies. Members of the AIAA HSABP Technical Committee  Develop and administer over 20 technical conference sessions each year;  Organize and conduct professional development courses and workshops;  Edit books and publish white papers;  Honor technical leadership through technical and best paper awards;  Serve as reviewers for journal papers and books;  Formulate technology assessment packages for the non-technical public;  Develop and judge undergraduate design competitions;  work with K-12 students and their teachers to promote STEM education;  and Do much more to promote and disseminate air breathing propulsion technologies. 3

4 AIAA HSABP TC Scope - Application of mechanical design, fluid mechanics and thermodynamics to science and technology of systems that enable supersonic and hypersonic air vehicle propulsion, including: Ramjets and Scramjets, Combined cycle systems, Unsteady propulsion devices e.g. pulse detonation engines, rotary combustion engines, and pressure-gain combustion devices. Charter - Advance high speed air breathing propulsion technology by: Developing and sponsoring technical sessions at ASM, JPC and other conferences of interest; Working effectively with AIAA TCs and PCs and other technical societies to organize and promote joint sessions and activities; Facilitating technical communications and reviews, educational activities, and honors & awards; Providing AIAA with authoritative technical opinions and public policy recommendations. 4

5 HSABPTC Organization Dr. Ryan Starkey Past Chair Dr. Dora Musielak Chair Dr. Venkat Tangirala Vice Chair Dr. Jeff Dalton Communications Dr. Dora Musielak (acting) Education Dr. Rusty Powell Honors & Awards Dr. Ron Springer Conferences Dr. Tim O’Brien Membership

6 Deputy for Operations Wayne Hurwitz Deputy for Technical Products David McGrath Aerospace Power Systems Dick Shaw Aerospace Power Systems Dick Shaw Terrestrial Energy Systems Mark Bryden Terrestrial Energy Systems Mark Bryden Propellants & Combustion M.S. Anand Propellants & Combustion M.S. Anand Nuclear & Future Flight Propulsion Chris Taylor Nuclear & Future Flight Propulsion Chris Taylor Energetic Components & Systems Hobin Lee Energetic Components & Systems Hobin Lee Director Propulsion and Energy Jeff Hamstra Director Propulsion and Energy Jeff Hamstra Hybrid Rockets Brian Evans Hybrid Rockets Brian Evans Liquid Propulsion Scott Forde Liquid Propulsion Scott Forde Solid Rockets Mark Langhenry Solid Rockets Mark Langhenry Electric Propulsion Eric Pencil Electric Propulsion Eric Pencil Gas Turbine Engines John Sordyl Gas Turbine Engines John Sordyl High Speed Air Breathing Propulsion Dora E Musielak High Speed Air Breathing Propulsion Dora E Musielak Air Breathing Propulsion Systems Integration Chris Hughes Air Breathing Propulsion Systems Integration Chris Hughes Deputy for Rocket, Space & Advanced Propulsion Joaquin Castro Deputy for Air Breathing Propulsion Jimmy Kenyon Deputy for Energy Mike Piszczor Pressure Gain Combustion Program Group Dan Paxson Pressure Gain Combustion Program Group Dan Paxson Green Engineering Program Committee J. Slagle / V. Lyons Green Engineering Program Committee J. Slagle / V. Lyons

7 New Course Planned for Main Topics Mission Requirements Combined Cycle Propulsion Concepts Ramjet/Scramjet Inlet Design Ram/Scramjet Combustion Structural Design Fuels and Thermal Management Engine/Airframe Integration, TBCC integration Advanced Materials CFD Modeling and Simulation of High Speed Reacting Flows Propulsion Multidisciplinary Design Optimization (MDO) High Speed Propulsion Ground Testing High Speed Flight Testing Instructors Dr. Dora Musielak (coordinator) Dr. Jeff White Dr. Marty Bradley Dr. Phil Drummond Dr. Doug Garrard Dr. Steve Beckel Dr. Venkat Tangirala

8 AIAA HSABP TC Past Courses Pulse Detonation Engines Course presented a comprehensive overview of air-breathing Pulse Detonation Engines and other Constant Volume Combustion (CVC) propulsion concepts, including detonation combustion theory, performance metrics, fuels and initiation systems, detonation physics research, technical challenges, and opportunities for development of PDEs. CVC approach is recognized as having the potential to significantly impact multiple propulsion applications. The course will address how CVC technology can be integrated into a turbine engine through different architectures. Course presented a comprehensive overview of air-breathing Pulse Detonation Engines and other Constant Volume Combustion (CVC) propulsion concepts, including detonation combustion theory, performance metrics, fuels and initiation systems, detonation physics research, technical challenges, and opportunities for development of PDEs. CVC approach is recognized as having the potential to significantly impact multiple propulsion applications. The course will address how CVC technology can be integrated into a turbine engine through different architectures. Numerical Propulsion System Simulation (NPSS): An Introduction The objective of this course is to give attendees a working knowledge of the Numerical Propulsion System Simulation (NPSS) code and allow them to create and/or modify system models using this software tool. Course was co-sponsored by AIAA Air Breathing Propulsion Systems Integration Gas Turbine Engines, and High Speed Air Breathing Propulsion Technical Committees The objective of this course is to give attendees a working knowledge of the Numerical Propulsion System Simulation (NPSS) code and allow them to create and/or modify system models using this software tool. Course was co-sponsored by AIAA Air Breathing Propulsion Systems Integration Gas Turbine Engines, and High Speed Air Breathing Propulsion Technical Committees 8

9 HSABP TC Honors & Awards Bestowed on an individual who has made an outstanding career contribution to this discipline. Young Engineer’s Recognition Certificates provided to participants in the Young Engineer’s session at the AIAA Joint Propulsion Conference (temporarily phased-off) Air breathing Propulsion Best Paper Award Air breathing Propulsion Best Paper Award Encourages submittal of high quality conference papers in ABP and gives recognition to authors Gordon C. Oates Graduate Student Award in Air Breathing Propulsion Recognizes outstanding graduate students working in air breathing propulsion research AIAA HSABPTC Air Breathing Propulsion Award AIAA HSABPTC Air Breathing Propulsion Award 9

10 AB High Speed Propulsion in the USA 10  Hyper X – NASA program terminated in 2004 after successful X-43A flight  HyFly – DARPA/Boeing/Aerojet Mach 6 Scramjet Missile  X-51 – USAF/DARPA/Boeing/P&W Mach 7 unmanned scramjet demonstration aircraft  HyStrike  HyTech  Scramfire  FALCON * Combined Cycle Engine Technology (FaCET)  Robust Scramjet Program  FASST  RATTLRS

11 NASA/USAF Hypersonic Science Centers 11 NASA and the United States Air Force designated three university and industry partners in California, Texas and Virginia as national hypersonic science centers. The new centers will advance research in air-breathing propulsion, materials and structures, and boundary layer control for aircraft that can travel at Mach 5 and faster. NASA’s Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate in Washington and the Air Force Research Laboratory’s Office of Scientific Research in Arlington, Va., selected the University of Virginia in Charlottesville, Texas A&M University in College Station and Teledyne Scientific & Imaging LLC of Thousand Oaks, Calif., from more than 60 respondents to a broad agency announcement. Contact: James Pittman, principal investigator for the Hypersonics Project of NASA’s Fundamental Aeronautics Program at NASA’s Langley Research Center in Hampton, VA

12 HSAB Propulsion R&D around the Globe 12 Click here for a List of Hypersonic ProgramsList of Hypersonic Programs

13 HS AB Propulsion R&D around the Globe 13 ProgramNationObjectiveEmphasis HyShotAUPropulsion PhysicsSupersonic Combustion 14XBRAVehicle PerformanceH2 Scramjet ATREX-FTBJAPPropulsion PerformanceAirTurboRamjet SHYFEUKVehicle PerformanceHC Ramjet LEAFRAVehicle PerformanceH2/HC Scramjet X-43*USAVehicle PerformanceH2 Scramjet X-51a**USAFlight DemonstratorHC Scramjet HyFlyUSAVehicle PerformanceHC Dual Combustion Ramjet HyCAUSEUSA/AUVehicle Performance FaCETUSAPropulsion DemoRamjet VULCANUSAPropulsion DemoMach 4+ Integrated CVC/TJ * Terminated in 2004 ** Terminated in 2013

14 USA - X51 Program 14 X51b is an unmanned Mach 7, JP-7-fueled scramjet demonstrator. X-51 WaveRider program is a consortium of US Air Force, DARPA, NASA, Boeing and Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne. Managed by Propulsion Directorate within USAF Research Laboratory (AFRL). During flight demonstrations, a B-52 carries vehicle to altitude of ~50,000 feet and then releases it. Initially propelled by an ATACMS solid rocket booster, X51b scramjet will take over at ~ Mach 4.5, and vehicle will accelerate to a flight speed near Mach 6. Purpose of flight testing is to observe acceleration between Mach 4 and Mach 6 X51b is an unmanned Mach 7, JP-7-fueled scramjet demonstrator. X-51 WaveRider program is a consortium of US Air Force, DARPA, NASA, Boeing and Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne. Managed by Propulsion Directorate within USAF Research Laboratory (AFRL). During flight demonstrations, a B-52 carries vehicle to altitude of ~50,000 feet and then releases it. Initially propelled by an ATACMS solid rocket booster, X51b scramjet will take over at ~ Mach 4.5, and vehicle will accelerate to a flight speed near Mach 6. Purpose of flight testing is to observe acceleration between Mach 4 and Mach 6 STATUS (2014) First Successful Flight Test May 2010 Last Successful Flight Test in 2013

15 USA – Vulcan Program 15 Vulcan is DARPA’s Engine Demonstration Program Effort to design, build and ground-test an engine capable of accelerating a full-scale hypersonic vehicle from rest to Mach 4+. Vulcan engine is critical to enabling full-scale hypersonic cruise vehicles for intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance, strike or other critical national missions. It can serve as low-speed accelerator for hypersonic vehicles that use turbine-based combined-cycle (TBCC) engine or as a stand- alone engine for Mach 0-4+ strike and reconnaissance aircraft. First phase contractors: ATK, GE, Rolls- Royce, United Technologies Vulcan is DARPA’s Engine Demonstration Program Effort to design, build and ground-test an engine capable of accelerating a full-scale hypersonic vehicle from rest to Mach 4+. Vulcan engine is critical to enabling full-scale hypersonic cruise vehicles for intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance, strike or other critical national missions. It can serve as low-speed accelerator for hypersonic vehicles that use turbine-based combined-cycle (TBCC) engine or as a stand- alone engine for Mach 0-4+ strike and reconnaissance aircraft. First phase contractors: ATK, GE, Rolls- Royce, United Technologies STATUS (2010) Second phase awarded and due in 2012 Phase II: CVC Module Development and Demonstration

16 Australian-USA – HiFire 16 In March 2010 HiFire completed a second hypersonic flight at the Woomera Test Range. Hypersonic International Flight Research Experimentation (HIFiRE), is investigating the fundamental science of hypersonics technology and its potential for next generation aeronautical systems. "The research being undertaken by DSTO and AFRL scientists is aimed at investigating fundamental air vehicle and propulsion technologies critical to the realization of sustained hypersonic flight. STATUS (2010)

17 Brazil 14X Program 17 For additional information: 14X is first Brazilian Mach 6 hypersonic UAV equipped with a H2 scramjet engine. Planned to put satellites on orbit. Tested in “T3” Brazilian Air Force hypersonic wind tunnel. Constructed in “IEAV- Instituto de Estudos Avançados” (Advanced studies institute) of Brazilian Air Force. 14X is first Brazilian Mach 6 hypersonic UAV equipped with a H2 scramjet engine. Planned to put satellites on orbit. Tested in “T3” Brazilian Air Force hypersonic wind tunnel. Constructed in “IEAV- Instituto de Estudos Avançados” (Advanced studies institute) of Brazilian Air Force. STATUS (2010) In Development (gaseous hydrogen injection in scramjet engine). Schedule for operation in In Development (gaseous hydrogen injection in scramjet engine). Schedule for operation in 2012.

18 China High Speed Propulsion Program 18 For additional information: Jet Propulsion Technology Key Laboratory of Fundamental Science for National Defense was set up in July of 2007 with approval by the Commission of Technology and Industry for National Defence. Laboratory is first of this kind in China, focusing on new space vehicle propulsion, pulse detonation engines, scramjet engines, turbine- based combined engine and hypersonic vehicle airframe / propulsion system integration studies. Jet Propulsion Technology Key Laboratory of Fundamental Science for National Defense was set up in July of 2007 with approval by the Commission of Technology and Industry for National Defence. Laboratory is first of this kind in China, focusing on new space vehicle propulsion, pulse detonation engines, scramjet engines, turbine- based combined engine and hypersonic vehicle airframe / propulsion system integration studies. 6-Tube PDE

19 England High Speed Propulsion Program 19 For additional information: Reaction Engines, Ltd. (REL) is developing SABRE, a hybrid air-breathing / rocket engine, which represents a huge advance over LACE technology. Through a synthesis of elements from rocket and gas turbine technology, SABRE evolved from liquid-air cycle engines (LACE) which have a single rocket combustion chamber with associated pumps, pre-burner and nozzle, utilized in air-breathing and rocket operational modes. Reaction Engines, Ltd. (REL) is developing SABRE, a hybrid air-breathing / rocket engine, which represents a huge advance over LACE technology. Through a synthesis of elements from rocket and gas turbine technology, SABRE evolved from liquid-air cycle engines (LACE) which have a single rocket combustion chamber with associated pumps, pre-burner and nozzle, utilized in air-breathing and rocket operational modes. SABRE expected to be ready by 2015 STATUS (2014) In 2014, AFRL announced work with REL with goal to adapting SABRE for military applications.

20 Nomination of New TC Members 20 The nomination period is open on 1 August for terms starting in May of the following year. However, nominations may be submitted at any time, and are held until 1 August to be submitted. Nominees should be individual AIAA members, or be ready to join if appointed. The HSABP TC has between 30 and 35 members. Nearly one-third of the members rotate off the committees each year, leaving six to ten openings per year. The TC chairs work diligently to maintain a good balance in (1) appropriate representation to the field from industry, research, education, and government; (2) the specialties covered in the specific TC scopes; and (3) geographical distribution relative to the area’s technical activity. Young professionals, women, and international members are especially encouraged to apply. The nomination period is open on 1 August for terms starting in May of the following year. However, nominations may be submitted at any time, and are held until 1 August to be submitted. Nominees should be individual AIAA members, or be ready to join if appointed. The HSABP TC has between 30 and 35 members. Nearly one-third of the members rotate off the committees each year, leaving six to ten openings per year. The TC chairs work diligently to maintain a good balance in (1) appropriate representation to the field from industry, research, education, and government; (2) the specialties covered in the specific TC scopes; and (3) geographical distribution relative to the area’s technical activity. Young professionals, women, and international members are especially encouraged to apply. The AIAA HSABP TC invites colleagues involved in research, development, teaching, and application of high speed air breathing propulsion to join us. For additional information, please contact Betty Guillie at 703/ Betty Guillie

21 High-Speed Air-Breathing Propulsion Technical Committee High-Speed Air-Breathing Propulsion Technical Committee Air-Breathing Propulsion Propulsion & Energy Group Air-Breathing Propulsion Propulsion & Energy Group For additional information, please visit us at https://info.aiaa.org/tac/PEG/HSABPTC/default.aspx 21


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