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Prepared by Dora Musielak in 2010

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1 Prepared by Dora Musielak in 2010
Revision July 2014

2 AIAA High Speed Air Breathing Propulsion (HSABP) Technical Committee
The HSABP TC brings together experts in high speed air breathing propulsion, providing the opportunity to exchange research findings, ideas, disseminate knowledge, and network with colleagues from around the globe. We leverage the application of mechanical design, fluid mechanics, thermodynamics, combustion, science and technology of systems that enable supersonic and hypersonic vehicle propulsion, including: ramjets and scramjets; combined cycle systems and Unsteady propulsion devices e.g. pulse detonation engines, rotary detonation engines, and pressure-gain combustion devices. We work to advance high speed air breathing propulsion technology by: Developing and sponsoring technical sessions and other conferences of interest; Coordinating with other AIAA TCs and PCs and other technical societies to organize and promote joint sessions and activities; Facilitating communications and reviews, and by Offering professional courses, and giving awards and recognition for special achievements. We also provide AIAA with authoritative technical opinions and public policy recommendations on subjects related to high speed propulsion technologies.

3 AIAA High Speed Air Breathing Propulsion (HSABP) Technical Committee
Members of the AIAA HSABP Technical Committee Develop and administer over 20 technical conference sessions each year; Organize and conduct professional development courses and workshops; Edit books and publish white papers; Honor technical leadership through technical and best paper awards; Serve as reviewers for journal papers and books; Formulate technology assessment packages for the non-technical public; Develop and judge undergraduate design competitions; work with K-12 students and their teachers to promote STEM education; and Do much more to promote and disseminate air breathing propulsion technologies.

4 AIAA HSABP TC Scope - Application of mechanical design, fluid mechanics and thermodynamics to science and technology of systems that enable supersonic and hypersonic air vehicle propulsion, including: Ramjets and Scramjets, Combined cycle systems, Unsteady propulsion devices e.g. pulse detonation engines, rotary combustion engines, and pressure-gain combustion devices. Charter - Advance high speed air breathing propulsion technology by: Developing and sponsoring technical sessions at ASM, JPC and other conferences of interest; Working effectively with AIAA TCs and PCs and other technical societies to organize and promote joint sessions and activities; Facilitating technical communications and reviews, educational activities, and honors & awards; Providing AIAA with authoritative technical opinions and public policy recommendations.

5 HSABPTC Organization 2014-2016
Dr. Ryan Starkey Past Chair Dr. Dora Musielak Chair Dr. Venkat Tangirala Vice Chair Dr. Jeff Dalton Communications Dr. Dora Musielak (acting) Education Dr. Rusty Powell Honors & Awards Dr. Ron Springer Conferences Dr. Tim O’Brien Membership

6 Nuclear & Future Flight Propulsion Chris Taylor
Deputy for Operations Wayne Hurwitz Deputy for Technical Products David McGrath Aerospace Power Systems Dick Shaw Terrestrial Energy Mark Bryden Propellants & Combustion M.S. Anand Nuclear & Future Flight Propulsion Chris Taylor Energetic Components & Systems Hobin Lee Director Propulsion and Energy Jeff Hamstra Hybrid Rockets Brian Evans Liquid Propulsion Scott Forde Solid Rockets Mark Langhenry Electric Propulsion Eric Pencil Gas Turbine Engines John Sordyl High Speed Air Breathing Propulsion Dora E Musielak Air Breathing Propulsion Systems Integration Chris Hughes Rocket, Space & Advanced Propulsion Joaquin Castro Jimmy Kenyon Energy Mike Piszczor Pressure Gain Combustion Program Group  Dan Paxson Green Engineering Program Committee J. Slagle / V. Lyons

7 New Course Planned for 2015 Instructors Main Topics
Dr. Dora Musielak (coordinator) Dr. Jeff White Dr. Marty Bradley Dr. Phil Drummond Dr. Doug Garrard Dr. Steve Beckel Dr. Venkat Tangirala Main Topics • Mission Requirements • Combined Cycle Propulsion Concepts • Ramjet/Scramjet Inlet Design • Ram/Scramjet Combustion • Structural Design • Fuels and Thermal Management • Engine/Airframe Integration, TBCC integration • Advanced Materials • CFD Modeling and Simulation of High Speed Reacting Flows • Propulsion Multidisciplinary Design Optimization (MDO) • High Speed Propulsion Ground Testing • High Speed Flight Testing

8 AIAA HSABP TC Past Courses
Pulse Detonation Engines Numerical Propulsion System Simulation (NPSS): An Introduction Course presented a comprehensive overview of air-breathing Pulse Detonation Engines and other Constant Volume Combustion (CVC) propulsion concepts, including detonation combustion theory, performance metrics, fuels and initiation systems, detonation physics research, technical challenges, and opportunities for development of PDEs. CVC approach is recognized as having the potential to significantly impact multiple propulsion applications. The course will address how CVC technology can be integrated into a turbine engine through different architectures. The objective of this course is to give attendees a working knowledge of the Numerical Propulsion System Simulation (NPSS) code and allow them to create and/or modify system models using this software tool. Course was co-sponsored by AIAA Air Breathing Propulsion Systems Integration Gas Turbine Engines, and High Speed Air Breathing Propulsion Technical Committees

9 HSABP TC Honors & Awards
Air breathing Propulsion Best Paper Award Gordon C. Oates Graduate Student Award in Air Breathing Propulsion Encourages submittal of high quality conference papers in ABP and gives recognition to authors Recognizes outstanding graduate students working in air breathing propulsion research AIAA HSABPTC Air Breathing Propulsion Award Bestowed on an individual who has made an outstanding career contribution to this discipline.  Young Engineer’s Recognition Certificates provided to participants in the Young Engineer’s session at the AIAA Joint Propulsion Conference (temporarily phased-off)

10 AB High Speed Propulsion in the USA
Hyper X – NASA program terminated in 2004 after successful X-43A flight HyFly – DARPA/Boeing/Aerojet Mach 6 Scramjet Missile X-51 – USAF/DARPA/Boeing/P&W Mach 7 unmanned scramjet demonstration aircraft HyStrike HyTech Scramfire FALCON * Combined Cycle Engine Technology (FaCET) Robust Scramjet Program FASST RATTLRS

11 NASA/USAF Hypersonic Science Centers
NASA and the United States Air Force designated three university and industry partners in California, Texas and Virginia as national hypersonic science centers. The new centers will advance research in air-breathing propulsion, materials and structures, and boundary layer control for aircraft that can travel at Mach 5 and faster. NASA’s Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate in Washington and the Air Force Research Laboratory’s Office of Scientific Research in Arlington, Va., selected the University of Virginia in Charlottesville, Texas A&M University in College Station and Teledyne Scientific & Imaging LLC of Thousand Oaks, Calif., from more than 60 respondents to a broad agency announcement. Contact: James Pittman, principal investigator for the Hypersonics Project of NASA’s Fundamental Aeronautics Program at NASA’s Langley Research Center in Hampton, VA

12 HSAB Propulsion R&D around the Globe
Click here for a List of Hypersonic Programs

13 HS AB Propulsion R&D around the Globe
Program Nation Objective Emphasis HyShot AU Propulsion Physics Supersonic Combustion 14X BRA Vehicle Performance H2 Scramjet ATREX-FTB JAP Propulsion Performance AirTurboRamjet SHYFE UK HC Ramjet LEA FRA H2/HC Scramjet X-43* USA X-51a** Flight Demonstrator HC Scramjet HyFly HC Dual Combustion Ramjet HyCAUSE USA/AU FaCET Propulsion Demo Ramjet VULCAN Mach 4+ Integrated CVC/TJ * Terminated in 2004 ** Terminated in 2013

14 USA - X51 Program X51b is an unmanned Mach 7, JP-7-fueled scramjet demonstrator. X-51 WaveRider program is a consortium of US Air Force, DARPA, NASA, Boeing and Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne. Managed by Propulsion Directorate within USAF Research Laboratory (AFRL). During flight demonstrations, a B-52 carries vehicle to altitude of ~50,000 feet and then releases it. Initially propelled by an ATACMS solid rocket booster, X51b scramjet will take over at ~ Mach 4.5, and vehicle will accelerate to a flight speed near Mach 6. Purpose of flight testing is to observe acceleration between Mach 4 and Mach 6 STATUS (2014) First Successful Flight Test May 2010 Last Successful Flight Test in 2013

15 USA – Vulcan Program Vulcan is DARPA’s Engine Demonstration Program
Effort to design, build and ground-test an engine capable of accelerating a full-scale hypersonic vehicle from rest to Mach 4+. Vulcan engine is critical to enabling full-scale hypersonic cruise vehicles for intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance, strike or other critical national missions. It can serve as low-speed accelerator for hypersonic vehicles that use turbine-based combined-cycle (TBCC) engine or as a stand-alone engine for Mach 0-4+ strike and reconnaissance aircraft. First phase contractors: ATK, GE, Rolls-Royce, United Technologies Phase II: CVC Module Development and Demonstration STATUS (2010) Second phase awarded and due in 2012

16 Australian-USA – HiFire
Hypersonic International Flight Research Experimentation (HIFiRE), is investigating the fundamental science of hypersonics technology and its potential for next generation aeronautical systems. "The research being undertaken by DSTO and AFRL scientists is aimed at investigating fundamental air vehicle and propulsion technologies critical to the realization of sustained hypersonic flight. STATUS (2010) In March 2010 HiFire completed a second hypersonic flight at the Woomera Test Range.

17 Brazil 14X Program 14X is first Brazilian Mach 6 hypersonic UAV equipped with a H2 scramjet engine. Planned to put satellites on orbit. Tested in “T3” Brazilian Air Force hypersonic wind tunnel. Constructed in “IEAV- Instituto de Estudos Avançados” (Advanced studies institute) of Brazilian Air Force. STATUS (2010) In Development (gaseous hydrogen injection in scramjet engine). Schedule for operation in 2012. For additional information:

18 China High Speed Propulsion Program
Jet Propulsion Technology Key Laboratory of Fundamental Science for National Defense was set up in July of 2007 with approval by the Commission of Technology and Industry for National Defence. Laboratory is first of this kind in China, focusing on new space vehicle propulsion, pulse detonation engines, scramjet engines, turbine-based combined engine and hypersonic vehicle airframe / propulsion system integration studies. 6-Tube PDE For additional information:

19 England High Speed Propulsion Program
Reaction Engines, Ltd. (REL) is developing SABRE, a hybrid air-breathing / rocket engine, which represents a huge advance over LACE technology. Through a synthesis of elements from rocket and gas turbine technology, SABRE evolved from liquid-air cycle engines (LACE) which have a single rocket combustion chamber with associated pumps, pre-burner and nozzle, utilized in air-breathing and rocket operational modes. STATUS (2014) SABRE expected to be ready by 2015 In 2014, AFRL announced work with REL with goal to adapting SABRE for military applications. For additional information:

20 Nomination of New TC Members
The AIAA HSABP TC invites colleagues involved in research, development, teaching, and application of high speed air breathing propulsion to join us. The nomination period is open on 1 August for terms starting in May of the following year. However, nominations may be submitted at any time, and are held until 1 August to be submitted. Nominees should be individual AIAA members, or be ready to join if appointed. The HSABP TC has between 30 and 35 members. Nearly one-third of the members rotate off the committees each year, leaving six to ten openings per year. The TC chairs work diligently to maintain a good balance in (1) appropriate representation to the field from industry, research, education, and government; (2) the specialties covered in the specific TC scopes; and (3) geographical distribution relative to the area’s technical activity. Young professionals, women, and international members are especially encouraged to apply. For additional information, please contact Betty Guillie at 703/

21 For additional information, please visit us at

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