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QUICK TIPS (--THIS SECTION DOES NOT PRINT--) This PowerPoint template requires basic PowerPoint (version 2007 or newer) skills. Below is a list of commonly asked questions specific to this template. If you are using an older version of PowerPoint some template features may not work properly. Using the template Verifying the quality of your graphics Go to the VIEW menu and click on ZOOM to set your preferred magnification. This template is at 100% the size of the final poster. All text and graphics will be printed at 100% their size. To see what your poster will look like when printed, set the zoom to 100% and evaluate the quality of all your graphics before you submit your poster for printing. Using the placeholders To add text to this template click inside a placeholder and type in or paste your text. To move a placeholder, click on it once (to select it), place your cursor on its frame and your cursor will change to this symbol: Then, click once and drag it to its new location where you can resize it as needed. Additional placeholders can be found on the left side of this template. Modifying the layout This template has four different column layouts. Right-click your mouse on the background and click on “Layout” to see the layout options. The columns in the provided layouts are fixed and cannot be moved but advanced users can modify any layout by going to VIEW and then SLIDE MASTER. Importing text and graphics from external sources TEXT: Paste or type your text into a pre-existing placeholder or drag in a new placeholder from the left side of the template. Move it anywhere as needed. PHOTOS: Drag in a picture placeholder, size it first, click in it and insert a photo from the menu. TABLES: You can copy and paste a table from an external document onto this poster template. To adjust the way the text fits within the cells of a table that has been pasted, right-click on the table, click FORMAT SHAPE then click on TEXT BOX and change the INTERNAL MARGIN values to 0.25 Modifying the color scheme To change the color scheme of this template go to the “Design” menu and click on “Colors”. You can choose from the provide color combinations or you can create your own. QUICK DESIGN GUIDE (--THIS SECTION DOES NOT PRINT--) This PowerPoint 2007 template produces a 36”x48” professional poster. It will save you valuable time placing titles, subtitles, text, and graphics. Use it to create your presentation. Then send it to PosterPresentations.com for premium quality, same day affordable printing. We provide a series of online tutorials that will guide you through the poster design process and answer your poster production questions. View our online tutorials at: (copy and paste the link into your web browser). For assistance and to order your printed poster call PosterPresentations.com at Object Placeholders Use the placeholders provided below to add new elements to your poster: Drag a placeholder onto the poster area, size it, and click it to edit. Section Header placeholder Move this preformatted section header placeholder to the poster area to add another section header. Use section headers to separate topics or concepts within your presentation. Text placeholder Move this preformatted text placeholder to the poster to add a new body of text. Picture placeholder Move this graphic placeholder onto your poster, size it first, and then click it to add a picture to the poster. RESEARCH POSTER PRESENTATION DESIGN © © 2012 PosterPresentations.com 2117 Fourth Street, Unit C Berkeley CA Student discounts are available on our Facebook page. Go to PosterPresentations.com and click on the FB icon. Methanol can be synthesized from Syngas using ruthenium catalysts. We report on the novel use of 3 new bidendate phosphinoamine ligands, to probe the 2 steps believed to be involved with these catalysis. The first step involves the formation of methyl formate from methanol using a base and carbon monoxide. In the second step this methyl formate is hydrogenated to give 2 moles of methanol. Reactions were done in a single cell autoclave and products were analyzed via GC chromatography. Conclusions of our studies will be reported as well as their relevance to the catalytic reaction. Abstract Reaction Process Dimethyl: ~56.07 ppm Non-methyl: ~62.65 ppm Phosphorus NMRs of Ruthenium Catalyst (B) Table 1: Concentration of MeOH and Formate of each catalytic run of Hydrogenation of Methyl Formate with H2 ResultsConclusions 3 Ruthenium Catalysts were made First part of the reaction (1 mole of MeOH to 1 mole of Formate) was successfully conducted. Second part of the reaction (1 mole of Formate to 2 moles of Methyl Formate) proved less successful. All 3 catalysts proved equally effective in the formation of methyl formate. Catalyst (A) made the most MeOH in the formatin of MeOH from Syngas reaction. Results are more qualitative due to the difficulties of measuring newly made MeOH in contra to starting MeOH. References S. Carobene, R.L. Wingad, D.F. Wass. Thesis. Cloning Methanol: A Novel Ruthenium-Catalyzed Method for Methanol Synthesis from Syngas via Methyl Formate E.S. Lee, K. Aika. Journal of Molecular Catalysis L. Fan, Y. Sakaiya, K. Fujimoto. Applied Catalysis L11-L S.P. Tanner, D.L. Trimm, M.S. Wainwright. Journal of Molecular Catalysis Acknowledgements Thanks to Dr. Duncan Wass, Richard L. Wingad, Jason Lee, and Terrence A. Nile. Thanks to University of Bristol. Special thanks to the financial support from the National Science Foundation (grant ) is gratefully acknowledged. Ruthenium Catalysts (1) 1 mole of Methanol is converted to methyl formate using Carbon moxide and base NaOMe. (2) 1 mole of Methyl Formate is converted to 2 moles of Methanol using hydrogen and Ruthenium Catalyst. The extra mole of Methanol can be reused to restart the process. (3) Exemplifies the combined reaction of reaction (1) and (2) (C) Ru Catalyst (0.01 mmol) NaOMe (1 mmol) = g THF = 10 mL Methyl Formate (20 mmol) = 1.23 mL Duration: 1 hour Temperature: 100° C H2 50 bar Ru Catalyst (0.01 mmol) NaOMe (1 mmol) = 0.054g THF = 10 mL MeOH (20 mmol) = 0.81 mL Duration: 24 hours Temperature: 100° C H2/CO 50 bar Table 2: Ratios of MeOH and Formate of each catalytic run of Hydrogenation of Methyl Formate with H2 Table 3: Concentration of MeOH and Formate of each catalytic run of Syngas to MeOH Attempt alternative experimental conditions: - longer reflux time - increase amount of catalyst used - differing bases - differing pressure (A) (B) Hydrogenation of Methyl Formate Syngas to Methanol Future UNCG and University of Bristol Veronica Ibe, Duncan Wass, Richard Wingad, Jason Lee, and Terence Nile Methanol Synthesis from Synthesis Gas utilziing an Innovated Ruthenium-Catalyzed Method
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