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Introduction to MVC 4 03. Adding a View Page NTPCUG Tom Perkins, Ph.D.

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Presentation on theme: "Introduction to MVC 4 03. Adding a View Page NTPCUG Tom Perkins, Ph.D."— Presentation transcript:

1 Introduction to MVC 4 03. Adding a View Page NTPCUG Tom Perkins, Ph.D.

2 This section: View template files are used to generate HTML responses back to the user We’ll create a view template file using the Razor View engine. Razor files have a.cshtml extension View template file Razor HTML Response to user

3 Change the Index method Current Index method returns a string. Change it to return a View object. public ActionResult Index() { return View(); } Controller method or Action Method

4 Add a View Template Right click inside the Index method Click Add View


6 Click here

7 The Add View Dialog Box Leave defaults alone Click

8 New Folder/File Created … New Folder New File

9 The contents of the Index.cshtml file

10 Add the following HTML under the tag. Hello from our View Template! Hello from our View Template! The complete MvcMovie\Views\HelloWorld\Index.cshtml file is shown below.@{ ViewBag.Title = "Index"; ViewBag.Title = "Index";}


Hello from our View Template! Hello from our View Template!

11 VS 2012 only … Right click on Index.cshtml Click on View in Page Inspector

12 Run the app, browse to: http://localhost:xxxx/HelloWorld From our View Page

13 Change the Layout page (master) Shared Folder all pages use Click on _Layout.cshtml Find the @Render Body() line

14 RenderBody Placeholder All view-specific pages show up here View pages are “wrapped” in layout page When you select the About link – The Views\Home\About.cshtml view is rendered inside the RenderBody method.

15 Change the site title Change “your logo here” to “MVC Movie”: @Html.ActionLink("MVC Movie", "Index", "Home") Replace the title element: @ViewBag.Title - Movie App

16 Run the app; also check the “About” page Note the changed title Changes in the Layout template to the title will be reflected in all the web pages

17 Change the title of the Index View @{ ViewBag.Title = "Movie List"; } My Movie List Hello from our View Template! Open MvcMovie\Views\HelloWorld\Index.cshtml Change Page title Change Primary Heading Change Secondary Heading ViewBag is an object in the view template

18 The changed page … Changed Page title Changed Primary Heading Changed Secondary Heading

19 Passing data from the Controller to the View Controller classes – Invoked for an incoming URL request – Where you write code to: Handle incoming browser requests Retrieve data from a database Decide what type of response to send back to the browser – Call a View class to generate and format an HTML response back to the browser

20 Best Practices Controllers provide data to views. A view template should never perform business logic or interact with a database directly. View should work only with data provided by controller (Separation of Concerns) Controller View Data

21 Pass data from a Controller to a View via the ViewBag … HelloWorldController, Welcome Action URL containing Message, NumTimes ViewBag Object Parameters: Message, NumTimes Welcome View HTML Browser

22 Modify the Welcome method in the HelloWorldController using System.Web; using System.Web.Mvc; namespace MvcMovie.Controllers { public class HelloWorldController : Controller { public ActionResult Index() { return View(); } public ActionResult Welcome(string name, int numTimes = 1) { ViewBag.Message = "Hello " + name; ViewBag.NumTimes = numTimes; return View(); } Automatic Binding to query string ViewBag can contain anything (dynamic)

23 Create a Welcome view template F6- compile the project Inside the Welcome method: – Right-Click – Select Add View – Click Add on the Add View dialog box – The Welcome.cshtml will be added to the project

24 Add logic to display data in a loop Modify Welcome.cshtml … @{ ViewBag.Title = "Welcome"; } Welcome @for (int i=0; i < ViewBag.NumTimes; i++) { @ViewBag.Message } Run the app: – http://localhost:xx/HelloWorld/Welcome?name=Scott&numtimes=4


26 We’ve built a Controller and a View … We’ll build a Model next …

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