Presentation on theme: "Hydrogen Related Fire Safety Issues in Residential/Commercial Vehicle Storage Facilities John Baker Will Schreiber University of Alabama Department of."— Presentation transcript:
Hydrogen Related Fire Safety Issues in Residential/Commercial Vehicle Storage Facilities John Baker Will Schreiber University of Alabama Department of Mechanical Engineering Tuscaloosa, AL
Objective The overall purpose of the proposed project is to provide practical guidelines for the safe storage of commercially available hydrogen powered vehicles.
Motivation Safe systems for the industrial production, transportation, and utilization of hydrogen already exist. Unresolved issues exist with regard to the use of hydrogen in commercial/ residential applications. Linde AG, Germany
Motivation Hydrogen Wide range of flammability concentrations in air Lower ignition energy as compared to gasoline or natural gas Burns with almost invisible flame Much lighter than air Hydrogen embrittlement Molecular diffusion Leakage
Regulations NASA, 1997, Safety Standard for Hydrogen and Hydrogen Systems, NSS 1740.16. U.S. Department of Labor, OSHA, Regulations (Standard - 29 CFR), Standard Number 1910.103, Hydrogen. NFPA 50B: Standard for Liquefied Hydrogen Systems at Consumer Sites NFPA 50A: Gaseous Hydrogen Systems at Consumer Sites Motivation
Residential Hydrogen Safety Environmental factors Dispersion of hydrogen from likely release sites Potential ignition sources Impact on residential design
Plan of Action Proposed one-year study Thoroughly examine existing regulations Experimentally observe hydrogen dispersion behavior in typical settings Develop preliminary hydrogen dispersion models.
Task 1a – Review of Existing Standards Review of the existing standards and guidelines as related to commercial / residential hydrogen use and storage. Task 1b – Experimental Design Design of a test cell that can simulate the transport behavior of a hydrogen leak in a residential two car garage. Task 1c – Initial Computational Models Preliminary CFD models to be used in the development of the helium dispersion experiments. Plan of Action: First Quarter
Task 2a –Hydrogen Sensors A thorough review of existing hydrogen sensor technology. Task 2b –Experimental Study Helium dispersion behavior in on-campus parking garage. Task 2c – Computational Modeling Model helium dispersion behavior in parking garage. Plan of Action: Second Quarter
Task 3a – Analysis of Helium Dispersion Testing Determine average dispersion patterns. May need to conduct additional tests. Task 3b – Fabrication Build two car garage test facility. Instrument facility. Task 3c – Computational Modeling Develop initial hydrogen dispersion models to aid hydrogen dispersion experimental test plan. Plan of Action: Third Quarter
Task 4a – Hydrogen Dispersion Testing – Two Car Garage Conduct experiments and perform preliminary analysis of hydrogen dispersion data. Task 4c – Analysis of Data/Recommendations Using information gained during the course of the study, make preliminary recommendations regarding guidelines/regulations for storage of hydrogen vehicles. Task 4d – Identification of Future Effort Develop plan for continued examination of hydrogen safety in residential/commercial applications. Plan of Action: Fourth Quarter
Facilities Combustion and Propulsion Systems Laboratory Combustion (holographic interferometer, PIV, FTIR spectrometer, high speed video, data acquisitions systems, reduced gravity test cell, etc.) Computational modeling software (Fluent, CEA) Codes developed in-house for thermodynamic equilibrium analysis
Summary Existing regulations do not adequately address the hazards associated with the storage of hydrogen powered vehicles for residential/commercial applications. A study is proposed to examine hydrogen safety as it relates to the residential/commercial use of hydrogen vehicles. The proposed study will lay the groundwork for the development of practical guidelines/regulations needed for the safe storage of hydrogen powered vehicles.