14The Hero with a Thousand Faces “A hero ventures forth from the world of common day into a region of supernatural wonder: fabulous forces are there encountered and a decisive victory is won: the hero comes back from this mysterious adventure with the power to bestow boons on his fellow man.”
15Stages: Universal scenes, naturally leading from one to the other. Two SectionsStages: Universal scenes, naturally leading from one to the other.Archetypes: Jungian characters, universally recognized across humanity.
16Seventeen Stages Call to Adventure Refusal of the Call Supernatural AidCrossing the ThresholdBelly of The WhaleRoad of TrialsMeeting the GoddessFemale TemptationAtonement with the FatherApotheosis/ApostasisThe Ultimate BoonRefusal of ReturnMagic FlightRescue from WithoutCrossing the Return ThresholdMaster of Two WorldsFreedom to Live
19LostThe final season DVD discusses Campbell. Abrams repeatedly quotes Joseph Campbell, and tells how each character is a hero in their own way.
20About the Monomyth and LOST. VideoAbout the Monomyth and LOST.
21We’ll Repeat the Stages For lack of time, we will not go into detail. We will repeat with Christopher Vogler’s 12-stage version.To study the original 17 stages, go to ‘Monomyth’ on Wikipedia.
22Other scholars test the Monomyth. Others ConfirmPoseidonPrometheusAdam and EveOther scholars test the Monomyth.OdysseusDionysusKing ArthurPenelopeSigurdGilgameshThe BuddhaKrishnaBeowulfOsirisZoroasterTelemachusMuhammadOdinJasonJesus ChristRoland
23Post-Its in pairs: Name stories that follow the pattern. ReflectionPost-Its in pairs: Name stories that follow the pattern.
24 Hero’s Journey Joseph Campbell George Lucas Christopher Vogler John TrubyDiscussion
26Star Wars“… it came to me that there really was no modern use of mythology … and I started reading Joe’s … The Hero with a Thousand Faces. I began to realize that my first draft of Star Wars was following classic motifs … so I modified my next draft …”
27About the Monomyth and Star Wars. VideoAbout the Monomyth and Star Wars.
29Stages: Universal scenes, naturally leading from one to the other. Two SectionsStages: Universal scenes, naturally leading from one to the other.Archetypes: Jungian characters, universally recognized across humanity.
30ArchetypesArchetypes are recurring patterns of human behavior. They are symbolized by standard types of characters.Quick to identifyStereotype
31Hero Heroes are the central figures in stories. Everyone is the hero of his or her own myth.
32Herald Heralds bring the Call to Adventure. Could be a person or an event.
33Mentor The Supernatural World is new and difficult. Mentors guide the hero.It is a person, or sometimes a principle.
34Threshold GuardianThreshold Guardians stand in the way at important turning points.The first comes in the Crossing the Threshold stage.Includes jealous enemies and professional gatekeepers,and the Hero’s own fears and doubts.
35Shadow Shadows are the villains and enemies. It might be the enemy within.They represent the repressed possibilities of the hero. His or her potential for evil.Or repressed grief, anger, frustration, or creativity. Something dangerous if it doesn’t have an outlet.
36ShapeshifterShapeshifters represent change. The way other people keep changing.Or how the Hero’s perceptions of them change.Often of the opposite sex. Sometimes two-faced.Sometimes literally a shapeshifer, like a vampire or a werewolf.
37Trickster Tricksters are clowns and mischief-makers. They represent our the Hero’s own mischievous subconscious.They urge the Hero to change.They provide relief during tense action.
38And More From Jung Joseph Campbell suggested more archetypes. And more items and relationships.To read more, look up Carl Jung.
39Other Mythic Elements Star Wars The Matrix Harry Potter The Mentor Obi-Wan KenobiMorpheusHagrid/DumbledoreThe OracleYodaSybill TrelawneyThe ProphecyLuke will overthrow the emperorMorpheus will find the OneHarry will have the power to vanquish the Dark LordTricksterC3POMouseFred & George HanThe HeraldR2-D2Punky friends invite Neo to the partyLettersFailed HeroBiggsCypherLord VoldemortWearing Enemy's SkinLuke and Han wear stormtrooper outfitsNeo jumps into agent's skin-ShapeshifterHan SoloSnapeAnimal familiarHedwigChasing a lone animal into the enxhanted woodLuke follows R2-D2 into the Jundland WastesNeo "follows the white rabbit" to the nightclub
43The Mythology of Star Wars Bill Moyers and George LucasFollow-up to ‘The Power of Myth’
44ReflectionCommon discussion: Who is the first Threshold Guardian in a favorite movie of yours.Who is the Mentor in the Matrix?Two-and-two: Can you already see something good with the Monomyth?Something bad?
45Two Champions Christopher Vogler John Truby Movie-centric Practical 12 stagesAuthor-centricTheoretical22 stages
46 Hero’s Journey Joseph Campbell George Lucas Christopher Vogler John TrubyDiscussion
48ScreenwriterA Hollywood screenwriter who read Joseph Campbell. And then saw Star Wars.
49Both old and new stories follow the pattern. The MonomythPoseidonI Am LegendPrometheusThe HobbitAdam and EveBoth old and new stories follow the pattern.OdysseusDionysusKing ArthurHarry PotterPenelopeSigurdGilgameshThe BuddhaLord of the RingsKrishnaBeowulfOsirisThe Dark TowerZoroasterTelemachusMuhammadOdinJasonEnder's GameAmerican GodsJesus ChristRoland
50The 7-page memo A Practical Guide to The Hero With a Thousand Faces Summarized Campbell's work.Made it practical for Hollywood.Reduced the Monomyth to 12 useful stages.
51Legendary Vogler’s memo is one of the most influential, legendary memos in the history of Hollywood.
52Vogler’s Disney Movies The Lion KingAladdinBeauty and the Beast
53The Writer's Journey: Mythic Structure For Writers (1992)
62Ender’s Game Michael Collings ‘The Leading Edge: Magazine of Science Fiction and Fantasy Vol. 16’Ender Wiggins fulfills all stages of the Hero’s Journey.
63The Monomyth Applied Vogler mostly works with Hollywood. Poseidon RockySpockPoseidonI Am LegendPrometheusJawsThe HobbitAdam and EveVogler mostly works with Hollywood.OdysseusDionysusKing ArthurThe Neverending StoryHarry PotterPenelopeMonsters IncSigurdGilgameshThe BuddhaLord of the RingsKrishnaWall-ESpongebob SquarepantsBeowulfOsirisThe Dark TowerZoroasterTelemachusMuhammadDawnbreakersOdinJasonEnder's GameAmerican GodsKick-AssScott PilgrimJesus ChristRoland
65Gaiman Objects“I think I got about half way through The Hero with a Thousand Faces and found myself thinking ‘if this is true — I don’t want to know.’ “I really would rather not know this stuff. I’d rather do it because it’s true and because I accidentally wind up creating something that falls into this pattern than be told what the pattern is.”
66Reflection Post-Its in pairs: Match Monomyth stages to Avatar scenes. Open discussion: Does knowing the Monomyth detract from stories?
67 Hero’s Journey Joseph Campbell George Lucas Christopher Vogler John TrubyDiscussion
69John Truby’ Background John Truby is a screenwriter, director and screenwriting teacher.He has consulted on over 1,000 film scripts over the past three decades.He sells the screenwriting software program Blockbuster (originally “Storyline Pro”)
70John Truby has not written anything himself. Hack?John Truby has not written anything himself.
72Students Beetlejuice Back to School Scream The Addams Family Kiss of the Spider WomanPirates of the CaribbeanThe Mask of ZorroSleepless in SeattleLeap of FaithNightmare on Elm StreetOutbreakThe Negotiator
73John Truby’s ArgumentOthers emphasize the inner transformation of the characters.John Truby emphasizes the moral effect their actions have on others.
7422 Steps to Becoming a Master Storyteller The Anatomy of a Story22 Steps to Becoming a Master Storyteller(2007)
75A more open, modern Monomyth 22 Building BlocksA more open, modern Monomyth
76Wrong Subtitle The book contains 22 scenes, not steps. It does contain nine steps, though.
77Step 1 Create your premise: State your story idea in a single sentence.This may take several hours to perfect.
78Use the seven key steps of story structure: Weakness and need Desire Opponent Plan Battle Self-Revelation New Equilibrium
79Step 3Create your characters:Create characters from your premise.
80Step 4 Outline the moral argument: What is the theme inherent in your premise?
81Step 5 Create the story world: Create the world as an outgrowth of your hero.
82Create a web of symbols: Step 6Create a web of symbols:Figure out symbols that highlight and communicate different aspects of the characters, the story world, and the plot.
83Follow the 22 “steps” of the book's subtitle. Create your plot:Follow the 22 “steps” of the book's subtitle.
84Create the scene weave: Step 8Create the scene weave:Before writing, list every scene in the story, and weave all plotlines and themes into a tapestry.
85Step 9 Scene construction and symphonic dialogue: Construct each scene to further the development of your hero.
90ReflectionPost-Its in pairs: The Monomyth exists in versions from three to several hundred scenes.Which version would help you?Open discussion: What tools do you use to overcome writer’s block?
91 Hero’s Journey Joseph Campbell George Lucas Christopher Vogler John TrubyDiscussion
92DiscussionOpen discussion: How can you use the Monomyth in your stories?My view: The Monomyth is stale and not very useful.Except for fantastic spectacles.
93The Monomyth is bad Myth scholars doubt its validity. Feminists criticize its male bias.Hollywood sees diminishing returns.Writers doubt its usefulness to them.
94Scholars Doubt The Monomyth has no support in mythology. Scholars view generalizing claims with suspicion.Donald J. Consentino:‘It is just as important to stress differences as similarities, to avoid creating a (Joseph) Campbell soup of myths that loses all local flavor.’
95Hollywood Doubts The monomyth structure lacks originality. It leads to clichés.The characters are even called archetypes.Avatar got a thorough bashing.
96About the Monomyth and Avatar. VideoAbout the Monomyth and Avatar.
97Writers Doubt The Hero’s Journey was designed for ancient myths. It was never meant for modern stories.It fails to critically investigate or interpret narrative.
103Eight ChargesThe politics of Star Wars are anti-democratic and elitist.While claiming mythic significance, Star Wars portrays no admirable religious or ethical beliefs.Women in Star Wars are portrayed as fundamentally weak.Star Wars pretends to be science fiction, but is really fantasy.Star Wars has dumbed down the perception of science fiction in the popular imagination.The plot holes and logical gaps in Star Wars make it ill-suited for an intelligent viewer.Science fiction filmmaking has been reduced by Star Wars to poorly written special effects extravaganzas.Star Wars novels are poor subsitutes for real science fiction and are driving real SF off the shelves.