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Dohn Hoyle MICHIGAN’S EXPERIENCE 1. Justice Thurgood Marshall described past practices as a “…regime of state mandated segregation and degradation…that.

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Presentation on theme: "Dohn Hoyle MICHIGAN’S EXPERIENCE 1. Justice Thurgood Marshall described past practices as a “…regime of state mandated segregation and degradation…that."— Presentation transcript:

1 Dohn Hoyle MICHIGAN’S EXPERIENCE 1

2 Justice Thurgood Marshall described past practices as a “…regime of state mandated segregation and degradation…that in its virulence and bigotry rivaled, and indeed paralleled, the worst excesses of Jim Crow.” City of Cleburne v. Cleburne Living Center

3 THE HOWELL GROUP Values Based Systems Change VOW - to effect systems change causing the system(s) to fund and do what we already know is right & what people want. 3

4 PRINCIPLES OF MICHIGAN’S WAIVER RENEWAL AND TENETS FOR MANAGED CARE The honoring of each person’s preferences and choices including the presumption of competence and interpreting behavior as communication Doctors and other professionals would serve in consultative roles and their involvement would be only as desired or needed. Regular individual feedback and a focus on the outcomes the individual wants would form the basis for quality assurance. 4

5 PRINCIPLES OF MICHIGAN’S WAIVER RENEWAL AND TENETS FOR MANAGED CARE CONTINUED Self-determination would govern peoples’ lives and they would have choice and control over their own budgets according to their desires. The person who coordinates supports would play a personal agent role to help an individual achieve the outcomes they wished. Informal and generic supports would be considered prior to the implementation of supports through the Waiver External people and anyone unwanted would not intrude in the lives of the individuals served by the waiver 5

6 DESIRABLE ELEMENTS OF MANAGED CARE ARE: A single funding stream Capitation with growth Local discretion Shared risk or stop loss People on waiting lists must be served 6

7 HOWELL GROUP PREMISES FOR MANAGED CARE We welcome change We want what the waiver promised Since prospects for new money are low, the re-direction of public dollars offer the most efficient possible use of public dollars Control the growth rate of expenses Carve out presents an opportunity 7

8 HOWELL GROUP PROPOSAL ON MANAGED CARE IMPLEMENTATION Goals Fulfill the promise of the Code revisions Individualize Supports Eliminate barriers Contain the rise of costs for services that do add value Provide needed and desired services for those on waiting lists 8

9 Person Centered Planning + A Support Model of Services can = Persons with Disabilities “Getting a Life” “ Person-Centered Planning means a process for planning and supporting the individual receiving services that builds upon the individual’s capacity to engage in activities that promote community life and that honors the individual’s preferences, choices, and abilities. The person-centered planning process involves families, friends, and professionals as the individual desires or requires.” -Michigan Mental Health Code Sec. 700g 9

10 MANAGED CARE IN MICHIGAN Medicaid Comprehensive Health Care 10

11 Carved out Administered through local entities Separate from physical health care State is provider of last resort Shift from state to county Constitutional mandate for CMHSP MANAGED CARE SYSTEM FOR DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES 11

12 VALUES MICHIGAN’S PUBLIC MENTAL HEALTH SYSTEM FOR PERSONS WITH DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES SHOULD PROMOTE INDIVIDUALS TO BE: Empowered to exercise choice and control over all aspects of their lives Involved in meaningful relationships with family and friends supported to live with family while children and independently as adults Engaged in daily activities that are meaningful, such as school, work, social, recreational, and volunteering Fully included in community life and activities 12

13 STATE OF MICHIGAN 1915 (B) WAIVER 13 Freedom of Choice Waiver – Managed Care Waiver Serves anyone with a developmental disability (no requirement for institutional level of care and not limited to slots) The Federal Government recognizes Michigan as having a 1915 (b)(c) Combination Waiver

14 MICHIGAN’S SYSTEM Designated CMHSPs will administer general fund appropriations for developmental disability services. They also participate through a Prepaid Inpatient Health Plan (PHIP) in administering nearly all Medicaid funded developmental disabilities benefits on a Capitated, Prepaid, Shared Risk, basis. 14 Designated CMHSPs will administer general fund appropriations for developmental disability services. They also participate through a Prepaid Inpatient Health Plan (PHIP) in administering nearly all Medicaid funded developmental disabilities benefits on a Capitated, Prepaid, Shared Risk, basis.

15 15

16 MICHIGAN’S SYSTEM 16 The plan incorporates the elements of an insurance paradigm (i.e. enrolled recipients or covered lives) with the traditional safety net model (covering a target population with statutorily mandated access to funded programs and services).

17 INDIVIDUALIZED SUPPORTS AND SERVICES Many people receiving services want: To receive individualized supports Services targeted toward their specific needs and preferences To receive their services in typical community locations A benefit package including only their desired/needed supports and services 17

18 SUPPORTS AND SERVICES The reason for defining the “alternative” supports and services is to: Identify an acceptable array of service/support options Which can be provided on an individualized and very flexible basis Depending on the desires and needs of the person To establish mechanisms to track what services/supports are delivered 18

19 INDIVIDUALIZED SUPPORTS AND SERVICES To accomplish this ALL planning must be person centered’ Each person’s “benefit package” will look different because people have different: needs desires natural supports community supports 19

20 ELIGIBILITY Eligibility established by the Mental Health Code DD Definition parallels federal definition Mental Health Code specifies that: priority shall be given to the provision of services to individuals in urgent or emergent situations” (Chapter 2, ) Eligibility for Medicaid establishes an entitlement 20

21 ACCESS Individuals will engage in a person-centered planning process to identify how DD Specialty Supports and Services can respond to the identified needs. Persons in emergency situations will receive immediate crisis stabilization response without having to first proceed through access steps 21

22 B3 SUPPORTS & SERVICES 22 Assistive Technology Community Living Supports Enhanced Pharmacy Environmental Modifications Family Support & Training Housing Assistance Peer-Delivered or Operated Support Serv ices

23 B3 SUPPORTS & SERVICES 23 Prevention – Direct Service Models Respite Care Services Skill-Building Assistance Support and Service Coordination Supported/Integrated Employment Services

24 DEFINITIONS OF GOALS THAT MEET THE INTENTS & PURPOSE OF B3 SUPPORTS & SERVICES: Community inclusion and participation means: The individual uses community services and participates in community activities in the same manner as the typical community citizen. Independence means: “freedom from another’s influence, control and determination.” (Webster’s New World College Dictionary, 1996) Independence in the B3 context means how the individual defines the extent of such freedom for him/herself during person-centered planning. 24

25 DEFINITIONS OF GOALS THAT MEET THE INTENTS & PURPOSE OF B3 SUPPORTS & SERVICES: Productivity means: engaged in activities that result in or lead to maintenance of or increased self- sufficiency. Those activities are typically going to school and work. The operational definition of productivity for an individual may be influenced by age- appropriateness. 25

26 2.5A MEDICAL NECESSITY CRITERIA Mental health and developmental disabilities services are supports and services: designed to assist the beneficiary to attain or maintain a sufficient level of functioning in order to achieve his goals of community inclusion and participation, independence, 26

27 MICHIGAN SYSTEMS HAVE… Person Centered Planning Self-Determination Policy & Practice Guideline 1915 (b) (3) Supports & Services Choice Voucher 27

28 28 Michigan’s Policy & Practice SELF-DETERMINATION

29 POLICY GUIDELINE 29 “Consumers shall have access to self-determination upon request.”

30 CORE VALUES OF SELF-DETERMINATION POLICY 30 Freedom Authority Support Responsibility Confirmation

31 POLICY GUIDELINE 31 “Arrangements that support self- determination must… assure methods for the person to exert direct control over how, by whom, and to what ends they are served and supported.”

32 POLICY GUIDELINE 32 “Person-centered planning (PCP) is a central element of self-determination… self- determination recognizes the rights of a person… to have a life with freedom, and to access needed supports that assist in the pursuit of their life, with responsible citizenship.”

33 POLICY GUIDELINES 33 “The person determines and manages needed supports in close association with chosen friends, family, neighbors, and coworkers as a part of an ordinary community life.”

34 POLICY GUIDELINE 34 “The funder shall offer and support easily accessed methods for consumers to control and direct an individual budget including providing them with methods to authorize and direct the delivery of services and supports from qualified providers selected by the consumer.”

35 FY 2012 ANNUAL REPORT CLS BOARD OF DIRECTORS MEETING 35

36 *Self-Determination is the only model of support CLS offers in Oakland County. +Wayne count does not include ~360 Respite Only Budgets. 36

37 Wayne 37

38 Living a Life of Opportunity 91 licensed homes remain as of 1/1/13, 159 returned Licensed Own Home Wayne 38

39 Personal Autonomy WAYNE 39

40 INTEGRATED CARE COORDINATOR 40


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