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HATHI TRUST A Shared Digital Repository Digital Repositories for Preservation and Access Digital Directions 2013 Jeremy York July 22, 2013 Unless otherwise.

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Presentation on theme: "HATHI TRUST A Shared Digital Repository Digital Repositories for Preservation and Access Digital Directions 2013 Jeremy York July 22, 2013 Unless otherwise."— Presentation transcript:

1 HATHI TRUST A Shared Digital Repository Digital Repositories for Preservation and Access Digital Directions 2013 Jeremy York July 22, 2013 Unless otherwise noted, these slides and their contents are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Unported License.Creative Commons Attribution Unported License

2 Digital repositories Primary mission to preserve content Performs actions to this end

3 Reasons to preserve content For access Guard against threats to content – Digitization accepted method of preservation reformatting – Digital deteriorates, is fragile

4 Reasons to provide access Meet needs of designated community Check on integrity of content Content that is accessible is more likely to be valued and preserved in the future

5 Reasons access might not be offered Copyright Privacy Licensing Needs of user community – Content available elsewhere Technical limitations – Networking and storage requirements

6 A number of models Full user access to preserved digital objects No end-user access to digital objects Delayed or triggered user access to digital objects Partial access to digital objects

7 Requirements to preserve content OAIS – “An OAIS is an Archive, consisting of an organization...of people and systems that has accepted the responsibility to preserve information and make it available for a Designated Community.” [does not imply unrestricted access]

8 OAIS Support information model – Define target of preservation (content data and representation information) – Define metadata needed to preserve, identify, contextualize information (PDI) Fulfill responsibilities – Accept information from Producers – Obtain control sufficient to preserve – Ensure understandable to designated community – Ensure preservation – Make available to designated community with information supporting authenticity

9 Ensure preservation Some strategies: – Transformation – Validation – Checks on integrity – Replication – Choice of formats – Migration

10 TRAC Starts with “a mission to provide reliable, long-term access to managed digital resources to its designated community, now and into the future” Encompasses – Organizational Infrastructure – Digital Object Management – Technical Infrastructure

11 TRAC (2) Borrows vocabulary from OAIS Adapts ideas for applying criteria from nestor and Digital Curation Centre – Documentation (evidence) – Transparency – Adequacy – Measurability

12 OAIS TRAC Transparency Documentation Adequacy Measurability Provenance Context Reference Fixity Access Rights Designated Community Mission Organizational Infrastructure Digital Object Management Technical Infrastructure Representation Information Content Data Preservation Actions Authenticity Reliability Integrity Preserve Content

13 Where does access come in Some level of access is necessary – Management, integrity What is preserved may not be what is most useful to the end user Implications across the repository

14 Content formats Can the content you are preserving be delivered over the Web? – Will you be storing derivative files? – Is some kind of transformation needed? – Do the files offer consistent functionality? Implications for scale of repository, access systems, changes to services In HathiTrust: – Limited to 3 formats, largely uniform in technical characteristics ITU G4 TIFF JPEG2000 Unicode (with and without coordinates)

15 Storage of information about content Is information about object adequately available for both preservation and access? – Structural information – Preservation information with implications for interface HathiTrust uses METS as a wrapper – Available for preservation and access

16 Content Package images Source METS text HT METS Zip

17 Architecture images bib data bib data Source METS text HT METS../uc1/pairtree_root/b3/54/34/86/b b zip b mets.xml

18 Storage Does the storage system support needs for ingest and access? In HathiTrust: – Need to have fast access to repository systems to support services

19 Security Data Integrity – Checksum validation, digital object provenance Physical security – Biometric door systems, locked racks Network security – Firewalling, vulnerability scanning Application security – Developer best practices, input validation Access control…

20 Differential access to content Rights database – Ensures appropriate access Holdings database – Facilitates lawful uses of materials

21 Authentication/Authorization Mechanisms to enable differential access, ensure security and appropriate use

22 User services Bibliographic and full-text search indexes Collection-building capabilities User interfaces

23 APIs and Datasets Data API Bibliographic API OAI “Hathifiles” Datasets

24 More Quality User Support Correction

25 Provide Access Content Package Content Formats ArchitectureStorage AuthenticationSecurityAuthorization Differential Access Services / User Interfaces Lawful Uses APIs and Datasets Copyright/Agreem ents User Support Indexes CorrectionInformation Quality

26 Content Package Content Formats ArchitectureStorage AuthenticationSecurityAuthorization Differential Access Services / User Interfaces Lawful Uses APIs and Datasets Copyright/Agre ements User Support Indexes Correction Information Quality OAIS TRAC Transparency Documentation Adequacy Measurability Provenance Context Reference Fixity Access Rights Designated Community Mission Organizational Infrastructure Digital Object Management Technical Infrastructure Representation Information Content Data Preservation Actions Authenticity Reliability Integrity Preservation Access

27 Thank you!

28 How to find out more About: Twitter: Facebook: Monthly newsletter: – – RSS Contact us: Blogs: – Large-scale Search – Perspectives from HathiTrust


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