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OPHTHA OSCE A1 427 Good luck Mansour AbdulAziz. A Q. What is this instrument : A. Pinhole Q. What is it the value ? A. Central vision testing to recorrect.

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Presentation on theme: "OPHTHA OSCE A1 427 Good luck Mansour AbdulAziz. A Q. What is this instrument : A. Pinhole Q. What is it the value ? A. Central vision testing to recorrect."— Presentation transcript:

1 OPHTHA OSCE A1 427 Good luck Mansour AbdulAziz

2 A Q. What is this instrument : A. Pinhole Q. What is it the value ? A. Central vision testing to recorrect refraction if necessary.

3 Q. Identify the organ (A) A. Superior canaliculus. Q. Identify the organ (B) A. Nasolacrimal sac.

4 Q. What is the sign ?? Q. Name 3 causes; Trauma, HTN, DM

5 Q. What is the magnification? A. x15. Q. Mention 2 characteristics of the image produced. A. Right image (not inverted), mono-ocular vision, high magnification, narrow area. ophthalmoscope.

6 This was a bilateral finding in a young obese woman with 120/80 BP. CT scan imaging was negative. Q. What is the most likely diagnosis? A. Pseudotumor cerebri (some students said that we were asked for the finding not the diagnosis and therefore wrote papilledema). Q. How would you manage her? A. 1.Medical: weight reduction and carbonic-anhydrase inhibitors (e.g. acetazolamide) 2.Surgical: CSF shunt.

7 Sorry no picture but u can find it in previous OSCEs Identify 1- Optic Tract 2- Optic Radiation

8 Q. What is the diagnosis? A. Accommodative esotropia in the right eye. Q. Which type of refractive error is associated with this condition? A. Hyperopia.

9 1- Ciliary Body\ 2- Tarsal palat ??????

10 Q. What is the sign ? Fan shaped neovascularization on optic disc Q. How would you manage this patient? A. Pan-retinal photocoagulation (PRP) and control blood sugar.

11 Q. What is this sign? A. Leucokoria in the right eye. Q. Mention 2 differential diagnoses. A. Congenital cataract, retinoblastoma.

12 Q. What is the diagnosis? A. Subconjuctival hemorrhage. Q. Mention 2 causes of this condition. A. Trauma, blood coagulopathies, anti-coagulants (OCP), cough, valsalva maneuver, old age, idiopathic.

13 A patient with a history of glaucoma Q. What is this sign? A. Cupping (increased cup:disk). Q. Which type of visual field defect is associated with this condition? A. Peripheral visual field defect.

14 A 25 year old patient with a history of sinusitis and fever Q. What is the diagnosis? A. Orbital cellulitis. Q. 2 complication

15 A patient with a history of wearing contact lenses Q. What is the diagnosis? A. Corneal ulcer. Q. How would you manage this patient? A. Remove the contact lenses and topical antibiotics.

16 Q. What is the diagnosis? A. Herpitic keratitis. Q. Tx Acyclovir

17 Q. What is the diagnosis? A. Senile cataract. Q. Mention 2 postoperative complications for this condition. A. Endophthalmitis, hemorrhage.

18 A patient with a history of cataract surgery Q. What is the diagnosis? A. Endophthalmitis. Q. How would you manage this patient? A. Administer intravitreal antibiotics.

19 Q. What is this procedure called? A. Peripheral iridotomy. Q. What is the indication of this procedure?. A. Acute closed angle glaucoma, narrow angle glaucoma.

20 Q. What is the diagnosis? A. Right oculomotor (3 rd ) nerve palsy. Q. If patient has a history of nausea, vomiting and dizziness. What will be the most likely diagnosis? A. Neoplasm (brain tumor).

21 u can find the picture in previous OSCEs Tunnel vision Glaucoma

22 (Corneal Abration (loss of epitheliam Treatment 2 Complication u can find the picture in previous OSCEs

23 Bitemproal hemianopia Mention on cause : Pitutary adenoma u can find the picture in Bosly lecture

24 Obstruction of the duct or canaculi Treatment is …..

25 Chalazion Treatment is …

26 Baby with patch covering one Eye To prevent Amblyopia 2 causes u can find the picture in strabismus lecture

27 Forign body Treatment is …. u can find the picture in previous OSCEs

28 Herpes zoster ophthalmus 2 complaacation are ……

29 The Error : Myopia Correction by : Concave

30 Have nice Time,, And good luck (: … Mansour


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