3Why is an Open Ended Design Course So Important? Engineering Design and DevelopmentWhy is an Open Ended Design Course So Important?Engineers don’t just solve problems….They must identify and define them first.Many students have never seen or worked through a complete design process.How do you document a project involving innovation or invention?It is important to understand the principles andpractices that engineers use.It is the closest a course can come toduplicating how professionals work.
5Why EDD? We asked the Experts Engineering Design and DevelopmentLesson 1.1 Overview and ExpectationsWhy EDD? We asked the Experts(click either of the above frames to open the videos , when finished close the window and continue with this ppt.)Many experts from post secondary institutions as well as well know companies share their thoughts on EDD. [Click on one of the two names at the top to play a video.
6A Capstone Course Capstone Course 11th – 12th Specialization Courses Why EDD?Engineering Design and DevelopmentLesson 1.1 Overview and ExpectationsFor Many Schools…A Capstone CourseWhat can you do with the skills you learn?EDDEngineering Design and Development(Capstone Project)Capstone Course11th – 12thCIMDESpecializationCourses10th – 12thComputer Integrated ManufacturingDigital ElectronicsCEACivil Engineering and ArchitectureAEBEMost students who take EDD have some experience with other PLTW courses. In those previous PLTW courses, you learned about engineering design and gained many skills that you will apply in EDD.What can you do with the skills you learn in your PLTW courses?[Ask students what skills they have learned in prior PLTW courses and how those skills might help them in the future.] [click]Aerospace EngineeringBiotechnical EngineeringFoundationCourses9th–12thPOE Principals of EngineeringIED Introduction to Engineering DesignIntroductoryModules6th -8thGTT PLTW Gateway
7Important Facets EDD and Open Ended Design Research, Reflection and IterationCollege PreparationProblem SolvingCross Curricular Application of Knowledge & SkillsTime Management and OrganizationPresentation & Collaboration Skills
8Create and Test a Prototype Evaluate and Reflect on the Process Why EDD?Engineering Design and DevelopmentLesson 1.1 Overview and ExpectationsThroughout This Course You Will:Find and Attempt to Solve a Real Problem Apply the Skill Sets You Have Learned Learn How to Document an Engineering Project Learn Professional Skills Though CollaborationDo ResearchDesign a PrototypeCreate and Test a PrototypeEvaluate and Reflect on the ProcessPresent the ProjectEDD is about finding and solving a real problem. In order to solve the problem, however, you have to constantly keep in mind the specifics of the problem so that you don’t deviate from your purpose.These photographs are of actual EDD students working through the Design Process.
10Let research drive decisions Let data drive decisions Presentation NameEngineering Design and DevelopmentLesson #.# Lesson NameKeys to SuccessLet research drive decisionsLet data drive decisionsUse the language of reportNot the language of affectionChoose a topic wiselyPhysical devices often work bestSoftware solutions, chemical solutions, or process solutions are often difficult to pursueConsider alternate solution pathsModify an existing solution to produce better results (Innovation)Combine design features of two or more existing solutions (Innovation)Create a totally unique solution (Invention)Work like a professionalYou will be working closely with a team. Act professionally at all times. When you agree to do something, do it on time and do it well. Play nice.Know your topicLearn as much as you can.Seek and ask for help.You will need to seek more expertise than your instructor can provide. Look for experts and do research to be sure that you have sufficient and accurate information as you work toward solving a problem.Project ScheduleAttempt to adhere to your project schedule in order to successfully complete all phases of the design process.Continuously adjust your project schedule to reflect your work progress and appropriately allocate the time remaining.OrganizationThis course will teach you a lot about project management. You will acquire many skills that will benefit you for the rest of your life. Most students who experience stress in EDD discover the root of the problem is a lack of organization. When your team is organized, everyone is more likely to be prepared for bumps in the road. Being organized means that you have a plan and you always know the next step in the process.For this course you will need to have a few tools to stay organized.Engineering Notebook – This is used to capture original ideas, reflections, modifications, etc., basically anything related to the design thought process.3-Ring Binder – Your binder should collect all of your class work, notes, and other related material. Be sure this stays organized so you will be able to access what you need.DocumentationKeep accurate records of everything you do and create – both written and with pictures. Keep records of your thoughts, self-assessments, research, conversations, correspondence, sketches, timelines, etc. Anything that has anything to do with your project should be documented.
11Project Documentation Keys to SuccessProject DocumentationEvidence of your thought processRecord of your workDemonstration of your problem solving and communication skillsPresentation to othersElectronic PortfolioGood documentation throughout your design process is crucial to your success in EDD. It provides.In particular, you will keep an engineering notebook to chronologically document all of the work on your project.You will also create a project portfolio (hardcopy or digital) to highlight the outcome of your work.Course BinderEngineering NotebookProject Portfolio
13Engineering Design Processes There are a number of design processes used in industry and at colleges or universities.
14Presentation NameEngineering Design and DevelopmentLesson #.# Lesson NameThis is the process you will utilize. An Engineering Design Process 1. Define and Justify Problem 2. Generate Multiple Solutions 3. Select a Solution 4. Construct and Test 5. Reflect and Evaluate 6. Present Results The flow chart provides an overview of the EDD Design Process The design process is not a linear process. There may be times when you will need to adjust or redefine your problem and revisit previous steps.EDD follows one version of the design process. Many different version of the design process are available and used by professionals. PLTW has developed a specific design Process that aligns with the EDPPSR. EDD is unique in the PLTW curriculum because in EDD you have nearly the entire course to work through the design process for a single design.This flowchart provides an overview of the process that you will follow during EDD.In the process of selecting and solving your problem, you will complete multiple tasks including[click through list]Notice the arrows that indicate that some steps may need to be repeated. There may be times when you need to adjust or revise your problem or solution path and need to repeat previous steps.
15Students Will: Perform research Interview experts Survey consumers Presentation NameEngineering Design and DevelopmentLesson #.# Lesson NameStudents Will:Perform researchInterview expertsSurvey consumersWrite SpecificationsTest a ConceptCreate a scheduleCreate sketchesCreate technical drawingsPerform a cost estimateBuild a prototypeTest the prototypeOptimize your designDocument your workPresent your solutionEDD follows one version of the design process. Many different version of the design process are available and used by professionals. PLTW has developed a specific design Process that aligns with the EDPPSR. EDD is unique in the PLTW curriculum because in EDD you have nearly the entire course to work through the design process for a single design.This flowchart provides an overview of the process that you will follow during EDD.In the process of selecting and solving your problem, you will complete multiple tasks including[click through list]Notice the arrows that indicate that some steps may need to be repeated. There may be times when you need to adjust or revise your problem or solution path and need to repeat previous steps.
16How Do I Invent Something How Do I Invent Something! Invention vs Innovation The Ten Mighty Questions
17Consider these questions. Return to these questions Presentation NameEngineering Design and DevelopmentLesson #.# Lesson NameThe Ten Mighty Questions of EDDCritical components to a design process are reflection and analysis. Here is a guide to decision making.Consider these questions.Return to these questionsperiodically during the course.Provide focusProvide directionProvide perspectiveBy thoroughly answering the Ten Mighty Questions, you will progress successfully through the design process.[Students should preview the 10 Mighty Questions so that they can reference the information and ask for clarification where necessary.]
18Document All Current and Past Solutions 10 Mighty Questions - Innovate or Invent?Define Clear and Justified Problem StatementDocument All Current and Past SolutionsSolution #1Pros and ConsSolution #2Pros and ConsSolution # ?Pros and ConsHow well does it work? Why is it not perfect?NOTE: A project can be started here as long as justification for the solution’s existence can be supported.(Reverse Engineering Justification)This flow chart follows the Ten Mighty Questions and is a more specific representation of the process you will follow as you complete your EDD project.Option 1 – Improve an existing solutionOption 2 – Combine one or more solutions to increase the overall success rateOption 3 – Invent a new or unique solution
1910 Mighty Questions – Defend Choices Justify the merit for attempting your solution and Create a prototype of your ideaDefine and Create an accurate means of testing the prototype, simulation, process, mock-up or planEvaluate the DATASignificant Improvement?Little or No Difference?FailurePresent your findings and make a judgment on what to do with the results
21EDD Course Outline Major Components Component 0 – Project Management Presentation NameEngineering Design and DevelopmentLesson #.# Lesson NameEDD Course OutlineMajor ComponentsComponent 0 – Project ManagementEngineering Design as a CourseComponent 1 – ResearchProblem Identification/Justifying and Solution RequirementsComponent 2 – DesignGenerating and Defending an Original SolutionComponent 3 – Build and TestConstructing and Testing a PrototypeComponent 4 – Evaluation of Project and ProcessEvaluation, Reflection, and RecommendationsComponent 5 – Documenting and Presenting the Design ProcessFinal Project Presentation and Documentation - Going Beyond EDDNotice the alignment of the course to the design process.
22Engineering Design as a Course Presentation NameEngineering Design and DevelopmentLesson #.# Lesson NameProject Management - Component 0Engineering Design as a CourseResource Alpha(α)The EDD Design Process, and Project ManagementResource Beta(β)Documenting the Engineering Design ProcessResource Gamma(γ)Teams, Timelines, and Contacting ExpertsResource Delta(δ)Project Evaluations and Classroom ManagementResource Epsilon(ε)Intellectual PropertyNotice the alignment of the course to the design process.
23Problem Identification/Justifying and Solution Requirements Presentation NameEngineering Design and DevelopmentLesson #.# Lesson NameResearch - Component 1Problem Identification/Justifying and Solution RequirementsElement AIdentification and Justification of the ProblemElement BDocumentation and Analysis of Prior Solution AttemptsElement CPresentation and Justification of Solution Design Goals/RequirementsNotice the alignment of the course to the design process.
24Generating and Defending an Original Solution Presentation NameEngineering Design and DevelopmentLesson #.# Lesson NameDesign - Component 2Generating and Defending an Original SolutionElement DDesign Concept Generation, Analysis, and SelectionElement EApplication of STEM Principles and PracticesElement FConsideration of Design ViabilityNotice the alignment of the course to the design process.
25Constructing and Testing a Prototype Presentation NameEngineering Design and DevelopmentLesson #.# Lesson NameBuild and Test - Component 3Constructing and Testing a PrototypeElement GConstruction of a Testable PrototypeElement HPrototype Testing and Data Collection PlanElement ITesting, Data Collection and AnalysisNotice the alignment of the course to the design process.
26Evaluation, Reflection, and Recommendations Presentation NameEngineering Design and DevelopmentLesson #.# Lesson NameEvaluate Project & Process - Component 4Evaluation, Reflection, and RecommendationsElement JDocumentation of External EvaluationElement KReflection on the Design ProjectElement LPresentation of Designer’s RecommendationsNotice the alignment of the course to the design process.
27Evaluation, Reflection, and Recommendations Presentation NameEngineering Design and DevelopmentLesson #.# Lesson NamePresenting Project - Component 5Evaluation, Reflection, and RecommendationsElement MPresentation of Project and Project PortfolioElement NWriting Like an EngineerIt is important to note that these topics are introduced in Component 0.Component 5 is addressed through out the design process.Notice the alignment of the course to the design process.
28Presentation of Project and Defense of Project Steps Presentation NameEngineering Design and DevelopmentLesson #.# Lesson NameJuried PresentationPresentation of Project and Defense of Project StepsAttended by:EvaluatorsPartnership TeamMentorsParents & FamilyPressTeachers and ClassesAdministratorsLocal – PrincipalDistrict – SuperintendentNotice the alignment of the course to the design process.
31Managing Timelines and Deliverables GANTT ChartsManaging Timelines and DeliverablesHere is an example of how a GANTT chart can be set up to manage Timelines and dependent tasks
32The Rule of Thirds – Grading Deliverables Research & ExplorationDesign & ConstructionTesting, Documentation, & PresentationProblem SelectionTopic BackgroundProblem StatementCited JustificationMarket ResearchPast & Present SolutionsProblem ProposalDesign SpecificationDecision MatrixConcept TestingDesign ProposalPrototype TimelineSketching RefinementTechnical DrawingMaterial ListCostTool SelectionTool SafetyMock-up & ModelingPrototype Build ProcedurePreliminary Design ReviewConstructionTesting CriteriaTesting ProcedurePhysical TestingRecord DataCritical Design ReviewRedesign and RefineRe-testMultimedia DisplayWeb PageResearch PaperElectronic PortfolioFinal PresentationThe rule of thirds breaks up the design problem into three distinct parts each of which represents approximately one-third of the effort that should be expended on the project. Note that the first third involves finding and specifically describing the problem that you will solve in a proposal. Although many students want to jump into creating a solution, it is very important that you make sure that you have a real, valid problem that has not yet been adequately solved. You also need to make sure that it is worth the effort to solve the problem and describe the problem in very specific language. All of this takes time, but is well worth the effort because it provides a basis on which to build the solution and justifies the effort that you will expend toward finding the solution.The Rule of Thirds is particularly helpful if EDD is a block semester course or if your school utilizes a trimester schedule
33Engineering Design and Development Outcomes and Opportunities
34Design and Problem Solving Competitions Scholarship Opportunities Engineering Design and DevelopmentBeyond EDDDesign and Problem Solving CompetitionsScholarship OpportunitiesInternship OpportunitiesAdmission Preference and College Level RecognitionIntellectual Property Resources
35Clint Downey and Jackson Cover Why EDD?Engineering Design and DevelopmentLesson 1.1 Overview and ExpectationsClint Downey and Jackson CoverCedar Rapids Jefferson High SchoolFiled for a provisional patent on their new design for a marching band lyre.Current lyre design used all over the worldDowney and Cover’s lyre prototypeClint Downey and Jackson Cover of Cedar Rapids Jefferson High School [click] have filed for a provisional patent on their new design for a marching band lyre.A lyre attaches to an instrument such as a trumpet or clarinet to hold sheet music in place so that it can be viewed while playing the instrument.[click] While taking EDD, Clint and Jackson were encouraged by the inventor and patent holder of the current lyre design.[click] They interviewed many musicians and band directors to identify problems with the existing lyre design. As a result, Clint and Jackson created a design that solves many of these problems.[click] Both Clint and Jackson went into engineering at the University of Iowa, and both are in the Hawkeye Marching Band!You can read more about Clint and Jackson’s invention in the IA EDD Music Lyre Patent Article.Home of theJ-HawksA Better LyreSee “IA EDD Music Lyre Patent Article”in the Going Beyond Section of the EDD curriculum”
36Chantel Newman St. Thomas More High School A Better Crutch Why EDD?Engineering Design and DevelopmentLesson 1.1 Overview and ExpectationsChantel NewmanSt. Thomas More High SchoolBadger State Science Fair Engineering Award$40,000 Scholarship Marquette University College of EngineeringChantel Newman of St. Thomas More High School in Milwaukee worked with patients and health care workers to identify a unique problem that lead to her to design an improved crutch.She presented the design at the Capitol[click] Chantel received the highest award for the engineering division in the Badger Science Fair and[click] a $40,000 scholarship in engineering to Marquette University.[click]A Better Crutch“Day at the Capitol” presentationSee “WI _Article on Chantel Newman and Marquette University” in the Going Beyond Section of the EDD curriculum
37Adam Martin East High School Why EDD?Engineering Design and DevelopmentLesson 1.1 Overview and ExpectationsAdam MartinEast High School“When he brought his project in and demonstrated it to the class, he showed that it could be easily adjusted for different body weights. It was well conceived, durable and functioned effectively. It was just a beautiful thing.”Greg CisewskiWausau East PLTW TeacherAdam Martin from East High School in Wausau, WI designed a [click] training ski for cross country skiers that could be used during the non-snow season. [click]A Better Way to Train for Cross Country Skiing
38Adam Martin East High School Why EDD?Engineering Design and DevelopmentLesson 1.1 Overview and ExpectationsAdam MartinEast High SchoolA Better Way to Train for Cross Country Skiing“The results of our new product assessment indicated that Adam’s idea was commercially feasible,”….. “we referred Adam to the Law and Entrepreneurship Clinic at the University of Wisconsin’s School of Law in Madison for that assistance. The clinic agreed to accept Adam as a client and will help him with the next steps in the commercialization process.”Sandra BeccueMarket Research ManagerWisconsin Innovation Service CenterUniversity of Wisconsin -WhitewaterAdam is a cross country ski racer and designed the device to help him train. His design requires him to shift his bodyweight in a way that better mimics the motion of a cross country skier than other existing designs.Adam consulted with the Small Business Development Center at the University of Wisconsin called the Wisconsin Innovation Service Center – Whitewater (WISC). [click] WISC specializes in research to help innovators in the early stages of design decide whether or not to proceed with the design effort. [click]See “Mike Carr Article.Wausau.SBDC.IED” in the Going Beyond Section of the EDD curriculum
39Refrigeration Process Why EDD?Engineering Design and DevelopmentLesson 1.1 Overview and ExpectationsThe InvenTeamTesla Engineering Charter School2009 InvenTeam grantEurekaFest 2009 at MITThe InvenTeam from Tesla Engineering Charter School in Appleton, WI received a grant from the Lemelson-MIT Program to invent an energy saving refrigeration process for northern climates. [click] The EDD team worked together on a solution and presented their invention at EurekaFest 2009 at MIT. [click][click]Refrigeration ProcessSee “WI Appleton Tesla HS PLTW_ Lemelson_MIT InvenTeam Article”in the Going Beyond Section of the EDD curriculum”