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Open-Ended Design © 2013 Project Lead The Way, Inc.Engineering Design and Development.

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Presentation on theme: "Open-Ended Design © 2013 Project Lead The Way, Inc.Engineering Design and Development."— Presentation transcript:

1 Open-Ended Design © 2013 Project Lead The Way, Inc.Engineering Design and Development

2 Why EDD?

3 Why is an Open Ended Design Course So Important? Engineers don’t just solve problems…. They must identify and define them first. Many students have never seen or worked through a complete design process. How do you document a project involving innovation or invention? It is important to understand the principles and practices that engineers use. It is the closest a course can come to duplicating how professionals work. Engineering Design and Development

4 Develop life skills for postsecondary education and your career Apply skills learned in other PLTW courses Apply skills learned in other courses: –Math, science, business, language arts, public speaking, etc. Connect with the community Take responsibility for your work as an independent learner Choose a problem YOU want to solve! ©iStockphoto.com Why is an Open Ended Design Course So Important? Engineering Design and Development

5 (click either of the above frames to open the videos, when finished close the window and continue with this ppt.) Why EDD? We asked the Experts

6 What can you do with the skills you learn? IED Introduction to Engineering Design POE Principals of Engineering GTT PLTW Gateway Introductory Modules 6 th -8th BE CIM Civil Engineering and Architecture Biotechnical Engineering Computer Integrated Manufacturing CEA AE Aerospace Engineering DE Digital Electronics Specialization Courses 10 th – 12 th EDD Engineering Design and Development (Capstone Project) Capstone Course 11 th – 12th A Capstone Course For Many Schools… Foundation Courses 9 th –12 th

7 Research, Reflection and Iteration College Preparation Problem Solving Cross Curricular Application of Knowledge & Skills Time Management and Organization Presentation & Collaboration Skills Important Facets EDD and Open Ended Design

8 Find and Attempt to Solve a Real Problem Apply the Skill Sets You Have Learned Learn How to Document an Engineering Project Learn Professional Skills Though Collaboration Throughout This Course You Will: Do Research Design a Prototype Create and Test a Prototype Evaluate and Reflect on the Process Present the Project

9 Work like a professional Become an expert Document everything Maintain organization –Engineering Notebook –Course Binder –Portfolio It helps to Identify a common area of interest among group members Follow a project schedule and honor deadlines ©iStockphoto.com Keys to Success

10 Let research drive decisions Let data drive decisions Use the language of report Not the language of affection Choose a topic wisely –Physical devices often work best –Software solutions, chemical solutions, or process solutions are often difficult to pursue Consider alternate solution paths –Modify an existing solution to produce better results (Innovation) –Combine design features of two or more existing solutions (Innovation) –Create a totally unique solution (Invention) Keys to Success

11 Project Portfolio Engineering Notebook Evidence of your thought process Record of your work Demonstration of your problem solving and communication skills Presentation to others Keys to Success Project Documentation Course Binder Electronic Portfolio

12 Engineering Design Processes

13 There are a number of design processes used in industry and at colleges or universities. Engineering Design Processes

14 This is the process you will utilize. An Engineering Design Process 1. Define and Justify Problem 2. Generate Multiple Solutions 3. Select a Solution 4. Construct and Test 5. Reflect and Evaluate 6. Present Results The flow chart provides an overview of the EDD Design Process The design process is not a linear process. There may be times when you will need to adjust or redefine your problem and revisit previous steps.

15 Students Will: Perform research Interview experts Survey consumers Write Specifications Test a Concept Create a schedule Create sketches Create technical drawings Perform a cost estimate Build a prototype Test the prototype Optimize your design Document your work Present your solution

16 How Do I Invent Something! Invention vs Innovation The Ten Mighty Questions

17 Critical components to a design process are reflection and analysis. Here is a guide to decision making. Consider these questions. Return to these questions periodically during the course. −Provide focus −Provide direction −Provide perspective The Ten Mighty Questions of EDD

18 Define Clear and Justified Problem Statement Document All Current and Past Solutions Solution #1 Pros and Cons Solution #2 Pros and Cons Solution # ? Pros and Cons Option 1 – Improve an existing solution Option 2 – Combine one or more solutions to increase the overall success rate Option 3 – Invent a new or unique solution NOTE: A project can be started here as long as justification for the solution’s existence can be supported. (Reverse Engineering Justification) How well does it work? Why is it not perfect? 10 Mighty Questions - Innovate or Invent?

19 Justify the merit for attempting your solution and Create a prototype of your idea Define and Create an accurate means of testing the prototype, simulation, process, mock-up or plan Evaluate the DATA Significant Improvement? Little or No Difference?Failure Present your findings and make a judgment on what to do with the results 10 Mighty Questions – Defend Choices

20 Engineering Design and Development The Class

21 EDD Course Outline Component 0 – Project Management Engineering Design as a Course Component 1 – Research Problem Identification/Justifying and Solution Requirements Component 2 – Design Generating and Defending an Original Solution Component 3 – Build and Test Constructing and Testing a Prototype Component 4 – Evaluation of Project and Process Evaluation, Reflection, and Recommendations Component 5 – Documenting and Presenting the Design Process Final Project Presentation and Documentation - Going Beyond EDD Major Components

22 Project Management - Component 0 Resource Alpha(α) The EDD Design Process, and Project Management Resource Beta(β) Documenting the Engineering Design Process Resource Gamma(γ) Teams, Timelines, and Contacting Experts Resource Delta(δ) Project Evaluations and Classroom Management Resource Epsilon(ε) Intellectual Property Engineering Design as a Course

23 Research - Component 1 Element A Identification and Justification of the Problem Element B Documentation and Analysis of Prior Solution Attempts Element C Presentation and Justification of Solution Design Goals/Requirements Problem Identification/Justifying and Solution Requirements

24 Design - Component 2 Element D Design Concept Generation, Analysis, and Selection Element E Application of STEM Principles and Practices Element F Consideration of Design Viability Generating and Defending an Original Solution

25 Build and Test - Component 3 Element G Construction of a Testable Prototype Element H Prototype Testing and Data Collection Plan Element I Testing, Data Collection and Analysis Constructing and Testing a Prototype

26 Evaluate Project & Process - Component 4 Element J Documentation of External Evaluation Element K Reflection on the Design Project Element L Presentation of Designer’s Recommendations Evaluation, Reflection, and Recommendations

27 Presenting Project - Component 5 Element M Presentation of Project and Project Portfolio Element N Writing Like an Engineer It is important to note that these topics are introduced in Component 0. Component 5 is addressed through out the design process. Evaluation, Reflection, and Recommendations

28 Juried Presentation Presentation of Project and Defense of Project Steps Attended by: Evaluators Partnership Team Mentors Parents & Family Press Teachers and Classes Administrators –Local – Principal –District – Superintendent

29 Where is My Syllabus? Is This On the Test?

30 Your instructor is a Facilitator and Project Manager, Not a Teacher Your instructor will set deadlines, but you will manage you time and dependent tasks You will choose your project direction There are a number of tools that can help you manage timelines and assignments in an open ended design course. –GANTT Charts –The Rule of Thirds ©iStockphoto.com EDD is Unlike Any Other Course

31 GANTT Charts Managing Timelines and Deliverables

32 Research & Exploration Design & Construction Testing, Documentation, & Presentation  Problem Selection  Topic Background  Problem Statement  Cited Justification  Market Research  Past & Present Solutions  Problem Proposal  Design Specification  Decision Matrix  Concept Testing  Design Proposal  Prototype Timeline  Sketching Refinement  Technical Drawing  Material List  Cost  Tool Selection  Tool Safety  Mock-up & Modeling  Prototype Build Procedure  Preliminary Design Review  Construction  Testing Criteria  Testing Procedure  Physical Testing  Record Data  Critical Design Review  Redesign and Refine  Re-test  Multimedia Display  Web Page  Research Paper  Electronic Portfolio  Final Presentation The Rule of Thirds – Grading Deliverables

33 Engineering Design and Development Outcomes and Opportunities

34 Beyond EDD Design and Problem Solving Competitions Scholarship Opportunities Internship Opportunities Admission Preference and College Level Recognition Intellectual Property Resources Engineering Design and Development

35 Current lyre design used all over the world Clint Downey and Jackson Cover Cedar Rapids Jefferson High School Filed for a provisional patent on their new design for a marching band lyre. See “IA EDD Music Lyre Patent Article”IA EDD Music Lyre Patent Article in the Going Beyond Section of the EDD curriculum” Downey and Cover’s lyre prototype

36 Chantel Newman St. Thomas More High School Badger State Science Fair Engineering Award See “WI _Article on Chantel Newman and Marquette University” in the Going Beyond Section of the EDD curriculum “Day at the Capitol” presentation $40,000 Scholarship Marquette University College of Engineering

37 “When he brought his project in and demonstrated it to the class, he showed that it could be easily adjusted for different body weights. It was well conceived, durable and functioned effectively. It was just a beautiful thing.” Greg Cisewski Wausau East PLTW Teacher Adam Martin East High School

38 Adam Martin East High School “The results of our new product assessment indicated that Adam’s idea was commercially feasible,”….. “we referred Adam to the Law and Entrepreneurship Clinic at the University of Wisconsin’s School of Law in Madison for that assistance. The clinic agreed to accept Adam as a client and will help him with the next steps in the commercialization process.” Sandra Beccue Market Research Manager Wisconsin Innovation Service Center University of Wisconsin -Whitewater See “Mike Carr Article.Wausau.SBDC.IED” in the Going Beyond Section of the EDD curriculum

39 The InvenTeam Tesla Engineering Charter School 2009 InvenTeam grant EurekaFest 2009 at MIT See “WI Appleton Tesla HS PLTW_ Lemelson_MIT InvenTeam Article” in the Going Beyond Section of the EDD curriculum”

40 Welcome to Engineering Design and Development


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