Presentation on theme: "GCM Scenarios for Regional Studies over West Africa Gregory S. Jenkins Department of Meteorology Penn State University."— Presentation transcript:
GCM Scenarios for Regional Studies over West Africa Gregory S. Jenkins Department of Meteorology Penn State University
“Africa is Highly Vulnerable to Climate Change.” IPCC 2001
“Impact of particular concern that are of particular concern to Africa are related to water resources, food production, human health, desertification and coastal zones especially in relation to extreme events.” IPCC 2001
“The overall capacity for Africa to adapt to climate change is very low” IPCC 2001
Objectives of Presentation -Compare NCAR CCM3, CCSM v.1 to NCEP -Identify Biases in models Compare 20-21st century climates of West Africa (5-35N, 20W-40E) CCM3 (Kiehl et al. 1998) - Climatological SSTs CCSM version 1 (Boville and Gent, 1998)
Conclusion West Africa simulated better in A1 simulations relative to CCM3 but for wrong reasons. AEJ, AEWs better simulated in CCSM v.1 21st century warming in West Africa uncertain because of competing factors of warm advection from Europe and land use change in West Africa. AEJ frequency shifted to longer timescale in 21st century. CCSM v.1 can be used as boundary conditions for regional climate model simulations.