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An Introduction to Edison Vivek Srikumar 17 th April 2012.

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Presentation on theme: "An Introduction to Edison Vivek Srikumar 17 th April 2012."— Presentation transcript:

1 An Introduction to Edison Vivek Srikumar 17 th April 2012

2 Curator gives us easy access to several layers of annotation over text What can we do with these?

3 Outline What is Edison? Installing Edison Using Edison – Creating Edison objects – Accessing the Curator – Adding and using views

4 What is Edison? 1.A uniform representation of diverse NLP annotations 2.A library of NLP data structures 1.A Java client to the Curator

5 NLP Annotations John Smith bought the car. Part-of-speech NNP John NNP Smith VBD bought DT the NN car. Named Entities PER John Smith Shallow parse NP John Smith VP bought NP the car Semantic roles Predicate buy A0 John Smith A1 the car Parse tree S NPVP NNP VBD NP DT NN JohnSmithboughtthecar And many others….

6 A uniform representation Main ideas – All the annotations over text are graphs – Nodes: Labeled spans of text Spans indexed by tokens in the text – Edges: Relations between the nodes Edison terminology – TextAnnotation: A container of tokens and views – View: A graph that denotes a specific annotation – Constituent: A labeled span of text (nodes) – Relation: A labeled directed edge between Constituents

7 A uniform representation TextAnnotation Raw text: John Smith bought the car. Tokens: {0:John, 1:Smith, 2:bought, 3:the, 4:car, 5:.} Views Name: SENTENCEConstituents: {…} Relations: {…} Name: POSConstituents: {…} Relations: {…} Name: PARSE_CHARNIAKConstituents: {…} Relations: {…} and other views….

8 Getting started with Edison Download the jar from – Click the download link and follow instructions – Add the edison jar and its dependencies to your class path Dependencies – Cogcomp core utilities – Apache commons libraries – Thrift (to communicate with the Curator) – Porter stemmer – LBJ Library – Java WordNet interface Javadoc available under “User Guide”

9 Edison using Maven Add the following repository definition to your pom.xml file Add Edison as a dependency CogcompSoftware edu.illinois.cs.cogcomp edison jar compile

10 So far… 1.What is Edison? 2.Installing Edison 3.Creating a TextAnnotation 4.Adding views from the Curator 5.Using views 6.…?? 7.Profit!

11 A uniform representation TextAnnotation Raw text: John Smith bought the car. Tokens: {0:John, 1:Smith, 2:bought, 3:the, 4:car, 5:.} Views Name: SENTENCEConstituents: {…} Relations: {…} Name: POSConstituents: {…} Relations: {…} Name: PARSE_CHARNIAKConstituents: {…} Relations: {…} and other views….

12 Three ways to create TextAnnotations 1.When you don’t know the tokenization – Use this for raw text, if you don’t want to use the Curator 2.When you know the tokenization – Use this for pre-tokenized text 3.Using the Curator – Use this for raw text – If your text is pre-tokenized, you can still use the Curator for adding views

13 Creating TextAnnotations (1) When to use this approach – If you don’t know the tokenization (i.e. words) – Want to use the LBJ tokenizer and sentence splitter Note: Every TextAnnotation has a textId and corpusId, these could be used in the future for book-keeping

14 Creating TextAnnotations (1) String corpus = "2001_ODYSSEY"; String textId = "001"; String text1 = "Good afternoon, gentlemen. I am a HAL-9000 computer."; TextAnnotation ta1 = new TextAnnotation(corpus, textId, text1); System.out.println(ta1.getText()); System.out.println(ta1.getTokenizedText()); // Print the sentences. The `Sentence` class has the same // methods as a `TextAnnotation`. List sentences = ta1.sentences(); System.out.println(sentences.size() + " sentences found."); for (int i = 0; i < sentences.size(); i++) { Sentence sentence = sentences.get(i); System.out.println(sentence); }

15 Creating TextAnnotations (2) When to use this approach – When you know the tokenization That is, when some external source specifies the tokens of the text After creating it, it can be used as before

16 Creating TextAnnotations (2) String corpus = "2001_ODYSSEY"; String textId = "002"; List tokenizedSentences = Arrays.asList("Good afternoon, gentlemen.", "I am a HAL-9000 computer."); TextAnnotation ta2 = new TextAnnotation(corpus, textId, tokenizedSentences); System.out.println(ta2.getText()); System.out.println(ta2.getTokenizedText()); // Print the sentences. The `Sentence` class of the same // methods as a `TextAnnotation`. List sentences = ta2.sentences(); System.out.println(sentences.size() + " sentences found."); for (int i = 0; i < sentences.size(); i++) { Sentence sentence = sentences.get(i); System.out.println(sentence); }

17 Connecting to the Curator (1) If you don’t know anything about your text, the curator can tokenize your text for you. String text = "Good afternoon, gentlemen. I am a HAL-9000 " + "computer. I was born in Urbana, Il. in 1992"; String corpus = "2001_ODYSSEY"; String textId = "001"; // We need to specify a host and a port where the curator server is // running. String curatorHost = "my-curator-server.cs.uiuc.edu"; int curatorPort = 9090; CuratorClient client = new CuratorClient(curatorHost, curatorPort); // Should the curator's cache be forcibly updated? boolean forceUpdate = false; // Get the text annotation object from the curator, which splits the // sentences and tokenizes it. TextAnnotation ta = client.getTextAnnotation(corpus, textId, text, forceUpdate); Create a curator client Create a TextAnnotation

18 Connecting to the Curator (2) If you know the tokenization and want all the Curator’s annotators to respect this tokenization String corpus = "2001_ODYSSEY"; String textId = "002"; List tokenizedSentences = Arrays.asList("Good afternoon, gentlemen.", "I am a HAL-9000 computer."); TextAnnotation ta2 = new TextAnnotation(corpus, textId, tokenizedSentences); // We need to specify a host and a port where the curator server is // running. String curatorHost = "my-curator-server.cs.uiuc.edu"; int curatorPort = 9090; CuratorClient client = new CuratorClient(curatorHost, curatorPort, true); Curator shoud Respect tokenization Note: A Curator Client in this mode cannot create TextAnnotations. Doing so will trigger an exception! Create your TextAnnotation as before

19 So far… 1.What is Edison? 2.Installing Edison 3.Creating a TextAnnotation 4.Adding views from the Curator 5.Using views 6.…?? 7.Profit!

20 Views Views are graphs, Constituents are nodes and Relations are edges Every TextAnnotation can be seen as a container for views, indexed by their name View is a Java class that represents any graph over constituents – Specializations of the View class to deal with specific types TokenLabelView, SpanLabelView, TreeView, PredicateArgumentView, CoreferenceView – You can create your own views or specializations too!

21 Example: Part-of-speech John Smith bought the car. Part-of-speech NNP John NNP Smith VBD bought DT the NN car. Tokens {0:John, 1:Smith, 2:bought, 3:the, 4:car, 5:.} 0-1 NNP 1-2 NNP 2-3 VBD 3-4 DT 4-5 NN 5-6. Constituents No Relations! Each constituent is associated with a span. The convention is to denote a span using the first token and the (last +1) th one. This specialization of the View class is called a TokenLabelView, where each constituent assigns a label to a token and there are no relations. Use for part-of-speech, stem/lemma, etc.

22 Adding part-of-speech from the Curator // Suppose we have a CuratorClient called 'client' and a TextAnnotation // called 'ta'. // Should the Curator forcibly update the part-of-speech annotation? boolean forceUpdate = false; // Add the part of speech view from the Curator client.addPOSView(ta, forceUpdate); // Get the part-of-speech view from the TextAnnotation. This view will // be filed under the name 'ViewNames.POS'. Also, we know that // this view will be a TokenLabelView. TokenLabelView posView = (TokenLabelView) ta.getView(ViewNames.POS); // Iterate through the text and get the POS label for each token for (int tokenId = 0; tokenId < ta.size(); tokenId++) { String token = ta.getToken(tokenId); String posLabel = posView.getLabel(tokenId); System.out.println(token + "\t" + posLabel); } Curator call This method is available for TokenLabelVIews

23 Example: Shallow parse John Smith bought the car. Tokens {0:John, 1:Smith, 2:bought, 3:the, 4:car, 5:.} 0-2 NP 2-3 VP 3-4 NP Constituents No Relations! Each constituent is associated with a span. The convention is to denote a span using the first token and the (last +1) th one. This specialization of the View class is called a SpanLabelView, where each constituent assigns a label to a span of text and there are no relations. Use for named entities, shallow parse, Wikifier, etc. Shallow parse NP John Smith VP bought NP the car

24 Adding shallow parse from the Curator // Suppose we have a CuratorClient called 'client' and a TextAnnotation // called 'ta'. // Should the Curator forcibly update the shallow parse annotation? boolean forceUpdate = false; // Add the shallow parse/chunk view from the Curator client.addChunkView(ta, forceUpdate); // Get the shallow parse view from the TextAnnotation. This view will // be filed under the name 'ViewNames.SHALLOW_PARSE'. Also, we know that // this view will be a SpanLabelView. SpanLabelView chunkView = (SpanLabelView) ta.getView(ViewNames.SHALLOW_PARSE); // Get all constituents whose span is contained in the span (0, 2). List constituents = chunkView.getSpanLabels(0, 2); // Iterate over them and print their labels for(Constituent c: constituents) { String label = c.getLabel(); System.out.println(label); } Curator call Available for SpanLabelView

25 Other SpanLabel views in the Curator Shallow parse – ViewNames.SHALLOW_PARSE – Use ‘client.addChunkView(ta, forceUpdate)’ Named entities – ViewNames.NER – Use ‘client.addNamedEntityView(ta, forceUpdate)’ Wikifier – ViewNames.WIKIFIER – Use ‘client.addWikifierView(ta, forceUpdate) Note: For these function calls to work, the corresponding annotator should exist in your instance of the Curator. Otherwise, an exception will be triggered

26 Example: Parse view John Smith bought the car. Tokens {0:John, 1:Smith, 2:bought, 3:the, 4:car, 5:.} 0-5 S 0-2 NP 3-5 VP Constituents Relations This specialization of the View class is called a TreeView, where the graph represents a tree. Use for full parse and dependency trees. Parse tree S NPVP NNP VBD NP DT NN JohnSmithboughtthecar 0-1 NNP ParentOf Rest of the tree not shown.

27 Adding Charniak parse from the Curator // Suppose we have a CuratorClient called 'client' and a TextAnnotation // called 'ta'. // Should the Curator forcibly update the parse annotation? boolean forceUpdate = false; // Add the charniak parse view from the Curator client.addCharniakParse(ta, forceUpdate); // Get the Charniak parse view from the TextAnnotation. This view will // be filed under the name 'ViewNames.PARSE_CHARNIAK'. Also, we know // that this view will be a TreeView. TreeView parseView = (TreeView) ta.getView(ViewNames.PARSE_CHARNIAK); // get all parse nodes List treeNodes = parseView.getConstituents(); // get the tree structure for the first sentence (i.e. sentence #0) Tree parseTree = parseView.getTree(0); // Get path between parse tree nodes (common feature) String parsePath = PathFeatureHelper.getFullParsePathString( treeNodes.get(0), treeNodes.get(1), 400); Curator call Do interesting things

28 Tree views from the curator Charniak parser – ViewNames.PARSE_CHARNIAK – client.addCharniakParse(ta, forceUpdate) Easy-first dependency parser – ViewNames.DEPENDENCY – client.addEasyFirstDependencyView(ta, forceUpdate) Stanford parser – ViewNames.PARSE_STANFORD – client.addStanfordParse(ta, forceUpdate) Stanford dependency parser – ViewNames.DEPENDENCY_STANFORD – client.addStanfordDependencyView(ta, forceUpdate)

29 Other Curator calls Verb semantic roles – View name: ViewNames.SRL – client.addSRLView(ta, forceUpdate) Adds a view of type PredicateArgumentView, which is a subclass of the View class Nominal semantic roles – View name: ViewNames.NOM – client.addNOMView(ta, forceUpdate) Adds a view of type PredicateArgumentView Coreference – View name: ViewNames.COREF – client.addCorefView(ta, forceUpdate) Adds a view of type CoreferenceView, which is a subclass of the View class

30 So far… 1.What is Edison? 2.Installing Edison 3.Creating a TextAnnotation 4.Adding views from the Curator 5.Using views 6.…?? 7.Profit!

31 Using views All views provide access to – Constituents: getConstituents, getConstituentsCoveringToken, getConstituentsCoveringSpan – Relations: getRelations Allows us to manipulate several different views – Eg: Get the parse tree nodes that contain the named entity constituent that whose label is “PER”: for (Constituent c : namedEntityView.getConstituents()) { if (c.getLabel().equals("PER")) { List parseConstituents = parseView.getConstituentsCovering(c); // do something with these }

32 Using constituents and relations Each constituent belongs to a view Constituents provide the following methods: – getLabel(): gets the label of the constituent – getSpan(): gets the span of the constituent – getIncomingRelations(): gets list of Relations that are incident to this constituent in this view – getOutgoingRelations(): gets list of Relations whose source is this constituent in this view Relations provide the following accessors: – getRelationName(), getSource(), getTarget()

33 Other useful functionality Supports – Top-K views – Custom views, for your application Provides helper functions for common tasks – Look at the functions in classes in the package edu.illinois.cs.cogcomp.edison.features.helpers Provides interface to WordNet – WordNetManager Collin’s head-finding rules Several feature extraction utilities – Look the classes at edu.illinois.cs.cogcomp.edison.features

34 So far… 1.What is Edison? 2.Installing Edison 3.Creating a TextAnnotation 4.Adding views from the Curator 5.Using views 6.…?? 7.Profit!

35 Links Edison download Example code API documentation


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