2Terminology Phoneme- the sound a letter makes Grapheme- the symbol of a phonemeSegmenting and blending –breaking words down, hearing individual sounds. Building words by listening for sounds.Digraph- a two letter grapheme where two letters represent one sound.Trigraph- a three letter grapheme where three letters represent one sound.Split digraph -has a letter that splits the two letters in the digraph e.g late, cake.Consontant Blend – 2/3 letters are squashed together e.g. tr, mp, str, bl, ntSyllables – a unit of pronunciation having one vowel sound e.g wa/ter
3Phase 3 There are 25 new graphemes. 10 to 12 week programme; letters and sounds.Final letters and sounds: j, v, w, x (ks), y, z, zz, qu (kw)Teach the four consonant diagraphs: ch, sh, th (2 sounds), ngVowel diagraphs: ai, ee, oa, oo (2 sounds), ar, or, ur, ow, oi, erVowel Trigraphs: igh, ear, air, ure (2 sounds)Continued practise of blending and segmenting – within sentences.Practise reading and spelling HFW’s and Tricky words.Practise spelling two-syllable words with a combination of diagraphs – e.g. pow/der.Practise letter names.
5Segmenting Activity How many sounds are in these words? Loaf ParkFearSightFarmyardBeardstringl-oa-f 3 phonemesp-ar-k 3 phonemesF-ear 2 phonemesS-igh-t 3 phonemesF-ar-m-y-ar-d 6 phonemesB-ear-d 3 phonemesS-t-r-i-ng 5 phonemes
6HFW’s and Tricky Words Phase 2 High Frequency WordsTricky Wordsa an as atif in is itof off oncan dad hadback and getbig him hisnot got upmum but putTheINoGoToInto
7HFW’s and Tricky Words Phase 3 High Frequency WordsTricky Wordswill seethat forthis nowdown thenthem lookwith toohe she webe me wasyou they allare my her
8EYFS: Good Level of Development (GLD) Reading and Writing Reading: ELGWriting: ELG1 Children read and understand simple sentences.2 They use phonic knowledge to decode regular words and read them aloud accurately.3 They also read some common irregular words.4 They demonstrate understanding when talking with others about what they have read.1 Children use their phonic knowledge to write words in ways which match their spoken sounds.2 They also write some irregular common words.3 They write simple sentences which can be read by themselves and others.4 Some words are spelt correctly and others are phonetically plausible.
11ExpectationsPhase 1: majority of children will be confident and achieved this level by the end of Nursery.Children should leave Reception:Having achieved Phase 2 & Phase 3Becoming confident readers and writers and apply the skills they have been taught independently.Some children may begin working at Phase 4.
12How can you help at homeChallenge the children to find objects that begin with a certain sound.Continue sound talking- get u-p! Put on your c-oa-tPlay ‘I Spy’ with phonemes not letter names – sound out words.Practise letter formation.Play games with word cards.Make sentences with word cards.Encourage reading daily – 5 minutesPractise recognition of the 44 phonemes.Use phonics play to practise reading real and nonsense words.Reading and spelling of phase 2 and 3 tricky words.Support and encourage children’s attempts at writing- encourage list writing, s, labels for pictures and sentence writing.
13Many thanks for your ongoing support. The Foundation Stage Team