Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Building Blocks of Managerial Accounting Chapter 2 1.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Building Blocks of Managerial Accounting Chapter 2 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Building Blocks of Managerial Accounting Chapter 2 1

2 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Objective 1 Distinguish among service, merchandising, and manufacturing companies 2

3 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Three types of companies Service Merchandisers Manufacturers 3

4 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Service Companies Provide a service only No inventory Examples – Accountants – Banks – Doctors – Lawyers 4

5 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Merchandisers Resell products purchased from suppliers One inventory account Examples – Amazon.com – J. C. Penney – Sears Retailers vs. Wholesalers 5

6 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Manufacturers Use labor and other inputs to convert raw materials into finished products Examples – Crayola Crayons – Dell Computers – Craftsman Tools 3 inventory accounts 6

7 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Manufacturers 3 inventory accounts – Raw materials – Work in process – Finished goods 7

8 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Objective 2 Describe the value chain and its elements 8

9 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Value Chain Activities that add value to products and services and cost money. R&D Production/ Purchases Marketing DesignDistribution Customer Service 9

10 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Now turn to E2-16A 10

11 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. E2-16A Research on selling satellite radio service Purchases of merchandise Rearranging store layout 11

12 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. E2-16A Research on selling satellite radio serviceR & D Purchases of merchandise Rearranging store layout 12

13 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. E2-16A Research on selling satellite radio serviceR & D Purchases of merchandisePurchases Rearranging store layout 13

14 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. E2-16A Research on selling satellite radio serviceR & D Purchases of merchandisePurchases Rearranging store layoutDesign 14

15 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. E2-16A (cont.) Newspaper advertisements Deprec. expense on delivery trucks Payment to consultant for advice on location of new store 15

16 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. E2-16A (cont.) Newspaper advertisementsMarketing Deprec. expense on delivery trucks Payment to consultant for advice on location of new store 16

17 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. E2-16A (cont.) Newspaper advertisementsMarketing Deprec. expense on delivery trucksDistribution Payment to consultant for advice on location of new store 17

18 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. E2-17A (cont.) Newspaper advertisementsMarketing Deprec. expense on delivery trucksDistribution Payment to consultant for advice on location of new storeR & D 18

19 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. E2-16A (cont.) Freight-in Salespersons’ salaries Customer complaint department 19

20 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. E2-16A (cont.) Freight-inPurchases Salespersons’ salaries Customer complaint department 20

21 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. E2-16A (cont.) Freight-inPurchases Salespersons’ salariesMarketing Customer complaint department 21

22 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. E2-16A (cont.) Freight-inPurchases Salespersons’ salariesMarketing Customer complaint department Customer service 22

23 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Objective 3 Distinguish between direct and indirect costs 23

24 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Cost Object Anything for which managers want a separate measurement of cost – Direct cost – Indirect cost 24

25 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Now turn to S2-4 25

26 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. a.The wages of store employees b.The cost of operating the corporate payroll department c.The cost of carpet steamers offered for rent d.The cost of gas and oil sold at the store S Direct Indirect Direct

27 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. S2-4 (cont.) e.Store utilities f.The CEO’s salary g.The cost of chainsaws offered for rent h.The cost of national advertising 27 Indirect Direct Indirect

28 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Objective 4 Identify the inventoriable product costs and period costs of merchandising and manufacturing firms 28

29 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Two definitions of product cost Total costs – used internally only (will see this in later chapters) Inventoriable product costs – used for external reporting 29

30 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. R&D Design Marketing Distribution Customer Service Production/ Purchases Inventoriable Product Costs Inventoriable product costs 30

31 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Period Costs: All costs incurred in the other stages of the value chain Period Costs MarketingDistribution Customer Service R&DDesign 31

32 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Inventoriable Product Costs -- Merchandiser + Purchase price from suppliers + Cost to get ready for sale + Freight-in + Import duties or tariffs 32

33 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Inventoriable Product Costs -- Manufacturer Direct materials Direct labor Manufacturing overhead Direct Costs Indirect Costs 33

34 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Manufacturing Overhead Indirect costs related to manufacturing that are not direct materials or direct labor – Indirect materials – Indirect labor – Other indirect manufacturing overhead 34

35 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Now turn to S2-7 35

36 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. 1.Company president’s annual bonus 2.Plastic gallon containers in which milk is packaged 3.Depreciation on marketing department’s computers 4.Wages and salaries paid to machine operators at dairy processing plant S2-7 Period Product, DM Product, DL 36

37 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. 5.Research and Development on improving milk pasteurization process 6. Cost of milk purchased from dairy farmers Product, DM 7.Lubricants used in running bottling machines 8.Depreciation on refrigerated trucks used to collect raw milk from dairy farms S2-7 (cont.) Product,MOH Period Product,MOH 37

38 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. 9.Property tax on dairy processing plant 10. Television advertisements for DairyPlains’ products 11.Gasoline used to operate refrigerated trucks used to deliver finished dairy products to grocery stores S2-7 (cont.) Period Product,MOH Period 38

39 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Prime and Conversion Costs Manufacturing Overhead Direct Materials Prime Costs Direct Labor Conversion Costs 39

40 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Direct and indirect labor costs include Salaries and wages Fringe benefits Payroll taxes 40

41 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Objective 5 Prepare the financial statements for service, merchandising and manufacturing companies 41

42 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Income Statement – Service Company Simplest income statement All costs are period costs Service Revenues - Operating expenses Operating income 42

43 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Cost of Goods Sold Calculation – Merchandiser + Beginning inventory + Purchases + Import duties or tariffs + Freight-in = Cost of goods available for sale -Ending inventory =Cost of goods sold 43

44 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Now turn to S2-9 44

45 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. S Cost of Goods Sold Computation Beginninginventory $ 4,200 Purchases$42,000 Importduties1,100 -Freightin3,60046,700 Costof goodsavailfor sale50,900 Endinginventory(5,400) Cost of goods sold$45,500

46 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Income Statement – Merchandiser + Sales - Cost of goods sold = Gross profit - Operating expenses = Operating income 46

47 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Now turn to S

48 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. S Gossamer Secrets Schedule of Cost of Goods Sold Beginning inventory $ 3,350,000 Purchases 23,975,000 Cost of goods available $ 27,325,000 Ending inventory (4,315,000) Cost of goods sold $ 23,010,000

49 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. S Gossamer Secrets Income Statement Sales revenue $ 39,300,000 Cost of goods sold 23,010,000 Gross profit $ 16,290,000 Operating expenses 6,150,000 Operating income $ 10,140,000

50 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Direct Materials Used Calculation – Manufacturer + Beginning raw materials inventory + Purchases of raw materials + Freight in = Materials available for use -Ending raw materials inventory = Direct materials used 50

51 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Now turn to S

52 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. S Allterrain Computation of Direct Materials Used Direct materials used: Beginningraw materials inventory $ 3,900 Purchases of direct materials$15,600 Importduties 900 Freight-in60017,100 Directmaterials available for use21,000 Endingraw materials inventory(2,000) Direct materials used$19,000

53 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Cost of Goods Manufactured Calculation – Manufacturer + Beginning work in process inventory + Direct materials used + Direct labor + Manufacturing overhead = Total manufacturing costs to account for -Ending work in process inventory = Cost of goods manufactured 53

54 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. How to calculate Beginning Inventory + Net Purchases = Cost of Goods Sold + Ending Inventory 54

55 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Cost of Goods Sold Calculation – Manufacturer + Beginning finished goods inventory + Cost of goods manufactured = Cost of goods available for sale - Ending finished goods inventory = Cost of goods sold 55

56 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Now turn to E2-25A 56

57 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. E2-25A, Direct materials used 57 Quality Aquatic Company Direct Materials Used Beginning direct materials inventory $ 29,000 Plus Purchases of direct materials 73,000 Available for use $ 102,000 Less Ending direct materials inventory (31,000) Direct materials used $ 71,000

58 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. E2-25A, Cost of goods manufactured 58 Quality Aquatic Company Schedule of Cost of Goods Manufactured Beginning work in process inventory $ 36,000 Plus: Manufacturing costs incurred: Direct materials used 71,000 Direct labor 89,000 Manufacturing overhead* 69,500 Cost of goods available $ 265,500 Ending inventory (30,000) Cost of manufactured $ 235,500 *Manufacturing overhead: Indirect labor $ 42,000 Insurance on plant 10,500 Deprec - Plant bldg and equip 13,000 Repairs and mtnce - plant 4,000 Manufacturing overhead (total) $ 69,500

59 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. E2-25A, Cost of goods sold 59 Quality Aquatic Company Schedule of Cost of Goods Sold Beginning finished goods inventory $ 22,000 Plus: Cost of goods manufactured 235,500 Available for sale $ 257,500 Less: Ending finished goods inventory (28,000) Cost of Goods Sold $ 229,500

60 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Income Statement – Manufacturer + Sales - Cost of goods sold = Gross profit - Operating expenses = Operating income 60

61 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Now turn to E2-26A 61

62 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. E2-26A 62 Quality Aquatic Company Income Statement Sales revenue $ 462,000 Cost of goods sold 229,500 Gross profit $ 232,500 Operating expenses: Marketing expenses 83,000 General and admin expenses 26,500 Operating income $ 123,000

63 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Product and Period Costs 63 Type of Company Inventoriable Product Costs Period Costs Service CompanyNone All costs along the value chain Merchandiser Purchases plus cost of freight, import duties, etc. All costs except total purchases ManufacturerDM, DL, MOH All costs except DM, DL, MOH Accounting Treatment Inventory on balance sheet until sold Immediately expense

64 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Manufacturing Companies’ Inventory Accounts 64 Raw Materials Inventory + Beginning inventory + Purchases & freight = Ending inventory - Materials used in work in process

65 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Manufacturing Companies’ Inventory Accounts 65 Work in Process Inventory + Beginning inventory + Matls used from raw matls = Ending inventory - Cost of goods manufactured and sent to finished goods + Direct Labor + Manufacturing overhead

66 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Manufacturing Companies’ Inventory Accounts 66 Finished Goods Inventory + Beginning inventory + Cost of goods manufactured = Ending inventory - Cost of goods sold

67 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Balance Sheet Differences 67 Type of CompanyInventory Accounts Service CompanyNone MerchandiserMerchandise Inventory Manufacturer Raw materials, work in process, and finished goods inventory

68 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Objective 6 Describe costs that are relevant and irrelevant for decision making 68

69 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Controllable and Uncontrollable Costs 69

70 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Relevant and Irrelevant Costs 70

71 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Objective 7 Classify costs as fixed or variable and calculate total and average costs at different volumes 71

72 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Cost Behavior 72

73 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Total Variable Costs Assume we pay 5% sales commissions on all sales. The cost of sales commissions increases proportionately with increases in sales. 73

74 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Total Fixed Costs: Stay Constant in Total Over a Wide Range of Activity Levels 74

75 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Total Cost Total cost = Fixed costs + (Variable cost per unit x number of units) 75 Example: Fixed costs = $20,000 Variable cost per unit = $50 per unit Number of units = 100 Total Cost = $20,000 + ($50 x 100) = $25,000

76 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Average Cost Total cost ÷ number of units = Average cost The average cost per unit is NOT appropriate for predicting total costs at different levels of output. 76 Example: $25,000 = $250 per unit 100 units

77 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Marginal Cost Cost of making one more unit 77

78 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. End of Chapter 2 78


Download ppt "Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Building Blocks of Managerial Accounting Chapter 2 1."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google