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IMPLEMENTING SBIRT IN A SCHOOL POPULATION The Northampton Public Schools Experience.

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Presentation on theme: "IMPLEMENTING SBIRT IN A SCHOOL POPULATION The Northampton Public Schools Experience."— Presentation transcript:

1 IMPLEMENTING SBIRT IN A SCHOOL POPULATION The Northampton Public Schools Experience

2 IMPLEMENTING SBIRT IN A SCHOOL POPULATION Karen Jarvis-Vance, BSN, RN, NCSN Director of Health Services, Health Education and Safety Northampton Public Schools Program Director, Northampton Prevention Coalition

3 SBIRT: Screening Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment evidence-based gives health care providers skills to discuss health behavior changes with their patients proven to be particularly effective at motivating individuals to change harmful substance use Based in research using SBIRT as an early intervention can reduce risky alcohol and drug use before it leads to more severe consequences or dependence Proactive, not just reactive

4 SBIRT: Screening Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment Screening Determines the severity of substance use Brief Intervention Motivational Interviewing Builds motivation through collaborative conversation using Motivational Interviewing techniques Can reduce resistance to change Helps patients realize their own reasons and motivations to make healthy choices. Referral to Treatment Directly links patient with appropriate, requested services Minimizes outward barriers to seeking services Creates an environment for success

5 NPS PROTOCOL  Universal screen-all 9 th grade students  Parental education, notification and opt-out  Paper screen, student opt-out  Non-use: positive reinforcement  Score lower than 2: motivational interview  Score greater than or equal to 2: referral for follow-up  Outside referral resources at the ready  Issues of confidentiality and documentation

6 Screening Tool: CRAFFT Part A (Pre-Screen) During the PAST 12 MONTHS, did you: 1. Drink any alcohol (more than a few sips)? 2. Smoke any marijuana or hashish? 3. Use anything else to get high? (“anything else” includes illegal drugs, over the counter and prescription drugs, and things that you sniff or “huff”) Part B (CRAFFT) 1. Have you ever ridden in a CAR driven by someone (including yourself) who was “high” or had been using alcohol or drugs? 2. Do you ever use alcohol or drugs to RELAX, feel better about yourself, or fit in? 3. Do you ever use alcohol or drugs while you are by yourself, or ALONE? 4. Do you ever FORGET things you did while using alcohol or drugs? 5. Do your FAMILY or FRIENDS ever tell you that you should cut down on your drinking or drug use? 6. Have you ever gotten into TROUBLE while you were using alcohol or drugs?

7 THE SCREENING TOOL

8 NPS SCREENING RESULTS MAY total freshman 7 opted out by parents; 1 opted self out 24 with positive pre-screen:(when noted) 11 for alcohol, 5 alcohol + MJ, 1 for marijuana, 0 other Of those screened in, 5 with positive CRAFFT 25 brief interventions (mostly around the “C”) 4 referrals to in-school counseling; 1 already under care 196 students received information and/or positive reinforcement

9 NPS SCREENING RESULTS MAY total freshman 6 opted out by parents 18 with positive pre-screen; (when noted) 4 for alcohol, 8 for marijuana, 6 both alcohol and MJ, 0 other 36 brief interventions (mostly around the “C”) Of those screened in, 1 with positive CRAFFT 1 referrals to in-school counseling; already under care 191 students received information and/or positive reinforcement

10 POST-TEST RESULTS 162 STUDENTS SURVEYED ANONYMOUSLY About the same: 83% More likely: 11% Less likely: 6%

11 POST-TEST RESULTS About the same: 68% More likely: 5% Less likely 27%

12 POST-TEST RESULTS Not at all honest: 9% Honest some of the time: 5% Mostly honest: 13% Completely honest: 73%

13 Questions?Comments? Thank You!


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