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COSPAR E2.1 2004 July 22, Paris revised for Nobeyama Symposium 2004 October 29, Kiyosato Takeo Kosugi (ISAS/JAXA, Japan)

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Presentation on theme: "COSPAR E2.1 2004 July 22, Paris revised for Nobeyama Symposium 2004 October 29, Kiyosato Takeo Kosugi (ISAS/JAXA, Japan)"— Presentation transcript:

1 COSPAR E2.1 2004 July 22, Paris revised for Nobeyama Symposium 2004 October 29, Kiyosato Takeo Kosugi (ISAS/JAXA, Japan)

2 Space Solar Physics in Japan Yohkoh (1991-2001) Purely Japanese SOLAR-B (2006) Hinotori (1981-1982) Japan – USA – UK J – US – UK – ESA (Norway)

3 Motivation of this talk Just a brief, general introduction to the Solar-B Program SOT: A.Title & S. TsunetaE2.1-0003 S. Tsuneta & A. TitleE2.1-0004 XRT:L. GolubE2.1-0008 EIS: J. L. Culhane, et al.E2.1-0007 G. Del Zanna & H. M. MasonE2.1-0009 Scientific Operations: T. Watanabe & Solar-B TeamE2.1-0029 Related talks

4 * Why do we need study the Sun? 1.“The Sun as a Star” (A Classical Field of Astrophysics) - Stellar Structure / Evolution - Dynamo Mechanism (Cosmic Magnetism) 2. Corona: a Prototype for Superhot Astrophysical Plasma - Why is the corona so hot? - Coronal Structure / Dynamics - Sudden Energy Release and Particle Acceleration * Key Word: Magnetic Reconnection 3. Factors Controlling the Space Weather and Climate - Solar Wind - Flares and CMEs as a Cause of IP Disturbances

5 Yohkoh (1991 - 2001) Japan / US / UK Hard and Soft X-ray Imaging; X-ray & Gamma-ray Spectroscopy; Flares SoHO (1996 - ) ESA / NASA Solar & Heliospheric Imaging; Helio-seismology TRACE (1998 - ) NASA; Highest Spatial Resolution UV & EUV Imaging CORONAS-F (2001 - ) RSA Coronal Imaging and Spectroscopy RHESSI (2002 - ) NASA / other High-Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager; Flares CGRO, Ulysses, and other heliospheric missions Golden Age of Solar Physics from Space

6 Ten Years with Yohkoh (1991 September – 2001 December) Energy Release and Particle Acceleration in the Solar Atmosphere


8 The Solar Atmosphere Solar flares as magnetic reconnection process - Soft X-ray loop-with-a-cusp structure, increasing in size with time - Double-footpoint plus above-a-loop-top hard X-ray sources - Particle acceleration site in the above-a-loop-top hard X-ray source - X-ray jets Coronal heating - 11-yr cycle variation Ejections and IP disturbances - Large-scale restructuring - X-ray plasmoid - X-ray dimming (vs CME) - X-ray sigmoid (vs CME) Various structures and dynamics, governed by magnetic fields

9 Flaring Loop and the Surroundings

10 What’s Next ? From Yohkoh to Solar-B and Beyond Understanding Magnetic Connection from (sub)photosphere to corona atmospheric structures and dynamics coronal heating Understanding Solar Dynamo Mechanism Understanding Connected Sun – Earth System (Space Weather and Climate)  Solar-B; SDO; etc  STEREO; SDO; etc

11 Science - Coronal heating - Coronal structure / dynamics - Elementary processes in Magnetic Reconnection Mission instruments - Optical Telescope / Vector Magnetograph (SOT) - X-ray Telescope (XRT) - EUV Imaging Spectrometer (EIS) Launch Date: Summer 2006 with ISAS M-V-7 Orbit: Sun synchronous altitude ~ 600 km Weight: ~ 900 kg SOLAR-B ISAS / NASA / PPARC / ESA

12 Structure of the solar atmosphere SOLAR-B Lower atmosphere (Photosphere/Chromosphere ) governs the dynamics of the upper atmosphere (Corona) via magnetic field lines

13 Key Elements with Solar-B Instruments Solar Optical Telescope (SOT) Largest optical telescope ever to observe the Sun from space Diffraction-limited (0.2 – 0.3 arcsec) imaging in 388 – 668 nm Vector magnetic field measurement at the photosphere X-Ray Telescope (XRT) Highest angular resolution imaging at > 3 MK corona Wide temperature coverage from below 1 MK to above 10 MK EUV Imaging Spectrometer (EIS) Precise plasma diagnostics in the 17 – 21 nm & 25 – 29 nm ranges Continuous observation without interruption for 8 months a year Coordinated observation among the three telescopes

14 SOT consists of OTA (Optical Telescope Assembly) and FPP (Focal Plane Package). FPP: Provided by NASA/LMSAL Top door Side door Lower Tube Sun shade Shield tube OTA: Provided by JAXA/NAO z y x Details are given in accompanying papers. All the telescopes are complicated. SOT is just an example.


16 OTA FPP EIS OBU XRT SOLAR-B Mechanical Test Model (2002 May)

17 SOLAR-B Thermal Test Model (2002 Oct)

18 SOLAR-B SOT OTA (2004 August)

19 International Collaboration ISAS (Japan) : Integration of S/C; Launch & Operation Mission Instruments: SOT (optics), XRT (camera), EIS (I/f to S/C) NASA (US): SOT (focal plane package), XRT (optics / mech.), EIS (optics components), NASA polar station(s) PPARC (UK): EIS (structure, detectors & electronics) ESA: Polar station(s) for data downlink Joint Operations and Data Analysis SOLAR-B

20 Data Usage; Proposal for Observation; etc Solar-B data, together with analysis software tools, will be opened to the world solar physics (and related) communities as quickly as possible. (hopefully in a few months after data acquisition) We welcome proposals for observation plans from outside the Solar-B team. (Details TBD) Collaborative observations with other space- and ground-based observatories are encouraged. Any collaborations with, or suggestions/advices from, theoreticians are most welcome. SOLAR-B

21 2004 July 20, at COSPAR E2.1, Paris Takeo Kosugi, ISAS/JAXA

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