The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Mark Twain 1835-1910 “flame of Haley’s Comet” 1884 Samuel Longhorn Clemens-humorist in frontier tradition “The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County” The Adventures of Tom Sawyer-1876
Wrote the novel from 1878-1882 England-1884 US-1885 Controversial-banned because deemed immoral for young readers 1886-royalty check for $54,000-vindicated Following death of wife and both daughters-Twain died on April 21, 1910 Picaresque novel-novel depicting adventures of young hero who grows throughout novel
First page of novel states action took place “forty to fifty years ago” – 1 st decade of Twain’s life Pre-Civil War years-growing debate of slavery Colloquial language-dialect-vernacular First Great American Novel First Person POV Irony-Situational irony enhances theme of prejudice versus respect for human dignity
Themes Truth versus falsehood Civilization versus natural instincts and nature Prejudice and respect for human dignity Man as an individual as opposed to man in a group
Symbols The Mississippi River-life’s journey, Providence, nature—often called 3 rd protagonist Raft-natural simplicity of protagonists Steamboat-civilization
Satire Twain used satire to target romantic view of life Symbolized by Tom’s escapades, the wrecked steamboat, the Grangerfords (gentility conflicts with their brutal lifestyle)
Abolitionists Frederick Douglass-slave mother-white father Born near 1817-1895 Forced to leave country for 2 years to raise money for his own freedom Famous orator—Knowledge is Power- campaigned for Lincoln-Civil War-Mass. Negroes-federal offices-Min. to Haiti
Frederick Douglass The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American slave: Written by Himself 1845 Primary Source
Works Cited www.americanmemory.gov Teacher notes
E2-R1.3 Demonstrate the ability to apply integrated strategies to evaluate selections from a variety of literary genres and real-world texts. E2-R1.6 Demonstrate the ability to draw conclusions and make inferences. E2-R1.9 Demonstrate the ability to read several works on a particular topic, paraphrase the ideas and synthesize them with ideas from other authors addressing the same topic. E2-W1.3 Demonstrate the ability to develop an extended response around a central idea, using relevant supporting details. E2-W1.4 Demonstrate the ability to revise for clarity through collaboration, conferencing, and self-evaluation. E2-RS3.1 Demonstrate the ability to synthesize information from a variety of sources, including those accessed through technology.
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