Trends Shaping Supply Dynamics Declining generation and retirement of coal – Increase supply from new technology, renewables and natural gas plants Flat or declining electricity sales – Declining need for base load generation New emissions rules steering technology choice State-of-the-art technology is needed to provide solutions Taking new technology to market need to happen
GE’s 7F / 7HA Gas Turbine Portfolio Large 60 Hz gas turbines (Air cooled) 7F.047F.05 7HA.01 7HA.02 GT Output (MW) 187225275330 NOx/CO Emissions (ppmvd)GT 9/9 CC 2/2 GT 25/9 CC 2/2 GT Minimum Load in Emissions Compliance48%, 90 MW36%, 81 MW30%, 83MW30%, 99 MW Compressor18-stage14-stage CombustorDLN 2.6 DLN2.6+AFS Power Turbine3-stage 4-stage Simple Cycle start times (minutes)11 1012 2x1 Combined Cycle Net Plant Output (MW)567688813996 Net Plant Efficiency (%) 59%59.5%>61% Plant Start-up Time (minutes)33 <30 Plant Ramp Rate (MW/minute)6080100120 7F/HA gas turbine portfolio comparison Performance and Turndown based on Gas Turbine World conditions; Combined Cycle emissions assume SCR and CO catalyst;
Comparison of the ~275 MW turbines GE, MPSA, Siemens, and Alstom
Energy Storage Getting Traction Large Scale Pumped Hydro Compressed Air Molten Salt Small Scale Batteries Flywheels Superconducting Magnets
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, based on Energy Storage Association.
Energy Storage Projects in Development California 1.3 GW Energy Storage Mandate: Will require multiple large and small installations on both sides of meter. Puerto Rico: Energy storage and backup required on all new wind and solar projects (mostly batteries with diesel backup) Pumped Hydro: FERC has issued preliminary permits to 45 projects for over 43,000 MW. CAES: APEX Bethel (Texas); Chamisa Energy (Texas); PG&E (California). Utility Scale Batteries: Large manufacturers (ABB, GE, Hitachi, Tesla) jumping into the space to compete with smaller already in the space (AES Energy Storage, A123, NGK, Xtreme)
Conclusions Change has been tremendous over the past ten years Coal retirements will likely accelerate Renewables, advancements in technology and new technologies will be required to fill the coal gap We all get to be a part of modernizing the nations power supply system