Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Section E Rules and Policies.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Section E Rules and Policies."— Presentation transcript:

1 Section E Rules and Policies

2 Overview E1 Bio-medical Waste (Management & Handling) Rules, 1998
The Rules apply to all persons who generate, collect, receive, store, transport, treat, dispose or handle bio-medical waste in any form The rules have been notified under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 First draft in 1995, Second draft in 1997 Final rules notified on July 27, 1998 First Amendment in March, 2000; Second amendment in June, 2000; Third amendment in Sept, 2003 Supported by three guidelines E1

3 Important definitions
Bio-medical waste: Any waste which is generated during the diagnosis, treatment, or immunization of human beings or animals or in research activities or in the production or testing of biologicals, and including categories mentioned in Schedule 1 Occupier: A person who has control over an institution (and/or its premises) which is generating bio-medical waste E2

4 Important definitions
Authorisation: Means permission granted by the prescribed authority for the generation, collection, reception, storage, transportation, treatment, disposal and/ or any other form of handling of bio-medical waste in accordance with the rules Bio-medical waste treatment facility: Any facility wherein treatment, disposal of bio-medical waste or processes incidental to these are carried out and includes common treatment facilities E3

5 Provisions and clauses
Duty of occupier: to ensure that bio-medical waste is handled without any adverse effect to human health and environment Treatment and disposal In accordance with Schedule I and in compliance with standards in Schedule V. Facility either on-site or off-site Segregation, packaging, transport and storage Bio-medical waste shall not be mixed with any other waste Shall be segregated at the point of generation as per the colour codes in Schedule II. Containers labeled according to Schedule III E4

6 Provisions and clauses
In case of off-site treatment, container should also have information mentioned in Schedule IV Transportation only in authorized vehicles No untreated waste shall be stored beyond 48 hrs, incase of emergency permission must be sought from prescribed authority Municipal authorities shall continue to pick up and transport segregated non bio-medical waste from healthcare facilities, as well as duly treated bio-medical waste for disposal at municipal dump site E5

7 Prescribed authority E6 State Pollution Control Board/Committee
Applications for seeking authorisation to be disposed within 90 days The authority may after giving reasonable opportunity of being heard to the applicant and for reasons thereof to be recorded in writing, refuse to grant/renew authorisation May cancel/suspend an authorization in case of non- compliance of rules by operator/occupier. Suspension/cancellation of authorisation, only after opportunity to the applicant to be heard, reasons to be recorded in writing Appeal against the order by the applicant within 30 days E6

8 Authorisation All facilities serving>1000 patients/month to seek authorization from Prescribed Authority as per Form I Facilities serving<1000, still in the framework of rules Authorisation to operate a facility would be issued in Form IV Authorisation form to be accompanied with fee Trial period/provisional: one year Subsequent/renewal: three years E7

9 Records E8 Annual reports
Details of category and quantity of waste handled, mode of treatment with details. Submission to Prescribed Authority by January 31 every year Maintenance of records Records related to generation, collection, reception, storage, transportation, treatment, disposal or any other from of handling of bio-medical waste. Subject to inspection and verification at any time Accident Reporting Any accident during handling or transportation of bio-medical waste should be reported to the Prescribed Authority in Form III E8

10 Schedule for implementation
In cities with population of 30 lakhs and above June 30, 2000 Below 30 lakhs 500 beds and above June 30, 2000 Dec 31, 2001 Dec 31, 2000 less than 50 Dec 31, 2002 All other facilities Dec 31, 2002 E9

11 Schedule I: Categories
Waste category Treatment Human anatomical waste Inc/burial Animal waste Microbiology and biotechnolgy waste Inc/alternate Waste sharps Alternate Discarded medicines, cytotoxic drugs Inc/landfill Solid waste Liquid waste Disinfection Incineration ash Landfill Chemical waste Drain/secured landfill after treatment E10

12 Schedule II: Colour coding
Type of container Waste type Yellow Plastic bag Human, animal, microbiology, soiled waste Red Disinfected container/Plastic Bag Microbiology, soiled and solid waste Blue/White Translucent Plastic Bag/ puncture proof container Waste sharps, solid waste Black Plastic Bag Discarded medicine, cytotoxic drugs, ash, chemical waste E11

13 Take note E12 No storage of untreated waste beyond 48 hrs
No incineration of chlorinated plastics, no chemical pretreatment before incineration Bags for incineration should not be made of chlorinated plastic Labelling of waste Label shall be non-washable and visible Deep burial option Inclusion of new technologies E12

14 Role of municipal body E13
Municipal body to continue to pick up and transport segregated non-biomedical waste and treated medical waste Shall be responsible for providing suitable common disposal sites in the area under their jurisdiction E13

15 Technology standards E14 Incinerator Combustion Efficiency atleast 99%
Temperature Primary Chamber-800+/-50oC Secondary Chamber /-50oC Secondary chamber gas residence time at least 1 sec., with minimum 3% oxygen in the stack gas E14

16 Incinerator E15 Emission standards Parameters Conc.(mg/Nm3)
Particulate matter 150 Nitrogen Oxides 450 HCL 50 Minimum Stack height shall be 30 meters above ground Volatile organics in ash not more than 0.01% Suitable pollution control equipment to achieve emission levels E15

17 Incinerator E16 Chlorinated plastics cannot be incinerated
No chemical Pretreatment before incineration Low sulphur fuel to be used Toxic metal limit in ash, as specified in Hazardous Waste Rules E16

18 Standards for waste autoclaving
Dedicated autoclave for waste treatment Time, temperature and pressure to the maintained Graphic/computer recording devices Validation test: Spore testing (bacillus stearothermophilus with atleast 1x104 spores/ml) Routine test: chemical indicator strip/tape which is colour sensitive Operating parameters Gravity flow: 121oC, 15psi, 60’; 135oC, 31psi,45’; 149oC, 52psi, 30’ Pre-vacuum: 121oC, 15psi, 45’; 135oC, 31psi, 30’ E17

19 Standards for microwaves
Not to be used for cytotoxic, hazardous or radioactive wastes, contaminated animal carcasses, body parts and large metal items Should comply with efficacy and routine tests and should consistently kill bacteria and other pathogenic organisms Biological indicator: bacillus subtilis spores (using strips/vials of 1x104spores/ml) E18

20 Standards for liquid waste*
Parameters Permissible limits pH Suspended solids 100 mg/l Oil and grease 10 mg/l BOD 30 mg/l COD mg/l Bio-assay test-90% survival of fish after 96 hours in 100% effluent * for hospitals connected with sewers without terminal sewage treatment plant or not connected to public sewers E19

21 Standards for deep burial
In rural areas or in towns with population < 5 lakhs Authorisation for the site to be sought, waste added under supervision and records to be maintained The site should be relatively impermeable, distant from habitation, water contamination possibilities to be examined before 2 meters deep pit, half filled with waste, 50 cm lime layer, soil cover 10 cm soil layer with every addition No access to animals E20

22 Environment Protection Act, 1986
Section 5: Powers to give directions Section 6: Rules to regulate environmental pollution Section 8: Persons handling hazardous substances to comply with procedural safeguards Section 10: Powers of entry and inspection Section 11: Powers to take samples... E21

23 Environment Protection Act, 1986
Section 15: Penalty for contravention of the provisions of the Act and the rules, orders and directions Section 16: Offences by Companies Section 17: Offences by Government Departments Section 22: Bar of jurisdiction E22

24 Associated rules E23 Environment Protection Act, 1986
Municipal Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 2000 Atomic Energy Act Hazardous Wastes (Management & Handling) Rules, 1989 E23

Download ppt "Section E Rules and Policies."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google