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Part IA Paper 3 Linear Circuits and Devices

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Presentation on theme: "Part IA Paper 3 Linear Circuits and Devices"— Presentation transcript:

1 Part IA Paper 3 Linear Circuits and Devices
A simple radio receiver David Holburn You can find a pointer to an HTML version of this presentation at: 1 1 1 1

2 Simplest AM radio receiver
The simplest possible radio receiver Often called a crystal set (historic origin) Tuner - resonant LC circuit selects required frequency (station) Detector - separates modulated audio signal from high frequency carrier Earphone – converts electrical signal to sound 5

3 Historic Radio Receiver (Crystal Set)
Above: the detector - a fine crystal of galena (lead sulphide). A a fine wire or cat's whisker rests gently on its surface to made a rectifying contact. The inductor is clearly visible at the rear of the baseboard. You can see the detector at left front. Terminals for headphones are visible on the right.

4 Modern Crystal Sets 5

5 Crystal Set Schematic Here’s the schematic …
A parallel LC resonant circuit is used to select the required frequency A pn junction diode is used as detector Capacitor Cf bypasses radio frequencies to Earth Lower frequency audio signals pass through the headphones The headphones behave like a high value resistance

6 Analysis of LC circuit with pSpice
L1 and C1 chosen for resonance in Medium Wave (550 – 1600 kHz) band V1 represents antenna signal coupled to the resonant circuit via C3 R4 is the inductor’s resistance R1 is in JFET amplifier (gate resistor) Output plotted vs. frequency of 100V incoming signal Note the narrow steep-sided resonance curve 5

7 Detector Amplitude modulation
Without the detector, the high-frequency alternating signal would not produce any audible output from the headphones. A pn-junction diode detector is used to extract the modulated audio signal Basic property of diode – current flows essentially in one direction –ve half-cycles blocked by the diode +ve half-cycles pass unimpeded A capacitor is needed to smooth the resultant rectified waveform Headphones convert the electrical signal back into sound 5

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