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European Commission Directorate-General Information Society and Media Unit F2 – Grid Technologies Franco Accordino / 1 EU Grid research activities and.

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Presentation on theme: "European Commission Directorate-General Information Society and Media Unit F2 – Grid Technologies Franco Accordino / 1 EU Grid research activities and."— Presentation transcript:

1 European Commission Directorate-General Information Society and Media Unit F2 – Grid Technologies Franco Accordino / 1 EU Grid research activities and future challenges Franco Accordino DG Information Society and Media Grid Technologies euroCRIS Seminar 20 September 2005 Architecture, of the next generation GRID Enabling application technologies Design and Development

2 European Commission Directorate-General Information Society and Media Unit F2 – Grid Technologies Franco Accordino / 2 1.What is Grid and what is for? 2.Grid Research in FP6-IST 3.The vision: from Grids towards « Service-Oriented Knowledge Utilities » 4.Grid-related research in FP7 5.Current issues and research challenges beyond Next Generation Grids 6.Conclusions Summary

3 European Commission Directorate-General Information Society and Media Unit F2 – Grid Technologies Franco Accordino / 3 What is Grid and what is for? Problem: how long does it take to fall down? h The Grid is an infrastructure for coordinated sharing of disparate resources to solve problems that cannot be tackled with other technologies … t = (2h)/g Parametric model (g=9,8) Non-parametric model t = f (X1, …, Xn) Simple Complex

4 European Commission Directorate-General Information Society and Media Unit F2 – Grid Technologies Franco Accordino / 4 Grids at the service of citizens, researchers, industry and business Benefits Benefits  Increased productivity by reducing Total Cost of Ownership  Any-type, anywhere, anytime services by/for all  Infrastructure for dynamic virtual organisations  Next generation Internet services backbone e-Science Industry & Business Grids “A Grid provides an abstraction for resource sharing and collaboration across multiple administrative domains…” (Source: NGG Expert Group, 16 June 2003 “European Grid Research )

5 European Commission Directorate-General Information Society and Media Unit F2 – Grid Technologies Franco Accordino / 5 Grid Technologies  Grid-enabled applications and services for business society  Technologies and systems for building the invisible Grid  Network-centric Grid operating systems Industrial / Societal Applications eBusiness, eGov, eWork, eHealth, risks management, … Research Infrastructures  Deployment of high-capacity/speed communications network – GÉANT  Deployment in Research of Grids Software-, Web-, Knowledge Technologies, Broadband-, Mobile Communication Technologies, Security Application Research & Deployment Grid RTD Related Research 125 M€ Grid Research in FP6 - IST

6 European Commission Directorate-General Information Society and Media Unit F2 – Grid Technologies Franco Accordino / 6 IST-FP6 commitment to Grid research Seed Grid actions launched in IST-FP5 Grid research is a strategic objective IST-FP6, 1st wave Grid projects started IST-FP6, 2nd wave Grid projects started First tangible results & exploitation Becoming a world leading force in Grid? Final results & full exploitation Lisbon’s objective is agreed Early adoption & exploitation plans Grid Research Research Infrastructures National Programmes Grid Research Research Infrastructures National Programmes Budget Time

7 European Commission Directorate-General Information Society and Media Unit F2 – Grid Technologies Franco Accordino / 7 inteliGRID Semantic Grid based virtual organisations Provenance Trust and provenance for Grids DataminingGrid Datamining tools & services UniGridS Extended OGSA Implementation based on UNICORE K-WF Grid Knowledge based workflow & collaboration GRIDCOORD Building the ERA in Grid research FP6-Call2 Grid Research Projects Start: SUMMER 2004 EU Funding:52 MILLION OntoGrid Knowledge Services for the semantic Grid HPC4U Fault tolerance, dependability for Grid Grid-based generic enabling application technologies to facilitate solution of industrial problems SIMDAT EU-driven Grid services architecture for businesS and industry NextGRID Mobile Grid architecture and services for dynamic virtual organisations Akogrimo European-wide virtual laboratory for longer term Grid research-creating the foundation for next generation Grids CoreGRID Specific support actionIntegrated projectNetwork of excellenceSpecific targeted research project

8 European Commission Directorate-General Information Society and Media Unit F2 – Grid Technologies Franco Accordino / 8 FP6 - Call 5 ( “ Advanced Grid Technologies, Systems and Services” FP6 - Call 5 (WP ) “ Advanced Grid Technologies, Systems and Services” Application Pull Technology Push Network-centric Grid Operating Systems Potential new fabric layer for future distributed systems and services Grid Foundations Architecture, design and development of technologies and systems for building the invisible Grid Grid-enabled Applications & Services for business and society Research, development, validation and take-up of generic environments and tools Applications e-business e-health, e-goy e-learning Environment Advanced Grid Technologies, Systems and Services Application Sector 3 Application Sector 2 Application Sector n Application Sector 1

9 European Commission Directorate-General Information Society and Media Unit F2 – Grid Technologies Franco Accordino / 9 Next Generation Grids Software Technologies Knowledge Technologies Service- Oriented Knowledge Utility Evolution of HPCN Current Grids Grid Research - the Challenge Complexity - Interoperability - Ease of Use -... Complex Systems Computing Architectures Mobile Services Global Computing Evolution of the Web

10 European Commission Directorate-General Information Society and Media Unit F2 – Grid Technologies Franco Accordino / 10 Next Generation Grids End-user empowerment Life-support to business processes Evolutionary behaviour (millions of self-organising nodes) Computational semantics, ontologies, meta-descriptions Pervasive virtual organisations Continuously changing requirements Grid services development environments Virtualization End-User Vision Software Vision Architectural Vision Simplification Abstraction Expert Group Report: “Next Generation Grid(s) - European Grid Research ”, June 2003 Next Generation Grid(s): 3-fold vision

11 European Commission Directorate-General Information Society and Media Unit F2 – Grid Technologies Franco Accordino / 11 Open Reliable Scalable Persistent Transparent Person-centric Pervasive Secure / trusted Standards-based User Interface Grid Economies Business models Properties Facilities Models Virtual Organisation Systems Management Co-ord. and orchestration Information representation Research Themes Next Generation Grid(s) Next Generation Grid(s): Identified Research Themes NGG2 reinforced: Network-centric Grid OSs Making Grids mobile & embedded Mastering complexity based on scenarios for crisis management / pro-active PDA

12 European Commission Directorate-General Information Society and Media Unit F2 – Grid Technologies Franco Accordino / 12 Enabling people to live with the technology that will perform complex tasks for them Enabling people to live with the technology that will perform complex tasks for them Providing new perspectives to technology exploitation across complex socio-economic value chains Providing new perspectives to technology exploitation across complex socio-economic value chains Creating new opportunities to Europe to strengthen its competitive position in ICT Creating new opportunities to Europe to strengthen its competitive position in ICT ICT SGSD Commission Proposal on FP7 (April 2005) BUILDING THE EUROPE OF KNOWLEDGE Information & Communication Technologies Information & Communication Technologies  ICT Technology Pillars  Software, Grids, Security and Dependability: dynamic, adaptive, dependable and trusted software and services, and new processing architectures, including their provision as a utility.

13 European Commission Directorate-General Information Society and Media Unit F2 – Grid Technologies Franco Accordino / 13 Grid-related research in FP7 proposal Draft Specific Programme: Software, Grids, security and dependability: technologies, tools and methods for dynamic and trusted software, architectures and middleware systems that underpin knowledge-intensive services, including their provision as utilities. Service-oriented, interoperable and scale- free infrastructures, grid-like virtualisation of resources, network-centric operating systems; open platforms and collaborative approaches for development of software, services and systems; composition tools; mastering emergent behaviours of complex systems; improving dependability and resilience of large-scale, distributed and intermittently connected systems and services; secure and trusted systems and services, including privacy-aware access control and authentication, dynamic security and trust policies, dependability and trust meta-models. Software Technologies Grid Technologies ICT for Trust & Security FP7-Technology Pillar “Software, Grids, Security and Dependability”

14 European Commission Directorate-General Information Society and Media Unit F2 – Grid Technologies Franco Accordino / 14 FP7 consultation is ongoing 2003: Next Generation Grids Expert Group  Report: “Next Generation Grids European Grid Research 2005 – 2010”, June : Next Generation Grids 2 Expert Group  Report: “Next Generation Grids 2 - Requirements and Options for European Grid Research 2005 – 2010 and beyond”, August : 1 st FP7 Consultation Workshop on FP7 ICT Technology Pillar “Software, Grids. Security and Dependability”  Report: September : 2 nd FP7 Consultation Workshop on FP7 ICT Technology Pillar “Software, Grids. Security and Dependability”. Title: ”From Grids towards service-oriented knowledge utilities”  Report: Dec 2005/Jan st Draft FP7 work programme: 1 st half 2006

15 European Commission Directorate-General Information Society and Media Unit F2 – Grid Technologies Franco Accordino / 15 Networked European Software and Services Initiative launched in Brussels on 7 September Mission: Develop a visionary strategy for Software and Services driven by a common European Research Agenda where innovation and business strengths are reinforced A European Technology Platform for SW, Grids & e-Services

16 European Commission Directorate-General Information Society and Media Unit F2 – Grid Technologies Franco Accordino / 16 Grid research vision and beyond Building the Invisible Grid ! Building the Invisible Grid ! Mastering ICT complexity Mastering ICT complexity Grids of mobile and embedded systems Grids of mobile and embedded systems From to self-healing systems From to self-healing systems From plug & play to connect & share From plug & play to connect & share Meta Operating System architecture Meta Operating System architecture Knowledge at the fingertips Knowledge at the fingertips CtrlAltDel ++ network-centric person-centric Grid empowers AmI (Ambient Intelligence) Towards a Global Service-Oriented Knowledge Utility local global AmI AmI +Grid

17 European Commission Directorate-General Information Society and Media Unit F2 – Grid Technologies Franco Accordino / 17 Grid research vision and beyond Making Grids secure technologies Trust (do you trust Grids?) Scale-free (computational semantics?) Managing the ‘state’ Autonomic, Self-*... Degree of fulfillment of Grid properties Grids vs. Operating SystemsGrids vs. Operating Systems Grids vs. SOA + Web ServicesGrids vs. SOA + Web Services Some R&D issues & technological requirements

18 European Commission Directorate-General Information Society and Media Unit F2 – Grid Technologies Franco Accordino / 18 Long-term Grids challenges +Pervasive +Mobile +Heterogeneous +Dynamic +… +Abstraction +Self-* +Virtualisation +Simplification +… The computing and knowledge capabilities of the Information Society are escaping from the “bottle” to pervade our everyday lives. Will Grids “orchestrate” this immense power in the same way that Operating Systems did in the past 30 years for the capabilities “in-the-box”? Trade-offs to ensure: interoperability, scalability, performance, security, QoS, easy of use-program-install-configure-upgrade, decreasing TCO, …

19 European Commission Directorate-General Information Society and Media Unit F2 – Grid Technologies Franco Accordino / 19 Service Oriented Architectures: Adding flexibility to business IT A Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) is an architectural concept Most popular implementation through web services (SOAP, WSDL, UDDI) Standardized use of services to meet the requirements of business applications Highly-interoperable over different implementations (e.g. Java and.NET), including legacy solutions Re-usability of software components, transforming monolithic applications into services Loosely coupled services  Business agility!

20 European Commission Directorate-General Information Society and Media Unit F2 – Grid Technologies Franco Accordino / 20 Service Oriented Architectures: Complementing and exploiting the added value of Grids “…while SOAs may be the conceptual framework for increased agility on the application layer, the actual execution of modularized services requires a much better command of enterprise resources than the typical organization has today. SOA can use common Web services protocols (XML, SOAP, WSDL and UDDI) to distribute processes, but it in and of itself doesn't describe the distribution and management of the resources.” Ian Foster(Computerworld, 29 Nov. 2004) Grids SOAs Virtualisation of resources Resilience Persistent data Security Self-management Load balancing …  Reducing TCO Is Service-Oriented Architectures on the critical path in the move of Grids from e-Science to Business ? Resources shielded by Services Re-use of business IT components Loose-coupling Standards …  Making business IT & processes Agile

21 European Commission Directorate-General Information Society and Media Unit F2 – Grid Technologies Franco Accordino / 21 Grids: a new paradigm for utility-like service delivery Grids: enablers for innovation and key building blocks of the knowledge economy Grids: a new service and business model for IT and Telco service providers More coherent approaches and joint longer-term strategies are required to secure commercial benefits The Grid of the future is a global challenge, thus EU coordinated approach, international co-operation and standards are essential EU expects to capitalise on its strengths in Grid research and applications through strategic portfolio of FP6 Grid Research projects Conclusions

22 European Commission Directorate-General Information Society and Media Unit F2 – Grid Technologies Franco Accordino / 22 References /Background Information Brochure: Building Grids for Europe Brochure: Building Grids for Europe Expert Group Reports Expert Group Reports  “Next Generation Grid(s) - European Grid Research ”, June 2003  “Next Generation Grids 2 – Requirements and Options for European Grids Research 2005–2010 and beyond”, August 2004 IST 2003 Conference Spotlight Topic IST 2003 Conference Spotlight Topic  “Harnessing Computing and Knowledge Resources”, Oct. 2003, Book of session summaries and presentations Reports of FP7 Consultation Workshops Reports of FP7 Consultation Workshops  To be published soon on FP7 and future of EU research policy FP7 and future of EU research policy   europa.eu.int/comm/research/future/index_en.cfm europa.eu.int/comm/research/future/index_en.cfm and more:


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