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Safety Using Fluorine Eximer Lasers Jack J. Hahn SLAC.

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Presentation on theme: "Safety Using Fluorine Eximer Lasers Jack J. Hahn SLAC."— Presentation transcript:

1 Safety Using Fluorine Eximer Lasers Jack J. Hahn SLAC

2 Purpose of Today’s Talk Background on fluorine gas (F2) in Eximer Lasers at SLAC Background on fluorine gas (F2) in Eximer Lasers at SLAC Review hazards of F2 gas Review hazards of F2 gas Worst case accident scenarios Worst case accident scenarios SLAC ES&H Guideline “Safety Using Fluorine Eximer Lasers” SLAC ES&H Guideline “Safety Using Fluorine Eximer Lasers” Equipment design approaches to minimize the hazards of F2 in Eximer Lasers Equipment design approaches to minimize the hazards of F2 in Eximer Lasers Not covering laser beam/electrical other hazards Not covering laser beam/electrical other hazards

3 Background on use of Fluorine in Eximer Lasers at SLAC Final Focus Test Beam (FFTB)- GAM, Historical Usage Final Focus Test Beam (FFTB)- GAM, Historical Usage Fringe patterns to measure beam location Fringe patterns to measure beam location Klystron Test Laboratory- Lambda Physik Klystron Test Laboratory- Lambda Physik Laser beams to make plasma deposited oxide cathodes Laser beams to make plasma deposited oxide cathodes

4 Final Focus Test Beam

5 Klystron Test Lab Laser 

6 What is a Fluorine Eximer Laser? Uses “ Ex cited D imer ” lasing medium Uses “ Ex cited D imer ” lasing medium Excited diatomic molecule- Inert gas/halogen Excited diatomic molecule- Inert gas/halogen Halogen is Fluorine Halogen is Fluorine

7 Some Hazards of Pure Fluorine Gas Reacts violently and decomposes to hydrofluoric acid (HF) with moisture Reacts violently and decomposes to hydrofluoric acid (HF) with moisture Fire fighting- Fires with fluorine as oxidizer only extinguished by shutting off source of fluorine. Water, CO2 add fuel to fire Fire fighting- Fires with fluorine as oxidizer only extinguished by shutting off source of fluorine. Water, CO2 add fuel to fire Immediately dangerous to life and health (IDLH) = 25ppm Immediately dangerous to life and health (IDLH) = 25ppm

8 Forms of Fluorine Used FFTB GAM FFTB GAM 1700 ppm premix of F ppm premix of F2 5% F2 Passivating Gas 5% F2 Passivating Gas Lambda Physik Lambda Physik Pure F2 generated where needed Pure F2 generated where needed

9 Worst Case Accident Scenarios Whole-bottle 5% F2 passivating gas release in FFTB Whole-bottle 5% F2 passivating gas release in FFTB 300 yard FFTB area- 3 times FFTB area is affected > IDLH. Unacceptable, required mitigation. (credit to Joe Kenny/Ih Lin for these calculations) 300 yard FFTB area- 3 times FFTB area is affected > IDLH. Unacceptable, required mitigation. (credit to Joe Kenny/Ih Lin for these calculations)

10 SLAC ES&H Guideline “Safety Using Fluorine Eximer Lasers” Networking from International HEP Safety Forum Networking from International HEP Safety Forum Charles (Bill) Nuttall (CERN retired); Joe Kenny, Dr Maria Gherman, John Shepardson Charles (Bill) Nuttall (CERN retired); Joe Kenny, Dr Maria Gherman, John Shepardson Hazardous Experimental Equipment Committee (HEEC) all of SLAC Hazardous Experimental Equipment Committee (HEEC) all of SLAC

11 SLAC ES&H Guideline (cont.) Other influences Other influences Santa Clara County Toxic Gas Ordinance Santa Clara County Toxic Gas Ordinance %253D15213%2526ccid%253D336101,00.html#TGO %253D15213%2526ccid%253D336101,00.html#TGO %253D15213%2526ccid%253D336101,00.html#TGO %253D15213%2526ccid%253D336101,00.html#TGO Not required to follow the Toxic Gas Ordinance (TGO) Not required to follow the Toxic Gas Ordinance (TGO) Not in county’s jurisdiction Not in county’s jurisdiction Designed for large quantity Silicon Valley high-tech manufacturing Designed for large quantity Silicon Valley high-tech manufacturing Below the triggers for the TGO Below the triggers for the TGO

12 SLAC ES&H Guideline (cont.) Devices reviewed by HEEC, guidelines provide resource for reviewers Devices reviewed by HEEC, guidelines provide resource for reviewers Proposals use guideline or be able to justify deviations Proposals use guideline or be able to justify deviations

13 SLAC ES&H Guideline (cont.) Engineering Controls Engineering Controls Flow-restricting orifices to limit material released Flow-restricting orifices to limit material released Keep gas cylinders in a gas cabinets or well ventilated exterior location Keep gas cylinders in a gas cabinets or well ventilated exterior location Small door for adjusting the regulator Small door for adjusting the regulator Large door for changing tanks Large door for changing tanks Ventilate the outside of the area surrounding the gas cylinder and laser cabinet that contains laser chamber. Ventilate the outside of the area surrounding the gas cylinder and laser cabinet that contains laser chamber. Monitor ventilation with alarm Monitor ventilation with alarm

14 SLAC ES&H Guideline (cont.) Engineering Controls Engineering Controls Establish location and design to protect gas systems from physical damage Establish location and design to protect gas systems from physical damage Out of path of heavy equipment Out of path of heavy equipment Design system to survive earthquake Design system to survive earthquake

15 SLAC ES&H Guideline (cont.) Engineering Controls (cont.) Engineering Controls (cont.) Accessible gas system fittings- physical barrier to impede inadvertent loosening of fittings Accessible gas system fittings- physical barrier to impede inadvertent loosening of fittings Eliminate fittings entirely if possible Eliminate fittings entirely if possible Due to reactivity of F2, take extreme care in manipulation and choice of materials Due to reactivity of F2, take extreme care in manipulation and choice of materials

16 SLAC ES&H Guideline (cont.) Administrative Procedures and Signs Administrative Procedures and Signs Post “Danger” signs Post “Danger” signs Alert Fire Department Alert Fire Department Provide FD Tour Provide FD Tour Turn off bottles when not in use Turn off bottles when not in use In event of gas system failure evacuate immediately In event of gas system failure evacuate immediately Turn off cylinders and regulators only if safe to do so without protective equipment Turn off cylinders and regulators only if safe to do so without protective equipment

17 SLAC ES&H Guideline (cont.) Administrative Procedures and Signs (cont.) Administrative Procedures and Signs (cont.) Two people minimum working on toxic gas systems Two people minimum working on toxic gas systems Special precautions may be needed when using passivating gases Special precautions may be needed when using passivating gases Evacuating excess staff from an effected area Evacuating excess staff from an effected area Provide Safety or Security personnel to control area entry Provide Safety or Security personnel to control area entry

18 SLAC ES&H Guideline (cont.) Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) for Fluorine Use Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) for Fluorine Use Gas proof goggles (unventilated) Gas proof goggles (unventilated) Neoprene gloves Neoprene gloves

19 SLAC ES&H Guideline (cont.) First Aid First Aid Eyewash located nearby but outside of potential exposure area Eyewash located nearby but outside of potential exposure area Calcium gluconate gel for use on skin- near the eyewash Calcium gluconate gel for use on skin- near the eyewash Used to minimize additional damage from the HF Used to minimize additional damage from the HF

20 Equipment Design to Minimize the Hazards of F2 Use with Eximer Lasers Most problematic issue- Fluorine gas cylinders Most problematic issue- Fluorine gas cylinders Passivating gas – Higher concentration Passivating gas – Higher concentration Premix operating gas Premix operating gas Solution- Eliminate F2 gas cylinders through in situ ( in-place) generation of F2 Solution- Eliminate F2 gas cylinders through in situ ( in-place) generation of F2

21 Equipment Design Approaches (cont.) Generate F2 gas in-place Generate F2 gas in-place Heat fluorine containing salt to generate F2 gas Heat fluorine containing salt to generate F2 gas Klystron Lab Lambda Physik- In-place Klystron Lab Lambda Physik- In-place

22 HaloSafe™ Unit F2 Generator Lambda Physik Krypton Gas (inert)

23 Equipment Design Approaches (cont.) Some Lambda Physik Additional Safety Features Some Lambda Physik Additional Safety Features F2 sources generate only the amount of gas needed for the laser filling cycle F2 sources generate only the amount of gas needed for the laser filling cycle F2 is kept under negative pressure F2 is kept under negative pressure F2 filter eliminates the F2 when not in use F2 filter eliminates the F2 when not in use

24 Equipment Design Approaches (cont.) Advice Advice Buy the right equipment- In-place F2 generation Buy the right equipment- In-place F2 generation Reports suggest that there are older generation systems available for “free” Reports suggest that there are older generation systems available for “free” May want to consider total costs and safety aspects of these systems May want to consider total costs and safety aspects of these systems

25 More Information Safety Using Fluorine Eximer Lasers Safety Using Fluorine Eximer Lasers Santa Clara County Toxic Gas Ordinance Santa Clara County Toxic Gas Ordinance 3D15213%2526ccid%253D336101,00.html#TGO 3D15213%2526ccid%253D336101,00.html#TGO 3D15213%2526ccid%253D336101,00.html#TGO 3D15213%2526ccid%253D336101,00.html#TGO Toxic Gas Ordinance at Stanford Toxic Gas Ordinance at Stanford Lambda Physik- Information on Halosafe systems Lambda Physik- Information on Halosafe systems ages_id=47 ages_id=47


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