Presentation on theme: "1 A Cross-Cultural Study of Leadership Attitudes in Three Baltic Sea Region Countries Dr.Audra I.Mockaitis Vilnius University Department of Marketing Email:"— Presentation transcript:
1 A Cross-Cultural Study of Leadership Attitudes in Three Baltic Sea Region Countries Dr.Audra I.Mockaitis Vilnius University Department of Marketing Laura Šalčiuvienė Kaunas University of Technology Department of Marketing
2 Aims of the Study Comparison of leadership attitudes in Lithuania, Estonia and Poland –Aspects: Supervision and Control, View toward Authority, Commitment, Conflict Avoidance, Decision Making, Leadership Styles and Initiative –Question: Are there differences in attitudes among respondents in three seemingly ‘close’ countries? The relationship between national cultural values and leadership dimensions –Question: Do cultural values influence attitudes toward leadership in these countries? If yes, to what extent?
3 Methodology Cross-cultural methodology ‘rules’: –Sampling strategy –Etic dimensions –Reliability analysis –Isolation of variables Variables –Independent: Hofstede’s cultural dimensions –Dependent: Leadership dimensions (22 items on 10 dimensions)
4 Results LithuaniaEstoniaPoland Control Supervision View toward Authority Commitment Conflict Avoidance Decision Type Participation in Decisions Initiative Task vs.Relations Orientation Leadership Style
6 Conclusions Culture matters even in apparently ‘similar’ countries Culture is the main explanatory factor for attitudes Hofstede’s dimensions are useful for predicting attitudinal differences and similarities
7 Indices on Hofstede’s dimensions IDVPDIUAIMAS Lithuania Estonia Poland Highest index score in Hofstede’s database Lowest index score in Hofstede’s database 61185
8 Factor Solution of Leadership Aspects Factor and Items Loadings Factor and Items Loadings Control ( = 0.86) Clear Job Leader Clarifies Leader Instructs Commitment ( = 0.62) Accept Group Decision Group Incentives Orgztnl Commitment Participation in Decisions ( = 0.43) More participation Participative Decisions Better Initiative ( = 0.73) Personal Success Organizational Success View twd Authority ( = 0.67) Top Mgmt Control Privileges Acceptable Manager is Expert Superior Knowledge Supervision ( = 0.63) Supervision Necessary Need for Instructions Supervision Favorable Decision Type ( = 0.76) Intuitive Decision Maker Intuitive Decisions