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GERMPLASM EVALUATION PROGRAM U.S. MEAT ANIMAL RESEARCH CENTER ARS, USDA Clay Center, NE.

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Presentation on theme: "GERMPLASM EVALUATION PROGRAM U.S. MEAT ANIMAL RESEARCH CENTER ARS, USDA Clay Center, NE."— Presentation transcript:

1 GERMPLASM EVALUATION PROGRAM U.S. MEAT ANIMAL RESEARCH CENTER ARS, USDA Clay Center, NE

2 SIRE BREEDS USED TO PRODUCE F I CROSSES WITH ANGUS AND HEREFORD DAMS IN THE GERMPLASM EVALUATION PROGRAM AT MARC a Cycle I Cycle II Cycle III Cycle IV Cycle V Cycle VI Cycle VII Cycle VIII HerefordHerefordHerefordHerefordHerefordHerefordHerefordHereford AngusAngusAngusAngusAngusAngusAngusAngus JerseyRed PollBrahmanLonghornTuliWagyuRed AngusBeefmaster S. DevonBraunviehSahiwalSalersBoranNorweg. RedLimousinBrangus LimousinGelbviehPinzgauerGallowayBelg. Blue Sw. Red&Wh.CharolaisBonsmara SimmentalMaine Anj.TarentaiseNelloreBrahmanFriesianSimmentalRomosinuano CharolaisChianinaShorthornPiedmonteseGelbvieh Piedmontese Charolais Gelbvieh Pinzgauer a Sire breeds mated to Angus and Hereford females, Composite MARC III (1/4 Angus, Hereford, Red Poll and Pinzgauer) cows were also included in Cycles V, VI, and VII.

3 BEEF BREED REGISTRATIONS National Pedigreed Livestock Council, BreedRegistrations%BreedRegistrations% Angus281, Brahman11, Hereford69,3169.8Salers10, Charolais55,0347.8Santa Gertrudis7, Limousin49,6007.0Longhorn7, Simmental45,0006.4Chianina6,679.9 Red Angus42,1786.0Braunvieh4,100.6 Gelbvieh31,6644.5Corriente3,211.5 Shorthorn22,4303.2Tarentaise1,600.2 Brangus22,3113.2Highland1,500.2 Beefmaster21,2423.0Pinzgauer664.1 Maine Anjou12, TOTAL707,283100

4 BREED GROUP MEANS FOR PREWEANING TRAITS OF CALVES PRODUCED IN CYCLE VII OF THE GPE PROGRAM ( CALF CROP ) No. Calvings Calv. Birth 200-d No. Calvings Calv. Birth 200-d Sire breedcalves unassist. diff. wt. wn. wt., of calf born % score lb. lb. Hereford Angus Red Angus Simmental Gelbvieh Limousin Charolais LSD <

5 SIRE BREED MEANS FOR FINAL WEIGHT AND CARCASS TRAITS OF F1 STEERS (445 DAYS) Hereford Angus Red Angus Simmental Gelbvieh Limousin Charolais LSD < Final RetailUSDAWB Sire wt product Choiceshear BreedN lb% lb % lb

6 SIRE BREED LEAST SQUARES MEANS FOR GROWTH AND PUBERTY TRAITS OF HEIFERS IN CYCLE VII OF THE GPE PROGRAM ( CALF CROPs) 400-d 18 wt. month Frame Age Preg. 400-d 18 wt. month Frame Age Preg. Sire breed wt. wt. ht. score at rate Sire breed wt. wt. ht. score at rate of female No. lb. lb. cm. sc pub. % of female No. lb. lb. cm. sc pub. % Hereford Angus Red Angus Simmental Gelbvieh Limousin Charolais LSD <

7 Hereford Angus Red Angus Simmental Gelbvieh Limousin Charolais LSD < SIRE BREED MEANS FOR REPRODUCTION AND MATERNAL TRAITS OF F1 FEMALES MATED TO PRODUCE THEIR FIRST CALVES AT 2 YEARS OF AGE (2001 & 2002) SIRE BREED MEANS FOR REPRODUCTION AND MATERNAL TRAITS OF F1 FEMALES MATED TO PRODUCE THEIR FIRST CALVES AT 2 YEARS OF AGE (2001 & 2002) Surv. Sire Calf crop Calving Unassist. Birth to 200-d wt per breed born wnd. diff. births wt. wn. calf cow exp of female No. % % score % lb % lb lb

8 Seven most prominent breeds (A, H, Ra, G, S, C, L). Seven most prominent breeds (A, H, Ra, G, S, C, L). 22 sires per breed produce F 1 progeny at MARC 22 sires per breed produce F 1 progeny at MARC Four heavily used bulls/breed producing F 1 bulls Four heavily used bulls/breed producing F 1 bulls F1 bulls mated to F 1 females will produce grand progeny with large family size F1 bulls mated to F 1 females will produce grand progeny with large family size Iidentify and validate QTL and favorable alleles in populations directly tied to industryIidentify and validate QTL and favorable alleles in populations directly tied to industry Incorporate into EPDs using genetic prediction (Thallman, Hanford, Van Vleck ). Incorporate into EPDs using multi-loci/multi-trait genetic prediction (Thallman, Hanford, Van Vleck ). Genomics Populations (Cycle VII )

9 Hereford, Angus, Red Angus, Simmental, Gelbvieh, Limousin, and Charolais sired two-year old females

10 MARC WEB SITE Click on: Online Information


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