2 General ideas:We use the comparative form of an adjective when we want to compare just TWO things or people:MyWith yourMy car is faster than your car
3 General ideas:We use the superlative form of an adjective when we want to compare one thing or person with the rest of its group:MyWith all the houses in my villageMy house is the most beautiful house in my village.
4 Formation rules:We must take into account the NUMBER of syllables the adjective has. We consider:Adjectives with 1 syllable: BIG, SHORT, FASTAdjectives with 2 syllables and ending in –y: FUNNY, PRETTYAdjectives with 2 or more syllables: MODERN, INTELLIGENTThe second part of the comparison is made with THAN in compartive forms and OF ALL, IN THE world, town, class……….. In superlative forms.
5 + + Comparative form: ADJECTIVES WITH 1 SYLLABLE SHORTER FASTER SHORT The young girl is SHORTER THAN her sister+BIGGERBIGG + ERMy present is BIGGER THAN yours
6 + Comparative form: ADJECTIVES WITH 2 SYLLABLES AND ENDING IN -Y FUNN-I-ERPRETT-I-ERFUNNYPRETTY+ERis FUNNIER THAN
7 + + + Comparative form: ADJECTIVES WITH 2 SYLLABLES OR MORE MODERN THANMOREis MORE modern THANyourMy+CONFORTABLE +THANMORECOMFORTABLEThisis MORE comfortableTHANthat
8 + + Superlative form: ADJECTIVES WITH 1 SYLLABLE SHORT + EST FAST +EST THEA F1 car is THE FASTEST car OF ALL+BIG+G+ESTBIGTHEis THE BIGGEST country IN THE WORLD
9 + Superlative form: ADJECTIVES WITH 2 SYLLABLES AND ENDING IN -Y FUNN-I-ESTPRETT-I- ESTÇFUNNYPRETTYTHE+She is the prettiest girl in the world.
10 + + Superlative form: ADJECTIVES WITH 2 SYLLABLES OR MORE PEACEFUL INTERESTINGPEACEFULINTERESTINGTHE++MOSTThis parkis the most peaceful place in my townIt is the most interesting bookI have ever read
11 COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE FORMS ADJECTIVECOMPARATIVESUPERLATIVE1 SyllableSHORTBIGSHORT ERBIG G ERTHE SHORT ESTTHE BIG G EST2 Syllables ending in –yFUNNYFUNN I ERTHE FUNN I EST2 Syllables or moreMODERNINTERESTINGMORE MODERNMORE INTERESTINGTHE MOST MODERNTHE MOST INTERESTING
12 IRREGULAR COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE FORMS AdjectiveComparativeSuperlativeGOODBETTERTHE BESTBADWORSETHE WORSTFARFARTHERFURTHERTHE FARTHESTTHE FURTHEST