General ideas: We use the comparative form of an adjective when we want to compare just TWO things or people: MyWith your My car is faster than your car
We use the superlative form of an adjective when we want to compare one thing or person with the rest of its group: MyWith all the houses in my village My house is the most beautiful house in my village.
Formation rules: We must take into account the NUMBER of syllables the adjective has. We consider: Adjectives with 1 syllable: BIG, SHORT, FAST djectives with 2 syllables and ending in –y: FUNNY, PRETTY djectives with 2 or more syllables: MODERN, INTELLIGENT The second part of the comparison is made with THAN in compartive forms and OF ALL, IN THE world, town, class……….. In superlative forms.
Comparative form: ADJECTIVES WITH 1 SYLLABLE SHORT FAST + ER SHORTER FASTER The young girl is SHORTER THAN her sister BIG + G + ER BIGGER My present is BIGGER THAN yours
Comparative form: ADJECTIVES WITH 2 SYLLABLES AND ENDING IN -Y FUNNY PRETTY + ER FUNN-I-ER PRETT-I-ER is FUNNIER THAN
Comparative form: ADJECTIVES WITH 2 SYLLABLES OR MORE MODER N + MORE MODERN is MORE modern THAN i s M O R E c o m f o r t a b l e T H A N + THAN My you r COMFORTABLE MORE + CONFORTABLE +THAN This that
Superlative form: ADJECTIVES WITH 1 SYLLABLE SHORT FAST + THE SHORT + EST FAST +EST A F1 car is THE FASTEST car OF ALL BIG + BIG+G+EST is THE BIGGEST country IN THE WORLD THE
Superlative form: ADJECTIVES WITH 2 SYLLABLES AND ENDING IN -Y FUNNY PRETTY + THE FUNN-I-EST PRETT-I- ESTÇ She is the prettiest girl in the world.
Superlative form: ADJECTIVES WITH 2 SYLLABLES OR MORE PEACEFUL INTERESTIN G + THE MOST is the most peaceful place in my town PEACEFUL INTERESTING + This park It is the most interesting book I have ever read
COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE FORMS ADJECTIVECOMPARATIVESUPERLATIVE 1 Syllable SHORT BIG SHORT ER BIG G ER THE SHORT EST THE BIG G EST 2 Syllables ending in – y FUNNYFUNN I ER THE FUNN I EST 2 Syllables or more MODERN INTERESTING MORE MODERN MORE INTERESTING THE MOST MODERN THE MOST INTERESTING
IRREGULAR COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE FORMS AdjectiveComparativeSuperlative GOODBETTERTHE BEST BADWORSETHE WORST FAR FARTHER FURTHER THE FARTHEST THE FURTHEST