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I. THE AERO ENGINE COLLECTION AT THE BRISTOL BRANCH THE ERA OF THE PISTON ENGINE BRISTOL - MANUFACTURED POPPET AND SLEEVE – VALVE ENGINES WORLD WAR 1.

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Presentation on theme: "I. THE AERO ENGINE COLLECTION AT THE BRISTOL BRANCH THE ERA OF THE PISTON ENGINE BRISTOL - MANUFACTURED POPPET AND SLEEVE – VALVE ENGINES WORLD WAR 1."— Presentation transcript:

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2 THE AERO ENGINE COLLECTION AT THE BRISTOL BRANCH THE ERA OF THE PISTON ENGINE BRISTOL - MANUFACTURED POPPET AND SLEEVE – VALVE ENGINES WORLD WAR 1 TO 1965 ( REVISED JAN )

3 AERO ENGINE MANUFACTURE IN BRISTOL BRAZIL STRAKER & Co. OF FISHPONDS, BRISTOL (WW 1) COSMOS ENGINEERING Co. (1918 RE-ORGANISATION) BOUGHT BY BRISTOL AEROPLANE Co. IN 1920 TO BECOME THE AERO-ENGINE DEPARTMENT BECAME ENGINE DIVISION OF BRISTOL AEROPLANE Co. JULY 1944 BECAME BRISTOL AERO-ENGINES Ltd JANUARY 1956 MERGED WITH ARMSTRONG SIDDELEY IN APRIL 1959 TO BECOME BRISTOL SIDDELEY ENGINES BECAME PART OF ROLLS - ROYCE IN 1966

4 BRASIL STRAKER AND COSMOS ENGINES CURTIS OX-5 RECONSTRUCTED 1914 / 15 R-R HAWK 1 &2 MANUFACTURE (334) WW 1 R-R FALCON Mk. 2 & 3 MANUFACTURE (1775) WW 1 RENAULT 80 hp V8 MANUFACTURE (610) WW 1 MERCURY (2 ROW) IN-HOUSE DESIGN 1917 JUPITER IN-HOUSE DESIGN 1918 LUCIFER IN-HOUSE DESIGN 1919

5 CURTIS OX- 5 (RECONSTRUCTED BY BRAZIL STRAKER IN 1914) WATER - COOLED 90 0 ‘ V’ UPRIGHT 8 CYLINDER T.O. POWER 102 hp BORE 4.0 in STROKE 5.0 in SWEPT VOLUME 550 cu in COMPRESSION RATIO 5.4 :1 NORMAL ASPIRATION DRIVE - DIRECT REDESIGN LATE 1914 TESTED JAN No. RECONSTRUCTED 300 LIFE INCREASE - 5hr to 100/200 hr

6 ROLLS - ROYCE FALCON -- BUILT BY BRAZIL STRAKER IN WW CYLINDER IN – LINE 600‘V’ UPRIGHT WATER – COOLED T.O. POWER 265 hp (Mk 2) 275 hp (Mk 3) BORE 4.0 in STROKE 5.75 in SWEPT VOLUME 867 cu in COMPRESSION RATIO (Mk 1) 5.1 : 1 (Mk 3) 5.3 : 1 NATURALLY ASPIRATED DRIVE - GEARED : 1

7 BRISTOL - BUILT FALCONS - APPLICATIONS No. BUILT AT BRISTOL Mk Mk MAIN USE BRISTOL F2B FIGHTER A MAJORITY OF FALCON ENGINES WERE BUILT AT BRISTOL

8 THE FEDDEN / BUTLER DESIGN PARTNERSHIP THE CODE - LETTERS FB ALWAYS PRECEDED BRAZIL STRAKER PART No.s AND THIS CONTINUED UNDER THE BRISTOL AEROPLANE Co. OWNERSHIP

9 BRAZIL STRAKER (COSMOS) – MERCURY T. O. POWER 347 hp BORE in STROKE in SWEPT VOLUME 1223 sq in COMPRESSION RATIO 5.0 : 1 NATURALLY ASPIRATED DRIVE - DIRECT DESIGN 1917 FIRST RUN JAN 1918 FIRST FLIGHT 4 TH SEPT BUILT ORDERED (ORDER CANCELLED 11 TH NOV 1918) 14 CYLINDER DOUBLE ROW AIR COOLED RADIAL

10 INSTALLATIONS / APPLICATIONS BRAZIL STRAKER (COSMOS) MERCURY EXPERIMENTAL INSTALLATION IN BRISTOL 21A (SCOUT F1) TESTED BY P. W. S. BULMAN AT FARNBOROUGH AND SET UNOFFICIAL RECORDS THAT STOOD FOR 7 YEARS 5.4 min to 10,000 ft16.25 min to 20,000 ft

11 T.O. POWER 368 hp BORE 5.75 in STROKE 7.5 in SWEPT VOLUME 1753 cu in COMPRESSION RATIO 5.0 : 1 NATURALLY ASPIRATED DRIVE – DIRECT DESIGN APRIL ST RUN 29 OCT FIRST FLIGHT 25 MAY 1919 No BUILT 5 (BEFORE 1920) 9 CYLINDER SINGLE ROW AIR COOLED RADIAL THE COSMOS JUPITER 1

12 COSMOS JUPITER 1 - APPLICATIONS AN EARLY INSTALLATION IN THE BRISTOL BADGER (1919) SOPWITH SCHNEIDER OF 1919 CAPABLE OF 165 mph


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