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2 Oil & Gas, Industrial Applications Advanced Integrated Solutions based on MEMS Technology Sensors 1

3 OGINATEC OGINATEC, stands for Oil and Gas & INdustrial Applications TEChnology OGINATEC's Operations and services are focused on the development of integrated solutions, innovative industrial solutions based, among other things, on MEMS technology. Our local and international resources should enable us to deliver a consistent level of quality from one country to another in the dynamic market of Middle East and beyond. Throughout the world, we use the same sophisticated and innovative approaches and state of the art technology. We, all, observe a strict ethical standard where we act with integrity in all situations, respecting the law of the countries where we are present or / and operate. We will maintain harmonious and respectful relations with others, protect confidentiality, the confidentiality of our company in all its aspects (Products, Personal, Operations, Methodology....etc) and the confidentiality of our business partners and clients. "This is OGINATEC corporate which welcomes you in its new generation's technology and services." 2

4 Activities Our main activity is the Research, Development and the Manufacturing of measure equipments for severe environment based on MEMS technology: Probes high pressure Probes high temperature Flow meters Fluid property sensors These products are optimized for oil and geothermal applications: Measures during the drilling of oil and gas Stimulation and test oil wells (fracturing, injection) Monitoring equipment during production and transportation of oil and gas (separators, pipelines, tankers) Consequently, a new miniature pressure sensor capable of operating in severe environments is developed, the research and development (invention) of measure equipments is the main axe of our activity. 3

5 Measures in severe environment The typical conditions of operation of the equipment that characterize petroleum applications are the very high pressure - a few hundred bars on the surface and up from 1000 to 2000 bars at the bottom of Well - the extreme temperature ranges from -40 ° C, as may be encountered near the poles, 200 ° C at the bottom of wells. However, the silicon sensor technologies that are capable to operate reliably under such conditions are not currently available on the market. The development of electronic capable of operating at high temperatures is an important challenge. Indeed, component manufacturers specify a maximum temperature circuits 85 ° C, in some cases up to 125 ° C. The realization of complex electronic boards operating 175 ° C involves a particular technical expertise difficult to develop. Also, fluids in pipelines can be extremely corrosive, with concentrations high sulfuric acid or carbon dioxide. The presence of solid particles in the discharge facilities to submit risk of abrasion or clogging deposits. The conditions of shock and vibration are also extreme. The development of Equipments of measure which can be compatible with all the above constraints, requires expertise in materials, mechanical design and fluid, which is not easily accessible to companies operating in the classic sector, this is where OGINATEC innovates by creating and manufacturing high tech (MEMS) instruments and providing a High quality of services. 4

6 Our Products We developed an intelligent Probe and Pressure Sound for operating in severe environments, such as that encountered during drilling, during the start of production and during transport of oil and gas. These micro systems have been built in a miniature size (chip size of the order of a millimeter). They are builds by last advanced technology in microelectronics and micromechanics (MEMS). The MEMS ( Micro-Electro-Mechanical-Systems) is an evolution of the technologies of the microelectronics in which the miniaturized mechanical structures are micro-manufactured in chips in order to add to the power of calculation the capacities of measures and action. These technologies help to make products smaller, more efficient, more integrated functionality, less consummation 5

7 Products Innovation Micro-packaging innovations Ultralow dead volume using ceramic volume micro-compensator HPHT electrical feed thru design Wafer level decoupling structure assembly Electronics innovations Ultra High resolution High data rate acquisition Power management Data processing (calibrated engineering values records) Dynamic acquisition time Memory management Sensor networking Firmware innovations Improved resolution Slow mode uses quick measurement always averaged over 1 second Fast mode acquisition 120 Hz Adaptive calibration fits Increased resolution in used-defined environmental conditions Data pre-processing Dynamic acquisition time Follow pressure profiles Identify pressure spike, draw-down and build-up Increase data density for improved interpretation 6

8 OT OT OT GENERAL DESCRIPTION Combining revolutionary MEMS (“Micro Electro Mechanical Systems”) sensing chips with high resolution electronics, the micro- recorder offers outstanding performance both in static and dynamic conditions, making it ideal for hydraulic fracturing monitoring. The data acquisition system automatically switches between 'slow' and 'quick' modes to record high frequency pressure transients during the most critical periods of fracture formation. The small size and rugged packaging offer key advantages to well operators, including easy deployment as a dummy gas lift valve or using slickline operations while gauge programming and data retrieval is made extremely simple by our USB cable Plug&Play interface. Thanks to the low power demands of micro technology, a single, low cost AA battery enables up to 3 months of continuous operation and more than 24 months with a C battery sub. 7

9 OT OT OT GENERAL DESCRIPTION RECORDING MODES Fracture formation monitoring is made easy with automatic transitions between 'quick' and 'slow' modes according to user-defined criteria. 'Quick mode' measurement frequency can be set between 1 and 128 Hz and slow mode acquisition rate between 1 and 64 seconds. The transition back to 'slow mode' is triggered according to user-defined criteria: - Low pressure variation rate - Absolute pressure threshold - Fixed elapsed time METROLOGY 8

10 ACQUISITION SOFTWARE The acquisition software is easy to use with one-click commands for many operations including: - Memory consumption management - Configuration and launching new jobs - Defining recording thresholds - Defining high speed thresholds - Defining 'quick mode' data frequency - Defining 'slow mode' data period - Evaluating battery autonomy based on job parameters - Visualizing and understanding the acquired Data. The acquisition software can be used for live monitoring at the surface. The software is available in French, English and Spanish. SIMPLE INTERFACE The MEMS micro-recorder is programmed and monitored using a simple USB cable interface (3.a) that links the gauge directly to the user’s computer to launch acquisition software and interpret data. A USB plug connects one end of the wire to the computer and a plug-and-twist system(3.b) ensures a reliable connection to the recorder. 3.a USB interface cable 3.b Cable connection 9

11 DUAL MEASUREMENT CAPABILITY Two MEMS micro-recorders can be simultaneously mounted (4.a) using the OT body adapter to form a full dummy gas lift valve. This enables two independent pressure measurements of both sides of the mandrel. 1.5” VALVE ADAPTER Similarly, the MEMS micro-recorder can be mounted as a 1.5” full dummy gas lift valve for body pressure measurement using adapter OT HIGH CAPACITY BATTERY ADAPTER The OT adapter (4.b) enables the use of a TLH-5920 C-sized battery, extending the recording time to 24 months at one measurement per minute. 4.b OT ” body adapter 4.a Full valve mechanical dimensions 10

12 High Pressure High Temperature 10/15/20 Kpsi 125/150 /170°C Ultra High resolution 5 mPsi at 1 Hz Ultra High accuracy ±1 Psi High Reliability Shock tested NACE compliant User defined measurement period 128Hz to 0.01Hz Ultra Low power Single battery operation Miniature AA battery for up to 3 months operation Up to 24 months of operation with C battery module Material No Corrosion - Inconel 718 and INOX 316L / or stainless steel 916L Conversion Analogue/ numerical 24 bits Plug&Play Interface Computer interface using single USB plug Easy Deployment Side Pocket mandrel valve integration Slickline Permanent monitoring At Surface High resolution pressure measurement (Multi Sensors Synchronization) High accuracy time stamps on data for dual sensor synchronization Interface 1-wire serial to PC Surface wireless option Communication Protocole RS232, optionally RS485, SPI or CAN Cable Longer Max 100 M / Speed Type 100 kBps Recording Data points : 24 days at 1 data each second. 1 Year at 1 data each 16 seconds. High Bandwidth Measurement Up to 128Hz in Quick Mode Up to 64 seconds in Slow Mode Sensors – Technical Specifications 11

13 Deployment DEPLOYMENT OPTIONS The MEMS micro-recorder can be deployed: - At the surface using the OT adaptor - Downhole in side pocket mandrels as a dummy 1” gas lift valve nose as a dummy 1” gas lift valve body as a full dummy 1” gas lift valve using two sensor. - Using a slickline adaptor for well logging Mounting the sensor as a dummy gas lift valve body requires only a single AA battery. Mounting two sensors to form a full dummy gas lift valve enables measurement of both tubing and casing pressures. 12

14 Applications Oil and Gas Fields (Wells, Reservoirs, Pipelines,….etc) Fracturing job Well monitoring Well testing Flow assurance Build-up analysis Perforation jobs Gradient logging Reservoir evaluation Water injection Generally, the use of our sensors is necessary in all areas where end user (client) needs to measure the Temperature and Pressure. Metrology Outstanding static and dynamic metrology < 1 psi accuracy / psi Fast response: Stabilization 10x faster than Quartzdyne thanks to its small size High reliability: Technology tested up to 30Kpsi & 210 deg C 13

15 Combining micro sensing elements with corrosion and HPHT resistant protective casing that can fit in the palm of your hand, OT sensors are unique in making microchip technology work in the harshest environments, giving well operators superior data on downhole pressure and temperature. Ideal for applications with limited room This sensor provides the outstanding performances of OT systems in a 0.5” OD package for integration when mechanical constraints are tight. Integration Multidrop : up to 16 sensors can share the same UART lines (Rx and Tx). UART configuration : 1 start bit, 8 bits of data, no parity, 1 stop bit. Communication scheme : one individual sensor replies to its serial number by a 12-byte data frame (4 control bytes, 4 pressure value bytes, 4 temperature value bytes). Measurement data is scaled by 4096, to be represented by integers, LSB first. Sensors are delivered with a micro sub-D 9 pigtail or single pin for reliable connection. Pressure and Temperature - Digital Sensor High Accuracy - High Resolution 14

16 High Pressure High Temperature 15/20 Kpsi 125/150/177 °C Outstanding Metrology Pressure resolution : % FS Temperature resolution : 1 mK at 1 Hz Pressure Accuracy ±0.01% FS Power supply Input voltage range : 3.3-6V Current consumption : 5mA Interface UART RS-232 (TTL) Multidrop (up to 16 sensors) Mechanics Outside diameter 12.7mm (0.5”) Length 15 cm Pressure connection : AutoclaveHP1/4 or olive High Reliability P&T cycled Shock tested NACE compliant 15

17 Finally, please note that, OGINATEC is ready to provide you a wide range of measuring instruments. Our researchers, engineers, technicians and consultants wherever they are, stay at your disposal in order to answer and help you in terms of all new technical challenges encountered during your activity. we are ready to meet your business and technical challenges, where, “Comparing with others, our gauges are Simpler, Lower power, longer life, Excellent Accuracy” Please send us your inquiries at: We stay at your entire disposal for any further information 16

18 Water Treatment Advanced Integrated Solutions 17

19 Sea Water desalination: Is a process of removing some amount of salt and other minerals from saline water (sea water), and having as goal the production of fresh (drinking) water which is suitable for human use. The composition of the sea water in the glob differs from a geographic locality to another, this difference concerns the particulars composing the sea water. Three phases of this process, are distinguish and must be respected to have a good quality of drinking water: Pretreatment Ceramic Membrane Treatment RO Treatment Post Treatment SEA Water Water Treatment Unit Phase 1Phase 2Phase 3 18

20 Desalination Process - Phases 1- The pretreatment phase: includes all the necessary treatment tasks ahead of the entry of the water in a water treatment unite. It is determining for unite life time and to minimize chemical cleaning and membrane replacement. It has a direct impact on the unite performance. The kind of pre-treatment system that is used greatly depends on feed water quality. Consequentially, sufficient feed water pre-treatment is dependent on: The source of the feed water The composition of the feed water The analysis and specification of the source of the feed water determines the design of a pre-treatment system and the entire water treatment unit composition. 19

21 Desalination Process - Phases 1- The pretreatment phase Chlorine dioxide (CLO2) : it gets the job done where others fail Is one of the best chemical disinfectants used in pretreatment phase, it removes the biofilm and kills the bacteria, spores and viruses. Other advantages are: The bactericidal efficiency is relatively unaffected by pH values between 4 and 10; The required contact time for ClO2 is lower; Chlorine dioxide has better solubility; Chlorine dioxide does not react with NH3 or NH4+; It destroys THM precursors and increases coagulation; ClO2 destroys phenols and has no distinct smell; 20

22 Desalination Process - Phases 2- The Ultra filtration Phase: this is the second phase of sea water treatment, it is an important phase allowing you the separation of suspended solids, bacteria and virus and colloids. The efficiency of this phase is completely based on the membranes’ pores. The best membranes which we advise to use in this phase are ceramic Membrane having nano pores. 21

23 Desalination Process – Phases Ultra filtration Phase Ceramic membranes provide high flows, minimizing the fouling phenomena. Furthermore, they are susceptible of being regenerated with a wide range of chemicals, and chemical cleaning conditions. Moreover, they are resistant to solvents, oxidizers and other chemical products; they support all the pH range and temperature up to 100°C. Because of their material and configurations, they can filter fluids with high concentration for oil, suspended solids and high viscosity. As a result, the membrane is suitable for the filtration of any kind of water, liquid wastes, leachate, chemical, pharmaceutical, paper mill, petrochemical and agro-food industries, and in general, any type of industrial filtration. 22

24 Ultra filtration Phase Ceramic membranes ‘ Advantages Ceramic membranes are high-quality and long lasting, resistant to difficult fluids, and able to operate in a wide range of conditions. Moreover, Likuid ceramic membranes provide the following advantages: 1- Optimum permeate quality: the high quality of the supports, along with the multiple layers depositions process, allows to obtain always the appropriate permeate quality, avoiding the appearance of cracks and micro breaks which could contaminate and deteriorate the permeate. 2- Reliability: membranes are manufactured following a rigorous quality control, using powders of a controlled granulometry and obtaining the maximum homogeneity in the pore size. 3- Minimum fouling: thanks to the ceramic material and the latest fabrication techniques, the suitable hydrophilicity degree is achieved, so that the deposition of molecules on the membrane surface and the biofouling processes are reduced, thus minimizing the fouling phenomena. Easy regeneration: the ceramic materials used allow to carry out aggressive regeneration, chemical cleanings, with caustic soda, acids, and other specific products at high temperatures. Thus, severe fouling that has been generated in intensive industrial processes can be efficiently recovered, extending the membrane lifetime and minimizing the maintenance requirement. Finally, it is sure that the CM is more expensive in comparison with the conventional method of filtration, but reducing the cost of operation and the quality of water deserve and compensates the difference in cost, consequently, your return of investment will be found and assured quickly. 23

25 OGINATEC’s Ceramic Membranes Applications Waste & Water Treatment Sea water desalination Oily emulsion water treatment (Automobile / Steel / Machinery industry) Reduction of COD/BOD, SS and bacteria removal in MBR Cutting fluids and degreasing baths recovery Treatment of caustic and acid processing stream High COD/BOD effluent treatment in printing dye & pigment recovery Recovery of heavy metals and radioactive substances retention Clarification of grinding water (CMP) from micro-electronics Disposal of electroplate waste Landfill leachate treatment Laundry waste water recycling Removal of suspended solids of turbid surface water Oil rejection water recycling Condensate water recycling 24

26 OGINATEC’s Ceramic Membranes Applications Food and Beverage Clarification of fruit &vegetable juice: apple, berry, pineapple, lemon Clarification of alcoholic beverage: beer, wine, fruit wine and yellow wine Clarification in sugar production: cane, beet, starch sugar Dairy industry Clarification of condiment: vinegar, soy Concentration or Clarification of soybean, tea deep processing: Peptide, isoflavones, polysaccharides, tea beverage, catechu Beer recovery from yeast Military drinking water supply 25

27 OGINATEC’s Ceramic Membranes Applications Pharmacy & Fermentation Clarification of fermentation broths for antibiotics production : Erythromycin, Cephalothin, Streptomycin, Spectinomycin, Lincomycin, Vancomycin, Kasugamysin, Oxytetracycline Amino acids production: L-lysine, Glutamic, Threonine, L-Aspartame, Glycin, L-Arginine Clarification of enzyme solutions and concentration: Phytase Enzyme, Protease Purification of organic acid, polyols, polyacid: L-lactic acid, Citric Separation, concentration and sterilization of vitamins solutions: Vc, Vb12, Vb2 Separation in the biochemical production process: Thymopetidum, Interferon, Vaccine Extraction & purifi cation of nature herbal: Puerarin, Soybean peptide, nature color, tea polyphenol 26

28 OGINATEC’s Ceramic Membranes Applications Chemical Industry Catalysts concentration and recycling Brine refining in Chlor-alkali industry Purification & desalination for nanometer particles slurry Used oil recovery and recycling Concentration of polymer suspensions Concentration of metal hydroxide solutions Cleaning and recycling of organic solvents Rare element concentration and enrichment Application of ceramic membrane reactor 27

29 3- The Reveres Osmosis phase RO Phase: Reverse Osmosis (RO) is a separation process that uses pressure to force a solvent (water) through a membrane, which retains the solute (contaminant) on one side and allows the pure solvent (water) to pass to the other side. More formally, it is the process of forcing a solvent from a region of high solute concentration through a membrane to a region of low solute concentrate by applying pressure in excess of osmotic pressure. This process is the reverse of the normal osmosis process, which is the natural movement of solvent from an area of low solute concentration, through a membrane, to an area of high solute concentration when no external pressure is applied. The membrane here is semi-permeable, meaning it allows the passage of solvent (water) but not of solute (contaminant). Reverse osmosis removes salt and most other inorganic material present in the water and everything larger than the water molecule itself like bacteria, salts, sugars, proteins, particles, dyes, and other constituents 28

30 Reveres Osmosis – Membranes (filters) cleaning. RO membranes can become polluted after extended use and lose their effectiveness. One of the critical point during this phase is the cleaning of the membranes. Cleaning the RO filter is a short and simple process that requires only the proper cleaning fluid. Cleaning frequency varies, but most filters require it only once or twice each year With our method of sea water ultra filtration, the water arrive to the RO membranes enough clean which allows you to be quite about the quality of your potable water and the cleaning of your RO membranes. The above advantage is, only, one of the multiple advantages of using OGINATEC sea water unites and process Let us take care about your desalination and quality of potable water. 29

31 OGINATEC’s Water desalination System Advantages Our combination between an high tech and advanced nano technology as ultra filtration process, based on specific ceramic membranes, and the classic RO system, OGINATEC Process allows you to take commercial advantages and an excellent quality of drinking water. Some advantages of OGINATEC’s process, 1- By the reducing of an important tasks of your classic desalination process, you will be able to have an excellent ROI (Return Of Investment), this economy is calculated in terms of Human Capital (effected tasks) and in terms of number of machines or pretreatment phases. 2- Minimize the risk of used chemical products and gain their cost. 3- The obtaining of an excellent quality of drinking water, which can be consumed without any extra- treatment. 4- The reduction of energy and pollution 5- Thanks to the use of a revitalization process, you obtain, not only a drinking water, but a revitalized water. 30

32 OGINATEC’s Mobile unite design And Portable unite 31

33 Chloride (Cl - ) Sodium (Na + ) Sulfate (SO 4 2- )3.200 Magnesium (Mg 2+ )1.765 Calcium (Ca 2+ )500 Potassium (K + )460 Bicarbonate(HCO 3 - )142 Strontium (Sr 2+ )- Bromide (Br - )80 Borate (BO 3 3- )- Fluoride (F - )- Silicate (SiO 3 2- )1,5 Iodide (I - )- Others- Total dissolved solids (TDS) seawater ‘s composition (mg/L) The prerequisite condition to create your desalination unite, is the analysis of the raw water (sea water), provide us the analysis (turbidity) of your raw water and let us work for you. Below an example of sea water analysis, these results concern the Arabic gulf, north of Bahrain, south of Kuwait sea: 32

34 33 Revitalized Water and TDS < 40 to 100 Raw Water TDS Sensor 1 ph Adjuster 1 NSD WCM Software Auto controlling – Process and results NSD WCM Software Auto controlling – Process and results 2 OT- Mobile Unite – Capacity = …….m3/h Power = 220 V / 50 hz pH range = 2 to 14 2 Global Overview pH Sensor 12 TDS SensorRevitalization Pre-treatment SDI after CM Treatment is < 3 prefilters RO Chemical CLO2 If necessary Post treatment Bottling line CM unite Other stage of filtration (if needed)

35 36 Sand Filter Carbon or Ultra filtration bank pH Adjustment Chlorination & Pump Station Sea Water RV Classic & OT Method OT Kitchen Water Revitalized water

36 + CM & RO, Integrated Desalination Unite Drinking Water – (Desalination) Integrated Solution: CM + RO + Bottling + QI 37

37 Thank you for your time and interests. Relying on our knowledge and experience will help you to access to the success. For your inquiries, please contact us at: 38

38 © oginatec, all rights reserved

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