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SURGICAL ROOM AIR CONDITIONERS.

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Presentation on theme: "SURGICAL ROOM AIR CONDITIONERS."— Presentation transcript:

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10 SURGICAL ROOM AIR CONDITIONERS

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13 The air conditioning system for surgical rooms must assure a “high air quality”.

14 To get it the following “six goals” must be achieved:

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16 First goal Elimination or minimization of the chemical contamination due to the anestetical gas

17 Second goal Elimination of the batteriological contamination coming from the external environement (through fresh air).

18 Third goal Elimination of the batteriological contamination coming from the surrounding environments

19 Fourth goal Reduction of the batteriological pollution due to the surgical team or to the patient himself Fourth goal Reduction of the batteriological contamination due to the surgical team or to the patient himself

20 Fifth goal Guaranty a good level of control of temperature and humidity

21 Sixth goal Obtain the first 5 goals guarantiing the maximum energy saving

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23 The air conditioning system for surgical rooms must assure a “high air quality”.

24 Chemical contamination cannot be filtered; the only solution is the dilution with a great quantity of fresh air. First goal: Elimination or minimization of the chemical contamination due to the anestetical gas

25 First goal: Elimination or minimization of the chemical contamination due to the anestetical gas How great? In Italy 15 volumes per hour In Germany In Switzerland m3/per hour 800 m3/per hour This depends by the local Standard:

26 The fresh air flow must be constant in time even if the filters become dirty and therefore raise there pressure drop. Within the unit an air flow measurer is therefore foreseen to informs the microprocessor of the reduction. The microprocessor raises through the inverter the number of revolution of the fan so to get the set air flow. Technical considerations about the first goal

27 Double fan for supplying and expelling air for the maximum functionment security. (Accessory)

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29 Second goal Eliminationg of the batteriological pollution from the external environement (through fresh air). The batteriological pollution coming from outside is eliminated through the absolute filters to be fitetd at the end of the supply ducts: H12 for general surgery, and H14 for orthopedics and more delicate operations.

30 The absolute filter must be the last component of the aeraulic circuit since everything between it and the patient can contaminate the treated air. The absolute filter is therefore installed in the surgical room immediately above the operating bed. Technical considerations about the second goal

31 The EN10339 Standard, for the duration in time of the fresh air filters, foresees that before an absolute filter another F9 fine filter be installed and before this a G4 filter. Technical considerations about the second goal

32 Direct expansion surgical room air conditioner MODEL OHA 132/R407 AIR FLOW: m3/h

33 The blocking device of the filter on its gasket must guaranty that the air cannot by-pass the filter itself. The good efficency of the filtrating section must be guarantied and not only of the filter according to the EN 1886 Standard Technical considerations about the second goal

34 Third goal Elimination of the batteriological contamination from the surrounding environments The batteriological contamination coming from the surrounding environments is eliminated by mantaining the room is overpressure respect to them.

35 Third goal Elimination of the batteriological contamination from the surrounding environments To mantain an environment in over/underpressure in respect to a reference one it is sufficient to extract more or less air than the one supplyed in.

36 Third goal Elimination of the batteriological contamination from the surrounding environments The opposite is true in case of septic or dirty operations; the surgical room must be mantained in depression so not to pollute the surrounding environements.

37 A differential pressure pressostat mounted between the surgical room and the clean corridor informs the microprocessor of the situation of over/underpressure in the room. The microprocessor then confronts this with the desired situation and acts on the exaust fan inverter raising or reducing the quantity of the expelled air from the environment. Technical considerations about the third goal

38 Mounting within the room

39 Fourth goal Reduction of the batteriological pollution due to the surgical team or to the patient himself The endogenous batteriological pollution from the patient or from the surgical team is eliminated by filtering with absolute filters as frequently as possible the treated air.

40 Fifth goal Guaranty a good level of control of temperature and humidity How is it done? With treatment sections that guaranty the high quantity of fresh air throught thermodynamic components both for the control of humidity and temperature with modulating capacity control. Even in the case of direct expansion units the frigorific capacity is modulated by an electronic injection of hot gas.

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42 Sixth goal Guaranty the maximum energy saving How is it done? Raising as much as possible the recirculation: obviously in respect to the local Standard

43 Sixth goal Guaranty the maximum energy saving Night Stand-by of the units, activable from the presence feelers, BMS, hour timetables or manualy: 1: Reducion of the capacity by 1/3 of theal fffffffnominal one, external one 2: Mantaining the overpressure 3: Raising the dead range from 0,3 ° to 10 ° How is it done?

44 Sixth goal Guaranty the maximum energy saving In case of no recirculation: Local Standards or septic environemnts to be mantained in depression a heat recovery system must be foreseen. How is it done?

45 CHILLED WATER SURGICAL ROOM AIR CONDITIONER WITH HEAT RECOVERY SYSTEM MODEL OHU 208 AIR FLOW: m3/h

46 DIF-O.T. CEILING FILTRATION SYSTEM

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49 Thank you


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