Presentation on theme: "Why Turkey is interested in NCA? Arzu ÖNSAL Ministry of Development 29 June 2014."— Presentation transcript:
Why Turkey is interested in NCA? Arzu ÖNSAL Ministry of Development 29 June 2014
Outline SD Policies and Environmental Accounting in Development Plans Previous Projects for Wealth Accounting GDP Understanding and its Drawbacks Where should be the starting point, which sector? How can Turkey benefit from NCA Study?
SD Policies and Environmental Accounting in Development Plans SD in Development Plans since 7th Plan, (1996-2000) Policy: “integrate environmental policies to economic and social policies, establishing of environmental management systems and to use economic tools for management of environment” Tools: infrastructure, management systems, capacity of institutions and legal framework, sound data and integrated information systems, segregated data on environment 10 th Plan (2014-2018): “Value of natural resources and ecosystem services will be calculated and will be considered in policy making and implementation processes.” The Law on Environment >> evaluate long term impact of economic activities and use of economic tools for environmental management. “Claiming the Future“ (2012) >> green growth agenda and sector specific priorities for GG
2. Previous Projects for Wealth Accounting Economic Analysis of Special Environmental Protection Areas with Ecosystem Valuation Approach (2009-2013)-MoEU Aim: to devise a long term solution for the protection of marine biodiversity in Turkish coastal waters; and to guarantee effectiveness and sustainability of ecological service functions. Objective of Ecosystem Services Valuation is; – Raise awareness – Highlighting pressures threatening the viability of key ecosystem services & the economic implications – Inform the business plan to be developed for the site Result: economic value of 5 SEPA and 1 Nature Protection Park =US$ 410,5 million per year
2. Previous Projects for Wealth Accounting Natural Capital Accounting and System Infrastructure (1999- 2001) - State Institute of Statistics Aim of Project: water accounting based on physical water and its use among sectors- Turkey wide data Study is replicated for 2004 and 2008. Resulting Water Accounting Tables: Physical Supply and Use Tables. – Water Supply Table: Sources of water supply vs. sectors – Water use Table: Sources of water used vs sectors – Matrix of flows within economy
3. National Accounting Systems, GDP Understanding and its Drawbacks GDP vs. sustainability of growth? NCA >> how changes in ecosystem services effects the sectors and beneficiaries. 4. Where should be the starting point, which sector? Two natural drivers of growth>> Energy? Water? Total available water resources in Turkey : 112 billion m3>> % 39 currently used 1,500 m3 per capita water potential (2013)>> 1,100 m3 per capita (2030) >>water scarcity
5. How can Turkey benefit from NCA Study? Reflect the value of natural resources to decision making processes Provide integrated approaches in policy making process Reflect the value of natural capital and ecosystem services to planning process Managing and testing the economic development in terms of long term sustainability Development of the statistical information capacity and determining the needs for a complete SEA-Water study to be able to make above studies