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Module 3 How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying (1) Mona O’Moore, Conor Mc Guckin, Niall Crowley, Lucie Corcoran (2) Øystein Samnøen.

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Presentation on theme: "Module 3 How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying (1) Mona O’Moore, Conor Mc Guckin, Niall Crowley, Lucie Corcoran (2) Øystein Samnøen."— Presentation transcript:

1 Module 3 How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying (1) Mona O’Moore, Conor Mc Guckin, Niall Crowley, Lucie Corcoran (2) Øystein Samnøen & Rune Rasmussen (1) Anti-Bullying-Centre, Trinity College Dublin (Ireland), (2) Kids and Media (Norway)

2 M3.2 Provide parents with knowledge related to:  How to detect cyberbullying;  What to do if your child is being cyber bullied  What to do if your child is targeting or bullying others  How to prevent cyberbullying Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Objectives and envisaged learning outcomes © CyberTraining-4-Parents, 2012

3 cyber- bullying Part I: Detection How will I know my child is involved in cyberbullying? Part II: Intervention What can parents do when their child is affected? Part III: Prevention What can parents do to prevent cyberbullying? Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.3

4 cyber- bullying Detection: How to detect cyberbullying Signs that may indicate that a child is being vicitmized Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.4

5 Detection of cyberbullying Detection of cyberbullying Interview Source: Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying M3.5

6 What could be possible signs of cyberbullying? What are your experiences? Discussion What do you think? Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Activity Activity © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.6

7 Identifying the effects of victimisation © CyberTraining-4-Parents, Detection of cyberbullying Detection of cyberbullying M3.7

8  More frequent health problems These include symptoms such as headaches, stomach aches, frequent absenteeism, sleep, problems or depression.  Behavioral changes The young person looks distressed or anxious, and yet refuses to say what is wrong. Victims of cyberbullying Identifying the effects of victimisation Detection of cyberbullying Detection of cyberbullying Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.8

9 Detection of cyberbullying Detection of cyberbullying Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying  Changes related to school A lack of interest or reluctance to go to school. Possible drop in academic performance. Victims of cyberbullying Identifying the effects of victimisation © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.9

10 Negative/emotional expressions after use of social media The child appears angry or upset after being online or after viewing a text message Detection of cyberbullying Detection of cyberbullying Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Victims of cyberbullying Identifying the effects of victimisation © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.10

11 ‘Consider you have a feeling that your child may be cyberbullied’…  How can you start a conversation about this with your child?  What can you do if your child refuses to talk to you about this? Victims of cyberbullying Activity Activity Activity Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.11

12 cyber- bullying Detection: How to detect cyberbullying Signs that may indicate that a child is involved in bullying others Detection of cyberbullying Detection of cyberbullying Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.12

13  Difficulties maintaining friendships  Hiding media use from parents  Negative expressions while engaging with or  After use of social media  Approach from others Young people cyberbullying others Possible signs of a child cyberbullying others Detection of cyberbullying Detection of cyberbullying Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.13

14 Detection of cyberbullying Detection of cyberbullying Interview Source: Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying M3.14

15  Bullying is seen as normal  Boredom  Intercultural conflicts  Conflicts in the classroom community (interpersonal conflicts)  Friendships change Detection of cyberbullying Detection of cyberbullying Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Young people cyberbullying others Reasons and triggers for cyberbullying © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.15

16  Relief Bullying serves as a valve for pent-up aggression, impact is often underestimated.  Recognition in the group Bullying is used to acquire a particular reputation, e.g. to be particularly "cool”.  Reinforce a feeling of community Bullying is usually perpetrated by a group (i.e. feeling that "united we are strong".).  Demonstration of power Bullying is used as a display of strength to make it clear "who is the boss".  Fear Fear of being victimized. Young people cyberbullying others Functions (pay off) of cyberbullying Detection of cyberbullying Detection of cyberbullying Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.16

17 Part I: Detection of cyberbullying Conclusions Detection of cyberbullying Detection of cyberbullying Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Signs that may indicate that a child is being victimized: Signs that may indicate that a child is involved in bullying others:  Disinterest in or loss of friendships  More frequent health problems  Behavioural changes  Changes related to school  Negative and emotional expressions after use of social media  Difficulties maintaining friendships  Hiding media use from parents  Negative expressions while engaging with or after use of social media  Approach from others © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.17

18 cyber- bullying Part II: Intervention What can parents do when their child is affected? Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Intervention Intervention © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.18

19 Helping young people who have been victimised What should I do? Tips for those affected – urgent measures What parents can do on a deeper level in order to support the child Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Intervention Intervention © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.19

20 What can parents do if their child is victimized? Discussion What do you think? Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Activity Activity © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.20

21 Immediate actions Listen closely to your child Remain composed Block the cyberbully Do not reply Secure evidence Helping young people who have been victimised Tips for those affected Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Intervention Intervention © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.21

22  Create an atmosphere of safety Let your child know that you are there for them should they ever feel that they are not able to stop the cyberbullying on their own. Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Intervention Intervention Helping young people who have been victimised What parents can do on a deeper level in order to support the child © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.22

23  If you have a specific suspicion, you will require a great deal of patience and further opportunities to talk.  Be patient! Victims of bullying will usually not mention it when they first talk with adults, most often they need time until they communicate. o ‘Code of silence’: afraid to say something to the teacher) o Talk to your child about the difference between saying something to the teacher and a search for help!  Talk to your child regarding bullying and cyberbullying. Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Intervention Intervention Helping young people who have been victimised What parents can do on a deeper level in order to support the child © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.23

24  Finding out what’s wrong Try to get an overview of the situation: o What has happened? o Who are involved? o What is the role of your child in this? Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Intervention Intervention Helping young people who have been victimised What parents can do on a deeper level in order to support the child © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.24

25  Assure your child that every victim has the right to help and support  No one can manage this on his/her own  Stress the fact that the aggressor has the problem, not the victim;  Assure your child that the responsibility belongs to the bully and not the victim. Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Intervention Intervention Helping young people who have been victimised What parents can do on a deeper level in order to support the child © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.25

26  Do not add fuel to the fire Let your child know that one shouldn’t fight back physically or verbally. It is better not to reply at all. Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Intervention Intervention Helping young people who have been victimised What parents can do on a deeper level in order to support the child © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.26

27  Building self-esteem at home Improve the resistance to negative affects of bullying by providing a positive self-esteem. Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Intervention Intervention Helping young people who have been victimised What parents can do on a deeper level in order to support the child © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.27

28  Report the problem o Become informed of the legislation. o You can contact the school, police etc. Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Intervention Intervention Helping young people who have been victimised What parents can do on a deeper level in order to support the child © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.28

29 Helping young people who have been victimised How do I contact service providers? Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Intervention Intervention Social networks Ignore persons, report button; contact the provider: block the bully Video sharing websites Have videos or films removed, use the report button Instant Messenger Use the „ignore“ functions Chat rooms/Forums/Blogs Use the report function, have messages or comments deleted Mobile phone provider Trace numbers; request a new mobile phone number from the provider Put the bully's address on your spam list, delete unwanted messages © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.29

30 Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Intervention Intervention Helping young people who have been victimised Coping strategies Which coping strategies are effective and which are ineffective? © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.30

31 Coping strategies  Social coping Seeking help from friends, family, teachers etc.  Aggressive coping Retaliation, physical attacks; verbal threats;  Helpless coping Hopelessness; helplessness, passivity  Cognitive coping Try to understand the bullies behaviour and motives Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Intervention Intervention © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.31

32 Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Intervention Intervention Coping strategies Ineffective coping strategies Helpless coping  Passive acceptance: Failing to inform anyone (e.g. because of fear)  The cyberbullying continues  Avoid the situation:  Does not stop the bullying or challenge the perpetrator © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.32

33 Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Intervention Intervention Coping strategies Ineffective coping strategies Aggressive coping  Retaliation, physical attacks; verbal threats  often inappropriate and potentially very dangerous © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.33

34 Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Intervention Intervention Coping strategies Effective coping strategies Social coping Seeking help from friends, family, teachers etc.  Talk to someone  Friendship  Active involvement in peer support © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.34

35 Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Intervention Intervention Coping strategies Effective coping strategies Cognitive coping Try to understand the bullies behaviour and motives  Composure  Befriend the bully © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.35

36 Manuals regarding privacy in social networks Examples from Germany FacebookWer-kennt-wenstudiVZ Download: Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Intervention Intervention © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.36

37 Helplines Examples from Germany Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Intervention Intervention Kinder- und Jugendtelefon: Nummer gegen Kummer: 0800 – Hilfe bei Mobbing im Netz Cyber-Bullying Ein Infoflyer des ServiceBureau Bremen Klicksafe.de Themenbereich, Unterrichtsmodul Bündnis gegen Cybermobbing Medienhelden Unterrichtsmanual: dpaq.de/dF5Mb © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.37

38 Helping young people involved in victimising others How parents should respond if their child is involved in victimizing others Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Intervention Intervention  Create an accurate awareness of what cyberbullying is  Find out what is causing the cyberbullying behavior  Discuss the rules for responsible Internet and computer use © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.38

39 Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Intervention Intervention  Monitor and supervise internet use appropriately  Teach skills of empathy at home  Build self-esteem at home  Facilitate energetic children’s ‘catharsis’ (i.e.,  ‘Letting off steam’ in a positive way  Talk about human rights! © CyberTraining-4-Parents, Helping young people involved in victimising others How parents should respond if their child is involved in victimizing others M3.39

40 Helping young people who have been witnessing cyberbullying: ‘How should I act?’ Intervention Intervention Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.40

41 Detection of cyberbullying Detection of cyberbullying Interview Source: Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying M3.41

42  How would you describe what happened?  Who would you say were involved as perpetrator(s)?  What did you think of the event that took place?  How do you think the victim would feel about the event that took place?  What did you do? Helping young people who have been witnessing cyberbullying Example of questions a parent can ask their child Detection of cyberbullying Detection of cyberbullying Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.42

43  What does it mean to be a bystander?  What responsibility does a bystander have?  Is there anything you suggest could have been done differently by the child who witnessed the bullying?  Is there anything the parent and children feel needs to be sorted out, said or done either to the victim or the perpetrator? Detection of cyberbullying Detection of cyberbullying Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying © CyberTraining-4-Parents, Helping young people who have been witnessing cyberbullying Example of questions a parent can ask their child M3.43

44 Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Intervention Intervention Part II: Intervention Conclusions (I) Immediate actions  Listen closely to your child  Remain calm in case of incidents  Block the cyberbully  Do not reply  Secure evidence What parents can do on a deeper level  Create an atmosphere of safety  Finding out what’s wrong  Do not add fuel to the fire  Stress the fact that the aggressor has the problem, not the victim  Building self-esteem at home  Report the problem © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.44

45 How parents should respond if their child is involved in victimizing others  Create an accurate awareness of what cyberbullying is  Find out what is causing the cyberbullying behaviour  Discuss the rules for responsible Internet and Computer use  Talk about human rights! Part II: Intervention Conclusions (II) Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Intervention Intervention © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.45

46 cyber- bullying Part III: Prevention What can parents do to prevent cyberbullying? Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Prevention Prevention © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.46

47 What can parents do to prevent cyberbullying? Discussion What do you think? Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Activity Activity © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.47

48 What can parents do to prevent cyberbullying? Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Prevention Prevention Build a home where the family talks together  By creating a culture at home where parent and child get used to talking to each other about personal matters, parents increase the chance that the child will bring up issues at an early stage. © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.48

49  Extreme monitoring can constitute a severe breach of privacy.  If a child is creating content which can be viewed by the public, a parent should be allowed to view this every now and again.  It creates more trust if this is discussed ahead of time with the child, and if it is emphasized that the parent will not read their child's every communication. Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Prevention Prevention What can parents do to prevent cyberbullying? The Pros and Cons of monitoring internet use © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.49

50 Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Prevention Prevention What can parents do to prevent cyberbullying? Talk to your child about safe and conscious use of digital media  Protect your own privacy  Express yourself with caution  Help others who are being insulted  Treat others in the same way you would like them to treat you © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.50

51 Prepare your child on possible challenges  What is cyber bullying?  What could be the reasons that somebody would bully others on social media?  What do you do if somebody bullies you through internet or mobile phone? Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Prevention Prevention What can parents do to prevent cyberbullying? © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.51

52 Social behaviour on social media:  Where would you draw the line between teasing and bullying?  What do you think about spreading rumors about others?  What do you do if someone you know is being treated badly online / on mobiles?  Why can it be difficult to tell someone else if you’re being bullied? What can parents do to prevent cyberbullying? Topics for discussions with your child (I) Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Prevention Prevention © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.52

53 Cyberbullying  What do you do if somebody bullies you through internet or mobile phone?  What does it mean to be a bystander?  What do you do if somebody you know is being cyberbullied?  What do you do if somebody bullies you?  What do you do if you have done something towards others via Internet or mobile phone that you regret? Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Prevention Prevention What can parents do to prevent cyberbullying? Topics for discussions with your child (II) © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.53

54 Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Prevention Prevention What can parents do to prevent cyberbullying? Topics for discussions with your child (III) What does regional legislation say about common challenges like  Spreading rumours?  Harassments?  Publishing pictures without permission?  Threats?  Identity theft? © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.54

55 Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Prevention Prevention What can parents do to prevent cyberbullying? What does the law say? Cyberbullying is not yet prosecuted as a criminal offence. But a variety of the activities involved in cyberbullying offer the opportunity to take legal action:  Publishing images or videos without permission: Personal rights, right to one's own image  Spreading falsehoods in forums, blogs or social networks: Victim can obtain injunctions, make a criminal complaint reporting libel/slander  Persistent harassment via , Instant Messenger or SMS: Anti-stalking laws may apply © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.55

56 Threatening behaviour, blackmail and intimidation are criminal offences! Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Prevention Prevention What can parents do to prevent cyberbullying? What does the law say? (II)  Criminal prosecution takes place independently of the will of the affected party. As soon as the police/public prosecutor has been informed (criminal complaint) they are legally obliged to act.  Criminal complaint: o Anyone has the right to make a criminal complaint (not just victims). o To be submitted to: public prosecutor's office, police, local court. © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.56

57 Develop a sound self-confidence  Acknowledge your child: “I see you. You have lots of abilities.“  Point out that you will help and support your child and that he/she can trust you Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Prevention Prevention What can parents do to prevent cyberbullying? © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.57

58  What do you see as gifts/abilities/strengths in your child?  How can you as a parent encourage and enable your child to develop his or her own abilities?  How can you as a parent express to your child that you love him/her? What can parents do to prevent cyberbullying? Activity:Encouraging strengths’ Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Activity Activity © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.58

59 Increase the child’s empathy  In many cases due to behavior on social media, children are not aware that their actions may harm others. It therefore makes sense to raise awareness in this area. Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Prevention Prevention What can parents do to prevent cyberbullying? © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.59

60 Learning to value and respect others  What does it mean to pay respect to others?  What is the difference between “to respect“ and “to like“ another person? Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Prevention Prevention What can parents do to prevent cyberbullying? © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.60

61 Give positive feedback  By giving the child feedback with a positive flavor, parents may correct their behavior without discouraging their child. Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Prevention Prevention What can parents do to prevent cyberbullying? © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.61

62 Part III: Prevention Conclusions Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying Intervention Intervention  Build a home where the family talks together  Talk to your child about safe and conscious use of digital media  Prepare your child on possible challenges  Develop a sound self-confidence  Increase the child´s empathy  Learning to value and respect others  Give positive feedback © CyberTraining-4-Parents, M3.62

63 Interview Source: Module 3: How parents can detect, intervene and prevent cyberbullying M3.63

64 This project has been founded with support form the European Commission. This communication reflects the views only of the authors, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein. CT4P LLP DE-GRUNDTVIG-GMP © CT4P


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