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Presentation to Forestry Engineering Group ‘The State of The Industry’ John Kissock Penrith 23/10/2007.

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Presentation on theme: "Presentation to Forestry Engineering Group ‘The State of The Industry’ John Kissock Penrith 23/10/2007."— Presentation transcript:

1 Presentation to Forestry Engineering Group ‘The State of The Industry’ John Kissock Penrith 23/10/2007

2 Objective Try to summarise my experience of the Industry over 33 years involvement by looking at; –Developments and Strategies specific to JJSL –Developments which have impacted on the wider industry –Areas where we could all do better!!

3 August 1974 Enthusiastic Aberdeen Graduate Trainee joins JJSL Richard Nixon/Watergate Bay City Rollers in the charts with ‘Shang a Lang’ JJSL T/O - £4m JJSL Production – 45,000m3 UK Production represents 12% of total sawn timber consumption

4 GB Housing Starts & UK Sawn Softwood Imports + GB Production, 1970-2006




8 UK Sawn Softwood Production

9 Long Term Trend in UK Softwood Availability Average Annual Standing Volume (million m3 overbark)

10 Key Developments JJSL Controlled Reorganisation and Diversification of the Business over 30 Years The Change to North European Processing Technology Investment in People Added Value Investments Investment in EWP Business

11 Sawmilling Harvesting Timber Systems Division Pallet Manufacture and repair business Equity shareholder in forestry business Joint Venture in lumber business : Canada/USA Investments in telecoms business : Italy Partner in wood product manufacturing business Solid wood panel distribution

12 JJI-Joists:5M Lineal Metres Carcassing:125,000m3 Fencing:80,000m3 Palletwood:130,000m3 Pallets:2.5M pallets Utility poles:125,000 poles Railway sleepers:2M Consumer lumber:Major supplier to Home Depot

13 Group Capex 1984-2008 (£000’s) Dumfries Aboyne Mosstodloch #1 Mosstodloch #2 Forres & Unit Pallets Lockerbie Forres & Aboyne Lockerbie, Kirriemuir, Forres, Aboyne Lockerbie

14 Kinnoir 15,500m3 Lockerbie 95,000m3 Aboyne 74,000m3 Mosstodloch 87,500m3 Dumfries 60,000m3 Kirriemuir 12,000m3 SAWMILLS : Sawn Timber Production

15 Total Sawmill Production (m³) m³m³

16 Sales Volume by Market Segment

17 Investment in People Significant process of change to be managed Production Systems/Technology Sales/Markets All done initially with the same people both in the mills and at management level Management originally largely from a forestry education background. More recently a stronger engineering focus introduced. EWP Business introduced a different age structure and knowledge base

18 Investment in People Originally much of the training was ‘in house’ Now looking externally – greater credibility both with our employees and regulators ‘Investors in People’ on newly established sites Institute of Leadership and Management Stage 2&3 Specific H&S and Environmental training MBA/Specific Business Management for Senior Managers

19 Benefits Employees better able to cope with demands of today’s working environment Enhanced opportunity for internal promotion e.g. Aboyne, Kirriemuir, Forres Introduces an attitude of continuous improvement both on a business and personal level

20 Lockerbie Processing Facility Kilns, Timber Treatment,Grading, Planing, Dispatch


22 KD C16 J-Joists produced with planed and arrised edges for ease of use and handling.

23 James Jones & Sons Ltd Timber Systems Division Forres

24 JJI Production Plant 2007 JJI-Joist Line 2

25 JJI Production Plant 2007 Finger Jointing Line

26 JJI Production 2000-2007

27 Evolution of UK I-Joist Market


29 JJ-IntelliRoof™ Off Site Construction Solutions

30 Over the past 2-3 Years we have developed a fully insulated panelised roofing system - JJ- Intelliroof™

31 Past – Attic TrussFuture – JJ-IntelliRoof™ Cold ZonesFully insulated envelope Unusable space Warm, decked loft space Dangerous working environment Fully floored prior to erection for safety Wind and water tight in one day Requires bracing, decking, insulating, felting etc. onsite

32 Binder-Jones Ltd has been formally created on 6 th August 2007. International JV with Binder Holz Group, Austria, one of Europe’s largest sawmill groups and leading engineered wood manufacturer. Initially BBS panels will be imported from Binder’s state-of-the-art manufacturing facility in Austria. Trials have been conducted on JJSL material and independently tested by TimberSolve. Long term objective is to create a manufacturing facility in Scotland utilising British timber processed in JJSL sawmills. This will be subject to: Market acceptance Quality assessment Volume availability Environmental legislation and criteria

33 What is “Massive Wall”? “ Massive Wall” or “Solid Wall” panels are multilayered, made completely of wood. The layers are either glued, dowelled or nailed into solid panels. The panels are solid pre-fabricated elements made of wood which have the following characteristics: insulate heat simultaneously carry loads fireproof positive acoustic effects Structures constructed with these panels create zero carbon buildings, massively reducing carbon footprints. They are manufactured, and processed, off site under factory conditions and can be erected extremely fast and efficiently. There are significant environmental benefits across the entire manufacturing and build programme and the system ideally lends itself to: Social housing Commercial developments Self build market Environmentally conscious builders and developers.







40 Industry Strategic Developments Machine Stress Grading Long Term Contracts Centre for Timber Engineering/SIRT Programme, Napier University/Engagement Forest Research Team on Wood Quality Wood for Good/Wood for Gold Scottish Forest Industries Cluster

41 Machine Stress Grading Ensured Sitka Spruce entered the construction market on the basis of an objective strength test British/European Standards ensure fitness for purpose Not subject to geographic preferences - performs as it says on the label Do not believe in national branding but very much support Company branding of generic product

42 What Next in Timber Grading? Collaborative Work with Forest Research Quality Assessment using a combination of hand held tools for standing trees and logs Predictive Tools to help control cost at the sawmill Potential for X Ray systems for log grading in the sawmill

43 Tree and Log Assessment (Photos courtesy of Alexis Achim) Dynamic MOE predicted from measurements of stress wave velocity made on standing trees and logs Source: SIRT (John Moore)

44 Measurement of MOE d on Boards HM-200 testing of sawn timber Source: SIRT (John Moore)

45 Measurement of MOE d on Small Clears Source: SIRT (John Moore)

46 Long Term Contracts Have been in place for 8/9 years Benefits to both parties Security of supply Reduced transaction costs Supply tailored to market requirements Sharing of market intelligence More responsive and supportive of market development opportunities

47 1 2 3

48 1 2 3

49 Centre for Timber Engineering Established 5 years ago with support from SE/Industry/Napier University Primary role – Education both on campus and through distance learning programmes Linked to I.W.Sc. training programmes SIRT Research aimed at market development

50 Wood For Good/Wood For Gold Original Budget £3M (now £1M) Main Contribution Scandinavian Proportion from FC/UK Producers Group Generic Promotion – CPD/Carbon Issues Project Based Funding – Simplifying Timber Specification/Timber Frame Housing/Wood Windows/Pallets and Packaging/2012 Olympics Aimed at Growing per Capita Consumption from 0.16m3 to somewhere near the European average of 0.25m3 in the long term

51 Scottish Forest Industries Cluster An important opportunity for the Industry On the map with the economic development agency The concept is extended over a number of industries. Other industries are developing their own strategies for support from S.E. Industry needs to drive the process Without support and drive the money available may well be dispersed to other areas

52 Negative Issues for the Industry Fashions in Forestry – Non Thin, Lodgepole Pine, Fertilisation for Growth etc. Construction Industry wedded to tradition in both technique and cost terms – the need to embrace whole life costs rather than initial build costs Advent of Supermarket Buying Techniques Inability to create a unified voice for the Industry Industry reluctance to support development through funding

53 Conclusions The last 30 years have been an exciting time to be in this Industry We have moved from being raw material driven to being market responsive by embracing new technology aimed at producing competitive ‘fit for purpose’ products However the products are still competing in commodity markets The challenge now lies in providing construction solutions rather than raw products We need to see more productive woodland established to ensure sustained supply after peak production is reached

54 Conclusions Added value is still restricted to basic processes, treatment, grading, planing etc Timber Frame is largely a ‘no go’ area For UK Timber processes such as Finger Jointing, Laminating are too expensive for the realisable value of the product

55 Conclusions Certification/Embodied Energy/LCA’s all support the use of timber Government Policies on Zero Carbon Advent of Renewable Energy is important but needs to be managed in relation to existing industry The Industry needs to continue to develop and adapt to changing circumstances

56 CO 2 emissions in manufacture Source: SFIFed : 2003

57 2007 Still Enthusiastic but somewhat older and greyer graduate trainee steps down as MD of JJSL Minority SNP Government comes to Holyrood Change of Prime Minister JJSL Production - 350,000m3 JJSL T/O – £85m UK Production represents 29% of total sawn timber consumption

58 Those Were The Days? Timber Imports 000s cubic metres (the bulk of which was sawn softwood) Year 18511861 1871 1881 1891 1901 1911 1913 Imports 2,6003,9005,9008,3009,40013,40013,70016,400 Source: History of the Timber Trade Federation, 1892-1992


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