Presentation on theme: "1 KEY INTERVENTIONS, EXPERIENCES AND IMPACTS OF LAKE VICTORIA WATER AND SANITATION INITIATIVE- LVWATSAN-HOMA BAY KENYA Presented by: Joseph Ongoro- MD."— Presentation transcript:
1 KEY INTERVENTIONS, EXPERIENCES AND IMPACTS OF LAKE VICTORIA WATER AND SANITATION INITIATIVE- LVWATSAN-HOMA BAY KENYA Presented by: Joseph Ongoro- MD. South Nyanza Water Services Company LTD
2 Project objectives Support pro-poor water and sanitation investments in the secondary urban centres in the Lake Victoria Region; Build institutional and human resource capacities at local and regional levels for the sustainability of improved water and sanitation services; Facilitate the benefits of upstream water sector reforms to reach the local level in the participating urban centres; Reduce the environmental impact of urbanization in the Lake Victoria Basin.
3 Project towns in Kenya Programme is being implemented in KISII, HOMA BAY and BONDO towns in Kenya. In all the three towns, the recent studies in the low income and informal/slum settlements recognize the top priority developmental challenges in the towns to be: Lack of access to safe drinking water and Lack of proper means for excreta, solid waste disposal, and storm water drainage. Inadequate capacity – skilled human resources, equipment and institutional organizations.
4 Project Management structure Regional level Policy guidance provided by ministers for three East African countries Secretariat of East African community UN habitat National / country level Three level of management have been established Project management units Provides overall coordination and management of projects in each country Town level Project is coordinated by Project implementation units ( PIUs) chaired by the respective town clerks Multi stakeholder forums- composed of representatives from municipal authorities, service providers, local business, NGOs and CBOs. They facilitate active participation of various stakeholders in design and implementation of the project. - They also raise awareness, develop understanding, promote local capacity and support by encouraging active stakeholder engagement.
5 Homa Bay Town Located in the western part of Kenya, 405 km south west of Nairobi capital city of Kenya. Situated on the north eastern part of Lake Victoria. Altitude – approx. 4000ft ( 1330 m) above sea level. Area – 197 sq km. Half of which is covered by Lake Victoria. Climate – semi arid.
6 Water infrastructure Water services covers 23 km 2 with 3 km 3 within the CBD Main source – lake Victoria Population – 75,000 persons of which 70% are in the urban area Service coverage is at 57% Current design capacity- 3,500 m3/day Current demand- 7,000 m3/day Aerial photograph of Homa Bay town
7 Key challenges before the start of the programme High water losses- approx. 65% Low revenue base by the water utility Low production leading to low water coverage- only 30% of the town population was served. Inadequate or poor sanitation in low incomes areas; Coverage is less than 30% High cost of power to operate and maintain both water and mechanical sewerage plant. New treatment works Mechanical sewerage plant
8 Challenges… Inadequate transport to support and manage solid waste/ garbage leading to clogging of drainage system by wastes. Poor and dilapidated system i.e. pumping system and pipelines. Frequent powers surges and blackouts leading to loss of pumping hours Municipal council tractor Clogged drains
9 UN-Habitats' immediate interventions in Homa bay Water infrastructure Increased water production by 210 m 3 /hr – installed 4 new water pumps at New lake intake, old lake intake and Booster stations Improved treatment efficiency and reduction of water losses by replacement of leaking valves and filter media at the old treatment works Increase water accessibility at low income areas by construction of 2 No. Communal Water Kiosks at Shauri Yako Expansion of distribution network in upper Sofia- 800 m uPVC pipeline New Pumping sets at the old treatment works New water kiosk
10 Cont… Remodeling of distribution network by installation of pressure regulating valves i.e. Non return valves and air valves Reduction of non- revenue water by installation of 10 No. bulk maters and 500 No. consumer water meters Bulk meter
11 Interventions cont. Sewerage management Supply of sewer roding and handling equipment Sanitation Construction of 10 No. demonstration latrines in public institutions and public areas Solid waste management Supply of Solid Waste Management tools and equipment :- Supply of 3 No. 60 hp tractors with trailers Supply of 5 No. 4 m3 containers Supply of 2 No. small pick-up tractors Supply of 32 No. bins Supply of solid waste handling tools such as rakes, wheel barrows and spades. Construction of Waste 4 No. Transfer Stations Installation of Tipping Bins at key public areas New tractors-supplied through the programme
12 Capacity building programme Fast-track Capacity Building to Water Utility – South Nyanza Water services UN habitat contracted the National water and Sewerage Company of Kampala to carry out training to staff of South Nyanza Water services Co. in various aspects:- Utility management Customer care Corporate governance Operation and management Block mapping Reduction of non-revenue( un-accounted for water-ufw) Supply of Computers, accessories, laboratory equipments and O&M tools A Water technicians using the O& M tools supplied
13 Provision of water & Sanitation to vulnerable groups 1. Prisoners Care Programme Rehabilitation of Homa Bay GK prison water and Sanitation system- through construction of storage tanks and separate pipelines to the staff and inmates, rehabilitation of distribution system and sanitation/ sewerage system within the prison The project target was to serve 500 inmates and over 1000 staffs and families with improved water and sanitation facilities. New tanks at Homa bay GK prison- prison on the Foreground
14 ii) Household sanitation- implemented by SANA international The project targets women headed household by provision, establishment of Micro Credit Facilities for construction of 300 latrines The project promotes use of locally available materials for construction of latrines.. E.g- mud walling. 10 artisans were trained on construction of the facilities – promotion of technology transfer Sample MCS facilities
15 iii) Water and sanitation for schools A new programme targeting 30 schools in the three municipalities, 10 schools per municipality The project will construct rain water harvesting tanks of capacities 30-46 m3 per school, 4 door sanitation block for boys and girls and hand washing facilities. The total population targeted is 15,000 pupils in the three municipalities ( 5000 pupils per municipality) Rain water harvesting Ferro cement tank under construction at Asego Pri. school
16 Impacts of the programme There has been increased daily water production from 1500 m3/ day to 3000 m3/day with the new pumping units There has been an improvement in the no. of metered connections from 1000 to 1500 connections 169 new water connections have been realized while over 130 dormant connections have been activated. This means over 2000 additional people are now served with water. The fast track capacity building programme has seen improved monthly revenue collections from Ksh. 400,000 to an average of Kshs. 1.1 million per month, improved customer relations as well as more effective operational systems geared to reduction of non- revenue water.
17 Cont.. The non revenue water has reduced from 65% in 2007 to about 30 % currently. Over 1000 persons and school children are now served with improved sanitation. There has been improved solid waste collection by the Municipal council from less than 7 tonnes/ day to over 20 tonnes/ day. There has been improved transparency in service delivery by Municipal Council and Water Utilities through the involvement of stakeholders in project planning and implementation. Over 1500 persons( inmates and prison wardens/ families) in Homa Bay GK prison are now served with improved water and sanitation facilities.
18 Action plans to higher efficiency Transform billing process from manual to fully computerized billing. Increase the no. of metered connections from the current 62% to 100% metering. This will increase the revenue base to about Ksh. 2 million per month. Promote new connections especially after the proposed 30 km pipeline. This targets about 2000 new connections. Block mapping of the water supply system to completely eliminate all illegal connection.