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Riad Nurmohamed Ph.D. T: 465558 # 351 ∣ M: 8500283 ∣ E: Faculteit der Technologische Wetenschappen ∣ AdeKUS Master.

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Presentation on theme: "Riad Nurmohamed Ph.D. T: 465558 # 351 ∣ M: 8500283 ∣ E: Faculteit der Technologische Wetenschappen ∣ AdeKUS Master."— Presentation transcript:

1 Riad Nurmohamed Ph.D. T: # 351 ∣ M: ∣ E: Faculteit der Technologische Wetenschappen ∣ AdeKUS Master Education and Research in Sustainable Management of Natural Resources (SMNR) Case study in District Nickerie Information day MSc in SMNR Building 6, Conference room, AdeKUS

2 2 Characteristics of District Nickerie Introduction Project 4 & 5 Case study: District Nickerie SMNR issues Location: North-West of Suriname Population: 36,640 (7.3%) Surface area: 5,353 km 2 (3.2%) Economic activities: rice cultivation (85%); bananas, tourism, timber processing, … Area of rice cultivation: ha and 2 crops: about 80 m3/s/yr 2 crops/annually produces tons rice husk annually sea-land interactions (coastal erosions, saltwater intrusion, …) land-atmospheric interactions (climate variability, …) human-land interactions (pollution, land use, …) Impact land resources, water resources, biodiversity, agriculture, mineral resources, energy resources, …. Current projects Final remarks Sources

3 3 The physical system Introduction Project 4 & 5 Case study: District Nickerie SMNR issues Corantijn rivier Nickerie Rivier Maratakka rivier Nanni swamp (5 km2) Bigi Pan gebied (MUMA): agricultuture, fishery, hunting, mining Current projects Final remarks Coronie swamp (1,600 km2) MCP canal: Lengtht: 68 km, Q canal design = 50 m3/s, Q design pump Wakay = 30 m3/s Sources

4 4 Some SMNR issues in District Nickerie Introduction Project 4 & 5 Case study: District Nickerie SMNR issues Current projects Final remarks WATER: drinking water and irrigation water Small to very large quantities of freshwater from rivers, streams, swamps/lakes. Flows are highly variable and effected by saltwater incursion from tidal surges. Freshwater scarce or lacking. Saline water: 300 mg Cl/l Saltwater intrusion Very small to large quantities of fresh water available. Fresh ground water resources: Coesewijne (-230 m), A Sand Aquifer (-340 m) and Zanderij aquifer (- <80 m) in Nw. Nickerie. Average withdrawals: 2,500 m3/day Sources

5 5 Some SMNR issues in District Nickerie WATER: future! Q Wakay pumping station = 4* 7.5 m3/s Corantijn Rivier at the outfall: Avg 1,572 m3/s (max 7,070 m3/s; min 41 m3/s) Q rainfall ( mm/yr) Q Nanni swamp = 15 m3/s Q Nickerie river = 30 m3/s Nickerie Rivier at the outfall: Avg 160 m3/s (max 880 m3/s; min 2 m3/s)

6 6 Some SMNR issues in District Nickerie WATER: future! Climate change: sea level rise of 1 m. Climate change: droughts (El Nino ) Mining activities Water management

7 7 Introduction Project 4 & 5 Case study: District Nickerie SMNR issues Current projects Final remarks Some SMNR issues in District Nickerie LAND Sources

8 8 Introduction Project 4 & 5 Case study: District Nickerie SMNR issues Current projects Final remarks Some SMNR issues in District Nickerie ENERGY RESOURCES (ENERGY SECURITY) Residential houses Polluted air: CH 4,NOx, CO2, fly-ash, silicium etc. An Indian rice-husk power plant ton/yr rice husk => for 4 MW/yr energy production (50% need) (Replacing: 8.7 million liters fossil fuel) ton/yr ash => cement industry etc Pollution reduced (on land, water, air, fuel (CO 2 )) RH project cost: all in US$ 14.3 million Engineering and executing time 2.7 yr Sources

9 9 Introduction Project 4 & 5 Case study: District Nickerie SMNR issues Current projects Final remarks Some SMNR issues in District Nickerie OTHER: AGRICULTURE, BIODIVERSITY, FORESTRY, … Sources Chemicals in agriculture => expansion of areas (FOOD SECURTY) => state of health (Kwie-kwie’s!) How much water can be attracted from swamps, what will happen with biodiversity in coastal water resources systems Adjusted rice types (salt-fresh water), idem for scrimp, fish, … Rice types with higher production Digging up of sand, shells in coastal area (for building purposes), removal of mangrove for building purposes, ….

10 10 Introduction Project 4 & 5 Case study: District Nickerie SMNR issues Current projects Final remarks Different problem-circles to be solved Sources Freshwater Land Agriculture Pollution Income and Food Security Climate change Adjust: crops, sources of water Fresh surface and ground water resources Economic loss, Human loss, Biodiversity loss etc Purification plants (high costs) Sources southward: long pipes, canals (high inv. costs) Climate change: sea water intrusion, drought Expansion of rice cultivation More freshwater More land More rice hust More “cheap” energy More chemical pollution Adjusted crop types Adaptation measures climate change Sea level rise: hydraulic constructions More income

11 11 Projects related to SMNR Introduction Project 4 & 5 Case study: District Nickerie SMNR issues Current projects Final remarks Rice Husk- for generation of Electric Power in Nickerie by Mr. S. Mehairjan M.Sc., Dept. Director Generation & Transmission N.V. Energiebedrijven Suriname Hydrological Assessment of the Bigipan Muma by Dr. Naipal, S. et al Water Resources Management in Nickerie by Dr. Naipal, S. et al Sources

12 12 Final remarks Introduction Project 4 & 5 Case study: District Nickerie SMNR issues Current projects Final remarks Different areas in Suriname have different complex problems in the fields of natural resources that requires integrated knowledge to reach unique integrated solutions. Different areas in Suriname have different complex problems in the fields of natural resources that requires integrated knowledge to reach unique integrated solutions. The master program in sustainable management of natural resources (M.Sc. in SMNR) is for the graduates to be capable of analyzing the processes in this field, describing them quantitatively, and taking part in decision-making processes. You are capable to contribute to an integrated utilization and management of the natural resources along the United Nations (UN) guidelines of sustainable development. The master program in sustainable management of natural resources (M.Sc. in SMNR) is for the graduates to be capable of analyzing the processes in this field, describing them quantitatively, and taking part in decision-making processes. You are capable to contribute to an integrated utilization and management of the natural resources along the United Nations (UN) guidelines of sustainable development. Sources

13 13 Sources and contact address Introduction Project 4 & 5 Case study: District Nickerie SMNR issues Current projects Final remarks Sources Sources:  Sustainable development through sustainable energy by S. Mehairjan M.Sc (2007)  WATER RESOURCES ASSESSMENT OF SURINAME by US Army Corps of Engineers (2001)  THE IMPORTANCE OF WATER IN THE RICE PRODUCTION IN THE COASTAL AREA OF SURINAME by K. Kartosoewito (2007)  WATERBEHEER IN NOORD-WEST SURINAME: Een Probleemanalyse en Integraal Oplossingsmodel by P. den Hond (2001)  COUNTRY STUDY CLIMATE CHANGE SURINAME by M.A. Amatali and S. Naipal (1999)  The impact of climate change and climate variability on water resources in Suriname by Nurmohamed R (2008)  Valuation of Bigi Pan MUMA by Parahoe,M. (2007) Contact address: VLIR-AdeKUS, Gebouw 6, Room-B12, POB 9212, Leysweg, Suriname Tel: tst 219 Fax:

14 Background project 4 and 5

15 15 Start of the AdeKUS-VLIR-IUC program Introduction Project 4 & 5 Case study: District Nickerie AdeKUS selected in March 2006 to join the Institutional University Cooperation Program (IUC) from VLIR-UOS (see April 1st 2008, AdeKUS starts 10-year IUC with Flemish universities and its associated university colleges in Belgium (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Universiteit van Ghent, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Universiteit van Hasselt, Universiteit van Antwerpen) Support of the Belgian Directorate-General for Development Cooperation (DGDC) and the Flemish Interuniversity Council (VLIR- UOS) SMNR issues Current projects Final remarks Sources

16 16 Information of VLIR-AdeKUS-IUC Project 4 & 5 Introduction Project 4 & 5 Case study: District Nickerie Projecten 4 and 5 “Master Education and Research program in SMNR”: 2 LPLs, 2 FPLs en team members Duration: 5 years (April 1, ) Operational budget: 1 million Euro (5 years) Program website Trainingen Werkvergaderingen SMNR issues Current projects Final remarks Sources

17 17 Objectives Introduction Project 4 & 5 Case study: District Nickerie Upgrading students (master program) Upgrading education & research capacity and quality (SMNR) Upgrading staff (Ph.D. program) Upgrading research infrastructure (Labs) SMNR issues Current projects Final remarks Sources Master Education and Research Programme on Sustainable Management of Natural Resources (SMNR) Land and water resources Mineral resources Renewable energy resources Medical plants Biodiversity Sustainable forestry Sustainable agriculture

18 18 Future development of AdeKUS … Introduction Project 4 & 5 Case study: District Nickerie The diagram depicts the future development of AdeKUS-FTeW from a Bachelor orientated education to a Master orientated education and research University SMNR issues Current projects Final remarks Sources


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