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Bruce Cowper IT Pro Advisor Microsoft Canada. Agenda Windows Server™ 2003 R2 –Principal Scenarios Identity and Access Management Efficient Storage Management.

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Presentation on theme: "Bruce Cowper IT Pro Advisor Microsoft Canada. Agenda Windows Server™ 2003 R2 –Principal Scenarios Identity and Access Management Efficient Storage Management."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bruce Cowper IT Pro Advisor Microsoft Canada

2 Agenda Windows Server™ 2003 R2 –Principal Scenarios Identity and Access Management Efficient Storage Management Simplified Branch Server Management Cost-Effective Virtualization

3 Manage a single identity across partner, web and UNIX apps Better connectivity, reliability, Security Better control over storage setup Enterprise Edition & Virtual Server R2 Identity Management Branch Office Storage Management Virtualization

4 Your EMPLOYEES Your APPLICATIONS Your PLATFORMS Your SUPPLIERS Their APPLICATIONS Your PARTNERS Their APPLICATIONS Your REMOTE and VIRTUAL EMPLOYEES Your CUSTOMERS Identity and Access Management Challenge: Extending access across users, apps, platforms

5 Identity and Access Management Active Directory ® Application Mode (ADAM) –Lightweight, domain-independent mode of Active Directory for application directory scenarios –Interoperability with Domain Mode for authentication –Benefit: Tailor directory services infrastructure for local control/autonomy or shared services UNIX Identity Management –Server for Network Information Service (NIS) helps integrate Windows and UNIX domains –Password synchronization simplifies password maintenance across platforms –Benefit: Efficient multi-platform identity management Active Directory Federation Services (ADFS) Windows Server 2003 R2 Features

6 Active Directory Application Mode Lightweight, domain-independent mode of Active Directory for application directory scenarios –Same code as Active Directory = same programming model, admin tools, replication model –Simple wizard-based install; no DCPROMO –Schema flexibility; synchronization with Active Directory possible via Identity Integration Feature Pack Free web download –Authentication in Active Directory, authorization in ADAM for increased security

7 ADAM Usage Scenarios Application-specific local directory Example: Web portal with personalization –Store personalization info in ADAM –Use Active Directory for authentication ADAM Infrastructure Active Directory Webportal Store/retrievedata Client Authentication Server

8 ADAM Usage Scenarios Extranet Access Management Policy server: ADFS or third-party solutions (CA SiteMinder, OpenNetwork/BMC, etc.) –“Fast-bind authentication” via LDAP bind calls Scenario benefits from ADAM ease of use ADAM PolicyServer LDAP“adminconnection”(search,Update) Webclient LDAP bind (authN) (authN) Webservers

9 UNIX Identity Management Consolidation of administration and monitoring across platforms Remotely monitor and administer Windows-based systems in the same fashion and with the same tools as UNIX- based systems Efficient Cross-platform User Management UNIX Server Windows Server Windows Workstation UNIX Workstation Windows Server UNIX Server UNIX Workstation Windows Workstation

10 Server For NIS NIS Clients UNIX NIS Servers Master Slave Windows Servers Makes a Windows Server 2003 Active Directory into a NIS (Network Information System) master server Slave

11 Server For NIS UNIX NIS Servers Windows Servers NIS Clients Slave Master

12 UNIX Password Synchronization Pull NIS schema into Active Directory Bidirectional Password Sync, user name mapping, supported on: –HP-UX 11i –Sun Solaris 8 & 9 –IBM AIX 5L 5.2 –Red Hat Linux 9.0 Mapping Server –Map Windows ® User and Group Accounts to UNIX

13 Active Directory Federation Services Windows Integrated Authentication: Great For Intranets Active Directory Logon to Windows Flexible Authentication Kerberos X509 v3/Smartcard/PKI VPN/802.1x/RADIUS LDAP Passport/Digest/Basic (Web) SSPI/SPNEGO Single Sign-on to: Windows File/Print servers Microsoft applications 390/AS400 (Host Integration Server) ERP (BizTalk ®, SharePoint ® ESSO) 3rd Party Integrated Apps Web Applications via IIS UNIX/J2EE Exchange Web APPS File Share Windows Integrated Applications

14 ADFS Scenario: Web SSO User credentials and attributes managed in Active Directory/ADAM at the application Benefits: –Single sign-on to farm of IISv6 web apps –Stronger authentication via forms, client-side certs –ADAM support: LDAP user store in perimeter –Support for “road warrior” applications Windows Integrated Auth for internal users ADFS auth for external users Customers Business Partners Employees

15 ADFS Scenario: Identity Federation User credentials and attributes managed in “home realm” by partner organization Benefits: –Single sign-on to internal and partner web applications –Fewer passwords for users to forget –Lower password reset costs –Centralized administration, delegated to partners –Automated restriction of partner app access –Logging of inbound and outbound access requests Business Partners Cross Organization Namespace Manages: Trust -- Keys Security -- Claims required Privacy -- Claims allowed Audit -- Identities, authorities

16 A. Datum Account Forest Trey Research Resource Forest Identity Federation in Action Federation Trust

17 ADFS: Standards-Based Solution AD Users.Net Apps Active Directory Federation Services Java, UNIX, Linux Users Java, UNIX, Linux Apps IBM PingID BMC Quest CA Centrify + others… Multi-vendor, multi-platform interoperability via Web Services WS-Federation Security Token Service HTTP messages SOAP messages SOAP Receiver HTTP Receiver Now Future

18 ADFS Architecture Active Directory ( 2K, 2K3, ADAM ) Authenticates users Manages attributes Federation Service (FS) STS (security token service) Issues security tokens Populates claims –Statements an authority makes about security principals Manages federation trust policy FS Proxy (FS-P) Client proxy for token requests Provides UI for browser clients Web Server SSO Agent Enforces user authentication Creates user authorization context HTTPS LPC/Web Methods Windows Authentication/ LDAP Application (authorization) Windows NT ® Impersonation and ACLs ASP.NET IsInRole() AzMan RBAC integration ASP.NET Raw Claims API

19 ADFS  Mapping trusts in ADFS demonstration demonstration

20 Active Directory Federation Services UNIX Identity Management Distributed File System Centralized File and Print Consoles File Server Resource Manager Storage Manager for SANs Enterprise Edition licensing change Identity Management Branch Office Storage Management Virtualization

21 Simplified Branch Server Management Wide-Area Network (WAN) –WAN costs can be significant –WAN latency issues Security / Management costs –Lack of network admins on site in branch offices –Tape backup expensive, unreliable –Tools need to scale to large number of branches Policy Delegation UI Branch office challenges

22 Security Configuration Wizard Server 2003 SP1 and Server 2003 R2 Identifies open ports The wizard should be executed with required applications and services running Selects server roles from configuration database Configures required services Configures ports for Windows Firewall Configures security for LDAP and SMB Configures an audit policy Configures settings specific to roles performed by the server

23 Security Configuration Wizard Configuration saved to XML file Applied by the wizard Apply an existing security policy Applied from the command line scwcmd.exe configure /p:webserverpolicy.xml Used in scripts Unattended setup scripts

24 Security Configuration Wizard  Using the Security Configuration Wizard  Roles and Templates demonstration demonstration

25 Simplified Branch Server Management Easily manage your infrastructure with centralized management tools –DFS Management Console & Failover with Failback –Print Management Console Keep your business running smoothly, by taking advantage of faster data replication –DFS: Remote Differential Compression Reduce administration costs by eliminating local administration & local back-up Windows Server 2003 R2 Features for Branch

26 Simplified Branch Server Management Brand new management UI –Hierarchical view of namespace –New features such as rename links, drag n’ drop New features in DFS Namespace Service –Failback ( Configured by admin at root or link) Vs. Failover Prioritization of Target Server referrals –Set priority of servers to which you failback Enabling Technologies: DFS Namespace

27 Simplified Branch Server Management A robust multi-master file replicator –Efficient, scalable & robust Key new features: –Core Service: Efficient and simple state-based synchronization Remote Differential Compression Bandwidth Throttling –New management console Enabling Technologies:Distributed File System Replication (DFS-R)

28 Simplified Branch Server Management New Microsoft algorithm –Send only minimal deltas when transferring data over a network RDC efficiency examples –Change title in a 3.5MB PPT, resync takes just 16K Enabling Technologies:Remote Differential Compression (RDC) Source: MS Internal Connection TypeSave full 3.5MBSave changes only 56K bps modem10 minutes3 seconds 500K bps DSL70 seconds<1 second

29 Simplified Branch Server Management New Print Management Console (PMC) in R2 With PMC, branch servers can easily be print servers because they are remotely manageable on a 1-to-many basis Enabling Technologies: Print Role Printers Node Servers Node

30 DFS  Setting up and Securing DFS demonstration demonstration

31 Active Directory Federation Services UNIX Identity Management Distributed File System Centralized File and Print Consoles File Server Resource Manager Storage Manager for SANs Enterprise Edition licensing change Identity Management Branch Office Storage Management Virtualization

32 Efficient Storage Management Storage growth estimates: % per year Managing storage growth effectively is a challenge –Direct Attached Storage (DAS) solutions have limitations –Storage Area Network (SAN) solutions can be complex –Few IT professionals are storage experts: 35% of SMBs have moved from DAS to SAN 40% of SMBs are considering moving to SAN Costs of managing storage can be 10x the cost of storage Process of consolidating File Servers/Storage is involving –Complex and error prone –Potential disruption to end users The Challenges of Storage Today

33 Efficient Storage Management Windows Server 2003 R2 Storage Management (FSRM) (SMFS) Capacity Management Policy Management File Screening Quota Management Configuration Management File Server Resource Manager Storage Manager for SANs Disk provisioning Disk management

34 Efficient Storage Management Capacity Management –Determine existing storage capacity usage across the organization –Determine whether usage effectively supports organizational goals –Define and implement storage policies –Adjust the policies as capacity needs grow and as organization needs change Policy Management –No easy way to control the type of data stored on file servers –Unwanted content must be identified manually Quota Management –User home directories often grow quickly causing servers to run out of space –Departmental shares can also grow unexpectedly –Administrators are only aware of storage crises when the server is already out of space FSRM: Administrator Challenges

35 Efficient Storage Management Capacity Management –Identify where storage capacity is used inefficiently –Identify mechanisms to prevent future capacity misuse –Monitor usage patterns and utilization levels Policy Management –Eliminate non-business files and improve storage utilization while reducing management costs –Implement policies to restrict unauthorized files in order to limit legal exposure –Promote a culture of accountability Quota Management –Control the amount of space used for a folder or share and limit its impact on server utilization –Monitor disk space usage growth per volume, folder, or share –Slow down storage growth FSRM: User Scenarios and Benefits

36 Efficient Storage Management FSRM: Capacity Management Functionality –Predefined and configurable storage capacity reporting Predefined reports for ease of use Configurable reports for fine tuning to specific server environments Predefined Large files Most/least recently used Files by owner Files by file group Duplicate files Quota usage File screen audit Export report Configurable Multiple volumes Multiple folders or shares –Multiple report formats –Generate reports at scheduled intervals (e.g. off-hours) –Save reports locally or send to users via –Support for clustered configurations

37 Efficient Storage Management Functionality –Applies to a folder tree or volume –Screening rules Based on file groups Apply to all user files in the folder File screening settings can be saved in template –Passive and active screening supported –Screening events recorded in audit log –Same set of notification as quotas –File system interoperability Only NTFS volumes are supported Usage is tracked in real time Only volumes with screening configuration are monitored Screening is based on file name patterns (*.mp3, FY04*) –Self-consistent volume configuration –Cluster support FSRM: Policy Management (File Screening)

38 Efficient Storage Management Functionality –Quotas limit the size of a directory tree or a volume –Quota applies to all users files in directory –Limit can be soft or hard –File system interoperability Only NTFS volumes are supported Usage is tracked in real time, failing I/Os at hard limit Only volumes with quota configuration are monitored Quota usage is charged based on disk size Support for special files –Compressed, sparse, named streams, hard links, reparse points –Multiple notification thresholds at configurable quota utilization levels –Self-consistent volume configuration Quota settings travel with volume (SAN, hot-pluggable disks) Cluster support FSRM: Quota Management

39 Storage Management  Quotas and reporting  File Screening demonstration demonstration

40 Active Directory Federation Services UNIX Identity Management Distributed File System Centralized File and Print Consoles File Server Resource Manager Storage Manager for SANs Enterprise Edition licensing change Identity Management Branch Office Storage Management Virtualization

41 Change: Windows Server 2003 R2 Licensing Multiple instances per license for EE Windows Server 2003 R2 Standard EditionWindows Server 2003 R2 Enterprise Edition Server A 5 licenses for WS 2003 R2 STD –Each license allows user to run 1 instance in a physical or virtual OS environment on licensed server –Same rule applies to WS 2003 (STD and EE) 1 license for Virtual Server Server A 1 license for WS 2003 R2 EE –Run 1 instance in a physical OS environment on licensed server –Run up to 4 instances in virtual OS environments on licensed server –Run instances of STD in place of EE in virtual OS environments 1 license for Virtual Server

42 Windows Server Virtualization Licensing Current Rights: For each SW license, you may install and use 1 copy of the software on 1 device New Use Rights: 1.License by Running Instances –Customer pays for what they use 2.Enhanced Virtual Use Rights in Windows Server 2003 R2 Enterprise –1 Physical Instance and up to 4 virtual –Enables Flexible Deployment –Supports Common Enterprise Scenarios (Server Consolidation, Application Isolation, etc) 1 install = 1 license SAN or file server w/ many images Servers (i.e. devices) Multiple instances per device Edition Virtual Instances ChannelPrice Standard1 AllUnchanged Enterprise4 AllUnchanged Datacenter 1 per ProcOEMUnchanged

43 Summary Windows Server 2003 R2 –Principal Scenarios Identity and Access Management Efficient Storage Management Simplified Branch Server Management Cost-Effective Virtualization –UNIX Interoperability

44 Editions and Features FeaturesStandard EditionEnterprise EditionDatacenter Edition File Server Resource Manager√√√ Storage Manager for SANs√√√ Active Directory Federation Services (ADFS)√√ ADFS Proxy√√ ADFS Web Agents√√√ Active Directory Application Mode√√√ Distributed File System – Replication with Remote Differential Compression √√√ Distributed File System – Cross-File Remote Differential Compression* √* Print Management Console√√√ Microsoft Management Console 3.0√√√ Windows SharePoint Services V2 SP2√√√.NET Framework 2.0√√√ Subsystem for UNIX Applications√√√ UNIX Interop (NIS Server, Password Sync, NFS Admin, etc) √√√ x64 Availability√√√ WS-Management√√√ * Only one of the replication partners is required to be an Enterprise Edition or Datacenter Edition

45 © 2005 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. This presentation is for informational purposes only. Microsoft makes no warranties, express or implied, in this summary. All other trademarks are property of their respective owners. The names of actual companies and products mentioned herein may be the trademarks of their respective owners. Bruce Cowper IT Pro Advisor Microsoft Canada Blogs.TechNet.com/brucecowper


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