Presentation on theme: "Chapter 16 Nouns and Pronouns. Student Objectives for the Day Complete Journal Prompt #2. Complete Vocabulary Words of the Week. Introduction and discussion."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 16 Nouns and Pronouns
Student Objectives for the Day Complete Journal Prompt #2. Complete Vocabulary Words of the Week. Introduction and discussion to Chapter 16, Section 1 with accompanying exercises.
Journal Prompt #2 Do you believe in love at first sight? Explain. (20 minutes)
Vocabulary of the Week Mon., Aug. 19, to Fri., Aug. 23, 2013 Please define each and use in a sentence. –accentuate –bamboozle –pulverize –recede –guru
Introduction to CH16.S1 Interest GrabberInterest Grabber –[Person] went to [place] to find a [thing] because [person] believed in [idea, action, condition, or quality]. –What do the words in the brackets have in common? They’re NOUNS!
What are nouns? Definition: A noun is a word that names a person, place, or thing. –Do ‘things’ only apply to physical things? No, it includes ideas, actions, conditions, and qualities. See examples on page 342. –What are the types of nouns? Common and proper nouns Collective nouns Compound nouns
Let’s try an exercise. Identify the four nouns. Label each as a person, place, or thing. scientist thorax eat technician forest direct
Collective Nouns Definition: Collective nouns name groups of people or things. –Examples: swarm, herd, family –Are collective nouns the same as plural nouns? No, they are not always plural. Example: Family is a collective noun; plural form is families.
Compound Nouns Definition: A compound noun is a noun that is made up of more than one word. –Three types of compound nouns: Separated; hyphenated; combined –Let’s try an exercise: Review Exercise 2 on page 343 (3 min).
Common and Proper Nouns Definition: A common noun names any one of a class of people, places, or things. A proper noun names a specific person, place, or thing. –Simply put, proper nouns are capitalized; common nouns are not. Let’s try Exercise 3 on page 344 together.
Objectives for the Day Review and correct homework “CH16.S1 Nouns Practice #1”. CH16.S1 Quiz based on Nouns Introduction to CH16.S2 (Pronouns)
Interest Grabber Sabrina unpacked Sabrina’s computer. Sabrina plugged the computer in and turned the computer on. Sabrina heard the computer make a noise. Sabrina unpacked her computer. She plugged the computer in and turned it on. She heard it make a noise.
Pronouns Definition: A pronoun is a word that stands for nouns or for words that take the place of nouns. –It avoids clumsy repetition. –Like the repetition of nouns, you wouldn’t to do so with pronouns. Let’s go back to that interest grabber… Antecedents are nouns for which pronouns stand.
Recognizing Antecedents Carnivals have varied their images over time. Carnival Many carnivals developed from festivals in Europe that were held every year. festivals They included markets where merchants sold their wares. merchants
Classification of Pronouns What are personal pronouns? –Refer to the person speaking (1 st person) –The person spoken to (2 nd person) –The person, place, or thing spoken about (3 rd person)
Identify the personal pronoun and its antecedent. Keiko and her family went to the carnival in the city this weekend. her - Keiko Her father went straight toward the Ferris wheel. Her - Keiko He told them that the first Ferris wheel was built by George W.G. Ferris. He – father; them - family
Reflexive and Intensive Pronouns Reflexive –Ends in –self or –selves and indicates that someone or something performs an action to, for, or upon itself. Intensive –Ends in –self or –selves and simply adds emphasis to a noun or pronoun in the same sentence.
Distinguishing between Reflexive and Intensive Pronouns Mardi Gras itself has become an event. Itself - intensive It was originally intended to allow people to enjoy themselves before a time of fasting. Themselves - reflexive If you yourself have ever attended one, you know it is a week-long celebration. Yourself - intensive
Demonstrative, Relative, and Interrogative Pronouns Demonstrative –Directs attention to specific people, places, or things; that (those); this (these) Relative –Begins a subordinate clause and connects it to another idea in the sentence; that, which, who, whom, whose Interrogative –Used to begin a question; what, which, who whom, whose
Recognizing Demonstrative, Relative, and Interrogative Pronouns What is the history of the carnival? What; interrogative This is celebrated in many Roman Catholic countries. This; demonstrative Carnival has origins that are obscure. That; relative
Indefinite Pronouns Definition: Indefinite pronouns refer to people, places, or things, often without specifying which ones. –S–See table on page 353.
Recognizing Indefinite Pronouns MMany throughout the world know of the carnival in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. MMany MMost of the carnival centers on the samba, Brazilian dance music. MMost TThe carnival tradition is one rooted in the history of Brazil – rhythms from African slaves and cultural touches from Portugal. oone