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MUNICIPAL FINANCIAL VIABILITY Municipal Managers Network 28 February 2011.

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Presentation on theme: "MUNICIPAL FINANCIAL VIABILITY Municipal Managers Network 28 February 2011."— Presentation transcript:

1 MUNICIPAL FINANCIAL VIABILITY Municipal Managers Network 28 February 2011

2 State of municipal finances presented to 2009 Budget Forum 2010 Budget Forum submissions − Review of the LG Fiscal Framework − Understanding Outstanding Municipal Debtors − Local Business Tax 2011 Division of Revenue Act Other matters of interest Overview

3 The outcome of this session is to confirm the challenges, provide evidence and guide the process for resolution of these issues Objective

4 State of Municipal Finances Background SALGA developed own database containing data on municipal AFS, AO, service delivery and economic profiles, information on CFOs. Analysis of 2007 and 2008 financial performance and service delivery presented to the 2009 Budget Forum focused on the following criteria: CriteriaBasis of Assessment Service Delivery  Settlement characteristics  Extent of backlogs for key services  Identification of whether additional financial resources are required Finances  Sufficiency of own revenue sources  Sufficiency of government grants  Efficiency of expenditure  Key financial ratios Financial Management  Audit report findings  Capacitation assessment

5 Cat. Municipal Sub-categories Included Typical Attributes S1A (metros) and aspirant metros Dominated by a large urban (city) centre S2 Secondary cities, large regional town and small towns Larger and smaller towns typically surrounded by commercial farm land S3 Mostly rural with no significant urban centre Mostly tradition rural areas, with little formal urban economy S4 Districts which are not water services authorities The districts for the S1s (non metropolitan), S2 and S3s S5 C2 districts which are water services authorities The districts for the S3s In enabling comparisons to be made it was important that certain common classifications had to be made and utilised The above categorisation was used commonly throughout the exercise and was also used the emphasis the differentiation between the municipalities and provinces State of Municipal Finances Background

6 Municipalities that have a small number of households but the formal urban component is relatively small face viability challenges Conversely municipalities with high number of rural households and/or informal settlements tend to have high levels of poverty and high backlogs of services Rural municipalities have limited revenue raising opportunities because of the level of backlogs. Unable to generate revenue from the rendering of services Lack of densification in a rural environment impacts on economies of scale in delivering services It is unlikely that backlogs can be eliminated in the short-term with finances available to municipalities Settlement characteristics have a significant impact on municipal finances Service delivery challenges have a significant impact on municipal finances State of Municipal Finances Service Delivery

7 Rural municipalities and district municipalities receive substantial government grants (in respect of districts, replacement of RSC levies) Metros, aspirant metros and secondary cities have balanced revenue mixes Revenue self sufficiency and government grants Spending profiles of rural municipalities not easily ascertained from annual financial statements. High, other categories Roles and functions of rural municipalities and districts not clear Expenditure likely to come under increased pressure with high input costs post 2008, eg. Water and electricity costs Expenditure efficiencies State of Municipal Finances Finances (1)

8 Criteria Large and aspirant metropolitan cities Secondary cities, large regional and peri-urban towns Rural municipalities District municipalities for the peri- urban municipalities District municipalities for the rural municipalities Average rates revenue per household R2 612R1 160R128Not applicable Average revenue self- sufficiency 84%75%28%31%20% Government grants to total operating revenue 21%25%68%62%79% Operating revenue per household R14 349R7 743R2 017Not applicable Operating expenditure per household R13 034R7 060R2 014Not applicable Outcomes of revenue self sufficiency and grants State of Municipal Finances Finances (2)

9 Generally financial position is strong  18 municipalities technically insolvent  Significant financial variances in the rural municipalities Borrowing levels generally low but secondary cities and rural municipalities have the potential to borrow (assessment done on an individual basis) to supplement capital financing Generally cash flow strong Financial ratios characteristics State of Municipal Finances Financial Management Financial management issues National issues to take into account: -  Depth of audit reporting – recommend improvements to assist better understanding of underlying causes  GRAP accounting standards simplification – particularly around fair valuing and complex issues  Better understanding of the linkage between financial viability and audit qualifications Municipalities to consider leadership, local SCOPA and governance

10  SALGA made submissions to the Budget Forum with the objective of engaging national and provincial stakeholders on the following areas: –The Review of the LG Fiscal Framework Need for differentiation between municipalities The Expenditure assignment of LG The Revenue assignment of LG LG’s share of nationally raised revenue (Vertical Division of Revenue) The Local Government Equitable Share Infrastructure Funding and Borrowing Conditional Grants to LG –Understanding Outstanding Municipal Debtors Nature and extent of debt owed to municipalities Why debt has grown over the last 6 years? What proportion of the debt is realistically recoverable? –Local Business Tax Work-in-progress towards application to Minister of Finance 2010 Budget Forum Background

11 Differentiation A commonly accepted categorization of municipalities should be developed and be used to review roles and functions of certain categories of municipalities, in amending the Local Government Equitable Share formula and in targeting certain conditional grants. Expenditure Assignment Finalisation of the Provincial and Local Government Policy review, initiated by COGTA in July 2007, restructuring of the electricity distribution industry. Housing accreditation. Funding arrangements for the National Land Transport Act. The local government fiscal review should ensure that issues around unfunded mandates are resolved. Some unfunded mandates have already been costed (such as library services in the Western Cape and Ethekwini). Others should still be quantified. FFC research currently. Studies should be conducted into the accurate long term costs of municipal service delivery, which can vary substantially across municipalities in different service delivery contexts. LG Fiscal Framework Review (1)

12 Revenue Assignment Ways should be explored to extend the general fuel level sharing approach across more municipalities beyond just the metros, exploring the viability of also utilising other bases such as transfer duties Implementation of a Local Business Tax should be expedited. Replacement of RSC levy replacement grant for district municipalities by a suitable revenue- raising instrument Implementation of good practice municipal taxes and surcharges ClassificationAverage GVA per capita Average rates revenue per household Metros 39,686 2,612 Secondary cities 22,854 1,189 Rural municipalities 4, Disparity in Fiscal Capacity - GVA (2004) LG Fiscal Framework Review (2)

13 Vertical Division of Revenue There should be a systematic review of baselines to ensure that: –revenue allocations to local government as a whole are congruent with its full range of developmental and service delivery responsibilities –and the vertical share of local government meets the increasing demand for municipal services This should be coupled with efforts to build the capacity of weaker municipalities to spend efficiently and effectively LG Fiscal Framework Review (3)

14 Local Government Equitable Share Increase institutional capacity support to smaller and mainly rural municipalities Activate the development component of the LGES formula should be reviewed The Basic Services component needs to be expanded to include other services Review the poverty line that is currently at R800 total monthly household income Infrastructure funding and borrowing The extent of rehabilitation backlogs should be quantified. Funding should be set aside for refurbishment and upgrade of existing infrastructure. Own-revenue sources (e.g. Local Business Tax) is essential to allow borrowing Conditional Grants There is no reporting on non-financial achievements and limited awareness of grants SALGA concerned that review of grant baselines are not informed by proper research. The FFC has made various important recommendations to government in Capacity development programs should be aligned to each stage of the developmental transition of municipalities – more effective use and to be more consultative LG Fiscal Framework Review (4)

15 SALGA recommendations to the Budget Forum: Supports the rapid implementation of a more comprehensive review of all the elements of the municipal fiscal framework over the medium term. Brings speedily to closure a number of protracted national processes –Policy review –Electricity distribution restructuring (post EDI dissolution) –Single public service –Housing accreditation of municipalities and the funding of the new Land Transport Act Appoints an independent commission to arrive at long term solutions, ensuring maximum stakeholder participation and transparency LG Fiscal Framework Review (5)

16 The objective of this submission to the Budget Forum was to present to the Minister of finance the complexity of municipal debt and proposals to address it The submission covered the following: 1. Nature and extent of debt owed to municipalities What is the composition of the debt? Why has debt grown from approx R30bn to R56bn over 6 years? What portion of debt is realistically recoverable? 2. Proposals to address Challenges How to contain the growth in Debtors What can National Treasury and other stakeholders do 3. Concluding comments Issues to be agreed between SALGA & National Treasury for action Understanding Municipal Debtors (1)

17 Composition of debt - Debtor’s by Income Source Revenue Source R%R % Water Tariffs Electricity Tariffs Rates (Property Rates) Sewerage / Sanitation Tariffs Refuse Removal Tariffs Housing (Rental Income) RSC Levies Other Total by Revenue Source Understanding Municipal Debtors (2)

18 Composition of Debt - Debtors Profile by Customer Type Debtors Profiles R%R% Government Business Households Other Total Understanding Municipal Debtors (3)

19 Nature and Extent of debt owed to municipalities Focus on metros and secondary cities will address 75% of total debt and medium and small towns should also get some focused attention (proportionally) Household and Other debt customer types require more focus Water, Other and property rates are the income sources that require most focus Insufficient detailed data and non-uniformity of data parameters leaves gaps in analysis of debt Interest component is complex and unclear Inconsistent reporting (some only report from 120 days or less) Most municipalities (using IAS 36/39) recognise revenue for indigents and FBS – resulting in this increasing debtors provisions (non implementation of Grap 9) Understanding Municipal Debtors (3)

20 Different accounting treatments for indigents (fbs) Rates and services rendered on credit Not impaired – revenue and debtor recognised in full Only where there is an indigent consumer IAS 36/39: Recognise revenue/debtors at transactional value. Impair through a provision Don’t recognise the revenue as it is not probable that Municipality will receive revenue (GRAP 9) Impact on debtors – debtors’ high but provision for bad debts also high Impact on debtors – no debtor recognised DebtorsRXXXX Provision-(RXX) Net debtorsRXXX Increases debtors’ balances outstanding as provision ignored Understanding Municipal Debtors (5)

21 Property Municipal Billing System Line Department NationalProvincial Department of Public works NationalProvincial Understanding Municipal Debtors (4) Government Property Rates Accounts

22 Why has debt grown from R30-R56bn over 6 years? 1.100% collection rate not possible because services provided to the poor and other practicalities (eg. national policies of providing services to all, business liquidations). Debtors’ balances will grow annually as a result 2.Challenges to data integrity and incorrect billing remains a problems 3.Accounting treatment and reporting not uniform … treatment of equitable share – reported debt may be growing 4.Balance sheet impact of debt – manifests ito surpluses but not realisable as cash therefore contributing to cash flow crisis (paper surplus) 5.Insufficient and insignificant bad debt write-off 6.Interest on debt is growing – adding interest to irrecoverable balances merely increases the amount outstanding Understanding Municipal Debtors (6)

23 1.That the Budget Forum mandates NT to: a)Include revenue recognition in the Budget Reforms b)Use Net Debtors (instead of Gross) for reporting purposes because the financial effect is more realistic. (R56bn vs R33bn) c)Implement GRAP 9 (revenue recognition on services to the poor as well as raising interest) to ensure that revenue that will not be recovered is not recognized at all d)Encourage implementation of accounting standards on debtors’ impairments e)Provide guidelines to outline writing off irrecoverable debt 2.That the Budget Forum encourage support be given to municipalities for better debtors’ and customer profiling 3.That NT and Public Works establish a task team to simplify billing and payments for government-owned properties (government debt) and update asset registers. Recommendations to Budget Forum Understanding Municipal Debtors (7)

24 SALGA submitted a proposal to introduce a local business tax as a second general tax revenue source for local governments to the Budget Forum in October Several Metro Councils in partnership with SALGA have initiated a project to prepare formal applications in terms of the Municipal Fiscal Powers & Functions Act (2007) (MFPFA) to introduce a local business tax for economic infrastructure and services. SALGA presented work-in-progress on the application to the 2010 Budget Forum. It is envisaged that a formal application will be submitted to the Minister of Finance later this year Budget Forum Local Business Tax

25 LG’s share of nationally raised revenue increased slightly to 8.7% from 8.2% in 2010/11. Tight fiscus reduced growth in LGES to 8.3% p.a. over 2011 MTEF (9.3%, 2008 MTEF) −Concern as bulk prices and number of indigents have increased −However, smaller municipalities receive more for institutional capacity Infrastructure transfers increase 9.7% p.a. over 2011 MTEF (8%, 2008 MTEF) ­ Higher growth in infrastructure transfers than LGES imply more pressure on repairs and maintenance ­ Faster growth mainly result of Urban Settlements Development Grant (Housing + MIG (Cities) allocations) ­ Other Concerns:  Neighbourhood Development Grant reduction - poses challenges to some cities that have already planned certain projects;  Electricity Demand-side Management Grant reaches final year in 2011/12 and SALGA will work together with DoE to motivate for extension  An unallocated Municipal Disaster Grant is a new grant to make funding immediately available following disasters. It will be administered by the National Disaster Management Centre in CoGTA  The Rural Transport and Infrastructure Grant has been increased to improve data collection on the condition of rural roads to inform better planning and delivery of projects 2011 DoRA Transfers to LG (1)

26 2011 DoRA Transfers to LG

27 SALGA are involved in other areas in municipal finance, including: Accounting Standards –Assess cost and capacity for compliance (esp Grap 17) - lobby for differentiated accounting standards Budget Weeks – SALGA workshops on financial management and sharing of good practices on revenue management and audit improvements Councillor Training – develop targeted training for Mayors, MMC: Finance, MPACs and ordinary councillors. Municipal Property Rates Act Amendment – Develop a position paper and engage the parliamentary processes Budgeting and payment of audit fees –Municipalities urged to cost audit fees with approved audit plan and if amount exceeds 1% to expenditure apply to NT Policy and Legislation review –Credit control and debt management policies –MFMA review – future focus Other matters of interest interest

28 Audit Outcomes 2008/09 (1) Overall improvement in audit outcomes, however: –Disclaimers and Adverse opinions have decline from 41% to 29% and 6% to 3% respectively. –While there is improvement there remain a high number of unqualified audits with matters of emphasis. –Audits outcomes however do not address:  The adequacy of the funding of the municipal budget;  The allocative efficiency of the municipality’s spending priorities;  The quality of the municipality’s revenue management capabilities;  The effectiveness of municipal spending; and  The sustainability of the municipality’s capital budget and debt burden.

29 Audit Outcomes 2008/09 (3) SALGA will support further improvements in line with AG recommendations: –Encourage training of Councillors and senior municipal officials to establish adequate leadership and oversight; –Assist with establishment of effective governance arrangements through support of MPACs and DAFFs; –Continuous engagement with national stakeholders to make available appropriate financial resources, personnel and systems for municipalities to improve audit outcomes.

30 2010 LG projects: Measuring the efficiency of local government expenditures: an FDH analysis of a sample of South African municipalities Estimating the factors that influence municipal expenditures Municipal consumer debt in South Africa Estimating the economic and fiscal costs of inappropriate land use patterns Climate change and environmental sustainability in urban areas Budget and spending performance of local government Possible 2011 projects: Estimating municipal fiscal capacity Gender dynamics in local government Environmental sustainability in rural areas Exploring service delivery options and strategies for local government Deriving cost functions to inform subsidies in the LGES formula Assessing the human capital constraints in local government Developing indices to assess municipal budgets FFC Research


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