Presentation on theme: "Contents • What will Himawari-8/9 bring to us? • Development of Products • Preparation of launch and operation of Himawari-8 • Data Dissemination."— Presentation transcript:
0 Status of Next Generation Japanese Geostationary Meteorological Satellites Himawari-8/9 and their ProductsKotaro BESSHO, Meteorological Satellite CenterTenth Annual Symposium on New Generation Operational Environmental Satellite Systems, Atlanta, Georgia, 4 February 2014
1 Contents• What will Himawari-8/9 bring to us? • Development of Products • Preparation of launch and operation of Himawari-8 • Data Dissemination
2 What will Himawari-8/9 bring to us? Upgrade of number of channels Upgrade of spatial and temporal resolutionsB/W TVHD TVNext, I’ll talk about Product development.JMA/MSC is developing these products for Himawari-8.Cloud productAMVVolcanic ash productAnd Aerosol Product.現在、JMAは次のプロダクトの開発を行っています。2
3 Specification of Himawari-8/9 Imager (AHI) 3VISIR1IR2IR3IR4MTSAT-1R/2Similar to ABI for GOES-RBandWavelength[μｍ]SpatialResolution10.461Km20.5130.640.5Km40.8651.62Km62.373.986.297.0107.3118.6129.61310.41411.21512.31613.3True Color ImageRGB bandCompositedWater vaporAtmosphericWindowsSO2O3CO20.51 μm(Band 2) instead of ABI’s 1.38 μmProducts and ApplicationsVolcanic AshGlobal Instability IndexNowcastingTyphoon AnalysisAtmospheric Motion VectorClear Sky RadianceSea Surface TemperatureYellow SandsSnow and Ice Coverage
4 IR image difference of spatial resolution 2km for H-8/9 4km for MTSAT赤外の空間分解能が2kmになるとNOAA、AVHRRから作成。可視は画像なし。4
5 AHI will scan all sectors within 10 minutes Full diskInterval : 10 minutes (6 times per hour)23 swathRegion 1 JAPAN (North-East)Interval : 2.5 minutes (4 times in 10minutes)Dimension : EW x NS: 2000 x 1000 km2 swathRegion 1NE-JAPANRegion 2SW-JAPANRegion 2 JAPAN (South-West)Interval : 2.5 minutes (4 times in 10minutes)Dimension : EW x NS: 2000 x 1000 km2 swathRegion 3TyphoonRegion 3 TyphoonInterval : 2.5 minutes (4 times in 10minutes)Dimension : EW x NS: 1000 x 1000 km2 swathRegion 4Land markRegion 5Land markRegion 4 Land markInterval : 0.5 minutes (20 times in 10minutes)Dimension : EW x NS: 1000 x 500 km1 swathRegion 5 Land markInterval : 0.5 minutes (20 times in 10minutes) Dimension : EW x NS: 1000 x 500 km1 swath
6 MTSAT-1R Rapid Scan every 10 min Australia on 1 Oct. 2013 赤外の空間分解能が2kmになるとNOAA、AVHRRから作成。可視は画像なし。6
7 Weather Satellite Revolution toward the New Era of Development of products of Himawari-8/9 AHIWeather Satellite Revolutiontowardthe New EraofMesoscale Satellite MeteorologyHigher resolutionSpatial: km -> 0.5km for a VIS channel km -> 2 km for IR channels Temporal: hr -> 10 min for a full disk scan min for limited areasIncreased observation channelsVIS: 1 -> bandsIR : 4 -> 13 bandsExamples of expected new/enhanced products- Cloud Products- Atmospheric Motion Vectors (AMVs) - Aerosol (Dust) / Volcanic AshSevere weather monitoring/ nowcastingNumerical predictionVolcano eruption Ash area detectionClimate change monitoringYellow sand/ dust stormSolar energy monitoring7
8 We greatly appreciate kind cooperation of NOAA/NESDIS and EUMETSAT. International Cooperation for developments ofCloud Product, AMV and Volcanic ash productsNov Look Up Table (LUT) and software for Volcanic Ash retrieval wasprovided from EUMETSAT.Jan JMA invited scientists from EUMETSAT and UK Met Office.Dr. Hans-Joachim Lutz (EUMETSAT)Dr. Régis Borde (EUMETSAT)Dr. Peter Francis (UK Met Office)Feb JMA invited scientist from NOAA/NESDISDr. Andrew Heidinger (NOAA/NESDIS)Dr. Mike Pavolonis (NOAA/NESDIS)April-May 2013 JMA/MSC scientist visited EUMETSAT for the development ofOCA and AMV.Mr. Masahiro Hayashi (JMA/MSC)March 2014 JMA will invite scientists from NOAA/NESDIS for Volcanic ashproduct.March 2014 JMA scientists will visit EUMETSAT to discuss cloud analysisproduct and AMV.We greatly appreciate kind cooperation of NOAA/NESDIS and EUMETSAT.
9 Transition of Operational Satellites 2005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017201820192020202120222023202420252026202720282029MTSAT-1RMeteorological MissionMTSAT-2Himawari-8Himawari-9In-orbit standbyOperationalManufacturingLaunchJMA plans to launch Himawari-8 in 2014 and begin its operation in 2015.The launch of Himawari-9 for in-orbit standby is scheduled inHimawari-8/9 will be in operation around 140 degrees East covering the East Asia and Western Pacific regions for 15 years.
10 Appearance of Himawari-8/9 DS-2000AHI (Advanced Himawari Imager)UHF-band AntennaKu-band AntennaStar TrackerImager BenchKa-band AntennaSpace Environment Data Acquisition Monitor (SEDA)Solar Array Panel
11 MSC Web Page for Himawari-8/9 Information MSC website top pageDetails of AHI
12 Himawari-8/9: Technical Information To support research and development of products based on Himawari-8/9,Himawari Standard Data Format and Sample dataSimulation data generated using a radiative transfer model are also available on JMA website.Estimated Spectral Response Functions (SRFs) of AHI are available on JMA website.
13 Himawari-8/9: Data Distribution/Dissemination Commercial Telecommunication Satellite (CTS)New equipment needs to be installed.HRIT files, …(TBD)raw dataC-band (4 GHz)DVB-S2C-band antennaCTS Operator(c)LNBCloud Service(a)Internet/ SINET4DVB-S2 receiverJMAUsersAll imagery(full resolution data)(b)ArchiveServerOperated by Japanese Science GroupPC & softwareTargetCloud Service: National Meteorological and Hydrological ServicesArchive Server: ResearchersCTS: Everyone in the East Asia and Western Pacific regions
14 JMA has strong international cooperative relations for new satellites. SummaryHimawari-8/9 will bring us Revolution, “Mesoscale Satellite Meteorology”.JMA has strong international cooperative relations for new satellites.Preparation of launch and operation of Himawari-8 is on going.We will just do it!!14
19 Equipment to receive imagery via a CTS Tentative!Needed equipmentC-band antennaLNBDVB-S2 receiverPC & softwareRequired/recommended specificationsEstimated cost (US$)C-band antennaDish type with a diameter of 1.2 – 2.4 m1,500 – 9,000Low-noise block (LNB)Standard-performance type600 or lessDVB-S2* receiverStandard-performance type such as Novra S300, Comtech EF DATA CMR-5975 or Advantech S40201,500 – 3,000Software for DVB acquisition and processingKenCast Fazzt standard software900 or less* DVB-S2: Digital Video Broadcasting – Satellite – Second Generation (a digital video broadcast standard)NotesHRIT imagery can be displayed on a PC using a set of software modules for data processing and visualization.Construction of dish antenna foundations and wiring work for antenna-PC connection are required for installation of the above equipment.The diameter of a dish antenna depends on its geographical location and the footprint of the commercial telecommunication satellite to be used by JMA.