2Conditions: Given a classroom delivered lecture Action: ID the roles and responsibilities of the Major Intelligence Sections in the SBCT.Conditions: Given a classroom delivered lectureStandards: Successfully Understand the section roles and tasks necessary to provide the enemy red picture into the COP
3Paradigm Shift OLD Paradigm NEW Paradigm “Movement to contact, make contact, develop the situation (in contact), maneuver (in contact) to a point in time and space of advantage, conduct counterattack . . .”OLD Paradigm“Understand the situation, maneuver the force to a point and time of our choosing, make contact with the adversary . . .”NEW Paradigm
4How Does the CDR Understand The Situation? That’s Our Job As Intelligence Professionals
6BDE & BN S2 ShopsThe S2 at all levels provides Situational Awareness of the threat, terrain, and weather to the commander and staff.The S2 assists the commander in synchronizing intelligence with the ISR integration effort. (If you don’t do your job; your boss will)Intelligence capabilities available to the unit + S2s understanding of the threat = intelligence products & recommendations to the commander. Over 200 MI positions = tremendous capability)The S2 also exercises staff responsibility for intelligence training.Digital systems training and functions training are both important
7BDENo Dedicated Ops Officer or Planner but plenty of Ops and planning to doKey is to organize S2 staff and use the ISR Analysis and ISR Integration Platoons to help meet mission requirementsThe staff is responsible for producing intelligence that depicts the current threat situation and predicts future threat objectives, capabilities, and COAs.Synchronization and collaboration is mandatory in order to plan, prepare, execute, and assess brigade’s ISR operations
8BDE Intelligence Staff - Translates Cdr’s intent, concept of ops, and PIR into Intel guidance- Supervises and directs all MI ops- Focuses and integrates ISR planningProvides Cdr and staff with assessment of threat capability and intentionsS2 Operations- Maintains threat portion of the current sit overlay and Intel portion of the BCT’s COP- Collaborates with subordinate S2s on Intel productsControls dissemination of Intel to higher- Pulls higher current situation overlays- Collaborates and integrates with Bde ISR analysis and Bde S2- Loads relevant overlays- Displays predictive analysisMaintains enemy situation overlayS2 PlansOrchestrates IPB in support of MDMPCollaborates with subordinate S2s on Intel productsDevelops and Wargames Threat COAsIntegrates ISR planning into MDMPMonitors synchronization of ISR assets with requirementsBde CP - S21 x 35D O Bde S21 x 35D O Assistant S21 x 350B W2 Sr Analyst1 x 11B E81 x 96B E Analyst1 x 96B E Analyst2 x 96B E Analyst2 x 96B E Analyst1 x 71L E4RWSRWSTAC CP1 x 35D O3 Battle CPT1 x 96B E6 AnalystNot sure if we want to discuss this one… Thoughts?ASAS-L
9S2 SENIOR INTELLIGENCE OFFICER The S2 ensures the brigade’s complex ISR operations satisfy the CCIR, specifically the commander’s PIR, and those of his subordinates.The S2, together with the S3, helps the commander coordinate, integrate, and supervise the execution of ISR plans and operations.The S2 is also responsible for providing immediate intelligence support to subordinate unit commanders.The S2 advises the commander on the capabilities of organic ISR assets, EAB intelligence collection capabilities, and the intelligence architectureThe S2 assists the commander on focusing and integrating these assets and resources to satisfy the intelligence requirements of the brigade.
10BDE Intelligence Staff General ObservationsISR management in MI CompanyRobust collection capability is plans/synchronization intensiveClose integration between MI Company and S2 OPS/Plans CriticalClose integration between S2X into ISR planClose integration between S2X and analysis platoon within MI CompanyLimited SASO digital graphics & analysis capability in ABCSLimited bandwidth between BDE and BN TOCsNot sure if we want to discuss this one… Thoughts?
11Specific S2 Responsibilities Provide situation development,Target development and support to targeting, and I&W,Support to BDA, support to Force Protection.Assessments of threat capabilities, intentions, and COAs as they relate to the brigade and its mission.Identify gaps in intelligence and advise the commander on developing collection strategies.Disseminate intelligence products throughout the brigade.Answer RFIs from subordinate commanders, staffs, and higher and adjacent units.Coordinate the brigade’s intelligence requirements with EABs.
12S2 OperationsThe S2 operations team is responsible for threat situation development and presentation.The S2 operations team focuses on the threat activity and environment within the brigade’s AO and AOI that affect the current operation.The S2 operations team uses automated tools to continuously integrate information and intelligence products from subordinate battalion S2s and supporting ISR organizations to update the threat situation.This situation assessment forms the threat portion of the brigade COP. The S2 operations team assists the S2 in tracking threat COAs and alerting the commander to changes to predicted threat COAs, capabilities, or intentions.Where does this information come from?
13Ops Team Responsibilities Develop the current threat situation graphic.Present the current threat situation and projected threat COAs.Assist in identifying opportunities for friendly branches and sequels by monitoring the current threat situation and identifying when the planning assumptions for the threat begin to diverge from the predicted COA.
14Ops Team Responsibilities Manage ISR operations within the brigade’s AOIR.
15Ops Team Responsibility RED COPHIGHERASASBDE S2JCDBEDCASASMI COJCDBEDCEDCEDCEDCS303 EOBSREPEDCJCDBASASCAVASASIN BNASASIN BNJCDBASASBN INJCDBJCDBS= 3A=MV NorthL=EN123456U=UIT=071200ZE=BMPK04.1FBCB2Maintain the intelligence portion of the brigade’s COP.Support the distributed and collaborative production of the EAB G2Control the dissemination of intelligence products from the brigade
16S2 PlansThe S2 plans team is responsible for threat COA development and wargaming.The S2 plans team Works with the S3 planner and other staff elements to plan for future operations using the MDMP.What Support ComesFrom the MI Company?
17Appreciation of historical data S2 PlansWARGAMING = ART + SCIENCEIntuitionExperienceCOMMANDERARTWargaming is still, however, a logical, step by step, analytical process.Appreciation of historical dataTechnical foundationSTAFFSCIENCERefines and presents threat COAs, as part of an integrated staffeffort, during mission analysis, COA development, and wargaming.
18S2 PlansWorks with the S3 planner to coordinate w RSTA Squadron for incorporation of RSTA ISR planning into the brigade’s overall ISR effort.Writes the Intelligence Annex (B) and the intelligence portions of the brigade OPORD.Coordinates with the MI Company for the development and publication of the intelligence estimate, collection matrix, and IEW synchronization matrix.Coordinates with the S2 operations team to ensure future COAs are reflected in the current situation.Wargames threat COAs against friendly COAs during staff planning and decision-making.Assists the brigade’s fires and effects coordination cell (FECC) by identifying threat HVTs and recommending potential HPTs for both lethal and non-lethal attack (to include offensive IO).
19S2XThe S2X is the principal advisor to the commander for all matters concerning the conduct of HUMINT and CI activities.The S2X provides oversight and technical support for all HUMINT and CI activities.He assists the brigade in developing the HUMINT and CI collection requirements.The S2X team consists of the S2X Officer, the HUMINT Operations Cell (HOC), and the Counterintelligence Coordinating Authority (CICA).
20S2XThe S2X team provides the expertise for the conduct of HUMINT and CI operations in the brigade’s AOIR.While the Cavalry Squadron (RSTA) and MI Company are responsible for tactical HUMINT collection and CI support within the brigade, the S2X team provides collection focus, technical support, and technical guidance.The S2X team Supports RM through developing HUMINT and CI specific IRs from the commander’s PIRs.Deconflicts and synchronizes all HUMINT and CI activities in the brigade’s AOI. (Lessons Learned: 3/2 had 10 additional THTs in its AOR)Assists the brigade and squadron commander in developing HUMINT and CI specific orders or requests (SORs) based on the integrated ISR plan.
21S2XCoordinates technical support as needed for the HUMINT and CI assets in the brigade’s AOI .Conducts analysis of HUMINT and CI reporting and provides input to the ISR Analysis Platoon.Oversees the source registry for the AOIR.Manages the Intelligence Contingency Fund (ICF) and source incentive program.Acts as system administrator for CI and HUMINT specific automation systems to ensure connectivity with higher and adjacent HUMINT and CI entities.
22BN Intelligence Staffs IN BN S2 Section x 31 x 35D O3 S21 x 35D O2 Ast S21 x 96B E7 SR Analyst1 x 96B E6 SR Analyst1 x 96B E5 Analyst1 x 96B E4 Analyst1 x 96B E3 AnalystSituational Awareness/ Situational Development/ ASAS-L- Pulls higher current situation overlays- Collaborates and integrates with Analysis Platoon and Bde S2- Loads relevant overlays- Executes continuous IPB- Maintains enemy situation overlay- Forwards sensor/unit reports to Bde S2ASAS-LASAS-LArtillery Bn S21 x 35D O3 S21 x 13Z E8 NCOIC1 x 96B E6 Analyst1 x 96B E4 Analyst/ DvrGeneral ObservationsMore robust capability to produce tailored productsNo change to organic collection capabilityGreater capability to establish a TACLimited hard copy graphic reproduction capabilityChallenges to provide digital graphic overlays remainNo SATCOMLimited multi-faction SSC digital supportChallenges remain with reaching full potential with ASAS (L) in ABCSASAS-LNot sure if we want to discuss this one… Thoughts?BSB S21 x 35D O3 Bn S2/S31 x 92A E81 x 54B E61 x 96B E5 Analyst1 x 96B E4 Analyst/ Dvr1 x 54B E4ASAS-L
23Get To Know Your Equipment D:\episode 09 - after church.mov
24COMPANY MISSIONON ORDER, THE ____ MILITARY INTELLIGENCE COMPANY DEPLOYS TO CONDUCT INTELLIGENCE, SURVEILLANCE AND RECONNAISSANCE ANALYSIS, INTEGRATION AND TACTICAL HUMINT INTELLIGENCE COLLECTION IN SUPPORT OF THE BRIGADE AND ITS SUBORDINATE COMMANDS ACROSS THE FULL RANGE OF MILITARY OPERATIONSCompany Touchstones:Deployable anywhere in the world within 96 hoursReceive raw data and reports and through analysis produce a clear understandable intelligence productResponsive to brigade and subordinate unit intelligence requirementsCapable of intelligence support to more than one battalion level mission
25Military Intelligence Company Battle CaptainMI73(6/6/58 MI MOS)SWO2O3 (AF)E5/6 (AF)COHQISRIntegrationCM/Platoon LeaderPara 1323Para 101 x 35D O-31 x 97E E81 x 92Y E51 x 35D O-21 x 96B E7Para 32Assistant S2XISRRequirementsS2XCGSPara 410Para 55Para 661 x 35D O-21 x 98C E61 x 96B E52 x 96B E42 x 96B E31 x 98C E51 x 98C E41 x 98C E31 x 35F O41 x 351B W21 x 351E W21 x 97B E41 x 97E E51 x 96H E61 x 96H E52 x 96H E42 x 96H E3Executive Officer/CMTAC HUMINT241 x 35D O-31 x 97E E7Para 72ISR AnalysisPara 2211 x 35D O-22 x 350B W21 x 96B E71 x 96B E63 x 96B E56 x 96B E45 x 96B E31 x 96D E51 x 96D E4Para 8OMT6Para 9TAC HUMINT*161 x 351B W21 x 351E W22 x 97B E42 x 97E E5BDE Special Staff Officer4 x 97E E64 x 97E E54 x 97B E54 x 97E E4* Linguistaugmentation upon deployment:12 x 97E, 4 x 97BHHC Brigade
26MI CO ON THE BATTLEFIELD XTOCMITAC HUMINTOperates GS to BDE,likely moving through/operating in BN AOs.Mission dependent, OMTand teams could be DS,supporting BNs.MIICPMIANALYSISMIINTEGRATION
27MICO RELATIONSHIP WITH THE BRIGADE S2 The Analysis and Integration Platoons support the brigade S2 through combined effort, under the supervision of the MI Company commander.Initially Produce s documents the S2 “normally” producedIntimately involved in the Brigade Planning ProcessResponsive to Requests for Information from the S2
28MICO RESPONSIBILITY IN MISSION PLANNING Majority of the MICOs operations are conducted prior to execution of the brigade mission.Must optimize use of warning orders, situation updates, parallel and anticipatory planning.Stresses standardized training across the I-BOS within the brigade (S2s)Standard language, symbols and SOPs are adoptedHUMINT Operations must start early in the mission cycle
29FUNDAMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS Task organize the ISR Integration and ISR Analysis platoons to provide continuous support to the brigade staffKeep the company’s HUMINT assets fully engaged in the operation; never holding them in reserveRetain the flexibility to reallocate and reposition the company assets in response to changes in the brigade’s missionProvide control teams as necessary to assist the command and control of DS HUMINT teams
30ADDITIONAL KEY TASKSTeam play between Integration/Analysis and TAC HUMINT Platoons (compared to the relation between old GSS Platoon and ACT)Reach Operations to ARFOR, theater, joint and national assets, to retrieve and manipulate intelligence databases and products. (Yes; National)Database ManagementDigital and Analog products that support MDMP and IPBAbility to support two or more separate missions
31MI Company CTTL CTTL BATTLE TASKS 1. Deploy & Redeploy 2. Protect the Force3. Provide Intelligence Support4. Develop Intelligence5. Command & Controlthe Company1a. Prepare Systems for Deployment1b. Conduct Non-Tactical Road Marches1c. Perform Deployment Alert Activities1d. Family home station support2a. Establish and Defend a Company Defensive Position2b. Conduct Tactical Convoy2c. Conduct Tactical HUMINT Operations2d. Maintain Operation Secutity3a. Conduct CGS Mission Activities3b. Produce an ISR Plan3c. Disseminate & Present Intelligence3d. Conduct Tactical HUMINT Operations3e. Produce Intelligence Products3f. Disseminate Combat Information and Intelligence3g. Perform Database Management4a. Execute Tactical HUMINT Operations4b. Conduct Reach Operations4c. Determine and Provide the Red & Gray Portion of the COP4d. Integrate Theater and National Intelligence Feeds,Terrain and Weather Support Products into the COP4e. Perform Imagery Analysis5a. Manage the IEW Architecture5b. Plan & Produce Company Orders5c. Sustain the Force
32Analysis Products MI MI MI MI MI MI 1/184 1/184 1/184 DISP DEV TGT DEV PLANSSITMAPBattle TrackingIntel VerificationEvent TemplateBDA AnalysisIdentify HVTSensor-ShooterPattern AnalysisCOA DevelopmentOrder of BattleIntelligence EstimateRoad to War1/1841/1841/184MIMIMISIT DEVIMAGERYDBMImagery InterpretationImagery ProductsUAV snapshotsCGS IntegrationHigher Imagery SupportDatabase Threat InformationCorrect format/input errorsExport database to JCDBGraphic INTSUMSDoctrinal TemplatesEnemy SITTEMPCOA analysis/verification
33ANALYSIS PLATOON MI Produce Intelligence to Answer PIR Build/Maintain the Common Operating Picture (COP)Provide MDMP SupportConduct Database OperationsMI1/2/17ANALYSISMIPlatoon Headquarters1 x 02 35D/1 x 96B40MIDatabase Management TeamGMIDisposition Development Team1 x ACT-E Vehicle4 x ASAS-L2 x VRC-922 x Operations Tent2 x 10KW Generator2 x 30KW GeneratorGMISituation Development TeamGTarget Development/BDA TeamMIGPlans TeamMIMIImagery Analysis Team
34ISR Analysis Platoon CTTL SitDev TmDisp Dev TmTGT Dev TmPlans TmImagery TmDB Mgt TmISR Analysis Platoon CTTL(Modified)1a. Evaluate Combat Information1b. Analyze Combat Information1c. Synthesize Information to Answer PIR supporting Situation Development, I&W, and Force Protection, Targeting, BDA, and IPB.1d. Fuse Intelligence from higher to support intelligence production.1e. Research Intelligence Databases2a. Determine and Provide the Red & Gray Portion of the COP2b. Integrate Joint, Theater, and National Intelligence Feeds into the COP2c. Integrate Terrain and Weather Support Products into the COP3a. Perform Intelligence Database Management3b. Support Battle Planning (MDMP)3c. Support Battle Decision Making4a. Manage the IEW Architecture, be Prepared to Conduct Split Based Operations4b. Plan & Produce Platoon Orders4c. Sustain the Force5a. Alert5b. Marshal5c. Deploy5d. Home Station SupportCTTLBATTLE TASKS1. Produce Intelligence to Answer PIR2. Apply Intelligence to Build/Maintain the Common Relevant Operating Picture3. Disseminate Intelligence to the Brigade S24. Command & Control the Platoon5. Prepare to DeployMI Co
35Disposition Development Team ISR Analysis PlatoonDisposition Development Team(Modified)1a. Assess Incoming Information in Accordance with Indicators1b. Evaluate Predictive Intelligence Products1c. Determine Gaps, Lack of Holdings, and Discrepancies1d. Verify Predicted Enemy COA2a. Compare Incoming Information with Current Intelligence Picture2b. Research Intelligence Databases3a. Perform Intelligence Fusion3b. Develop doctrinal threat products.3c. Develop and Maintain SITMAP4a. Resubmit unanswerable RFI to integration4b. Answer RFI from subordinate battalions5a. Plan & Produce Section Orders5b. Sustain the ForceCTTLBATTLE TASKSBATTLE TASKS1. Evaluate Combat Information2. Analyze Combat Information3. Synthesize Intelligence to Answer PIR supporting Situational Development, IEW and Force Protection4. Answer RFI from Produced Analysis5. Command & Control the Section
36Situation Development Team ISR Analysis PlatoonSituation Development Team(Modified)1a. Assess Incoming Intelligence in Accordance with Indicators1b. Evaluate and Produce Predictive Intelligence Products1c. Determine Information Gaps, Lack of Holdings, and Discrepancies1d. Coordinate with Regional Experts1e. Verify Predicted Enemy COA2a. Compare Incoming Information with Current Intelligence Products2b. Confirm Existing SITTEMP3a. Develop and Maintain enemy analysis of the COP3b. Assist in Target Nomination3d. Prepare Intsum/Intrep4a. Provide Timely Products to Clarify Operational Picture5a. Plan & Produce Section Orders5b. Sustain the ForceCTTLBATTLE TASKS1. Evaluate Combat Information2. Analyze Combat Information3. Synthesize Intelligence toDevelop the Situation4. Support Battle Decision Making5. Command & Control the Section
37Targeting Development Team ISR Analysis PlatoonTargeting Development Team(Modified)1a. Assess Incoming Information in Accordance with Existing Database1b. Integrate Information into Existing Database2a. Request updates to the Collection Plan2b. Monitor Joint and Combined Intelligence Effort2c. Conduct Pattern Analysis3a. Develop Targets3b. Produce Event Template3c. Review Decision Support Templates3d. Identify High Value Targets and High Payoff Targets3e. Integrate High Payoff Targets with the FECC4a. Plan & Produce Section Orders4b. Sustain the ForceCTTLBATTLE TASKS1. Evaluate Combat Information2. Analyze Combat Information3. Synthesize Intelligence to Support Targeting and BDA4. Command & Control the Section
38Imagery Interpretation Team ISR Analysis PlatoonImagery Interpretation Team(Modified)1a. Determine Gaps, Lack of Holdings, and Discrepancies1b. Compare Incoming Imagery with Current Holdings1c. Interpret/Correlate UAV Imagery (still-shots)2a. Develop Imagery Products to Support the Brigade’s Decision Making Process2b. Develop Imagery Products to Support Situation Development, Targeting, and BDA3a. Integrate Joint, Theater and National Intelligence Feeds into the COP3b. Utilize Joint, Theater and National Imagery Feeds for Intelligence Planning and Mission Analysis4a. Coordinate the IMINT Architecture4b. Plan & Produce Section Orders4c. Sustain the ForceCTTLBATTLE TASKS1. Interpret Imagery-based Combat Information and Intelligence2. Synthesize Imagery to Answer PIR Supporting Situation Development, I&W, and Force Protection, Targeting, BDA, and IPB.3. Fuse Intelligence from Higher to Support Intelligence Production4. Command & Control the Section
39Plans Team (Modified) ISR Analysis Platoon CTTL BATTLE TASKS 1a. Produce Intelligence Products to Support Brigade MDMP1b. Produce Enemy Course of Action Sketch Products for Future Missions2a. Monitor Joint and Combined Intelligence Effort for Use in Future Planning2b. Wargame Possible Threat Courses of Action3a. Utilize Reach Operations to Provide Brigade Planning with Access to National Level Assets3b. Integrate Terrain and Weather Support Products into the Orders Process4a. Plan & Produce Section Orders4b. Sustain the ForceCTTLBATTLE TASKS1. Support Battle Planning (MDMP) and Execution2. Analyze Combat Information3. Fuse Intelligence from Higher to Support Intelligence Production4. Command & Control the Section
40Database Management Team ISR Analysis PlatoonDatabase Management Team(Modified)1a. Maintain a Threat Database1b. Combine and associate entities1c. Integrate Intelligence/ Information in Existing Database1d. Perform interactive message parsing2a. Export Relevant Portions of Database to S2s3a. Plan & Produce Section Orders3b. Sustain the ForceCTTLBATTLE TASKS1. Perform Intelligence Database Management2. Support Battle Planning (MDMP) and Execution3. Command & Control the Section
41INTEGRATION PLATOON MI Develop, Analyze, and Adjust Collection Plan Conduct CGS OperationsConduct Single Source Intelligence FusionConduct Signals Analysis and pass Tech GuidanceMI2/0/19INTEGRATIONMIPlatoon HeadquartersG4 x ASAS-RWS1 x Operations Tent1 x 10KW GeneratorMIGRequirements Team1 x AN/TSQ-179v21 x PSC-5 TACSAT1 x 10KW Generator1 x CGS (w/Chase and2 x 10KW Generator)MICommon Ground Station TeamGSIGINT Analysis TeamMIGMI*Common Ground Station TeamTrojan Spirit Team1 x Trojan Spirit withChase vehicleG*Staff Weather OfficeMI*Attachments from 1st Weather Sqdn and 176th Sig
42ISR Requirements Team 1. Prepare to Deploy 2. Conduct Mission Management3. Conduct Requirements Management4. Manage and recommend SIGINT operationsCOL KENT ERVIN, THE COLLECTIVE TRAINING DIRECTOR, IS ON THE HOOK FOR REVIEWING OUR TWO CORNERSTONE TRAINING MANUALS AND RECOMMENDING CHANGES TO OUR TRAINING DOCTRINE. THUS FAR OUR REVIEW, AND THOSE OF SENIOR MENTORS AND LEADERS IN THE ARMY, INDICATES THAT BOTH FM AND FM ARE ABOUT RIGHT; THEY JUST NEED A LITTLE TWEEKING FOR DOCTRINAL UPDATES REFLECTING OUR NEW THOUGHTS IN FM AND ACKNOWLEDGING THE ISSUES OF DIGITIZATION, AND CHALLENGES UNITS FACE IN TRANSITION FROM ANALOGUE TO FULL DIDIGITIZATION.BASED ON OUR UNDERSTANDING OF THE BRIGADE’S O&O, WE BELIEVE THAT OUR TRAINING DOCTRINE IS SOUND AND OUR EIGHT CONSTRUCTS OF TRAINNG ABSOLUTELY APPLY TO THIS BRIGADE. THE ONE SLIGHT ADAPTATION TO BE MADE IS UNDERSTANDING THE BRIGADE’S FOCUS IS NOT MAJOR WAR OPERATIONS, BUT MILITARY OPERATIONS IN SMALL SCALL CONTINGENCIES WHICH IT WILL TRAIN FOR DAILY. WHEN IT COMES TO MTW OR SASO, THE BRIGADE WILL ASSUME A TRAINING PROFILE OF TRAIN, ALERT, DEPLOY, TRAIN IN THEATER, THEN EMPLOY.
43Common Ground Station Team Battle Tasks1. Prepare to Deploy2. Pull information and intelligence from higher.3. Conduct Intelligence Analysis on collected information.4. Disseminate information and provide early warning to assets on the battlefield.COL KENT ERVIN, THE COLLECTIVE TRAINING DIRECTOR, IS ON THE HOOK FOR REVIEWING OUR TWO CORNERSTONE TRAINING MANUALS AND RECOMMENDING CHANGES TO OUR TRAINING DOCTRINE. THUS FAR OUR REVIEW, AND THOSE OF SENIOR MENTORS AND LEADERS IN THE ARMY, INDICATES THAT BOTH FM AND FM ARE ABOUT RIGHT; THEY JUST NEED A LITTLE TWEEKING FOR DOCTRINAL UPDATES REFLECTING OUR NEW THOUGHTS IN FM AND ACKNOWLEDGING THE ISSUES OF DIGITIZATION, AND CHALLENGES UNITS FACE IN TRANSITION FROM ANALOGUE TO FULL DIDIGITIZATION.BASED ON OUR UNDERSTANDING OF THE BRIGADE’S O&O, WE BELIEVE THAT OUR TRAINING DOCTRINE IS SOUND AND OUR EIGHT CONSTRUCTS OF TRAINNG ABSOLUTELY APPLY TO THIS BRIGADE. THE ONE SLIGHT ADAPTATION TO BE MADE IS UNDERSTANDING THE BRIGADE’S FOCUS IS NOT MAJOR WAR OPERATIONS, BUT MILITARY OPERATIONS IN SMALL SCALL CONTINGENCIES WHICH IT WILL TRAIN FOR DAILY. WHEN IT COMES TO MTW OR SASO, THE BRIGADE WILL ASSUME A TRAINING PROFILE OF TRAIN, ALERT, DEPLOY, TRAIN IN THEATER, THEN EMPLOY.
44Staff Weather Team CTTL 1. Collect Weather Information2. Provide Weather Support to Tactical Planning3. Provide WX Support to Battle Decision Making4. Command & Control the Section
45Intelligence Reconnaissance and Surveillance (ISR) Center ISR Analysisand IntegrationCenter (Main)BCT S2(Forward/ CIC)1 x AF O3**1 x AF E5/6*SWO/ IMETS-L WS- Provides organic, local, highfidelity, 24 hour forecasting- Provides detailed wx effectsanalysis of Bde AO1 x 96B E4**1 x 96B E3*Target Development/ ASAS-RWSBuilds HPTL alarmsIdentifies and tracks targetsExecutes equipment queriesto develop entitiesSends TIDAT msgs to AFATDSBDAFrom Surv Troop1 x E5 96U**2 x E4 96U*1 x 96B E41 x 96B E31 x 96D E5**1 x 96D E4**UAV GCS- Visualization of UAV video (within 40 km)- UAV technical steerage and mission taskings1 x 35F O41 x 35E O3(MTOE)1 x 351B W21 x 351E W21 x 97E E71 x 97E E5 *1 x 97B E4*Present ASAS-RWS- Translates Cdr’s intent, concept of ops, and CCIR into Intel guidance- Supervises and directs all MI ops- Focuses and integrates ISR planning- Provides Cdr and staff with assessment of threat capability and intentions- Provides Red/ Gray portion of the COP- Develops products to facilitate Cdr’s SA1 x 96B E4*1 x 96B E3*Imagery WS- Accesses/Requests- Higher Imagery Support- Exploits organic Imagery cap.Database/ ASAS-RWS- Maintains intelligence information databaseExecutes QueriesPerforms combination processing to avoid redundancy of reporting and processingEnters/receives reportsS2X/ CI/ OPS-WS and CHATS- Requirements development- Msn / Asset management- RFI coordination- Asset synchronization- Source registration & deconfliction- ICF and incentives management- Access to MDITs- TAC HUMINT spt to Force ProtectionISRCOPFIRESXIIIPROTECT2 x 96B E5*2 x 96B E4*CICSituation Development/ ASAS-RWS- Adds commander’s intent to display- Correlation and integration of higher HQ analysis- Integrates subordinate S2 analysis- Collaboration- Integrates raw information with analytic efforts to ensure collection is effective, and supporting to the CIC.ISR Analysis1 x 350B W2 Sr Analyst1 x 96B E Analyst1 x 96B E AnalystBCT S21 x 35D O Bde S21 x 35D O Assistant S21 x 350B W2 Sr Analyst1 x 96B E NCOIC1 x 96B E51 x 35D O3 Battle CPT/ OIC(MI CO Cdr)1 x 35D O2 Battle CPTISR Integration2 x 35D O2 ISR Integration OIC1 x 96B E7 NCOIC1 x 96B E5 NCOIC1 x 96B E41 x 96B E32 x 96B E4*2 x 96B E3*Situational Awareness ASAS-RWS- Maintains threat portion of the current sit overlay and Intel portion of the BCT’s COP- Monitors and presents threat sit development and COAs- Collaborates with subordinate S2s on Intel products- Controls dissemination of Intel to higher1 x 96B E4 **1 x 96B E3**1 x 96B E51 x 96B E3*1 x 98C E6**1 x 98C E5**1 x 98C E4*1 x 98C E3*1 x 96H E6**1 x 96H E5**2 x 96H E4*2 x 96H E3*ISR Requirements Management/ASAS-RWS(2)- Support Requirements Development- Mission taskings and tech steerage for Multi-discipline sensors in RSTA- Cross BOS ISR execution- Mission management of selected sensors- Conducts requirements management- Linked to Bde Plans element- RFI management- Reachback for tech supportJDISS- Provides access to Natllevel/Joint products- Collaborates with Natl AgenciesDisposition Development/ASAS-RWS- Maintains Disposition Overlayof the Bde AOReceives pre-processedsensor info from higherDevelops Disposition Overlayby analyzing sensorreps/preprocessed infoSIGINT Ops/ESM Workstation (2)- SIGINT analysis of raw info and SIGINT fusion- Multi-Sensor Tech Steerage,- Reachback for tech spt, planning, and requirements managementCGS-Remote- GRCS- U2- JSTARS- EMTI1 x 96B E4**1 x 96B E3 *Focus is on the processing and fusion of internal RSTA collection.Plans/ ASAS-RWS- Receives products and graphic displayfrom Sit Development- Monitors current Sit and wargames threat COA- Works directly for Bde S2 and linked to Bde PlansBased on 21 June 00 OTOE
46Provide Direction and Refinement Situation Development- Adds commander’s intent to display- Correlation and integration of higher HQ analysis- Integrates subordinate S2 analysis- Collaboration- Integrates raw information with analytic efforts to ensure collection is effective, and supporting to the CIC.1 x 96B E52 x 96B E4Imagery WS-Accesses/Requests- Higher Imagery Support- Exploits organic Imagery cap.1 x 96D E61 x 96D E4InteractiveProduction1 x 96B E52 x 96B E3Plans- Receives products and graphic display from Sit Development- Monitors current Sit and wargames threat COA- Works directly for Bde S2 and linked to Bde PlansProvide Direction and Refinement1 x 35D O2 Battle CPTISR Analysis2 x 350B W2 All Source Tech1 x 96B E7 Senior Analyst1 x 96B E6 Master AnalystCollaborativePlanningSensorTo ShooterCollaborativeAnalysisLink toBrigadeThreat Disposition Development- Maintains Disposition Overlayof the Bde AOReceives pre-processedsensor info from higherDevelops Disposition Overlayby analyzing sensorreps/preprocessed info1 x 96B E52 x 96B E3Database Manager- Maintains intelligence information databaseExecutes QueriesPerforms combination processing to avoid redundancy of reporting and processingEnters/receives reports1 x 96B E41 x 96B E3Target DevelopmentBuilds HPTL alarmsIdentifies and tracks targetsExecutes equipment queriesto develop entitiesSends TIDAT msgs to AFATDSBDA1 x 96B E52 x 96B E3IntelReports
47Analysis Products MI MI MI MI MI MI 1/184 1/184 1/184 DISP DEV TGT DEV PLANSSITMAPBattle TrackingIntel VerificationEvent TemplateBDA AnalysisIdentify HVTSensor-ShooterPattern AnalysisCOA DevelopmentOrder of BattleIntelligence EstimateRoad to War1/1841/1841/184MIMIMISIT DEVIMAGERYDBMImagery InterpretationImagery ProductsUAV snapshotsCGS IntegrationHigher Imagery SupportDatabase Threat InformationCorrect format/input errorsExport database to JCDBGraphic INTSUMSDoctrinal TemplatesEnemy SITTEMPCOA analysis/verification
48SIGINT Reporting / Direction NSA, JWICS, ARFOR,National CollectionBDE CDR(BDE TOC/ACE)TROJANSPIRITSCO(SQDN TOC)SIGINTOps (ACE)Target Folder/ISR PlanTRP CDR(TRP CP)PROPHETControlTranscription/Analysis= Direction (Orders)= Tech Data Reporting= Direction (C2 / Coordination)= Tactical ReportingPL(PL HQs)PROPHETTeamsMission Management
49TACTICAL HUMINT PLATOON Collect Tactical HUMINT InformationConduct Force Protection Source OperationsProvide Intelligence Support to Force ProtectionReport Operational and Intelligence InformationMI1/2/21TAC HUMINTMIPlatoon HQs1 x 35E O3/1 x 97E40MI2 x Operational Management Team1 x CW21 x 97E201 x 97B101 x CHATS1 x PSC-5 TACSAT1 x PRC-150 HF1 x VRC-921 x Operations TentMIMIMI4 x Tactical HUMINT Team1 x 97E301 x 97E201 x 97B201 x 97E10MI1 x M249 SAW/3 x M161 x CHATS2 x ITRT1 x PSC-5 TACSAT1 x PRC-150 HF1 x VRC-91MI
50TAC HUMINT PLATOON CTTL BATTLE TASK1. DEPLOY/REDEPLOY2. COLLECT TACTICAL HUMINT INFORMATION3. CONDUCT FORCE PROTECTION SOURCE OPERATIONS4. PROVIDE INTEL SUPPORT TO FORCE PROTECTION5. REPORT OPERATIONAL AND INTELLIGENCE DATA6. SUSTAIN THE FORCE
51OPERATIONAL MANAGEMENT TEAM BATTLE TASK1. DEPLOY/REDEPLOY2. COLLECT, ANALYZE AND PASS TACTICAL HUMINT REPORTS3. MANAGE, TRACK AND SYNCHRONIZE TACTICAL HUMINT TEAM OPERATIONS4. REPORT OPERATIONAL AND INTELLIGENCE DATA
52TAC HUMINT TEAM 1. DEPLOY/REDEPLOY BATTLE TASK1. DEPLOY/REDEPLOY2. COLLECT TACTICAL HUMINT INFORMATION3. CONDUCT FORCE PROTECTION SOURCE OPERATIONS4. PROVIDE INTEL SUPPORT TO FORCE PROTECTION5. REPORT OPERATIONAL AND INTELLIGENCE DATA
53HUMINT Reporting / Direction G2XCOSBDE CDR(BDE TOC)S2X(CI&OPS WS)SCO(SQDN TOC)PL/OMT(CHATS)THTTRP CDR(TRP CP)Troop 97B(CHATS)= Direction (Orders)= “Source” Reporting= Direction (C2 / Coordination)= Tactical ReportingPL(PL HQs)Recce HUMINTER(ITRT)
54WEAKNESSES ID’ed in 1-25- Difficulty in acquiring Specialty/Low DensityMOS Training- Physical Fitness- Soldiers not trained on “analog” methods in AIT- No organic Squadron Weather Team- No organic HQ personnel (orderly room, NBC, training)- Linguist Augmentation for TACHUMINT teams- No organic repair capabilities
55ISR Analysis Section S2 Ops Team Situation Development Tm Database ACE / S2: Threat Situation Development (1 of 2)ISR Analysis SectionS2 Ops TeamUses COP to update BDETOC graphics, templatesand chartsCommonOperatingPictureSituation Development TmRecognize threat COAs, intent, and capabilitiesResponsible for developing Brigade ThreatCommon Operating Picture (COP)SALUTEs,spot reports,INTREPs, imageryPopulates BDE S2RWS databaseSubordinate (UAV,HUMINT,RSTA) and higher imageryCorrelated,enhanced,andannotated IMINT productsDatabaseManagement TmControls ASAS/RWSPopulates subordinate S2s’RWS with relevant IntelSubordinate S2,non-organic ISROrganizationsIntel and otherrelevant informationExternal collection and analysis productsFused collection and analysis productsImagery Analysis TeamTailors subordinate/higher imagery to support targeting/planning productsStores products in Brigade Imagery Product LibraryDisposition Development TeamFuses external collection and analysis products to meet Brigade requirementsConducts trend and pattern analysis
56Brigade S2 Section S2 Operations Team S2 Plans Team Battalion S2 ACE / S2: Threat Situation Development (2 of 2)Brigade S2 SectionS2 Operations TeamDevelop threat situation focusing on Brigade AO and current fightReceive input from subordinate S2s to update COP received from ISR Analysis SectionDisseminate updated COP to subordinate units using ABCSAssessment of threat COAs impactOn future friendly operationsCommon Operating PictureSALUTEs,spot reports, INTREPs, imageryCommon Operating PictureS2 Plans TeamRecognize threat COAs, capabilities,and intentionsMonitor current situation, assess impact ofthreat COAs on future friendly operationsBattalion S2Squadron S2
57Higher Intel Organization ACE / S2: ISR Plan Monitoring/Update (1 of 1)Bde S2With BDE CDRs approval (if needed), authorizes additional ISRtasks, reallocation of ISR assets, or request for support from higherARFOR/JTF/Higher Intel OrganizationAdditional assetor asset re-taskrequestadjustmentISR PlanrequestISR PlanadjustmentapprovalS2 Operations TeamEnsure ISR Plans of the subordinate battalions, RSTASquadron, and ISR Integration Section are synchronizedUse Intel Synchronization Matrix to track which ISR assetsowe reports and when those reports are dueEnsure that all decision makers receive the appropriate IntelIdentify shortcomings in ISR Plan, shortcomings may result from:1. ISR Asset Reports are not providing adequateinformation to determine Decision Criteria2. Threat Plan assumptions diverge from currentassessmentNew Threat COAs (either potential or real) will prompt amini-wargame using current Intel to validate/update BDE1)Oper System Synch Matrix, 2)DST, 3)Intel Synch MatrixIf ISR Plan must change, the following actions occurISR Integration PLTAssist S2 Ops Sec in identifyingISR Plan shortcomingsIf plan needs to changed, willre-task accordinglyAdditional assetor asset re-task requestISR Plan changesRSTASquadronManeuverBattalions
58ISR Analysis Section Bde S2 Imagery Analysis Tm Target Development Tm ACE /S2: Target Development/BDA (1 of 1)Bde S2Brigade Senior Target DeveloperBriefs Current Threat Situation/BDA/CombatEffectiveness during Targeting MeetingReceives updated HPTL and TSM from FSOISR Analysis SectionUpdated HPTL/TSMImagery Analysis TmTailors subordinate and higherimagery to support targetingImagery request forTarget DevelopmentTailored ImageryTarget Development resultsBDA/Combat EffectivenessTarget Development TmConducts Target Development using HVTLProcesses info into graphic format to supportBrigade Fire Support PlanWorks directly with Fire Support Officer toexecute targeting missions and coord changesResponsible for tracking BDAS2 Operations TeamThreat Situation DevelopmentTrack BDA andThreat Combat EffectivenessBDA results
61ISSUES 1. Roles and Responsibilities. What is the role of the BDE S2 versus the role of the RSTA CDR?Who is the ISR Plan integrator/ synchronizer?How does the MICO support both the BCT Main and the RSTA Squadron?2. Who attends Collaborative Planning at BDE and for what portions of MDMP?3. ISR Plan and Matrix Suspense.4. Issue of TOC co-location.The BCT Operations O&O, 18 MAR 04 talks about co-locating the Recon TOC with the BCT Main…TO GET US STARTED, I’VE CATEGORIZED THE VARIOUS ISSUES AND QUESTIONS POSED AND WE’LL FIRST CUT TO THE CHASE WITH OUR SUGGESTED SOLUTIONS AND THEN WE’LL MOVE INTO A MORE DETAILED TREATMENT OF EACH.PLEASE BEAR IN MIND THAT OUR MISSION IS NOT TO PREACH THE APPROVED SOLUTION TO ANYONE, BUT TO RESEARCH HISTORICAL DOCTRINE, INTERVIEW COMBAT PARTICIPANTS AT ALL LEVELS AND DIGEST ALL COMBAT AARs, AND THEN FUSE THEM INTO REFINED, UPDATED DOCTRINE FOR OUR EVOLVING FORCE.THAT BEING SAID, THIS IS OUT STAB AT ANSWERING HOW THESE ISSUES MIGHT BE RESOLVED BUT IT IS, BY NO MEANS, LAW.
62ISSUES: BLUF 1. Roles and Responsibilities. What is the role of the BDE S2 versus the role of the RSTA CDR?BDE S2 ANALYZES CBT INFO; NOMINATES NAIs, ETC. RSTA CDR IS A COMMANDER AND NOT A STAFF OFFICER, NOT A “CHIEF OF RECON “Who is the ISR Plan integrator/ synchronizer? BCT AND SQDN S3How does the MICO support both the BCT Main and the RSTA Squadron?ANALAYZES ALL CBT INFO FOR BCT CDR; ACCESSES HIGHER LEVEL INTEL ASSETS/ PRODUCTS2. Who attends Collaborative Planning at BDE and for what portions of MDMP?ALL-IMPORTANT MINUTE COLLABORATIVE HUDDLE W/ BCT CDR DIRECTLY AFTER RECEIPT OF MISSION (BCT CDR AND PRIMARY STAFF + RSTA CDR AND HIS S2, S3)3. ISR Plan and Matrix Suspense.CDR’S INITIAL RECON GUIDANCE DURING COLLABORATIVE HUDDLEINITIAL ISR PLAN & MATRIX BY WARNO 1, NLT WARNO 24. Issue of TOC co-location.TOCs SHOULD NOT BE CO-LOCATED UNLESS OVERWHELMING SITUATION DEMANDS SUCH. CO-LOCATION SHOULD NOT BE SOP NOR USED OUT OF DESPERATIONTHE FIRST ISSUE RELATES TO ROLES OF STAFF AND COMMANDERS.OUR POSITION IS THAT WHENEVER THERE IS A CONFLICT BETWEEN ONE’S ROLE AS A STAFF OFFICER AND ONE’S ROLE AS A COMMANDER, THE COMMANDER ROLE MUST TAKE PRIORITY.THE RSTA SQDN CDR IS FIRST AND FOREMOST A COMMANDER OF SOLDIERS AND THEIR SPECIALIZED EQUIPMENT. THEY REQUIRE DECISIVE LEADERHSIP AND GUIDANCE THROUGHOUT ALL PHASES OF ANY OPERATION, THEREFORE, HE IS NOT BEST UTILIZED IF HE IS SERVING IN THE CAPACITY OF SOME TYPE OF SUPER BRIGADE STAFF OFFICER CO-LOCATED IN A BRIGADE TOC.THERE IS A TIME AND A PLACE (AS WE SHALL SEE) FOR HIM TO BE IN ENGAGED IN COLLABORATIVE PLANNING. BUT THERE IS ALSO A DISTINCT TIME AND PLACE FOR HIM TO PHYSICALLY BREAK CONTACT WITH HIGHER AND GET WITH HIS TROOPS.
63Overview of ISR Duties, Responsibilities, Relationships Synchronizes/ integrates ISR effort across BCT.Tasks assets due to operational rather than analysis nature of recon and surveillance + massive land/space management issues.BCTS3Nominates NAIs; suggests employment of assets. Analyzes combat information from higher & from RSTA SQDN. Does not task assets.S2Analyzes all combat info for BCT CDR, including, but not limited to, that generated by RSTA SQDN. Leverages “reach” from higher intel assets, blends HUMINT, SOF-delivered info, and other sources to shape the COP. Nominates NAIs and suggests employment of assets.MICOCommander, not Chief of Recon. He’s a commander of the soldiers and specialized equipment providing the eyes and ears for the BCT CDR, he’s not an additional staff officer.RSTASQDNCDRTasks RSTA assets; synch & integrates ISR effort for SQDN; Plans collaboratively w/ BCT 3, 2, MICOS3Surveillance Troop Commander:The argument is sometimes posed that he is needed for Brigade-level collaboratively planning by virtue of the specialized equipment and assets organic to his troop—that he knows all of their technical and employment aspects and is, therefore, essential for planning.The answer to this argument is that S3 Planners at all levels need to LEARN all of the capabilities and employment fundamentals of the Surveillance Troop’s equipment and assets as they would the capabilities of their entire squadron.Nominates NAIs; suggests employment of assets; Plans collaboratively W/ BCT 3, 2, MICOS2SURVTRPCDRCommander not a staff officer!As a commander, he is not involved in collaborative planning at the BCT level anymore than you would pull all infantry company cdrs for Brigade-level planningHis troop must work habitually with RSTA SQDN at all times; TRP assets farmed out to other SQDNs by exception only
644 x Ways to Abbreviate MDMP ACCELERATED MDMP & ISR PLANNING & SUSPENSESRECEIPT OF MISSIONIssue Cdr’s Initial GuidanceMISSION ANALYSISApprove Restated MissionState Commander’s IntentApprove Initial CCIRCOA DEVELOPMENTCOA ANALYSIS (War-game)COA COMPARISONCOA APPROVALApprove COASpecify Type of OrderSpecify Type of RehearsalORDERS PRODUCTIONApprove OrderREHEARSALEXECUTION & ASSESSMENT4 x Ways to Abbreviate MDMPFM 5-0, p 4-40Increase Cdr’s involvement so decisions are made fasterCdr more prescriptive in his guidance—limiting options—focusing the efforts of the staffCdr limits the number of COAs developed—one directed COAParallel/ Collaborative PlanningRECEIPT OF MISSIONIssue Cdr’s Initial GuidanceMISSION ANALYSISApprove Restated MissionState Commander’s IntentApprove Initial CCIRCOA DEVELOPMENTCOA ANALYSIS (War-game)COA COMPARISONCOA APPROVALApprove COASpecify Type of OrderSpecify Type of RehearsalORDERS PRODUCTIONApprove OrderREHEARSALEXECUTION & ASSESSMENTWe need to specifically look at MDMP acceleration/ abbreviation in order to ascertain how to deploy reconnaissance assets ASAP so they are actively working for the BCT CDR, refining his view of the battlefield and enabling him to make more informed tactical decisions in the near future. If scouts/ recon assets are not deployed early, if they are not given maximum time to deploy with stealth but are instead given no marching orders until Mission Analysis has been completed, then they are rushed to deploy (which translates into decreased security for themselves) and the Brigade has already started losing the intelligence fight—getting inside the enemy’s decision cycle is now a prospect rapidly diminishing.1
65COA ANALYSIS (War-game) EXECUTION & ASSESSMENT ACCELERATED MDMP & ISR PLANNINGFUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTSRECEIPT OF MISSIONIssue Cdr’s Initial GuidanceBCT TOCRSTA TOCSURVTRPCDRS3SURV CDRS2MISSION ANALYSISApprove Restated MissionState Commander’s IntentApprove Initial CCIRCDRS2S3MICOCOA DEVELOPMENT“ISR operations are a commander’s function supported by the entire staff and subordinate units.” [FM , 4-1]ISR is not a “function” it is a MISSION!“Based on the initial IPB, PIR, and CCIR, the staff, primarily the intelligence officer, identifies intel gaps. Based on available surveillance and Recon assets and input from the intel officer, the operations officer prepares the initial ISR plan… As ISR sources fill in gaps or the CCIR change, ISR taskings are updated. The operations officer does this with FRAGOs…” [FM 5-0]MICOs/ S2s do not task elements—that is an S3 functionISR---a MISSION, is not something of secondary importance handed exclusively to S2s, granting them tasking authorityRSTA Commander is a commander, not a super staff officer and not “Chief of Recon”!COA ANALYSIS (War-game)COA COMPARISONCOA APPROVALApprove COASpecify Type of OrderSpecify Type of RehearsalViewing ISR as a staff function instead of an all-important mission often results in units relegating ISR to a place of secondary importance (in application if not tacitly stated…) CTCs repeatedly see S2s heading the ISR “effort” with minimal input/ supervision of the Operations Officers. S2s are implicitly given tasking authority for execution of their ISR Plans that they have genesized in near-isolation. The plans are not synchronized with the maneuver plan and are not given the operational emphasis of the cmd group and they repeatedly fail to achieve their objectives.ISR is a mission and is synchronized and ultimately tasked into action by the Operations Officer. “I”—Intelligence [this is the staff function—the analysis of combat information from all levels and assets], you then have “S” Surveillance and “R” Reconnaissance which are NOT staff functions, but highly-specialized and critical missions.ORDERS PRODUCTIONApprove OrderREHEARSALEXECUTION & ASSESSMENT1
66COA ANALYSIS (War-game) EXECUTION & ASSESSMENT TOC CO-LOCATION?RECEIPT OF MISSIONIssue Cdr’s Initial GuidanceBCT TOCRSTA TOCSURVTRPCDRS3SURV CDRS2MISSION ANALYSISApprove Restated MissionState Commander’s IntentApprove Initial CCIRCDRS2S3MICOMETT-TC dependent:Distances involved/ Quality of CommunicationsStatus of ongoing operationsHistorically (CTCs) it is the option resorted to in desperation when chaos prevailsType/ form of future missionCo-location by exception, rather than by SOPCOA DEVELOPMENTCOA ANALYSIS (War-game)COA COMPARISONCo-Location Pros Cons+ Easier for continuous Collaborative Planning - SQDN CDR becomes more of a super-staff officer instead of a COMMANDER+ Face-to-face contact/ communication w/BC- At extended distance SQDN CDR spends inordinate time traveling back to AO- Poor Commo w/ Subords- Historically (3ID OIF): ASAT, BFT, MCS(L) connectivity very sketchy and unreliable; couple this with a SQDN TOC that is even more distant from the line units and you have a terminal problem- Artillery magnetCOA APPROVALApprove COASpecify Type of OrderSpecify Type of RehearsalFirst is the issue of location of TOCs. Before we get into MDMP and ISR Planning we must address the dilemma: Do you co-locate your RSTA SQDN TOC with the BDE Main or not?Ultimately, it comes down to how you view the function of a TOC. If you favor the view that a Command Post is oriented HIGHER, then you may well opt for the co-location option. If, however, you view the TOC as an entity that exists to orient downwards, orient to the line troops on the FLOT, then you will be predisposed to ensuring Squadron TOCs are located IOT facilitate communications with their dispersed units. Generally, a SQDN TOC co-located with the BCT Main is at a greater distance from the line units than otherwise would have been the case. This impacts communications adversely.Further, that which the RSTA SQDN needs to initiate movement and begin collecting for the BDE is received (ideally) during WARNO1 just after an initial face-to-face collaborative huddle with the BCT CDR and his primary staff. After this point, the ISR Plan is continually being refined. The point is that, once the mission commences, the RSTA SQDN receives FRAGO after FRAGO of updates and refinements to the ISR plan, but is not generally involved in the remainder of the BCT’s MDMP process. At this point (after WARNO1, perhaps WARNO2), the SQDN TOC needs to be in a place where it can best C2 and serve it’s assets/ scouts, etc. The importance of RSTA co-location after WARNO 1/ 2 is greatly diminished.ORDERS PRODUCTIONApprove OrderREHEARSALEXECUTION & ASSESSMENT1
67COA ANALYSIS (War-game) EXECUTION & ASSESSMENT 1RECEIPT OF MISSIONIssue Cdr’s Initial GuidanceBCT TOCRSTA TOCSURVTRPCDRS3SURV CDRS2MISSION ANALYSISApprove Restated MissionState Commander’s IntentApprove Initial CCIRCDRS2S3MICOCOA DEVELOPMENTBCT CDR’S VISUALIZATION[FM 5-0, 3-10]AO, Battlespace, Battlefield OrganizationCOA ANALYSIS (War-game)COA COMPARISONBCT CDR PLANNING GUIDANCE[FM 5-0, 3-54 & App. D]1. Initial Operational Timeline2. How to abbreviate MDMP3. Necessary coordination/ LNOs to dispatch4. Authorized Mov’t (Positioning of C2)5. Additional Staff Tasks6. Collaborative Planning Times7. Initial IR or CCIR (as required)COA APPROVALApprove COASpecify Type of OrderSpecify Type of RehearsalImmediately after mission received, BCT CDR calls for a collaborative RSTA CDR/ staff “huddle”ORDERS PRODUCTIONApprove OrderDevelopment of initial IR or CCIR for RSTA SQDN critical—cannot wait until after Mission Analysis.REHEARSALEXECUTION & ASSESSMENT1
68COA ANALYSIS (War-game) EXECUTION & ASSESSMENT RECEIPT OF MISSIONIssue Cdr’s Initial Guidance1BCT TOCRSTA TOCMISSION ANALYSISApprove Restated MissionState Commander’s IntentApprove Initial CCIRCDRS3S2CDRS2XOSURVTRPS3MICOSURV CDRCOA DEVELOPMENTBCT CDR’S VISUALIZATION[FM 5-0, 3-10]AO, Battlespace, Battlefield OrganizationCOA ANALYSIS (War-game)RSTA CDR and selected staff move to BCT TOC for collaborative planningCollaboration… “Commanders at all levels work together to develop the best plans. This requires sharing information freely between the command posts. The goal is not just to reduce the time required to produce and distribute the plans, but the real goal is to produce a better plan by including input from adjacent, higher, and lower elements. Additionally, this collaboration promotes buy-in and understanding of the plan, thereby enhancing preparation and execution.” FM (7-22)COA COMPARISONBCT CDR PLANNING GUIDANCE[FM 5-0, 3-54 & App. D]1. Initial Operational Timeline2. How to abbreviate MDMP3. Necessary coordination/ LNOs to dispatch4. Authorized Mov’t (Positioning of C2)5. Additional Staff Tasks6. Collaborative Planning Times7. Initial IR or CCIR (as required)COA APPROVALApprove COASpecify Type of OrderSpecify Type of RehearsalBCT WARNO 1In the case of the RSTA SQDN, this critical, early “collaborative huddle” with the BCT CDR and his staff primaries lays the groundwork for the initial ISR plan. Specifically: the BCT CDR determines, based on (1) what guidance he has received from higher, and (2) how much time he has available, whether the operational will be a Recon Push or a Recon Pull mission.Second, the BCT Commander then issues reconnaissance guidance: Focus, Tempo, Engagement and Disengagement Criteria. This is what the RSTA scouts/ assets need to initiate movement and start collecting vital combat information for the Brigade Commander so he can effectively and wisely maneuver his Battalions.ORDERS PRODUCTIONApprove OrderCDR’S FIRST PRIORITYINITIAL DEPLOYMENT OF RSTA SQDN ASSETS INTO AOSPEED OF DECISION-MAKING AND GUIDANCEHERE TRANSLATES INTO GREATER SECURITY FOR RSTA ASSETS—MORE TIME TO DEPLOY= ABILITY FOR GREATER STEALTH/ SURVIVABILITYREHEARSALEXECUTION & ASSESSMENT2
69COA ANALYSIS (War-game) EXECUTION & ASSESSMENT RECEIPT OF MISSIONIssue Cdr’s Initial GuidanceBCT TOC2RSTA TOCMISSION ANALYSISApprove Restated MissionState Commander’s IntentApprove Initial CCIRCDRS2CDRXOSURVTRPS3MICOS3S2SURV CDRCOA DEVELOPMENTCOMMANDER’S VISUALIZATION[FM 5-0, 3-10]AO, Battlespace, Battlefield OrganizationRSTA CDR VISUALIZATION[FM 5-0, 3-10]AO, Battlespace, Battlefield OrganizationCOA ANALYSIS (War-game)COA COMPARISONPLANNING GUIDANCE[FM 5-0, 3-54 & App. D]1. Initial Operational Timeline2. How to abbreviate MDMP3. Necessary coordination/ LNOs to dispatch4. Authorized Mov’t (Positioning of C2)5. Additional Staff Tasks6. Collaborative Planning Times7. Initial IR or CCIR (as required)RSTA CDR PLANNING GUIDANCE[FM 5-0, 3-54 & App. D]1. Initial Operational Timeline2. How to abbreviate MDMP3. Necessary coordination/ LNOs to dispatch4. Authorized Mov’t (Positioning of C2)5. Additional Staff Tasks6. Collaborative Planning Times7. Initial IR or CCIR (as required)COA APPROVALApprove COASpecify Type of OrderSpecify Type of RehearsalBCT WARNO 1Having rapidly received the BCT Cdr’s initial thoughts on the AO, Battlespace, and Battlefield Organization as well as hearing the BCT Cdr’s Planning Guidance (including reconnaissance guidance), the RSTA CDR is now able to very rapidly issue orders for initial asset deployment of assets into the new AO. By virtue of the collaborative huddle with the BCT CDR, he is better able to maximize the amount of time available for his subordinates to use maximum stealth to maneuver into the general AO and begin information feeds/ reports as soon as possible. Stealth of movement translates directly into exponentially increased security for the reconnaissance/surveillance assets.ORDERS PRODUCTIONApprove OrderSQDN WARNO 1RSTA ASSETS BEGIN INITIAL MANEUVER TO THEIR GENERAL (TO-BE REFINED) AOsNAI REFINEMENT OCCURS DURING MISSION ANALYSIS WHILE ASSETS ARE MOVING INTO POSITIONREHEARSALEXECUTION & ASSESSMENT3
70COA ANALYSIS (War-game) EXECUTION & ASSESSMENT RECEIPT OF MISSIONIssue Cdr’s Initial GuidanceBCT TOCRSTA TOCMISSION ANALYSISApprove Restated MissionState Commander’s IntentApprove Initial CCIRCDRS2CDRXOS2SURVTRPS3MICOS3SURV CDRType of OperationBCT: Attack/ Defend/ M2C/ Raid3COA DEVELOPMENTGeneral Location of OperationDeploy RSTA assets into general AOInitial NAIsCOA ANALYSIS (War-game)SQDN WARNO 1COA COMPARISONMovement to InitiateGround Scouts begin transportation todebarkation points; then startdismounted infiltration to checkpointsTUAVs begin initial aerial surveillanceroutesEtc.FM 5-0, p 3-141. Type of operation2. General Location of Operation3. Movement to Initiate4. Collaborative Planning Reqts5. Initial IR or CCIR6. ISR TasksCOA APPROVALApprove COASpecify Type of OrderSpecify Type of RehearsalMovt to Initiate: Scouts and other RSTA assets are given intermediate checkpoints which simply guide them into their general AOs until such time as their specific NAIs are determined and/or the initial ISR plan is disseminated. Ideally, the initial ISR plan will be issued in WARNO 1, but this will not always be the case.Initial checkpoints/waypoints in lieu of NAIs allow them to make stealthy infiltration into their respective AOs instead of waiting until the BCT and SQDN have the NAIs firmly established which (in worst case scenarios) could take hours. The issue here is to, in every instance, make the very best use of time and give MAXIMUM time to the man on the ground who has to prep his gear, travel x number of kilometers through potentially hostile terrain, and get situationally-oriented to his AO.Initial IR or CCIRORDERS PRODUCTIONApprove OrderISR GUIDANCE[FM 5-0, 3-55; Ch 3, 4]1. Focus2. Tempo3. Engagement/ Disengagement CriteriaREHEARSALEXECUTION & ASSESSMENT4
71COA ANALYSIS (War-game) EXECUTION & ASSESSMENT RECEIPT OF MISSIONIssue Cdr’s Initial GuidanceBCT TOCRSTA TOCMISSION ANALYSISApprove Restated MissionState Commander’s IntentApprove Initial CCIRCDRS2CDRXO4RSTA CDR/ Staff returnSURVTRPS3MICOS3S2COA DEVELOPMENTSURV CDRMission AnalysisCollaborative vs. Distributive vs. ParallelBCT & RSTA SQN commander maximum participationCDRs give prescriptive guidanceCOA ANALYSIS (War-game)COA COMPARISONCOA APPROVALApprove COASpecify Type of OrderSpecify Type of RehearsalISR Planning (Mission Analysis Step 9)1. Develop Requirements2. Develop Collection Plan3. Task or Request Collection4. Disseminate5. Evaluate Reporting6. Update ISR PlanningDirectly after the minute collaborative huddle with the BCT CDR and his staff, the RSTA CDR and staff now have all they need to initiate recon mov’t and issue WARNO1 with the initial ISR Plan. The initial plan and associated matrix may only have 1-2 NAIs and few CCIR but this will be refined over time.The SQDN should not wait for the BCT to produce it’s full-blown, fully refined ISR Plan at the conclusion of Mission Analysis. If additional NAIs and taskings arise in the evolving BDE ISR Plan during Mission Analysis that were not initially discussed in collaboration with the BCT CDR, then the BDE staff gives the Squadron staff a “collaborative” heads-up on the developments. The SQDN ISR Plan and Matrix is updated as necessary and FRAGOs are disseminated.ORDERS PRODUCTIONApprove OrderREHEARSALEXECUTION & ASSESSMENT5
72Initial ISR Plan and Matrix CDR’s HuddleInitial ISR Plan and MatrixRefined ISR PlanMission AnalysisCollaborative vs. Distributive vs. ParallelBCT & RSTA SQN commander maximum participationCDRs give prescriptive guidanceISR Planning (Mission Analysis Step 9)1. Develop Requirements2. Develop Collection Plan3. Task or Request Collection4. Disseminate5. Evaluate Reporting6. Update ISR PlanningRefined ISR MatrixPIRNAI’sLTIOVIndicatorsTargetTFBRTMIMPADA1. Will TF Angel attempt to seize the key terrain vic NAI 73 or NAI 85 in order to support the49, 63,until6-9 rotary wing aircraft movingPassEngX77 and 856-9 rotary wing aircraft airPass info44, 49, 54,“Red” communications with background61, 63, 73, 77,Friendly units receiving 170 MM cannon SEAD fires fromConduct net1-293-5Initial ISR Plan and Matrix formulated during BCT CDR’s collaborative huddle, disseminated in WARNO 1; the refined Plan and Matrix takes form during Mission Analysis (step 9) and is published in WARNO 2.Time of the essence!An initial ISR Plan (w/ initial Matrix) allows RSTA assets to begin R & S, therefore, goal is to disseminate in WARNO #1, NLT WARNO #2.
73COA ANALYSIS (War-game) EXECUTION & ASSESSMENT RECEIPT OF MISSIONIssue Cdr’s Initial GuidanceBCT TOCRSTA TOCMISSION ANALYSISApprove Restated MissionState Commander’s IntentApprove Initial CCIRCDRS2CDRXOSURVTRPS3MICOS3S2COA DEVELOPMENTSURV CDRMission AnalysisCollaborative vs. Distributive vs. ParallelBCT & RSTA SQN commander maximum participationCDR gives prescriptive guidanceCOA ANALYSIS (War-game)FM 5-0, p 3-261. Approved Mission Statement2. CDR’s Intent3. TASKO changes4. Attachments/ Detachments5. Unit AO6. CCIR and EEFI7. Risk Guidance8. Surveillance and Recon Instructions9. Initial Movement Instructions10. Security Measures11. Military Deception Guidance12. Mob/ Counter-Mob Guidance13. Specific Priorities14. Updated Operational Timeline15. Guidance on Collaborative events and RehearsalsSQDN WARNO 2COA COMPARISONCOA APPROVALApprove COASpecify Type of OrderSpecify Type of RehearsalAt this stage, most of the RSTA SQDN’s OPORD (which is essentially derived from the BCT ISR Plan) is done. Now what occurs is updating and refining the ISR Matrix as CCIR are answered and new CCIR are added.ORDERS PRODUCTIONApprove OrderREHEARSALEXECUTION & ASSESSMENT6