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© Copyright 2007-2010 Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 1 THE STARTER March 2008.

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Presentation on theme: "© Copyright 2007-2010 Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 1 THE STARTER March 2008."— Presentation transcript:

1 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 1 THE STARTER March 2008

2 2 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association STARTER CLINIC INTRODUCTION

3 3 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association Today Practice Role of the Starter Before the Meet Starts The Start Good Habits After the Meet Situations for Discussion Questionnaire Review (answers)

4 4 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association Practice Many people are initially nervous about starting – it is recommended that the new starter begin at a club time trial and other low pressure meets. Starters are encouraged to try higher level meets as their confidence and enjoyment of the experience increases. Practice, Practice, Practice

5 5 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association Recorder/Scorer Meet the Officials Electronics Referee Starter (SW 2.3) Chief Timekeeper Assistant Chief Timer { { { { { { Timers False Start Rope Backstroke Flags Backstroke Flags Turn Judges Clerk of Course Marshalling Area Chief Finish Judge Judge of Stroke

6 6 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association SW When starting an event, the starter shall stand on the side of the pool within approximately five meters of the starting edge of the pool where the timekeepers can see and/or hear the starting signal and the swimmers can hear the signal.

7 7 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association Starter’s Role The starter position is critical in the running of a successful meet. The central point of the starter’s role is to ensure a fair start for all swimmers. (SW 2.3.3)SW The Starter and the Referee must work as an effective team to ensure that starts are fair and consistent throughout the session. To exercise your function as a Starter you: must have a good working knowledge of the rules must be consistent and exercise good judgment must earn the confidence of the referee and the swimmers must respect the swimmers and enjoy the sport.

8 8 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association SW The starter shall have power to decide whether the start is fair, subject only to the decision of the Referee.

9 9 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association Before the Meet Starts Before the day: Re-read the rules (SW 2.3: Starter and SW 4: The Start) and check for any new or meet-specific changes Find out what type of starting equipment will be used On the day of the meet: Arrive early – at least one hour before the start. Check the starting equipment and become familiar with the pool layout. Have the electronics been set up and are operating? TEST all equipment. Are all loudspeakers, horns, and strobe lights working? Set and test the volume levels Is there a standby gun and ammunition available? If so check the operation of the gun, ammunition supply, ear plugs.

10 10 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association Before the Meet Starts Are any races to be started from the turn end of the pool? If so, the starting equipment should be moved by the electronics people and tested. Or is there equipment set up at both ends? Check the Starter’s Platform Is it in the correct position / location? Adjust to suit your location.

11 11 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association Before the Meet Starts Briefing with the Referee … 1 The meet shall be run under FINA start rules. Check the meet package, what type of meet it is: Age Group, Masters, SWAD Be aware of any duties the Referee may like you to perform besides being the Starter (e.g. sweeps, lap counting, turn judge) Process to handle problems or movement of equipment. Meet Flow: Discuss any time constraints and solutions Discuss with the Referee the starting protocol. (SW 2.1.5)SW 2.1.5

12 12 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association SW At the commencement of each event, the referee shall signal to the swimmers by a short series of whistles inviting them to remove all clothing except for swimwear, followed by a long whistle indication that they should take their positions on the starting platform (or the backstroke swimming and medley relays to immediately enter the water). A second long whistle shall bring the backstroke and medley relay swimmer immediately to the starting position. When the swimmers and officials are prepared for the start, the referee shall gesture to the starter with stretched out arm, indication that the swimmers are under the starter’s control. The stretched out arm shall stay in that position until the start is given.

13 13 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association Before the Meet Starts Briefing with the Referee … 2 Establish the Procedure for Normal Starts Does the Referee want you to “advise swimmers” to adjust their position in the water? (e.g. asking swimmers to stay in, or to leave the pool, when the races finish, etc.) Will the Starter be announcing the event number and heats during the session? Are there different Starters (and Referees) for male & female? Or only one Starter for all? How have other sessions gone in regards to starting? Any DQs or other problems?

14 14 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association Before the Meet Starts Briefing with the Referee … 3 Establish Procedure for False Starts Referee and Starter to confer and agree on any false starts before any disqualifications are made. Ensure rules are understood to ensure consistency. If the Referee and Starter cannot agree, the Referee will make a final decision (SW 2.3.3)SW Note: DQ for “Delay of Meet” can be recommended by the starter but must be called by the Referee

15 15 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association SW The starter shall have power to decide whether the start is fair, subject only to the decision of the Referee.

16 16 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association Before the Meet Starts Watch Check Find out who is the Chief Timer. Confirm when and where, and if, a watch check will occur? Ensure that all Timekeepers can see the starting device. (gun or flash). False Start Rope Who will operate it? How is it operated?

17 17 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association The Start … 1 Preparing for the start of the race. Remember: The Starter has the best communication system with the swimmers At the commencement of each heat the Referee shall signal the swimmers to the blocks. When the swimmers and officials are ready for the start, the Referee shall signal such with an outstretched arm. This indicates that the swimmers are now under the Starter’s control.

18 18 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association The Start … 2 The Starter shall have full control of the swimmers from the time the Referee turns the swimmers over to him/her until the race has commenced. (SW 2.3.1)SW The start in Freestyle, Breaststroke, Butterfly and Individual Medley races shall be with a dive. (SW 4.1)SW 4.1 The start in Backstroke and Medley Relay races shall be from the water. (SW 4.2)SW 4.2

19 19 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association The Start Rules SW The Starter shall have full control of the swimmers from the time the Referee turns the swimmers over to him/her until the race has commenced. The start shall be given in accordance with SW 4 THE START. SW 4.1 The start in Freestyle, Breaststroke, Butterfly and Individual Medley races shall be with a dive. On the Long whistle (SW 2.1.5) from the referee the swimmers shall step onto the starting platform and remain there. On the starter’s command “take your marks”, they shall immediately take up a starting position with at least one foot at the front of the starting platforms. The position of the hands is not relevant. When all swimmers are stationary, the starter shall give the starting signal. SW 4.2 The start in Backstroke and Medley Relay races shall be from the water. At the referee’s first long whistle (SW 2.1.5), the swimmers shall immediately enter the water. At the Referee’s second long whistle the swimmers shall return without undue delay to the starting position (SW 6.1) When all swimmers have assumed their starting positions, the starter shall give the command “take your marks”. When all swimmers are stationary, the starter shall give the starting signal.

20 20 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association IPC SWAD Swimming Rules IPC SM4.2.1 For swimmers with a visual impairment, on the long whistle from the Referee the swimmer shall be permitted to orientate himself prior to the starter’s command “take your marks”. IPC SM4.2.2 The swimmer who has balance problems. (ie: standing stationary), may have assistance to balance himself on the starting platform ie. hold hips, hands, arms etc. by a volunteer only. The assistant may aid the swimmer to remain stationary at the start, however the assistance shall not give the swimmer unfair advantage, (ie. being held) and not exceeding 90 degrees vertical position on the blocks at the start. The ‘application for assistance’ form is required to be completed and submitted for approval from the Technical Delegate/Assistant Technical delegate and/or Technical Advisor. IPC SM A swimmer may be permitted to start beside the starting platform. IPC SM A swimmer with a lower limb disability may be permitted to take up a sitting position on the starting platform. IPC SM A swimmer may be permitted to start in the water but is required to have one hand in contact with the pool side until the starting signal is given. Standing in or on the gutter or on the bottom of the pool is prohibited.

21 21 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association IPC SWAD continued IPC SM A visually impaired swimmer due to a medical reason may start in the water. A medical certificate must be presented to the Technical Delegate prior to the commencement of the competition. IPC SM Where a swimmer is unable to grip the poolside, in a water start, the swimmer may be assisted by a support staff or supporting devise. The devise shall be cleared and deemed safe by the Technical Delegate/Assistant Technical Delegate and/or Technical Advisor. Giving momentum to the swimmer at the start is not permitted and shall result in a false start. The swimmer shall have part of the body in contact with the wall until the start signal is given. IPC SM Class S1, S2 and S3 swimmers are permitted to have their foot/feet held to the wall, until the starting signal is given Giving momentum to the swimmer at the start is not permitted and shall result in a false start.

22 22 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association IPC SWAD continued IPC SM To prevent abrasion, one layer of towel, or the like, may be placed on the starting platform. The article shall not dramatically increase the height of the starting platform. IPC SM In the case of a swimmer who is blind and deaf, the person tapping shall be permitted to convey the staring signal by use of a nonverbal instruction. IPC SM In the case of a swimmer who swims in the FCS and is deaf, the swimmer shall be permitted, when no starting light is available, to have conveyed the start signal by the use of a non-verbal instruction.

23 23 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association The Start - Backstroke When all swimmers have surfaced, a second whistle indicates they should return to the wall. Even if all surface at the wall, the second whistle is still required for consistency. It is no longer a requirement to have the swimmers toes beneath the water line (SW 6.1) Except for SWAD swimmers whose toes must be below the surface of the waterSW 6.1

24 24 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association IPC – SWAD Swimming Rules Backstroke IPC SM6.1 Prior to the start signal, the swimmers shall line up in the water facing the start end, with both hands holding the starting grips. The feet, including the toes, shall be under the surface of the water. Standing in or on the gutter or bending toes over the gutter is prohibited. IPC SM6.1.1 Swimmers unable to use the starting grips shall be permitted to use the end of the pool. IPC SM6.1.2 Where a swimmer is unable to grip the poolside, in a water start, the swimmer may be assisted by a support staff or supporting devise. The devise shall be cleared and deemed safe by the Technical Delegate/Assistant Technical Delegate and/or Technical Advisor. Giving momentum to the swimmer at the start is not permitted and shall result in a false start. The swimmer shall have part of the body in contact with the wall until the start signal is given. (same as rule IPC SM 4.2.7) IPC SM6.1.3 Class S!, S2 and S3 swimmers are permitted to have their foot/feet held to the wall, until the starting signal is given Giving momentum to the swimmer at the start is not permitted and shall result in a false start. (same as IPC SM 4.2.8)

25 25 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association SW 6.1 Prior to the starting signal, the swimmers shall line up in the water facing the starting end, with both hands holding the starting grips. Standing in or on the gutter or bending the toes over the lip of the gutter is prohibited.

26 26 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association The Start … 3 Swimmers are turned over to the Starter by the Referee’s outstretched arm. Give the command ”Take Your Marks” in a slow, steady, non-military voice. A Starter must establish an even, consistent cadence with his/her starting commands. The Starter shall activate the starting device when all competitors are stationary and complying with the starting rules. Some swimmers will fidget until the referee turns the race over to the starter; (this is okay). Swimmers may stand wherever they wish on the starting platform and may take any starting position Some will roll backward after grabbing the blocks. A momentary pause before rolling backward is permitted.

27 27 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association A Fair Start? The “rule of thumb” is “If the gun goes, the race goes”. Any swimmer starting (moving forward) before the starting device may be disqualified – at the end of the race (SW 4.4)SW 4.4 Any DQ because of a “Delay of Meet” is at the discretion of the Referee Any protests about the Start should be directed to the Referee The Referee has the final decision on all DQs

28 28 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association Masters’ Swimming Some competitors may have difficulty getting on the block, it is appropriate to allow a deck official or timer to assist them and stand beside them so they can steady themselves until the start is given. The starter may also say “Relax swimmers” instead of “Step down” in an aborted start in such situations Canadian Masters allow one false start as long as it is not considered “deliberate” by the referee, then it is “delay of meet”

29 29 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association SW 4.4 Any swimmer starting before the starting signal has been given, shall be disqualified. If the starting signal sounds before the disqualification is declared the race shall continue and the swimmer or swimmers shall be disqualified upon the completion of the race. If the disqualification is declared before the starting signal, the signal shall not be given, but the remaining swimmers shall be called back and start again.

30 30 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association DQ Exceptions False Start Exceptions (SW 2.3.3) :SW Loud noises or camera flashes from other parts of the building could affect the start. If the Starter holds the swimmers for an unreasonable amount of time while waiting for all swimmers to come down, causing a ragged and unfair start: THEN: The race should be recalled and another start attempted with no DQs assigned If the starter errs and starts the race before all swimmers are stationary: Recall the race and advise the Referee that it was your error. There can be NO disqualification in this situation If the Starter calls back a race, then it is an “Officials Error” and no swimmer shall be disqualified

31 31 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association SW The starter shall have power to decide whether the start is fair, subject only to the decision of the Referee.

32 32 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association Good Habits Record start time and missing swimmers on heat sheet for each race If you are working an age group meet with many novice swimmers, be patient as they are just learning the start position

33 33 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association After the Meet Ensure that the equipment used is secured. Starter’s electronic equipment is shut down. Guns and shells are safely put away. False start rope secured. Clip board is returned to the official’s room. Give the heat sheets for the session just worked to Meet Management, in case any questions arise later. Attend a debriefing with the Referee or Management Committee. Comment on both strengths and areas of improvement for the next session. Check the Official’s schedule for the next session that you work.

34 34 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association Discussion How should a Starter handle the following?

35 35 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association Situation … 1 Following the command “Take your Marks”, the swimmers assume a starting position (stationary), and a swimmer begins to move forward before the starting signal : Signal not given –”Step Swimmers Down” ; Referee has the option to DQ offending swimmer for “delay of meet”. Re-start Signal given - Race continues and DQ after the race. (SW 4.4)SW 4.4

36 36 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association Masters’ Swimming Masters’ swimmers are allowed one false start without disqualification Should a swimmer take off early, try not to step them down. Use “Relax swimmers” As some of the more senior masters swimmers may have difficulty getting on and off the block

37 37 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association SW 4.4 Any swimmer starting before the starting signal has been given, shall be disqualified. If the starting signal sounds before the disqualification is declared the race shall continue and the swimmer or swimmers shall be disqualified upon the completion of the race. If the disqualification is declared before the starting signal, the signal shall not be given, but the remaining swimmers shall be called back and start again.

38 38 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association Situation … 2 If a swimmer does not respond to the command “Take your Marks” As a starter do not activate the starting signal. Instruct the swimmers to step down. Discuss with the Referee: Did the swimmer hear the command, etc.? The Referee may disqualify the swimmer if it is agreed that the swimmer was at fault in not obeying the command. If disqualified, the DQ’d swimmer’s lane shall remain empty. This would not be a false start but a “Delay of Meet” call, after which the race reverts to the referee. (SW 2.3.2)SW 2.3.2

39 39 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association SW The starter shall report a swimmer to the referee for delaying the start, for wilfully disobeying an order or for any other misconduct taking place at the start, but only the referee may disqualify a swimmer for such delay, wilful disobedience or misconduct.

40 40 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association Situation … 3 On starting the race, a swimmer topples from the block before the starting signal is given. The other swimmers are instructed to “step down” The race shall revert to the Referee The Referee & Starter discuss: Did the swimmer slip because of a slippery block? If there is any doubt, the benefit of that doubt shall go to the swimmer, and the swimmer shall NOT be DQ’d.

41 41 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association Situation … 4 The swimmers come down in a very uneven disorganized manner as they take their marks. Ask the swimmers to “step down”, but this is not a false start. The race should revert to the Referee for another start attempt. Discuss Handovers with the Referee Ragged starts are often caused by a referee turning a race over to the starter before the swimmers are ready. In this situation the starter may wait until he/she feels a fair start can be achieved or instruct the swimmers to “step down”.

42 42 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association Situation … 5 The swimmer in Lane 6 comes down “too slowly” to his mark and Lane 7 topples into the water. This is a subjective judgment call. There is nothing in the rules regulating “how fast” a swimmer must take his mark. As long as a swimmer is moving in an attempt to take his mark after the starter’s command, he/she should not be called for an infraction Did Lane 7 come down very quickly and could not hold his mark? DQ Lane 7 Was there undue delay in obeying the start command by the swimmer in Lane 6 – thus causing Lane 7 to False Start? Instruct the swimmers to “step down” and the Referee will decide if Lane 6 should be DQ’d for “Delay of Meet”. A starter always has the option to step the swimmers down without declaring a false start if he/she feels a fair start might be difficult to achieve.

43 43 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association Situation … 6 While taking the starting position, the swimmer in Lane 3 doesn’t come to a complete stop, but takes his mark and leaves the block in a continuous motion, as the starting signal is given. The race shall be recalled: The Starter should have waited until all swimmers were stationary before activating the starting device. (SW 4.1 & SW 4.2)SW 4.1 & SW 4.2 An error by an official (activating the starting signal when swimmers were not stationary). A fault by an official after a fault by a swimmer expunges the fault by the swimmer. The race reverts to the Referee with no disqualification.

44 44 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association SW 4.1 & SW 4.2 SW 4.1 The start in Freestyle, Breaststroke, Butterfly and Individual Medley races shall be with a dive. On the Long whistle (SW 2.1.5) from the referee the swimmers shall step onto the starting platform and remain there. On the starter’s command “take your marks”, they shall immediately take up a starting position with at least one foot at the front of the starting platforms. The position of the hands is not relevant. When all swimmers are stationary, the starter shall give the starting signal. SW 4.2 The start in Backstroke and Medley Relay races shall be from the water. At the referee’s first long whistle (SW 2.1.5), the swimmers shall immediately enter the water. At the Referee’s second long whistle the swimmers shall return without undue delay to the starting position (SW 6.1) When all swimmers have assumed their starting positions, the starter shall give the command “take your marks”. When all swimmers are stationary, the starter shall give the starting signal.

45 45 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association Situation … 7 A swimmer leaps onto the blocks: A) After the Referee signals to the Starter If possible “Step swimmers down” & return control to the Referee B) After the Starter says “Take your Marks” Whenever possible “Step swimmers down” and return control to the Referee If unable to prevent giving the Start and other swimmers are not adversely affected then let it go and DQ late arrival at the conclusion of the race.

46 46 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association Starter Questionnaire Review

47 47 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association QUESTIONNAIRE 1. The FINA Start includes: a. One start b. Two start c. A choice of one or two starts

48 48 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association QUESTIONNAIRE 2. The FINA Start shall be used for: a. All Canadian meets. b. All International meets. c. All Regional competitions including club, dual, invitational and championship meets..

49 49 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association QUESTIONNAIRE 3. In SNC sanctioned meets, the starting signal shall be: a. A pistol shot b. A loud abrupt sound of an electronically activated horn. c. A short whistle blast.

50 50 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association QUESTIONNAIRE 4. Some responsibilities of the Starter are to: a. Ensure that each race is started fairly. b. Discuss signals between Referee and Starter. c. Disqualify swimmers who use illegal stroke techniques. d. Announce swimmers before each race. e. Call the swimmers to attention before the race using a whistle. f. Ensure the Timekeepers are ready before starting the race. g. Start the race as soon as all the swimmers have taken their mark and are motionless. h. Disqualify swimmers for delaying the progress of the meet. i. Ensure the false start recall rope is dropped when necessary. j. Perform other duties as assigned by the Referee. k. Report to the Referee any swimmer for delaying the start, willfully disobeying an order, or any other misconduct taking place at the start.

51 51 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association QUESTIONNAIRE 5. The Starter shall have control of the swimmers from the time: a. The Referee turns the race over to him/her. b. The Referee checks that the Judges are ready. c. The swimmers take their positions of readiness at the front of the blocks. d. The Referee blows the long, loud whistle. e. The Referee gestures to the starter with a stretched out arm in the direction of the course.

52 52 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association QUESTIONNAIRE 6. The Referee may not interfere once the Starter has control of the swimmers: a. Correct b. Incorrect

53 53 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association QUESTIONNAIRE 7. At the start the Starter shall: a. Hold the pistol at chest height. b. Hold the pistol motionless at arm’s length, in clear view of the Timekeepers. c. Ensure that the strobe light is in clear view of the Timekeepers. d. Ensure that all Timekeepers can see the flash of the pistol. e. Disqualify a swimmer for delay of meet.

54 54 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association QUESTIONNAIRE 8. The preparatory command that immediately precedes the starting signal shall be: a. “Ready” b. “Get set” c. “A vos marques” d. “To your marks” e. “Take your marks” f. “On your marks”

55 55 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association QUESTIONNAIRE 9.In the event of the malfunction of the starting device OR pistol the Starter shall: a. Leave the swimmers poised and attempt to repair the malfunction b. Direct the swimmers to “step down” or “relax” and announce that it is not a false start. c. Call a false start and proceed immediately with another attempt. d. Leave the swimmers poised and reload the pistol. e. In the best interest of the swimmers, ask them to step down until the malfunction is corrected.

56 56 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association QUESTIONNAIRE 10. During the start, the Referee or Starter may: a. Elect at any time to recall the race and restart it if a fair start has not been achieved. b. Direct swimmers to “step down or “relax” and then re-attempt to start the race without assigning a false start or a disqualification. c. Not recall the race, even if they believe a fair start has not been achieved. d. Disqualify a swimmer who false starts, by directing the swimmers to “step down” or “relax” even though the starting signal has not been given. e. Disqualify at the end of the race, any swimmer who leaves his/her mark early (jumping the gun). f. Prior to the starting signal, disqualify any number of swimmers until a fair start has been achieved. g. Not agree on a false start.

57 57 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 11. Whenever swimmers have been asked to step down and relax due to any action or lack of action on the part of the swimmer(s), the control of the race reverts to the Referee. a. Correct b. Incorrect QUESTIONNAIRE

58 58 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association QUESTIONNAIRE 12. A “False Start” occurs when: a. A swimmer starts before the starting signal has been given. b. The starting signal misfires. c. There is an official’s error.

59 59 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association QUESTIONNAIRE 13. Authority to call a “False Start” lies with: a. The Referee b. The Chief Timekeeper c. The Stroke Judge and Turn Inspector d. The Starter

60 60 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association QUESTIONNAIRE 14. The swimmers are in the water for the start of the: a. 200 m Individual Medley b. 400 Freestyle c. 400 m Medley Relay d. 200 m Backstroke

61 61 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association QUESTIONAIRE 15. For Backstroke events, the swimmer: a. Must be in the water facing down the course. b. Must be in the water facing the starting end. c. Shall hold the wall or starting grip(s) with both hands. d. Must have both feet in contact with the end of the wall. e. Must have toes below the water line. f. May have the toes grip the gutters. g. Must have the feet level on the wall. h. Shall immediately enter the water and assume the starting position without undue delay.

62 62 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association c QUESTIONNAIRE 16. For events requiring a dive start, the swimmers: a. Shall stand behind the blocks until the Referee’s whistle is sounded. b. Shall step onto the starting platform with both feet the same distance from the front and remain stationary. c. On the command, “take your marks”, shall take their position with at least one foot at the front of the starting blocks. d. May use a track start e. May when using the track start, adjust the back foot position. f. May start from the pool deck when circumstances warrant g. Shall keep their heels in contact with the starting block while awaiting the start signal, after the preparatory command has been given. h. Are permitted to grasp the starting block with their hands while awaiting the starting signal. i. Must have both feet at the front of the block. j. Shall step onto the starting platform and remain there.

63 63 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association QUESTIONNAIRE 17. The following statements about the Start are true: a. The Starter may disqualify a swimmer for a false start before the start occurs. b. The Starter may disqualify a swimmer for a false start after the start occurs. c. A disqualification which occurs after a successful start has been achieved is charged to the swimmer at the end of the race. d. Swimmers may be directed to “step down” or “relax” prior to a successful start without a false start or disqualification being assigned.

64 64 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association Useful Internet Sites

65 65 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association Thank you. Approved by the Ontario Swimming Officials’ Board


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