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IE496 Industrial Engineering Internship Dr. Barnes February 25, 2008 Lecture #6.

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Presentation on theme: "IE496 Industrial Engineering Internship Dr. Barnes February 25, 2008 Lecture #6."— Presentation transcript:

1 IE496 Industrial Engineering Internship Dr. Barnes February 25, 2008 Lecture #6

2 Assignments 1. Supervisor’s life-long learning – due before end of class today 2. Some have not handed in their resumes 3. Some have not handed in their Intern Assignment doc 4. Others (2) - will mention later

3 Status of Academic Advisor and Planning Document StudentCompanyAdvisorPlanning Doc Chang BOC Edward Lewis yes BednowitzBuffalo/Niagara Linno Airport Jackson““no AwadCurbellWuno Mohd YusofCurbellGosaviyes ProkCurbellGosaviyes DoolingCurbellWuyes

4 Status of Academic Advisor and Planning Document - continued StudentCompanyAdvisorPlanning Doc MarkinDel MonteBarnesyes LykeFisher PriceShinno SnyderGeneral MillsShinyes AnipindiGreatbatchPacquetno ChengGreatbatchPacquetno DevendorfGreatbatchPacquetno LuoGreatbatchPacquetyes

5 Status of Academic Advisor and Planning Document - continued StudentCompanyAdvisorPlanning Doc PiecuchGM PowertrainBisantzno SzalkowskiGM PowertrainBisantzyes WorthyGM PowertrainBisantzyes BrownITT Heat Barnesyes Transfer StangeNanodynamicsWuno HydePCB Gosaviyes Piezotronics PediconeReichertShinyes MyersRome AF Base Nagiyes

6 Status of Academic Advisor and Planning Document - continued StudentCompanyAdvisorPlanning Doc FrankSAMCOKocno IndraputaSAMCOKocno StroversSAMCOKocno HencheyUSPSKarwanyes ChungSisters HospitalLinno DavisSisters HospitalLinno ChandraWe CareBattayes WillisWe CareBattano

7 Status of Academic Advisor and Planning Document - continued Two things are now imperative 1. That you meet your academic advisor 2. That you give your academic advisor and me your Planning Doc

8 Teamwork What do you think of when I say teamwork? What do you think of when I say teamwork? How many of you have participated in a team-oriented activity? How many of you have participated in a team-oriented activity? How many of you have participated in team projects at UB? How many of you have participated in team projects at UB?

9 Your evaluation Rate your overall experience Hated It Didn’t Care for It OKLoved It

10 Team vs. Individual Let’s take basketball – Would you like to play a team of five by yourself?

11 Skilled vs. unskilled More basketball – Would you like to play a team of highly skilled individuals with four of your friends?

12 Strengths and Weaknesses of Teams Strengths 1. S1 2. S2 3. S3 4. S4 5. S5 Weaknesses 1. W1 2. W2 3. W3 4. W4 5. W5

13 Team prevalence A recent survey of U.S. industries – 82% of businesses with 100 or more employees used teams in one way or another to accomplish their objectives.

14 Possible benefits Become a better, more knowledgeable team member Become a better, more knowledgeable team member Be a more effective team leader Be a more effective team leader Have some ability with team design Have some ability with team design Develop ability to troubleshoot/correct Develop ability to troubleshoot/correct

15 Team definition A distinguishable set of two or more people who interact, dynamically, interdependently, and adaptively toward a common and valued goal/objective/mission, who have been assigned specific roles or functions to perform …

16 Need for teams? 1. Advances in technology have resulted in more complex systems that often require contributions from physically dispersed teams members. 2. Team-based organizations have advantages in terms of employee motivation and involvement. 3. Teams can often accomplish more than individuals and provide the redundancy required in high-risk environments.

17 Three characteristics Team members must work toward a common goal Team members must work toward a common goal Team members work interdependently toward their common goal Team members work interdependently toward their common goal Team members must coordinate their activities Team members must coordinate their activities

18 Factors affecting team performance Individual TM Characteristics Task skills Task skills Interpersonal skills Interpersonal skills Attitudes Attitudes Personality characteristics Personality characteristics Team characteristics Team size Team size Collective attitudes Collective attitudes Team member homogeneity Team member homogeneity

19 Factors affecting team performance - continues Work characteristics Work structure Work structure Communication structure/modality Communication structure/modality Organization and situational characteristics Organizational support Organizational support Supervision and reward Supervision and reward

20 Team competencies Knowledge competencies – what team members need to know to be effective Knowledge competencies – what team members need to know to be effective Skill competencies – what teams members must do to be effective Skill competencies – what teams members must do to be effective Attitude competencies – what team members must feel to be effective Attitude competencies – what team members must feel to be effective

21 Knowledge competencies Members must have knowledge about their Mission Mission Roles Roles Responsibilities Responsibilities

22 Knowledge competencies - continued Members must also have knowledge about Teamwork skills Teamwork skills Task sequencing Task sequencing Relationship to larger organization Relationship to larger organization

23 Knowledge competencies - continued Pre-existing Pre-existing When members have a rich understanding of the task and its demands, and of the strengths, weaknesses, preferences, knowledge requirements and tendencies of team mates – they are better able to coordinate their activitiesWhen members have a rich understanding of the task and its demands, and of the strengths, weaknesses, preferences, knowledge requirements and tendencies of team mates – they are better able to coordinate their activities Particularly important in high workload situations Particularly important in high workload situations Rely on an “implicit coordination” Rely on an “implicit coordination”

24 Knowledge competencies - continued Constructed dynamically during the team’s performance Constructed dynamically during the team’s performance Must understand well how particular task cues are related to specific team strategies – sometimes referred to as “shared situational awareness”Must understand well how particular task cues are related to specific team strategies – sometimes referred to as “shared situational awareness”

25 Skill competencies Dimensions; 1 to 4 Adaptability – adjust team strategies Adaptability – adjust team strategies Shared situational awareness – common understanding of task and situation Shared situational awareness – common understanding of task and situation Performance monitoring and feedback – accurately monitor each other’s performance and correct errors Performance monitoring and feedback – accurately monitor each other’s performance and correct errors Leadership – provides the ability to direct, focus and coordinate activities Leadership – provides the ability to direct, focus and coordinate activities

26 Skill competencies – continued Dimensions; 5 to 8 Interpersonal skills – effectively resolve conflicts and motivate each other Interpersonal skills – effectively resolve conflicts and motivate each other Coordination skills – organize and use all resources available Coordination skills – organize and use all resources available Communication skills – facilitates exchange of information Communication skills – facilitates exchange of information Decision-making skills – gather and integrate info to execute task Decision-making skills – gather and integrate info to execute task

27 Attitude competencies Examples of attitudes relevant to teams: Attitude toward teamwork Attitude toward teamwork Mutual trust Mutual trust Collective orientation Collective orientation

28 Good teams Well trained teams with high ability are – A pleasure to observe Fun to be part of Necessary for complex problems Usually winner!

29 Info source “Team Effectiveness and Competencies,” Cannon – Bowers and Salas, W. Karwowski (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Ergonomics and Human Factors. Hants, UK:Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 2001, pp “Team Performance,” Bowers, Jentsch and Morgan, W. Karwowski (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Ergonomics and Human Factors. Hants, UK:Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 2001, pp “Team Training,” Salas, Cannon – Bowers and Smith - Jentsch W. Karwowski (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Ergonomics and Human Factors. Hants, UK:Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 2001, pp

30 Other Next week – Ethics Next week – Ethics Thursday, February 28 – CareerFest, 3:00 to 6:30 pm, Alumni Arena Thursday, February 28 – CareerFest, 3:00 to 6:30 pm, Alumni Arena The United States Postal Services has launched a new initiative to hire over 150 Industrial Engineers (US citizens) to work in locations across the US in the upcoming months. The posting date for these positions begins on February 26 and will last only 2 weeks. All of the information will appear on their website shortly The shifts for the IE’s are over-night(3:00 pm – 8:00 am) instead of regular hours. The United States Postal Services has launched a new initiative to hire over 150 Industrial Engineers (US citizens) to work in locations across the US in the upcoming months. The posting date for these positions begins on February 26 and will last only 2 weeks. All of the information will appear on their website shortly The shifts for the IE’s are over-night(3:00 pm – 8:00 am) instead of regular hours.www.usps.com/employment Assignment from today – complete your Team Work form and hand in next week Assignment from today – complete your Team Work form and hand in next week


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